Indonesia ICT Institute Newsletter November Edition - in English
2nd Edition 1st Year November 2012 Indonesia ICT Institute Research . Empowerment . Discussion Neutral Technology Policy Market Review DDDirectionTeknologi Netral The government has issued a neutral technology policy for Reviewing how the cloud computing 900 MHz. Tanpa Arah? is questionable because it does However, this policy market in Indonesia after two years of not offend refarming 1800 MHz. introduction. Page 3 Page 4Akamai: Indonesian From EditorInternet Still Slow We again present Indonesia ICT Institute Newsletter to meet ICT community especially in Indonesia, after the presenceAkamai has issued its report intelligent global platform of the 2nd of the prime newsletter last month. Wequarter 2012 on connection speed, availability, connectivity and attack also thank you for your input, criticism andtraffic in the topic of the report "State of the Internet Report". dissemination of information newsletter. In the second edition this November, weAkamai Report said there are about 242 countries connected to the review some of the issues ICT developmentAkamai Intelligent Platform, which uses the platform to spread. By in the country, ranging from Akamai reportsdoing so, this report does not specifically discuss about Indonesia. that Indonesia internet speeds are low, the opening of a neutral technology in the 900The method used by Akamai is to monitor on 25 thousand IP that MHz band, as well as cloud computingrequests to the Akamai’s content. Based on its report, the speed of the market review market in Indonesia.fastest internet connections during the second quarter of 2012 was As said before, it is not advisable to printSouth Korea with 14.2 Mbps, followed by Japan with 10.7 Mbps and this e-newsletter in order to save paper andHong Kong in third place with 8.9 Mbps. ink. And for readers who want to provideAccording Akamai’s report, Indonesia average internet speed is 0.8 input, feedback or questions please email to email@example.com.Mbps or 800 kbps. With this condition, Indonesia position still belowSingapore (5.1 Mbps), Thailand (3.1 Mbps), Malaysia (2.2 Mbps), Happy reading.Vietnam (1.6 Mbps) and the Philippines (1.2 Mbps). Globally,Indonesia at number 127. Heru Sutadi Executive Director Continue on Page 2 .id domain users until the end of 2011 reached 59,059. According to Directorate General Telematics Applications, Ministry of Communications and Information Technology, most user domain .id is commercial (co.id) 29 059 followed by personal / community (web.id) and schools (sch.id) with respectively 15 664 and 5602. The lowest is military (mil.id) with 155 sites.
2nd Edition 1st Year November 2012Akamai: Indonesia Internet Still Slow(From page 1)Although the average speed of the internet Indonesia is consideredlow, but the peak of the average internet speed can reach up to 8.4Mbps, and Indonesia is ranked 104. Even this condition, still under theneighbour country like Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia, Philippines andVietnam.Akamai report, in line with the World Broadband Commission reportthat we are still lagging broadband. And interestingly, since themajority of data users in Indonesia is mobile broadband, in the view of Webinar Discuss AboutIndonesia ICT Institute, all parties should focus on how mobile LTE Adoptionbroadband can be developed to its full potential, with due regard to thedevelopment of fixed broadband. Last October, IndoLTE Forum held a webinar to discuss the adoption ofBecause mobile broadband, then the matter should be considered LTE in Indonesia together withcorrect frequency allocation. 3G service is already crowded, and the Indonesian Telecommunicationsettlement does not go no certainty when additional selection block professionals (ITP) from severalheld. In fact, in December 2011, the promised restructuring completed countries.in April this year. If the selection of unfinished blocks of 3G, LTEadoption of the business which will use frequency, will also be delayed. The discussion was very productive and constructive, because beside weAnd as they relate to international lines, the opening of an inform the condition of the adoption of LTE here, we are sharing theinternational selection must also be accelerated. The opening is not just experiences of other countries in thetalking the access code, but it is expected to provide an alternative adoption of LTE as well. Fromroute out of the country that is still predominantly to Singapore. By discussion we are agree that the mainsplitting the bottle neck, then the blockage of internet traffic will be main concern is to build theopen and we will be more smoothly because the paths to Tier-2 or Tier- ecosystem.1 are used differently.. A Glimpse of ICT Develompent in Indnesia(in millions) Mobile Data/Internet Users Based on cellular operators report and Indonesia ICT Institute calculation, Indonesian Internet users until the mid-2012s has surpassed the psychological 100 million users. Growth and the number of digits fantastic course. However, if you view the Alexa.com, as of late October, Facebook was ranked as the most visited sites of Indonesian Internet users then Google. At 10, entered the local site Kaskus (7) and Detik.com One of the effects of cell phone use in the presence of (10). Interestingly, the position is still above Kaskusincreasingly smart phones is the use of data internet. With a accessor Twitter. The access Twitter today, 29.4mobile user population exceeds 237.5 million, an explosion million accounts and Indonesia ranks fifth in the world. of Internet users move only a matter of time. And now, From the Vice President, Ministers, celebrities, Indonesia is enjoying the explosion of Internet users. politicians to ordinary people can read the booms on(Source: Cellular Operators Q2 report, the data is processed) Twitter. 2
