European Policies regarding Noise
Assessment
henk.wolfert@dcmr.nl
Content
• Noise burden in Europe
• Effects of Noise
• What can be learnt from 1st and 2nd round
• Overview noise legislati...
Number of people exposed to noise in Europe
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
road rail airport industry
Lden aggl Lnight aggl Lde...
Noise in Urban Areas (Lden)
86
88
90
92
94
96
98
100
102
% EXPOSED > 55 DB LDEN
noisiest cities in EU
07/08/2013HUSH final...
Noise in Urban Areas (Lden)
0
5
10
15
20
25
exposed>55dBLden
quiest cities in EU
07/08/2013HUSH final event Florence 5
Comparability far away
• Different sound power
• Different modelling
• Different methods
• Different software
• Algoritms
...
CNOSSOS art 6 and Annex II END will help
PHASE A
development
methodological
framework
PHASE B
tools and
validation
PHASE C...
PHASES CNOSSOS
Phase A
WG 1 Quality framework
WG 2 Road Traffic Noise Emission
WG 3 Railway noise emission
WG 4 Aircraft N...
CNOSSOS reports
• JRC Reference report on
“Common Noise Assessment
methods in EU (CNOSSOS-EU)
for strategic noise mapping”...
Effects of long term exposure
Health effects
• Annoyance/high annoyance
• Sleep disturbance/Severe sleep
disturbance
• Lea...
Data deliveries
Noise contours maps
Airport noise 10/138
Road traffic
noise
23/164
Railway noise 34/161
Industrial noise 2...
Conclusions so far
Some shortcomings:
• Delivered noise data is not conform
ENDRM
• Lot of data was not in time
• Data was...
Why is END not effective yet? Con’s
• No binding limit nor targets
• Noise Action Plans not SMART
• Definitions not clear ...
Pro’s of the first rounds
• Fairly good impression of the size of noise burden in EU
• Experience with noise mapping
• Exp...
Outcomes review END 2002/49/EC
Two strands
• Review by troika Milieu, TNO and RPA
• Report European Commission COM(2011) 3...
Report European Commission
• Framework mapping methods (CNOSSOS)
• Guidance for implementation
• Synergy between air quali...
Public Consultation
0 50 100 150 200 250 300
PERSONS
GROUPS
recommend trigger limit exposure
07/08/2013HUSH final event Fl...
Outlook I regarding END
• Completion of methodology including databases for road and industrial
noise OCTOBER 2013
• Valid...
Overview EU legislation in force
• Aeroplane Operation limits
• First railway Infrastructure Package
• Environmental Noise...
Overview EU legislation proposed
• Airport Package, noise restrictions at airports
• Motor Vehicle Noise
• Recreational Cr...
Overview different scenario’s
motor vehicle noise
Source: TNO AIA-DAGA, Merano
07/08/2013HUSH final event Florence 21
Outlook II regarding Noise in Europe
• Traffic still grows 1,5%/annum
• Noise will also grow
• New MS and modal shift
• Ur...
Why noise policies fail to lower the noise
• Noise is the most forgotten environmental
issue (Jo Leinen-EEF)
• Noise has t...
07/08/2013HUSH final event Florence 24
Thematic Strategy on Noise
Linking source policies with
a stronger and effective
EN...
