Rizal in ateneo de manila and UST

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Rizal in ateneo de manila and UST

  1. 1. Scholastic Triumphs at Ateneo de manila (1872-1877)
  2. 2. • Four months after the martyrdom of GomBur-Za and Doña Teodora still in prison, Jose was sent to Manila. • He studied in Ateneo Municipal, a college under the supervision of the Spanish Jesuits • The Jesuits returned to Manila in 1859, they were given the management of the Escuela Pia or what we now know as Ateneo de Manila
  3. 3. Ateneo de Manila during the Spanish regime
  4. 4. Rizal Enters the Ateneo • June 10, 1872, accompanied by Paciano went to Manila • His father, change his mind and decided to send him to Ateneo instead. • He again return to Manila, again accompanied by Paciano, Matriculated at the Ateneo Municipal.
  5. 5. Rizal Enters the Ateneo • Father Magin Ferrando, who was the college registrar, refused to admit him. • Rizal was then eleven years old • Manuel Xerez Burgos intercession • Jose was the first of his family to adopt the surname “Rizal” • He first boarded in a house outside Intramuros
  6. 6. Jesuit System of Education • The Jesuit system of education is more advanced than that of other colleges in that period. • The student heard Mass in the morning before beginning of the daily class. • Students were divided into two groups: The “Roman Empire” and The “Carthaginian Empire”
  7. 7. Jesuit System of Education • The two groups has an emperor which is the best student • The Ateneo students in Rizal’s time wore a uniform which consisted of “hemp-fabric trousers” and “striped cotton coat”
  8. 8. Rizal’s First Year in Ateneo (1872-73) • June, 1872, Rizal first heard Mass • Fr. Jose Bech, Rizal’s first professor in the Ateneo • Rizal was placed at the bottom of the class. • He progressed rapidly and at the end of the month he became “emperor”. • He took private lessons in Santa Isabel College
  9. 9. Summer Vacation (1873) • He placed second at the end of the year • End of the school year in March, 1873 and the start of his summer vacation • His mother was in prison • He went to Santa Cruz
  10. 10. Second Year in Ateneo (1873-74) • Rizal repented having neglected his studies the previous year • The three boys from Biñan • Rizal received excellent grades in all subjects and a gold medal.
  11. 11. Prophecy of Mother’s Release • Rizal immediately go to Santa Cruz in order to visit his mother • The Prophecy of Rizal to his mother
  12. 12. Joseph(Son of Jacob) Doña Teodora compare Rizal’s ability to interpret dreams to Joseph
  13. 13. Teenage Interest in Reading • Summer Vacation in 1874 in Calamba • The Count of Monte Cristo by Alexander Dumas • Cesar Cantu’s historical work entitled Universal History • Travels in the Philippines by Dr. Feodor Jagor
  14. 14. Third Year in Ateneo (1875-76) • June 1874 – Rizal returned to the Ateneo – His mother is release from prison • He won only one gold medal in Latin • He failed to win the medal in Spanish • End of school year(March 1875)
  15. 15. Fourth Year in Ateneo (1875-1876) • June 16, 1875, he became an interno in Ateneo • Fr. Francisco de Paula Sanchez • He won five medals at the end of the school term. • He returned to Calamba for his summer vacation (March 1876)
  16. 16. Last Year in Ateneo (1876-77) • Rizal returned to Manila in June 1876 • He was “the pride of the Jesuits” • He obtained the highest grades in all subject
  17. 17. Graduation with Highest Honors • March 23, 1877 – Commencement Day • Prayed at the college chapel: “to the Virgin so that when I should step into that world, which inspired me with so much terror, she would protect me,”
  18. 18. Extra-Curricular Activities in Ateneo • Marian Congregation – secretary : devotion to Our Lady of Immaculate Conception • Spanish Literature • Academy of Natural Sciences • Father Sanchez - literature • Father Jose Villaclara – practical studies • Agustin Saez – painting • Romualdo de Jesus – sculpting • Tio Manuel – gymnastics and fencing
  19. 19. Sculptural Works in Ateneo • Image of the Virgin Mary – batikuling (Philippine hardwood using a pocket knife) • Father Lleonart – requested him to carve the image of Sacred Heart of Jesus
  20. 20. Anecdotes on Rizal, the Atenean • Felix M. Roxas – resignation to pain and forgiveness • Mansano and Lesaca – quarreled and violently hurled books at each other • Manuel Xeres Burgos – boarded shortly • Julio Meliza from Iloilo – crying because of the kite
  21. 21. Poems Written in Ateneo • Mi Primera Inspiracion (My First Inspiration) – dedicated to his mother • 1875: • Felicitacion (Felicitation) • El Embarque: Himno a la Flota de Magallanes (The Departure: Hymn to Magellan’s Fleet) • Y Es Espanol: Elcano, el Primero en dar la Vuelta al Mundo (And He is Spanish: Elcano, the First to Circumnavigate the world.
