Philippine Narratives


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This presentation shows some basic concepts and ideas on narratives and Philippine narratives.

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Philippine Narratives

  2. 2. What do we mean by “Narrative”? <ul><li>The word is derived from the Latin verb “ narrare ” which means &quot; to recount &quot; and is related to the adjective “ gnarus ” which means &quot; knowing &quot; or &quot; skilled “. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Narratives are interesting accounts of people’s ideas, feelings, and values pertinent to the development of their culture and society. </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is a “story”? <ul><li>The word &quot; story &quot; may be used as a synonym of &quot; narrative &quot;, but can also be used to refer to the sequence of events described in a narrative. </li></ul>
  5. 5. ELEMENTS OF NARRATIVES <ul><li>1. Theme </li></ul><ul><li>2. Character </li></ul><ul><li>3. Setting </li></ul><ul><li>4. Conflict </li></ul><ul><li>5. Plot </li></ul>
  6. 6. Theme <ul><li>This refers to the general idea of the story. It tells what the story is all about. </li></ul><ul><li>For example, the story entitled “ The Legend of Maria Makiling” is about the consequences for greediness. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Character <ul><li>This refers to the people, animals, or other creatures who played a role in the story. </li></ul><ul><li>There are two main types of character: the protagonist and the antagonist . </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Protagonist – is the hero in the story. </li></ul><ul><li>Antagonist -is the villain in the story. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Setting <ul><li>This refers to where and when the story takes place. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Conflict <ul><li>This refers to the problem faced by the characters. </li></ul><ul><li>The conflict in the story happens when characters are against each other. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Plot <ul><li>This refers to the way events are ordered to create a story. </li></ul><ul><li>This is the sequence or series of events. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Plot <ul><li>1. Exposition </li></ul><ul><li>2. Rising Action </li></ul><ul><li>3. Climax </li></ul><ul><li>4. Falling Action </li></ul><ul><li>5. Resolution </li></ul>
  13. 13. Exposition <ul><li>This is often the very first part of the plot. </li></ul><ul><li>This will often tells about the background information about the characters, settings, or events that happened before the story began. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Rising Action <ul><li>This refers to the event that leads towards the climax or the peak event in the story. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Climax <ul><li>This refers to the most exciting part of the story. </li></ul><ul><li>This is also known as the “ turning point ”. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Falling Action <ul><li>This refers to event that leads towards the end of the story. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Resolution <ul><li>This refers to the end of the story. </li></ul><ul><li>This occurs after the climax. </li></ul>
  18. 18. STORY Resolutuion Falling Action Exposition Rising Action C l i m a x
  20. 20. Philippine Folk Literature <ul><li>University of the Philippines professor, Damiana Eugenio, classified Philippine Folk Literature into three major groups. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Folk Narratives Folk Speech Folk Songs PHILIPPINE FOLK LITERATURE
  22. 22. <ul><li>Riddle (Bugtong) </li></ul><ul><li>Proverbs (Salawikain) </li></ul>Folk Speech
  23. 23. <ul><li>Folk Ballad </li></ul><ul><li>Lullabye </li></ul>Folk Songs
  24. 24. <ul><li>These refer to stories passed on by word of mouth rather than by writing, and thus partly modified by successive re-tellings before being written down or recorded. </li></ul>Folk Narratives
  25. 25. <ul><li>Myth </li></ul><ul><li>Legend (Alamat) </li></ul><ul><li>Folktale (Kuwentong bayan) </li></ul><ul><li>Folk Epic (Epiko) </li></ul>Folk Narratives
  26. 26. Myth <ul><li>These refer to stories that also tell about an explanation of the origin of things but often involve gods, goddesses, and other mythological characters. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Legend <ul><li>These refer to stories that often tell about the origin of things which may be true or not. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Epic <ul><li>These refer to stories that tell about the exploits and adventures of a hero and are said to be the most valuable form of ancient literature. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Fables <ul><li>These refer to stories in which animals are the main characters and are given human qualities and abilities. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Fairytales <ul><li>These refer to stories which often deal with prince, princess, witch, wicked sisters, stepmother, kingdom, etc. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Parables <ul><li>These refer to stories which often deal with morals and teaching good virtues and values. </li></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><li>Prepared by: Sir Ronnel V. Dacullo </li></ul>