Taxonomy Annona / Rollinia V-Congressso-Annonaceae 20130820

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Taxonomy Annona / Rollinia V-Congressso-Annonaceae 20130820

  1. 1. Taxonomy of Annonaceae Annona - Rollinia Botucatu 2013-08-20
  2. 2. W Hemisphere genera 34 (+1) / ~1000 (~110 / 2500 ) Anaxagorea ( 23 / 4 ) Duguetia ( 88 / 3 ) Pseudephedranthus ( 1 ) Annona ( 191 / 1 / 4 ) (incl. Raimondia, Rollinia) Ephedranthus ( 7 ) Pseudomalmea ( 4 ) Asimina ( 11 ) (incl. Deeringothamnus) Froesiodendron ( 3 ) Pseudoxandra ( 23 ) Bocagea ( 2+1 ) Fusaea ( 2 ) Ruizodendron ( 1 ) Bocageopsis ( 4 ) Guatteria ( 295 ) (incl. Guatteriella, Guatteriopsis, Heteropetalum) Sapranthus ( 6 ) Cardiopetalum ( 3 ) Hornschuchia ( 10 ) Stenanona ( 7 ) Cremastosperma ( 29 ) Klarobelia ( 12 ) Terameranthus ( 6 ) Cymbopetalum ( 27 ) Malmea ( 6 ) Tridimeris ( 2 ) Desmopsis ( 14 ) Mosannona ( 14 ) Trigynaea ( 8 ) Diclinanona ( 3 ) Onychopetalum ( 2 ) Unonopsis ( 48 ) Duckeanthus ( 1 ) Oxandra ( 29 ) Xylopia ( 158 ) Porcelia ( 7 ) Annonaceae neotrop NAm neotrop - Afr neotrop - As MAm – aff As pantropical Botucatu 2013-08-20
  3. 3. monograph Morphology – Leaf, Flower, Inflorescence, Fruit, Seed Anatomy – Wood, Leaf, Flower, Embryology, Fruit, Seed Ultrstructure – Palynology Karyology Phytochemistry Ecology – Phenology and Pollination Biology, Fruit Dispersal Uses, Vernacular Names, Archaeobotany IUCN red list categories Classification Taxonomy Phylogeny Botucatu 2013-08-20 Annona
  4. 4. Annona / Rollinia / Rolliniopsis monographs Fries R. E. (1931) Revision der Arten einiger Annonaceen-Gattungen. II. Annona. – Acta Horti Berg. 10 (2): 197-315. 102 species / 17 Sections / 810 collections / 19 herbaria for 32 species fruits were unknown Fries R. E. (1934) Revision der Arten einiger Annonaceen-Gattungen. III. Rollinia. – Acta Horti Berg. 12 (1): 112-190. 55 species / 8 sections Fries R. E. (1934) Revision der Arten einiger Annonaceen-Gattungen. III. Rolliniopsis. – Acta Horti Berg. 12 (1): 191-196. 4 species / 2 Sections Fries R. E. (1959) Annonaceae. In: Engler A. & Prantl K. (eds.): Nat. Pflanzenfam. 17a/II: 1-117. – Berlin: Duncker & Humblodt. Annona 109 / Rollinia 55 / Rolliniopsis 3 field work – only one trip to Manaus, Brasil in 1960 Botucatu 2013-08-20
  5. 5. Annona / Rollinia / Rolliniopsis monographs Maas P. J. M., Westra, L. Y. Th. et al (1992) Rollinia. – Fl. Neotropica 57: 1-190. • Rollinia: 42 (+2) species / 6 groups, ~2500 collections / 62 herbaria • field work: before work started Botucatu 2013-08-20 Morphology – Leaf, Flower, Inflorescence, Fruit, Seed Anatomy – Wood, Leaf, Flower, Seed Palynology / Karyology / Phytochemistry Ecology – Pollination, Pests Uses, Vernacular Names Taxonomy (Classification)
  6. 6. Annona Linnaeus 1753 Species plantarum (starting point for binomial nomenclature) Polyandria / Polygynia incl. annonaceous genera Uvaria and Annona Botucatu 2013-08-20
  7. 7. Citation Hortus Cliffortianus Species Plantantarum Marcgraf bras. 1648 * Piso bras. 1658 * Ray hist. 1686-88 * Pluk. alm. 1696 * * Sloan. jam. 1696 * * Comm. hort. 1697 * * Plum. gen. 1703 * * Mer. surin. 1705 * Sloan. hist. 1707-25 * * L. Hort. Cliff. 1738 * Gron. virg. 1739-43 * Roy. lugd. 1740 * Herm. lugd. * monographs prelinnean Literature Botucatu 2013-08-20 Annona / Rollinia / Rolliniopsis
