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HiSeedTech- Technology for Sustainability (Vertex 2018)

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Presentation about "Technology for Sustainability" made in Vertex 2018.

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HiSeedTech- Technology for Sustainability (Vertex 2018)

  1. 1. Technology for Sustainability Pedro Vilarinho Vertex 18th September 2018
  2. 2. HUMAN PHYSIOLOGICAL NEEDS Foo d Water Air
  3. 3. GLOBAL ALLOCATION OF LAND
  4. 4. GLOBAL ALLOCATION OF LAND
  5. 5. POPULATION GROWTH 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 1700 1750 1800 1850 1900 1950 2000 2050 2100 x1.000million 0,6 0,8 1,0 1,2 1,6 2,5 6,1 9,8 * 11,0 * * - projectionSource: United Nations 7,6 (2017)
  6. 6. ARABLE LAND PER CAPITA 0 0,05 0,1 0,15 0,2 0,25 0,3 0,35 0,4 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2050 ha/percapita Source: FAO
  7. 7. FOOD INTAKE 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 1970 1980 1990 2000 2015 2030 2050 kcal/person/day Source: FAO
  8. 8. WATER SOURCES Freshwater 2,5% Oceans 96,5% Saline groundwater 0,93% Saline lakes 0,93% Glaciers & Ice caps 68,6% Ground- water 30,1% Surface water & other freshwater 1,3% Ice & Snow 73,1% Lakes 20,1% Atmospheric water 0,22% Biological water 0,22% Rivers 0,46% Swamps & Marshes 2,53% Soil moisture 2,53% Adapted from Igor Shiklomanov, “World fresh water resources”, 1993
  9. 9. WATER USAGE 69% 19% 12% Agriculture Industry Domestic Water withdrawal = 3.991 M m3 Data from FAO AQUASTAT
  10. 10. 1989 2014 ±300 km Source: NASA
  11. 11. BIG PROBLEM AHEAD How can the world adequately feed more than 9.800 million people by 2050 in a manner that advances economic development and reduces pressure on the environment?
  12. 12. A BALANCING ACT 37% Required increase in food calories to feed 9.800 million people by 2050 18% Required increase in yield to fulfil food needs 24% Required increase in water withdrawals to fulfil food needs While maintaining economic development & reducing environmental impact
  13. 13. PROBLEMS & TECHNOLOGICAL SOLUTIONS Ø Reduce water usage in agriculture. v Improve irrigation efficiency. ü Sensors, IoT and Genetic engineering.
  14. 14. PROBLEMS & TECHNOLOGICAL SOLUTIONS Ø Increase crop yield. v Use environmental neutral fertilizers and pesticides. ü Biotechnology & Green Chemistry.
  15. 15. PROBLEMS & TECHNOLOGICAL SOLUTIONS Ø Reduce land use. v Use non-farmland. ü Efficient hydroculture (hydroponic).
  16. 16. PROBLEMS & TECHNOLOGICAL SOLUTIONS Ø Freshwater is a limited local resource. v Diversify the supply of freshwater. ü Efficient desalinisation.
  17. 17. PROBLEMS & TECHNOLOGICAL SOLUTIONS Ø One out of every four calories produced is lost or wasted between the farm and the fork. v Reduce food loss and waste post-harvest. ü Safe and green pesticides and preservatives to prevent the food from rotten.
  18. 18. PROBLEMS & TECHNOLOGICAL SOLUTIONS Ø Meat is inefficient from a land use perspective. v Reduce meat consumption. ü Engineered animal protein (3D printing).
  19. 19. GODSPEED
  20. 20. FROM SCIENCE TO BUSINESS FROM BUSINESS TO SCIENCE

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