07/08/2013HUSH final event Florence 25
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European policies regarding noise assessment

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Presentation held in Florence (Palazzo di vecchia) on HUSH event on progress noise mapping and noise action planning in Europe,

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European policies regarding noise assessment

  1. 1. European Policies regarding Noise Assessment henk.wolfert@dcmr.nl
  2. 2. Content • Noise burden in Europe • Effects of Noise • What can be learnt from 1st and 2nd round • Overview noise legislation/policies EU • Outlook Noise in Europe • Towards a Thematic Strategy on Noise • Local Strategies • Discussion 07/08/2013HUSH final event Florence 2
  3. 3. Number of people exposed to noise in Europe 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 road rail airport industry Lden aggl Lnight aggl Lden major Lnight major 07/08/2013HUSH final event Florence 3 > 55 Lden and > 50 Lnight
  4. 4. Noise in Urban Areas (Lden) 86 88 90 92 94 96 98 100 102 % EXPOSED > 55 DB LDEN noisiest cities in EU 07/08/2013HUSH final event Florence 4
  5. 5. Noise in Urban Areas (Lden) 0 5 10 15 20 25 exposed>55dBLden quiest cities in EU 07/08/2013HUSH final event Florence 5
  6. 6. Comparability far away • Different sound power • Different modelling • Different methods • Different software • Algoritms • Formulas • Different settings • Reflections/movements/ population/accuracy/defaults Road Traffic Noise Railway Noise ASJ RTN 2009 (JP) CRN (UK) CRTN (UK) Harmonoise/imagine (EU) Harmonoise/imagine (EU) Nord 2000 NMPB 2008 (FR) Ononu 305011 (AT) Nord 2000 (DK-FI-NO- SE) RMR (NL) RLS 90/VBUS (DE) Schall 03 VBUS (DE) RMV (NL) Semibel (CH) RVS (AT) Sonroad (CH) TNS (US) Industrial Noise Airport Noise Harmonoise/imagine (EU) AzB 2008 (DE) ISO 9613 (EU) ECAC Doc 29 Harmonoise/Imagine 07/08/2013HUSH final event Florence 6
  7. 7. CNOSSOS art 6 and Annex II END will help PHASE A development methodological framework PHASE B tools and validation PHASE C Implement Annex II 07/08/2013HUSH final event Florence 7
  8. 8. PHASES CNOSSOS Phase A WG 1 Quality framework WG 2 Road Traffic Noise Emission WG 3 Railway noise emission WG 4 Aircraft Noise prediction WG 5 Sound Propagation industrial noise WG 6 Good Practice Guidelines WG 9 Revised ENDRM WG 10 Assigning noise levels and population to buildings Phase B WG6 Good Practice Guidelines WG 7 CNOSSOS EU-database WG 8 CNOSSOS-EU reference software WG 11 Burden of Disease Estimation WG 12 Pilot studies for CNOSSOS validation WG 13 Helpdesk and Training for Member States 07/08/2013HUSH final event Florence 8
  9. 9. CNOSSOS reports • JRC Reference report on “Common Noise Assessment methods in EU (CNOSSOS-EU) for strategic noise mapping” • JRC Master report on “Common Noise Assessment methods in EU (CNOSSOS-EU): outcome and resolutions of the CNOSSOS-EU Technical Committee & Working Groups” 07/08/2013HUSH final event Florence 9
  10. 10. Effects of long term exposure Health effects • Annoyance/high annoyance • Sleep disturbance/Severe sleep disturbance • Learning /memory difficulties • Hypertension • Ischemic Heart Diseases • Strokes/ Diabetes • DALY’s 1-1.6 /annum Economic effects • Measures / administration • Health costs • Real estate value drop • Production loss • Car accidents (tiredness) • An extra year in college/school/univ. 07/08/2013HUSH final event Florence 10
  11. 11. Data deliveries Noise contours maps Airport noise 10/138 Road traffic noise 23/164 Railway noise 34/161 Industrial noise 23/160 Major airports 11/78 Major roads 9/29 Lden Major railways 7/22 Lden • 71% Airport Noise • 80% Road Traffic Noise • 76% Railway Noise • 75% Industrial Noise • 96% Major Railways • 96% Major Airports • 96% Major Roads Reported data 07/08/2013HUSH final event Florence 11
  12. 12. Conclusions so far Some shortcomings: • Delivered noise data is not conform ENDRM • Lot of data was not in time • Data was delivered in wrong format • Data is incomparable • Noise maps are not representing all the noise • Poor action plans • CNOSSOS to be used in 3rd round • CNOSSOS, detailed or strategic (means a broad overview) • Input data to be improved • Guidance needed 07/08/2013HUSH final event Florence 12