  8. 8. Annona Plumier 1703 Annona muricata – Guanabanus Botucatu 2013-08-20
  9. 9. Annona Annona squamosa ( icono Sloane 1725 Voy. Jamaica tab. 227 ) Botucatu 2013-08-20
  10. 10. Annona Annona squamosa – 亞大果子 Yá tà Kó ҫù – Boym (1656) Fl. sinensis Botucatu 2013-08-20
  11. 11. Annona Botucatu 2013-08-20 http://plants.jstor.org – Global Plants Initiative 309 institutions digitize their type collection August 2013 – 1.9 m specimens online
  12. 12. Annona Botucatu 2013-08-20 http://plants.jstor.org/specimen/bm000839134?s=t specimen @ BM cultivated 1777 in the Hortus Kewensis
  13. 13. Annona Annona cherimola Mill. ( holo BM - herb. Philipp Miller ) Botucatu 2013-08-20
  14. 14. Annona Herbarium work 119 herbaria visited ( 82) specimens on loan ( 63 ) desiderata ( 3 ) Botucatu 2013-08-20
  15. 15. Annona Herbarium PR – Průhonice, CZ Botucatu 2013-08-20
  16. 16. Annona Field work Cuba 2000, 2001 Mexico 1998 Costa Rica 1993 Peru 1988, 1994 2008 Venezuela 1995, 1996 Brasil 1994, 2006 2009 Colombia 1994, 2008 Panama 2008 Ecuador 2007, 2008 Bolivia 2007 Botucatu 2013-08-20 Guatemala 2011 Honduras 2010
  17. 17. life forms Annona a) Annona warmingiana (pygmaea), b) A. amazonica a b Botucatu 2013-08-20
  18. 18. life forms Annona Annona sprageui a Botucatu 2013-08-20
  19. 19. Annona a) Annona subnubila, b) A. glabra, c) A. hayesii d) A. dioica, e) A. globiflora a d e b c flowers Botucatu 2013-08-20
  20. 20. Annona a) Annona crassiflora, b) A. glabra, c) A. hayesii, d) A. hypoglauca, e) A. duckei, f) A. deminuta, g) A. pittieri a b c d e f g fruits Botucatu 2013-08-20
  21. 21. Rollinia a b a) Annona hispida, b) & d) A. sp. nov., c) A. papilionella, e) A. neosericea Botucatu 2013-08-20 c d e flowers
  22. 22. Rollinia c d e a) Annona andicola, b) A. rensoniana c) A. glomerulifera, e) A. hispida, f) A. neosericea Botucatu 2013-08-20 a b fruits
  23. 23. Raimondia Annona quinduensis Botucatu 2013-08-20
  24. 24. Annona Botucatu 2013-08-20 herbarium work Herbarium QCNE – Herbario Nacional de Ecuador, Quito
  25. 25. Annona Botucatu 2013-08-20 Herbarium specimens Neill et al. 6160 – Rollinia  Maas et al. 1997: Rollinia chrysocarpa  Annona chrysocarpa
  26. 26. Annona a) Annona glabra, b) A. aligera, c) A. salicifolia, d) A. rosei, e) A. aurantiaca a b c d e leaf shape Botucatu 2013-08-20
  27. 27. Annona a) percurrent – Annona dumetorum, b) reticulate – A. aurantiaca c) percurrent – A. salicifolia, d) areolate – A. deminuta a c b d leaf venation patterns Botucatu 2013-08-20
  28. 28. Annona leaf – cuticular foldings a b c d Annona pruinosa – a) lower leaf surface, b) close up Annona cornifolia – c) lower leaf surface, d) sunken stomata Botucatu 2013-08-20
  29. 29. a b c d Annona leaf – epicuticular wax Botucatu 2013-08-20 a) platelets – Annona dioica, b) irregular granules – A. pruinosa c) rodlets – A. macrocalyx, d) membraneous platelets – A. neglecta
  30. 30. Annona indument Botucatu 2013-08-20 a) simple erect – Annona cordifolia, b) twin erect – A. prevostiae c) multiple (“stellate”) – A. dioica, d) curly – A. sclerophylla a b c d
