Open Systems, Innovation and Competitiveness

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The role of open systems for unfettered access to software for developers; the role for innovation and competitiveness

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Open Systems, Innovation and Competitiveness

  1. 1. Open Systems, Innovation, and Competitiveness International Scientific Conference“Research&Development as the Basis for Innovation in Creating the Competitive Region“ Podgorica, Montenegro, 12—13 Nov. 2010 Dr. rer. nat. Hellmuth Broda Dr. Hellmuth Broda Consulting, Basel 1
  2. 2. What Everybody Tells You 10.3.2010 © 2010 Dr Hellmuth Broda Consulting -- www.hellmuthbroda.com 2
  3. 3. Three Faces of Open Open Open Open Systems Standards Source = = = CompetitivenessOpportunity Inter- (for industry) (for developers) operability and Choice (for users) (for industry)10.3.2010 © 2010 Dr Hellmuth Broda Consulting -- www.hellmuthbroda.com 3
  4. 4. Who Benefits? Open Source = Opportunity (for developers)10.3.2010 © 2010 Dr Hellmuth Broda Consulting -- www.hellmuthbroda.com 4
  5. 5. What is Open Source?Using Shared Resources to Solve Needs and Create Wealth• Distribute binaries and source code• Freely modifiable and re-distributable• Non-discriminatory• Consensus driven projects• Meritocracy• Peer review and public discussion• OK to make money - but not for access to code10.3.2010 © 2010 Dr Hellmuth Broda Consulting -- www.hellmuthbroda.com 5
  6. 6. Joys Law Innovation will happen, and it will happen Somewhere Else Bill Joy Aspen Institute10.3.2010 © 2010 Dr Hellmuth Broda Consulting -- www.hellmuthbroda.com 6
  7. 7. Open Source in a Nutshell A community of developers • Learning from each other • Sharing a code commons • Protecting the commoms • Creating “wealth” from the commons • Enriching the commons in the process  The guild model re-discovered?  Using the commons, the young can “stand on the shoulders of the elders”  “Wiki” for softwareHellmuth Broda Consulting -- www.hellmuthbroda.com10.3.2010 © 2010 Dr 7
  8. 8. But ... Open Source relies on Open Systems (and Open Standards) for Interoperability10.3.2010 © 2010 Dr Hellmuth Broda Consulting -- www.hellmuthbroda.com 8
  9. 9. Who Benefits? Open Systems = Interoperability (for industry)10.3.2010 © 2010 Dr Hellmuth Broda Consulting -- www.hellmuthbroda.com 9
  10. 10. What Are Open Systems?  Published interfaces enable interoperability  Third parties can compete with a different implementation  permit different implementation of identical functionalities  enable some degree of exchangeability  can be manufacturer specific  use of the interface can require royalty payments to the manufacturer10.3.2010 © 2010 Dr Hellmuth Broda Consulting -- www.hellmuthbroda.com 10
  11. 11. Characteristics of Open Systems  Everything necessary to do the job is defined and published  No need to escape to use proprietary facilities  No undocumented features, no insider tips & tricks  Modules can be exchanged (integrateability)10.3.2010 © 2010 Dr Hellmuth Broda Consulting -- www.hellmuthbroda.com 11
  12. 12. Who Benefits? Open Standards = Competitiveness (for industry) and Choice (for users)10.3.2010 © 2010 Dr Hellmuth Broda Consulting -- www.hellmuthbroda.com 12
  13. 13. Standards in Other Infrastructure Projects Railroads have standards for rail gauges Roads need standards to ensure smooth traffic Ports have standards to ensure smooth flow of ships Airports have standards to ensure aircrafts do not crash Even the sewerage system has a plethora of standards including the size of the manholes10.3.2010 © 2010 Dr Hellmuth Broda Consulting -- www.hellmuthbroda.com 13
  14. 14. Open Standards are Open if they:  Are created and modified through open participation in a widely-recognized vendor- neutral industry forum,  Are available to anyone for implementation and use on a royalty free basis, and  Have no intellectual property encumbrances on their use.10.3.2010 © 2010 Dr Hellmuth Broda Consulting -- www.hellmuthbroda.com 14
  15. 15. Special Case of Open Standard: Open Format = Access (For Posterity)10.3.2010 © 2010 Dr Hellmuth Broda Consulting -- www.hellmuthbroda.com 15
  16. 16. The Problem: Permanent Information Loss Let us learn from the disasters that affected the Library of Alexandria Where we lost the knowledge of the world from that timeFires and other destructions have been reportedfrom 48 BC (Cesar), 275 AD (Aurelian), 391 AD(Theophilus), 642 AD (MuslimDrconquest) – 10.3.2010 © 2010 Hellmuth Broda Consulting -- www.hellmuthbroda.com 16Source: Wikipedia
  17. 17. What is OpenDocument Format (ODF)? Open standard specification for displaying and storing data files Only available open, vendor-neutral, standardized format for office applications Can be implemented by any document processing application vendor Provides access to documents, independent of the applications that created them Approved by OASIS in May 2005 Approved by ISO for international standardization on May 4, 2006 10.3.2010 © 2010 Dr Hellmuth Broda Consulting -- www.hellmuthbroda.com 17
  18. 18. An Open Format is OPEN, if it is:  Based on an underlying open standard  Developed through a publicly visible, community driven process  Affirmed and maintained by a vendor- independent standards body  Fully documented and publicly available  Without proprietary extensions10.3.2010 © 2010 Dr Hellmuth Broda Consulting -- www.hellmuthbroda.com 18
  19. 19. Summary Open Source, Open Systems, Open Standards and Open Formats will pave the way to Digital Sustainability10.3.2010 © 2010 Dr Hellmuth Broda Consulting -- www.hellmuthbroda.com 19
  20. 20. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTIONDr. Hellmuth Brodahb@hellmuthbroda.comPresentation download from: www.hellmuthbroda.com/downloads/ 10.3.2010 © 2010 Dr Hellmuth Broda Consulting -- www.hellmuthbroda.com 20

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