  22. 22. • El Combate: Urbiztondo, Terror de Jolo (The Battle: Urbiztondo, Terror of Jolo) • 1876: religion, education, childhood memories, and war • Education: “Through Education Our Motherland Receives Light” • “The Intimate Alliance Between Religion and Good Education” • Religion: “Al Nino Jesus” (To the Child Jesus) • 1877: last year in Ateneo
  23. 23. Dramatic Work in Ateneo • Father Sanchez – requested Rizal to write a drama based on the prose story of St. Eustace the Martyr • San Eustacio, Martir
  24. 24. First Romance of Rizal • Segunda Katigbak – 14-yr. old Batanguena from Lipa • Visited his maternal grandmother in Trozo, Manila with his friend Mariano Katigbak • Segunda’s portrait • Came to know Segunda more intimately during his weekly visits to La Concordia College • “a love at first sight” • Hopeless – Segunda engaged to Manuel Luz
  25. 25. • Thursday – December 1877; Visited her at La Concordia College to say goodbye • First Romance: “ruined by his own shyness and reserve,”
  26. 26. RIZAL AT THE UNIVERSITY OF SANTO TOMAS (1877-1882)
  27. 27. Mother’s Opposition to Higher Education  Her Reason: If Rizal gets to learn more, the Spaniards will cut off his head.  In contrary, Paciano and Don Francisco wanted Rizal to pursue College Education.  Take note: The Bachelor of Arts degree during Spanish times was equivalent to a high school diploma today.
  28. 28. ENROLLMENT AT UST Philosophy and Letters during his freshman year. (1877-1878)  Why Philosophy & Letters? 1.) Don Francisco liked it. 2.) Uncertainty on what course to take up. 3.) Failure to solicit the advice of Father Ramon Pablo, Ateneo’s Rector, who was then at Mindanao.
  29. 29. Rizal’s Grades (1877-1878) Conversion Sobresaliente Notable, Aprovechade Bueno Mediano Aprovado Suspenso Reprobado = 1.00 Excellent = 1.50 Very Good = 2.00 Good = 2.50 Fair = 3.00 Passed = 4.00 Conditioned = 5.00 Failed Philosophy and Letters Cosmology & Metaphysics Sobresaliente Theodicy Sobresaliente History of Philosophy Sobresaliente
  30. 30.  UST was under the Dominicans, rival of the Jesuits in education.  He remained loyal to Ateneo, participated in extracurricular activities and completed a course in surveying in that same school.  perito agrimensor  November 25, 1881
  31. 31. Extra-curricular activities in Ateneo while studying at UST: President of the Academy of Spanish Literature Secretary of the Academy of Natural Sciences Secretary of the Marian Congregation
  32. 32. Other Extra-curricular Activities • Literary contests: Liceo Artistico Literario de Manila A La Juventud Filipina (To the Filipino Youth) El Consej de los Dioses (The Council of the Gods) • Wrote one-act play: Junto al Pasig • Poems: Abd el-Aziz y Mohama Al M.R.P. Pablo Ramon
  33. 33. Medical Studies at UST  Shifting from PHL & Letters to Medicine.  Why did Rizal Shift to Medical course? 1.) Don Pablo Ramon, Ateneo Rector, advised him to choose medicine. 2.) Rizal wanted to cure his mother’s growing blindness.