2nd Edition 1st Year November 2012 MHz Neutral Technology Policy at 900 MHzThe Government has issued a decision that allows PT Indosatuses frequencies in the 900 MHz allocation to be used otherthan GSM technology had worn over the years. The policy isknown as a neutral technology is almost the same as thoseissued by the government for the frequency of 2.3 GHz.However, because there is no public policy on refarming, thequestion arises, where will the government bring neutraltechnology policy direction? Tabel. Frequency Allocation in IndonesiaNeutral technology adoption is not something or 3G and 1800 MHz can be used for LTE.wrong, its trend is there. However, the understandingof it needs to be returned. Because, as the Law on Ideally, there should be a policy issued before trialInformation and Electronic Transactions (ITE) No.. what impact technology neutral if in a frequency11/2008, looking at technology-neutral as a concept range using different technologies. When will the 3Gof freedom of choice of technology for the utilization auction in 2006, Indosat and Telkom Flexi StarOneof information and communication technologies it should be moved to 850 MHz technology forfrom the user side and not the provider. hybrid method feared disturbing frequency neighbors.The concept of a technology neutral policy trend inmany countries. Thats because, specifically related And most countries do refarming simultaneouslyto the use of the frequency spectrum, a scarce between 900 MHz to 1800 MHz, with severalresource, the existing spectrum must be utilized methods. One is to return all frequencies held by theoptimally. operator to the country, and then made a new arrangement. This concept is related to the cost ofAnd interestingly, new technologies, in addition to the new spectrum and massive new frequencyrequiring a wide frequency band, also unspecified allocations. The other method is just a spectrum ofoccupy a wide range, as well as unspecified occupy a price adjustments, or the amount of bandwidthspecific frequency range. Such as Broadband allocation of new spectrum.Wireless Access, which can be deployed WiMax at2.3 GHz, 2.5 GHz, 3.3 GHz or 3.5 GHz. Adjusted Unfortunately, Indonesia does not adopt suchfor mananya region, as well as the policies of each methods. Conversion based on the request of thecountry to determine which of WiMax will be operator, in view of Indonesia ICT Institute, showedallocated. no spectrum management governance is good and seem pointless because it should have made firstRecent developments are existing frequencies that public policy on refarming. Moreover, from currenthave been used as long as 700 MHz, 900 MHz and conditions, allocation of frequency spectrum for the1800 MHz can be optimized to use the latest operator is not the same and some are not side bytechnology. The transfer of the use of technology side. From the table looks, Indosat frequencyknown as refarming is mostly done in the 900 Mhz allocation can most with 42.5 MHz. Second isand 1800 Mhz. 900 MHz can be brought to UMTS Telkomsel with 40 MHz. 3
2nd Edition 1st Year November 2012NAP Licensing is Re-openedThe government re-opened the Licensing organization of NetworkAccess Point (NAP), after dimoratorium since 21 April 2010.Termination NAP licensing at that time because the total nationalsupply of international bandwidth exceeds the bandwidth needsinternet access nationwide (oversupply). However, due to thedevelopment needs of national Indonesian Internet bandwidth,permitting to reopen NAP.The reopening of the NAP service licensing service is limited to therequirements and qualifications as follows:1. Has had a license for fixed network covered with developmentcommitments beyond the region of the Republic of Indonesia. Cloud Computing2. Willing is committed to provide international bandwidth at least Potential Marketequal to 1 x 10 Gbps in the principle license and a minimum of 5 x 1 0 In 2012, this is the second year of CloudGbps at 5 (five) years period of the operating license. Computing introduction in Indonesia. As3. Willing is committed to building a service delivery point (Point of a new product, cloud computing can notPresence / PoP) in 2 cities / different provincial capitals in the consent be accepted easily by society. From theprinciple and minimal in 10 cities / different provincial capitals in 5 few studies conducted in Indonesia, there are three main things that concern when(five) years, the first time the operating license . an individual or corporation