  31. 31. Annona flower parts Annona amazonica – a) flower(bud), 2 external and 1 interal petal removed Annona squamosa – b) carpel, open ventral suture Annona malmeana – c) stamen with extrorse anthers, d) connective shield, e) attachment by vascular bundles a b c e d Botucatu 2013-08-20
  32. 32. Annona stamens a) Annona senegalensis – stamen dorsal view, b) stoma c) Annona montana – stoma d) Annona sericea – stoma a c b d Annona ambotay – outer staminodial ring Botucatu 2013-08-20
  33. 33. Annona anatomy – seeds – ruminations a d e Annona cherimola – a) seed, b) endosperm, c) foliar ruminations Annona sericea – d) endosperm, e) peg-shaped ruminations b c Botucatu 2013-08-20
  34. 34. palynology – pollen / tetrad size Annona 100 µ 60 µ 30 µ 20 µ Botucatu 2013-08-20 a) Annona purpurea 2x b) A. coriacea 6x c) A. malmeana ? d) A. macrocalyx ? e) A. scandens ? f) A. macroprophyllata (diversifolia) 2x g) A. liebmanniana h) A. ambotay 2x i) A. cherimola 2x j) A. reticulata 2x k) A. conica ? a b c d e c f g h i j k
  35. 35. palynology – exine sculpturing Annona a b c d e f perforate – a ) A. bicolor, rugose – b) A. cacans, c) A. cornifolia tectate perforate – d) A. aurantiaca, e) A. coriacea, reticulate – f) A. ambotay Botucatu 2013-08-20
  36. 36. palynology Annona Annona malmeana – a) open pollensac, b) free pollen tetrads, c) tetragonal tetrad, d-f) callosic binding system between tetrads and pollen grains a b c d e f Botucatu 2013-08-20
  37. 37. Annona A) Annona ambotay, B) A. foetida, C) A. glabra, D) A. macroprophyllata, E) A. prevostiae, F) A. reticulata, G) A. montana, H) A. squamosa, I) A. liebmanniana karyology x = 7 39 / 196 2x / 26 / all habitats 3x / 1 / cultivated 4x / 13 / cerrado, WAmaz rain forest, mangrove - cultivated 6x / 3 / cerrado - cultivated (8x ? / 1 / Annona sylvtica ) Botucatu 2013-08-20
  38. 38. karyology A. prevostiae A. sininni A. foetida A. testudinea A. ambotay A. macroprophyllata A. reticulata A. squamosa A. glabra A. cuspidata Annona Botucatu 2013-08-20
  39. 39. uses Annona Botucatu 2013-08-20
  40. 40. Annona Botucatu 2013-08-20 vernacular names 653 / 47 taxa Araticum – Annona dolabripetala, A. emarginata, A. leptopetala, A. mucosa, A. neolaurifolia, A. neosericea, A. pickelii, A. sylvatica Araticum barato do campo – Duguetia furfuracea Araticum cagão – Annona cacans, A. emarginata, A. xylopiifolia Araticum de cavalo – Annona emarginata Araticum do campo – Annona emarginata Araticum grande – Annona sylvatica Araticum meúdo – Annona emarginata Araticum lanceta – Duguetia furfuracea Araticum macho – Annona exsucca Araticum-mirim – Annona emarginata
  41. 41. Annona Botucatu 2013-08-20 taxa 196 / 12 from single collection 50 studied in the field 37 fotographically documented 192 Neotropics 4 Africa 34 new species, yet undescribed / 7 from single collection
  42. 42. geographical distribution 9519 collections 7413 georeferenced Annona Botucatu 2013-08-20