  13. 13. Why is END not effective yet? Con’s • No binding limit nor targets • Noise Action Plans not SMART • Definitions not clear or lacking • e.g. agglomerations, quiet urban areas, industry • It is obligatory to make noise maps/noise action plans but it is not obligatory to reduce noise at a national, regional or local level! • Does not offer overall framework for noise links with source related legislation is missing! 07/08/2013HUSH final event Florence 13
  14. 14. Pro’s of the first rounds • Fairly good impression of the size of noise burden in EU • Experience with noise mapping • Experience with noise action planning • Found the points to be improved • END • Input data • Output data • Informing the public • Skills 07/08/2013HUSH final event Florence 14
  15. 15. Outcomes review END 2002/49/EC Two strands • Review by troika Milieu, TNO and RPA • Report European Commission COM(2011) 321 • Internet Consultation • Report to be expected 07/08/2013HUSH final event Florence 15
  16. 16. Report European Commission • Framework mapping methods (CNOSSOS) • Guidance for implementation • Synergy between air quality and noise (integrated approach) • Limit values, targets or triggers • Noise indicators • Enforcement, Definitions • Administrative burden to be relieved 07/08/2013HUSH final event Florence 16
  17. 17. Public Consultation 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 PERSONS GROUPS recommend trigger limit exposure 07/08/2013HUSH final event Florence 17
  18. 18. Outlook I regarding END • Completion of methodology including databases for road and industrial noise OCTOBER 2013 • Validation and fine tuning (possibly with support of EU-MS) FEBRUARY 2014 • First presentation of a draft revised Annex II FEBRUARY 2014 • Finalisation of the revised Annex II JUNE 2014 • Helpdesk supporting practitioners AS FROM 2014 07/08/2013HUSH final event Florence 18 RECOMMEND
  19. 19. Overview EU legislation in force • Aeroplane Operation limits • First railway Infrastructure Package • Environmental Noise Directive • Lawn mowers (permissible noise) • Management Noise at Community Airports • Motor vehicle exhaust systems • Noise Emission Outdoor Equipment • Tractor Type Approval • Railway noise: TSI norms rolling stock conventional rail system • Recreational Craft noise & air emissions • Subsonic jet aeroplanes • Tyre labelling Regulation • Tyre Noise Regulation 07/08/2013HUSH final event Florence 19
  20. 20. Overview EU legislation proposed • Airport Package, noise restrictions at airports • Motor Vehicle Noise • Recreational Craft Directive • Research and Innovation for EU future • Noise of Two- and Three wheeled Motor Vehicles • CNOSSOS common assessment method according to END • Revised END 2002/49/EC 07/08/2013HUSH final event Florence 20
  21. 21. Overview different scenario’s motor vehicle noise Source: TNO AIA-DAGA, Merano 07/08/2013HUSH final event Florence 21
  22. 22. Outlook II regarding Noise in Europe • Traffic still grows 1,5%/annum • Noise will also grow • New MS and modal shift • Urban population grows 07/08/2013HUSH final event Florence 22
  23. 23. Why noise policies fail to lower the noise • Noise is the most forgotten environmental issue (Jo Leinen-EEF) • Noise has to deal with other issues • Financial downturn (excuse) • Incentives (carrot) • Enforcement (stick) • Fail to involve stakeholder • No binding between source & END policy THEMATIC STRATEGY NOISE is what we need! • Human behaviour 07/08/2013HUSH final event Florence 23
  24. 24. 07/08/2013HUSH final event Florence 24 Thematic Strategy on Noise Linking source policies with a stronger and effective END • Multi level policies • EU • National • Regional • Local • Governmental bodies • Institutions • Schools • Residents 06/05/2013HUSH final event Florence 24
  25. 25. 07/08/2013HUSH final event Florence 25

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