decides to4. Willing to organize traffic and routing settings for the ISP and move to cloud computing: security,connect with other NAP organizers through interconnection. privacy, and integration between the new system with the old system.5. Willing is committed to long-term cooperation agreement for aminimum of 5 (five) years connectedness (transit) with 2 (two) Tier-1 Currently, a lot of local players, and also abroad, began to enter the cloudInternet providers abroad in two different continents. computing business in Indonesia. Major operators such as Telkom, Indosat and XL Axiata officially declared entry into thisApplication requirements and qualification according to the business. External players such as EMCgovernment aims to maintain continuity the provision of international and Equinix also try to enter Indonesianbandwidth by increasing national demand. For information, up to market.September 2012, an official data from the Ministry of Communications How potential cloud computing market inand Information Technology showed that the number of companies Indonesia? Very potential. Currently,holding operating licenses NAP is as much as 49 companies. SMEs can be targeted using cloudBased on the analysis of the Indonesia ICT Institute, before the re- computing totaled 520 thousand, about 117 state-owned enterprises, school 4,900,opening the new license, government should clustering where the NAP approximately three thousand colleges,company which uses satellite-based and where the fiber optic cable. there are more than 1,000 hospitals, not toSince many are using satellites, the opening is directed to operators mention the telecom operators, boththat build fiber optic due to Indonesia is still leak international fiber technology-based GSM / UMTS, CDMAoptic lines. and WiMax.Because not many operators want to build international fiber optic Indonesia ICT Institute see that the marketlines, this can be done in one package, such as the implementation of is becoming increasingly open to get intoIDD, who wants to build internasonal lines, granted NAP and SLI because the competition is not tight andlicenses as sweetener. 49 NAP operators could be vain and has a lot if regulations that are still unclear. Plus, bigthere is no additional infrastructure abroad that are still minimal and data will be a challenge and opportunity cloud business in the future.most via Singapore only. 4
2nd Edition 1st Year November 2012 Revision of Broadcasting Act No. 32/2002 Ready to Be Discussed ap untuk Dibahas Although almost ten years as an Act, diversity of content and the diversity of Broadcasting Act No. 32/2002 just real effective ownership, not as they are now, a media for seven years. The Act which not signed by the conglomeracy—there are some stations that are President at that time, Megawati Soekarnoputri, owned the same owner. now ready to be discussed for revision in the Parliament, between parliament and government. In response to advances in technology and the challenges of different era, the Broadcasting Act will surely have to answer all of them. As the digitization of broadcasting where in BroadacstingDevelopment and progress toward digital technology Act No 32/2002 is only talking about analogand internet protocol-based (IP) as well as the broadcasting. Also with the progress of theconvergence between telecommunications, presence of IPTV, internet TV, and internet radiobroadcasting and the internet, making the current which does not need a large corporation but onlyBroadcasting Act can no longer be maintained. by individual level can broadcast programming.Therefore, as quoted from Kontan Online(10/24/2012), the Parliament said they are ready to Questions of ownership, according to the spirit ofdiscuss the revision of Broadcasting Act. The revision diversity of ownership, need clear whether cross-of Broadcasting Act will be consisted of 14 Chapters ownership rules prohibited or allowed. Includingand 99 Articles. the extent to which cross-ownership should notIndonesia ICT Institute considers that the discussion be. What happens right now, is not directly cross-draft would be interesting, considering not only seen as ownership, but on two or three levels above it.an broadcasting industry, but also related to control of What also needs clarity, are allowed ownersmedia, exploiting the political interest of the party, as affiliated with a particular political party.well as the public interest to be protected from the Therefore, it is feared, less public agenda with theimpressions that are not qualified and do not educate agenda of the owner or party agenda.content, and culturally appropriate nation. Another issue which also important is howBroadcasting—television—has been making advanced the Indonesian Broadcastingcontinuous presence in living room, even not invited. Commission (KPI) that do not currently have aExisting law seems only to be decorated as a standard relationship with KPID. And in many countries,broadcast program is not followed sanctions deter even namely Singapore, Malaysia, Australia, regulatorsimpressed easily mocked. The most obvious there be one, between the governing broadcasting,programme example is the impression that guided telecommunications and the internet, becomeTukul Arwana, formerly "Empat Mata", after being Commission Multimedia. Is here will bereprimanded and then just replaced "Bukan Empat maintained separate regulator: KPI, BRTI andMata", another programme "Silet " which has also been government as well?reprimanded then reappears, artist Olga were also The discussion is certainly not in vacuumgiven a reprimand, still look like before to date. condition, there will be a power struggle in theNot only that. Networked broadcasting stations are interests of government, broadcasting owner andalso not working. In fact, the desire of the Law is the the public. Well see who will win. 5
