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Urban tourism


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City is built not only for giving space for it residents but --more important than that-- is providing happiness both for its residents and visitors. It is the main reason why tourism development is highly recommended to be implemented for a city. It will make a city becomes a liveable place: not only a house but a home for its residents and visitors.

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Urban tourism

  3. 3. CITY A New Way of Thinking Imagenatives
  4. 4. A CITY IS NOT ONLY A HOUSE BUT A HOME It is not only protecting its residents but also giving a state of happiness for its host and guests. HOME SWEET HOME
  5. 5. Urban (adj) refers to characteristic of people who live in urban areas, but it is usually used to explain both a geographical area and a description of the cultural characteristics of societies who lived in the area. City and urban area (n) refers to a geographical area where its people have a characteristics of urban. Urban conurbation Urban fringe Urban area Municipality Town Urban City
  6. 6. Understanding the city  Area dominated by high rise buildings and dense population.  A center of public administration, trade, services for its hinterland.  Its population rely mostly on non agricultural-based economy.  Its society has a socio-relationship called gesselschaft (formal, rational, individual, etc.).  A political area assigned by the government.  An urban space that has meaning and perception for its residents and visitors. What is a city? Let me explain… Source: Hermantoro, 2016
  7. 7. Developing a City: From Physic to Value City was built for power City was built for efficient use of space City is built for beauty City is built for becoming a liveable city for its residents and visitors
  8. 8. Why Tourism is Important for Urban Development? The Future of Urban Life: City as A Home Developing soul and value of the city: city’s image Creating identity and beauty of the city Creating physical and space for activities PHYSIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGICAL Self-actualization Esteem Love/belonging Safety Physiological Physical planning Architecture and urban design Tourism planning MeaningsHierarchy of Needs Planning Approach Source: Hermantoro, 2016
  9. 9. TOURISM A New Way of Thinking henkyhermantoro@gmail.com3dRender
  11. 11. Happiness is the meaning and purpose of life, the whole aim and end of human existence (Aristotle) WE TRAVEL NOT TO ESCAPE LIFE, BUT FOR LIFE NOT TO ESCAPE US NN
  12. 12. Happiness can be obtained from leisure time, where people can choose their own activities  Leisure is a basic needs and human right (WLO, 2008; UN 1948)  Leisure is for recreation and tourism  Recreation and tourism are basic needs and human rights
  13. 13. Work Leisure Business travel Tourism Leisure travel Recreation Serious leisure Source: Williams, 2009 Work time and Leisure Time
  14. 14. Recreation and Tourism in Leisure Time Recreation or tourism Others Not leisure time Work, sleep, eat, etc. Leisure time Source: Hermantoro, 2016 Easy
  15. 15. What People’s Think about Tourism?  It is an activity of people who move from their usual environment to other destinations (Christaller, 1963; Airey, 1981)  It is an amalgam of goods and services offered for visitors (Van Hove, 2005; Smith, 1988)  It is a multisectoral industry and multidiciplinary of study (Jafari, 2000; UNWO, 2008; RI, 2009).
  16. 16. HAPPINESS More than that…. Tourism is Happiness Money Pleasure Freedom Esteem “Is not so much in having as sharing. We make a living by what we get, but we make a life by what we give” (NN)
  17. 17. Self-actualization Esteem Love/belonging Safety Physiological Happiness in Every Level of Human Needs Souce: Maslow, 1943 Psychological Physiological
  18. 18. The Tourism Paradigm: From Pleasure to Knowledge Source: Hermantoro, 2014, 2015, 2016 Pleasure-based tourism Knowledge-based tourism Service-based tourism People travel for leisure only, it creates mass tourism People travel for having best services served by industry, it creates needs for appreciation People travel for getting experience on local destination, it creates social and economic environment awareness
  19. 19. URBAN TOURISM A New Way of Thinking
  20. 20. City Tourism or Urban Tourism ?  City tourism is a tourism which occurs within a city’s administrative area  Urban tourism is a tourism which occurs in urban areas, could be within a city’s administrative area if the area is totally urbanized, within a city and beyond that has characteristic of urban (urban fringe), or a part of city that has an urban life that is visited for tourism (urban precinct) CITY TOURISM URBAN TOURISM
  21. 21. Aneka Tempat Wisata CITY TOURISM URBAN TOURISM  City tourism: tourist enjoy all resources within the city area. It could reflecting an urban or non urban characteristics as long as located in the city.  Urban tourism: tourist enjoy only in an area that has a characteristics of urban. It could be a part of a city that is visited mostly by visitors (urban precinct).
  22. 22. Why People are Visiting a City?  City is a geographical area with a high number of population and will attract people to come for VFR – visiting friends and relatives.  City is an area where is visited first by people who come to a country for staying or transiting to other cities or villages.  City is a center of public and business administration.  City has a unique culture caused by mix culture from difference nations, ethnics, etc. Source:Hermantoro, 2016
  23. 23. Urban Recreation and Urban Tourism: Tourist Satisfaction and Community Satisfaction CITY URBAN AREA A city is a place for its residents and visitors Residents Visitors
  24. 24. Why a City Needs to Develop Tourism Sector?  Residents need facilities for their leisure time, called recreation.  A city needs income for developing its infrastructure, recreation facilities etc., which is earned from tourism sectors.  Giving better value of the facilities.  It can create a better image for the city.  Creating creativity caused by people’s interactions.
  25. 25. City Is a Tourist Destination: What is a Tourist Destination?  It is a geographical area where is visited for reasons of leisure and other tourism activities purposes.  It is a place “…where tourist intends their time away from home” (Jafari, 2000)  “An amalgam of products and services available in one location that can draw visitor from beyond its spatial confines” (Pearce, 1992).  “Physical and administrative boundaries defining its management and images and perceptions defining its market competitiveness” (UNWTO. 2002)
  26. 26.  It is a geographic area where is assigned by market perception, it is a borderless.  It is a geographic area where is assigned by an authority as a management area, it has an administrative boundary. Free Icons and PNG BackgroundsSource: Hermantoro, 2014 What is a destination area?
  27. 27. Atrractions Promoting nature, culture, man made of city’s uniqueness Public facilities Providing better facilities which reflecting local culture Tourist facilities Providing better facilities which reflecting local culture and local wisdom Accessibilities Providing better accessibilities Communities Community-based tourism Source:RI, 2009 Elements of a City as a Tourist Destination
  28. 28. It is not about physics It is not about economy It is not only about beauty but It is about happiness
  29. 29. ENJOY THE SLIDE MORE INFORMATION, read the whole ideas in PARIWISATA PERKOTAAN (in bahasa) Email: Other publications Pinterest