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The European advance and Challenge

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Presentation2

  1. 1. THE EUROPEAN ADVANCE ANDCHALLENGE
  2. 2.  ‘Eurocentric’ Dutch in Indonesia Spaniards and Americans in the Philippines The French in Indochina The British in Burma and Malaya Portuguese in East Timor
  3. 3. The creation by the colonial powers of theborders have become the modern states ofSoutheast Asia.
  4. 4. BURMNA The of the frontier zones The rights of British traders (invading Bengal) Different views of how government andbusiness should be conducted led toconfrontation The British in India came to see events inBurma as a test of strength: agriculture andtimber potential. By 1886, the British proclaimed control overBurma
  5. 5. VIETNAM The French saw Vietnam as a springboardfor trade with China and jealous of British French forces invaded Vietnam in the pledgeof protecting Christian missionaries Hue hoped the invaders would advance nofurther In the 1880s, the French extended theircolonial possessions to include all of Vietnam
  6. 6. CAMBODIA Cambodia was under the rulers of Thailandand Vietnam Cambodia became a buffer zone Without the French advance it seems hard tothink of Cambodia being left for long
  7. 7. LAOS Laos was composed of a confusing patternof minor states It came into existence was the result ofcolonial action Laos states appeared an attractive prospectof colonial advance and the French seized itbetween 1885 and 1889.
  8. 8. THAILAND Because of its location, Thailand became abuffer zone Kings and officials: King Mongkut andChulalongkorn Thailand lost its suzerainty over territoriesalong the Mekong River
  9. 9. INDONESIA The Dutch came traders and then it gainedcontrol of major ports The had become sufficiently involved inmanipulating the internal affairs of Java. Late 19th and early 20th, the Dutch slowlyexpanded their control over the IndonesianArchipelago The Dutch established closer control andmore uniform administration.
  10. 10. MALAYSIA The Portuguese capture of Malacca in 16th Then it was replaced by the Dutch as the rulers ofMalacca in late 18th British established settlements in Penang (1786),Singapore (1819), and Malacca (1830s) The three units played roles as bases from whichmerchants and traders, tin miners and laborers, graduallybegan to transform the economic structure of thePeninsula Finally, the British could build a political paramountcy toensure direct control. Brunei became a British protectorate in 1888
  11. 11. EAST TIMOR In the 1560s, the Portuguese establishedtheir first settlements near East Timor, andthen, mid 17th, moved in settle in the area. Then the settlement became a neglectedpart of Portugal’s oversea empire. After the coming of the Dutch, there weretreaties signed to preserve its existence.
  12. 12. THE PHILIPPINES The Spanish established their colonialheadquarters in Manila in 1571 In the mid 18th, the Spaniards came tocontrol the lowland areas The Spanish rule brought Catholicism intonorthern islands, in which it created a newframework for society Their colonial subjects began the revoltagainst Spanish rule in the 19th

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