ARTICLE / JOURNAL BACKGROUND Bibliographic InformationAuthor Shane DonaldArticle / Journal Title Learning How To Speak : Reticence in the ESL ClassroomJournal Publication Details ARECLS, 2010, VOL 7, pp.41-58
PURPOSE OF THE RESEARCH• To examines:-a) The issue of reticenceb) Reason its occuredc) The implications of itd) The pedagogical strategies used by instructor to overcome this reticence. This paper does not intend to provide any definitive solution to the problem.
RESEARCH METHOD METHODS SAMPLING REASON TO USE THE METHODFilmed Data of an Students from Southern Taiwan To evaluate strategies learnersoral class (Non-English Majors ) employ in relation to pedagogical goalsFocus Group Both Educational & Applied Allow participants to present Linguistics Students – University personal reflections and of Newcastle upon Tyne commentsStimulated recall ( Informant A – from Kuwait ) To discover learner perspectivesinterviews ( Informant B – from Macau ) on the factors that reticence occurred
FINDINGS METHODS USE FINDINGS / RESULTSFilmed Data of an oral •A large amount of silence occurs when theclass instructor asks questions to the learners. •The instructor is in managerial mode as does not given time for learners to answers questions that are asked.Focus Group & Stimulated •Find out the factors that had the mostRecall Interview impact on willingness to speak:- a) Fear of making mistakes b) Error Correction c) Extended Wait-Time d) Effectiveness of Group Work ( Small Group Discussion )
GROUP’S MEMBER REACTIONCause of Reticence How to Overcome itStudents not interested in the language Provide fun learning, activities that canlearning attract students attentionFace loss , shy Punish those students that laugh at other students mistakeAfraid to try / of making mistakes Give the students some time to think of the answers and don’t try to correct the mistake directlyLess of self-confident Give some rewards to those students who volunteer to ask the questions
Conclusion Don’t Speak to Me in English My teacher Reticence Sorry, I’m not will scolded interested inme in front of Students’ this my friends. Mentality language. My friend will laugh at me if I made a mistake. SLIDE 1