  34. 34. Scholastic Records from 1878-1882 1st year – Medicine (1878-1879) Physics Fair Chemistry Excellent Natural History Fair Anatomy 1 Good Dissection 1 Good 2nd year – Medicine (1879-1880) Anatomy 2 Good Dissection 2 Good Physiology Good Private Hygiene Good Public Hygiene Good
  35. 35. 3rd year – Medicine (1880-1881) General Pathology Fair Therapeutics Excellent Surgery Good 4th year – Medicine (1881-1882) Medical Pathology Very Good Surgical Pathology Very Good Obstetrics Very Good
  36. 36. Reasons Why Rizal didn’t enjoy his stay at UST: 1.) Hostility of Dominican Professors to him. 2.) Racial discrimination against Filipino students. 3.) Dissatisfaction with the method of instruction. Reasons why Rizal performed poorly at UST: 1.) Medicine is not his vocation. 2.) Discontentment with the system of education. 3.) Distractions of youth.
  37. 37. Romances • Segunda Katigbak - Rizal’s puppy love Batangas • Miss L – fair with seductive and attractive eyes Calamba • Leonor Valenzuela – Orang Pagsanjan, Laguna Parents: Capitan Juan and Capitana Sanday Valenzuela Rizal sent love notes written in invisible ink
  38. 38. • Leonor Rivera – a frail, beautiful girl, tender as a budding flower with kindly wistful eyes Camiling, Tarlac April 11, 1867 Father: Antonio Rivera University: La Concordia College Taimis • Vicenta Ybardaloza Pagsanjan Can play Harp
  39. 39. Student Activism at UST • Rizal displayed his leadership in student activism. • Indio/chongo vs kastila/bangus • Bitter hostility exist • Racial animosity
  40. 40. Compañerismo (The Comradeship) – Inspired by Alexander Dumas, Three Musketeers – Secret Society of Filipino Students  Companions of Jehu Inspired by Les Compagnons de Jehu Rizal (president) Galiciano Apacible (secretary)
  41. 41. • Humiliating treatment of brown Filipino students • Archaic method of instruction at UST • Favoritism & skin color – criteria for academic performance
  42. 42. Spanish Brutality  happened during his 1st summer vacation at Calamba after his freshman year.  Failure to perceive a lieutenant during that night.  Gen. Primo de Rivera – Gov. General of the Philippines at that time.
  43. 43. Finishing Medicine at UST • Notable in all of his subjects. • He was the 2nd best student in a class of seven who passed the medicine course.
  44. 44. Decision to Go to Europe  To complete his medical course in Barcelona, Spain.  To make a name for himself in the field of Journalism.  To observe and study European Society.  To prepare himself for the task of liberating the Filipinos from Spanish Tyranny.
  45. 45. Important Literary Works as a University Student (UST)
  46. 46. LITERARY WORKS ᴥ Consejo de los Dioses El ᴥ Junto al Pasig ᴥ Filipinas A ᴥ the Filipino Youth (A La To Juventud Filipina)
  47. 47. To the Filipino Youth (A La Juventud Filipina)
  48. 48. To the Filipino Youth oLiceo Artistico Literario de Manila o1879 oGrand prize
  49. 49. To the Filipino Youth • 1st Stanza: Unfold, oh timid flower! Lift up your radiant brow, This day, Youth of my native strand! Your abounding talents show Resplendently and grand, Fair hope of my Motherland!
  50. 50. To the Filipino Youth • 9th Stanza Run! For genius' sacred flame Awaits the artist's crowning Spreading far and wide the fame Throughout the sphere proclaiming With trumpet the mortal's name
  51. 51. To the Filipino Youth • 10th Stanza Oh, joyful, joyful day, The Almighty blessed be Who, with loving eagerness Sends you luck and happiness
  52. 52. References: • Rizalina site (www.seasite.niu.edu) • Jose Rizal: Social Reformer and Patriot by De Viana et al.
  53. 53. References: • Rizalina site (www.seasite.niu.edu) • Jose Rizal: Social Reformer and Patriot by De Viana et al. • Rizal and the Development of Filipino Nationalism by Garcia et al. • Jose Rizal: Life, Works and Writings of a Genius, Writer, Scientist and a National Hero

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