2nd Edition 1st Year November 2012 Obligation to Put Data and Disaster RecoveryCenter in Indonesia Signed by President Yudhoyono After a long time wait, from website www.setkab.go.id the Government Regulation on Implementation of Electronic System and Transaction, as part of elaboration from Electronic Information and Transactions Act No. 11/2008, signed by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, on October 12. So, what is stipulated in this regulation? Heres the review.In the 41 pages Government Regulation that contain 90 In the Government Regulation No. 82/2012, thechapters is set up as follows: a. Implementation of rules also provide protection to the user.Electronic Systems; b. Implementation of Electronic Electronic system operator shall submitTransactions; c. Electronic Signatures; d. Electronics information to the user at least the following: a.Certifications Implementation; e. Reliability Certification Identity provider electronic systems; b. ObjectAgency , and f. Domain Name Management. transacted; c. Airworthiness or safety of electronic systems; d. Tools use procedure; e. Terms of theThe operation electronic systems carried out by the contract; f. The procedure to reach an agreement,;electronic systems operator, which can be done for the and g. Guarantee the privacy and / or protectionpublic service and non-public service. Especially for of personal data.electronic systems operator for the public service, theyhave to register, which must be done before electronic And the long-awaited rule from this Governmentsystem in service. But for non-public service, they can just Regulation is a matter of obligation to put a dataregister their services. center in Indonesia. According to this regulation, the electronic system operator for the publicMentioned in Government Regulation, the electronic service shall put the data center and disastersystem operator must have competent experts in the field recovery center in Indonesia for the purpose of lawof electronic systems or Information Technology. enforcement, protection, and enforcement ofEspecially for electronic system operator for strategic use, national sovereignty to the data of its citizens.they must have expert with Indonesian nationality. Especially for this rule, in its implementation,In addition, the electronic system operator shall: a. Indonesia ICT Institute think this rule need furtherSecrecy, integrity, and availability of personal data that elaboration through the Minister Decree, whichthey manage, b. Ensure that the acquisition, use, and use electronic system operator is categorized as aof Personal Data Personal Data based on the owners public service. Because in practice there are threeconsent, and c. Ensuring the use or disclosure of the data types of public service, which is paid, not paid butis based on the consent of the owner of such Personal no such paid transactions online shop, and freeData. e.g. search engine, news portal etc. For work that is not easy to determine which one to put dataThis rule reinforces the importance of a guarantee of user centers in Indonesia, which are not. Not onlydata. User data become confusing dan question right now foreigners, but also for local players who had beenbecause it seems the user data can be move from one placed data centers abroad as tyang occurred inparty to another, from one service to another service. For public service banking. And of course, Ministerialexample, many consumer complain their data, at least Decree must be discussed with all stakeholders.mobile number, used from one credit card agency toothers. 6
2nd Edition 1st Year November 2012 Flash UpdateBy the end of October, following the decision of the CentralJakarta Commercial Court bankruptcy against Telkomsel, thegovernment has not opened the selection process additionalblocks of 2.1 GHz or 3G. ***Since the release of Circular Letter No. BRTI. 177/2011 datedOctober 14, 2011, the government has not issued a new policyregarding the setting of premium content services as a revisionof the Ministerial Decree No. 1/2009. However, now theoperator tried again to revive the service, especially the ringback tone (RBT). CONTACT US: ***A total of 30 districts and cities are considered successful in If you have any question, input or critic, please do not hesitate to contactthe application of ICT Pura awarded from the Ministry of us by email to firstname.lastname@example.orgCommunication and Information Technology. The award wasmade in Medan, mid-October.