  43. 43. Annona SBC Anaxagorea Cananga & Ambavioids LBC other Magnoliales Piptostigma/Greenwayodendron Annickia Miliusoid clade Polyalthia hypoleuca comp. Monocarpia Eupomatiaceae Laurales Annonaceae SAC clade Bocageae Annona, Asimina clade Goniothalamus Monodora, Uvaria clade Artabotrys, Xylopia clade Duguetia, Letestudoxa clade Guatteria 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Anonidium, Neostenanthera clade phylogeny family rbcl, trnl-trnf intron Chatrou et al. unpubl. Botucatu 2013-08-20
  44. 44. Annona phylogeny subfamily Annonoideae Chatrou et al. 2012 Botucatu 2013-08-20
  45. 45. 3 gene strict consensus bootstrap trnL - rpl16 ITS2 pilannona helogenia macrantha ilama atractanthus gamopetalum annona annona annonula annonella atta atta atta oligantha Annona Rollinia phylogeny Annona (35 / 196) Botucatu 2013-08-20
  46. 46. pilannona helogenia macrantha ilama atractanthus gamopetalum annona annona annonula annonella atta phylogeny molecular clock Archaeanthus & Wikström 2001 oligantha Annona Rollinia cerrado – retro large fl lianas 26 large flowers small flowers 23 23 rollinia 2.7 carib 7.7 NW branch 19 16.8 Botucatu 2013-08-20
  47. 47. geographical distribution large pollination chamber Annona - montana / Guanabano do monte - muricata / Guanabana / Graviola Botucatu 2013-08-20
  48. 48. geographical distribution small pollination chamber Annona - cherimola / Chirimoya - reticulata / fruta do conde - squamosa / Ata, fruta do conde Botucatu 2013-08-20
  49. 49. Annona still to do • describe new species • complete a matrix for principal component analyses • herbarium work in INPA / CEPEC • wrap up the bits and pieces (= sabbatical) desiderata (collaboration !) • karyology / hybridization • complement phylogeny • flower development studies – MADSbox • field work in Cuba / Hispaniola / Jamaica & Brasil must • (better) time (management) Botucatu 2013-08-20
  50. 50. Paul Maas (U - WAG), Wilfried Morawetz Lars Chatrou (WAG), Elke Döring, Bernhard von Hagen, Martin Röser (HAL), Charlie Charvis (BM), Armando Urquiola (HPPR), Nelson Zamora (INB), Antonio Webber (UniAmaz), George Schatz (MO), Bobbi Angell, Jacky Kallunki, Mike Nee (NY), David Johnson (OWU), Álvaro Pérez (QCA), Adriana Lobão (RB), Renato Mello-Silva (SPB), Tom Wendt (TEX), Gerhard Gottsberger (ULM), Magda Chanco (USM), Otto Huber (VEN) Michael Malicky (LI), Fritz Ehrendorfer, Andrea Frosch-Radivo, Michael Hesse, Hanna Schneeweiß, Tod Stuessy, Walter Till (WU), Anton Igersheim, Ernst Vitek, Bruno Wallnöfer (W) curators A, ALCB, AAU, AMAZ, B, BAB, BH, BIGU, BM, BOLV, BP, BR, BSC, C, CAY, CEN, CHAPA, COAH, COL, CR, CUVC, CUZ, CVRD, E, EAP, ECON, EHH, ENCB, F, FDG, FHO, FI, FT, G, GB, GH, GJO, GOET, GUA, GUAT, GUAY, HAC, HAJB, HAL, HB, HPPR, HRB, HUA, HUEFS, IAN, IBGE, ICA, IJ, INB, INPA, IPA, JAUM, JE, K, L, LAGU, LE, LI, LINN, LL, LOJA, LPB, LZ, M, MA, MBM, MEDEL, MEXU, MG, MICH, MO, MY, NA, NY, OXF, P, PH, PI, PMA, PORT, PR, PRC, QCA, QCNE, R, RB, S, SCZ, SEL, SP, SPB, SPF, STRI, TEFH, TEX, TFAV, TO, U, UB, UCWI, ULM, UPS, US, USM, USZ, UVAL, VEN, W, WAG, WIS, WRSL, WU, XAL, Z, ZT Austrian Academy of Sciences, Natural History Museum Vienna, University of Vienna agradecimientos Botucatu 2013-08-20
  51. 51. Botucatu 2013-08-20 obrigado gracias dank/e
  52. 52. sp. nov. Photo G. SchatzPhotos P. Fiaschi 20070817 Botucatu 2013-08-20 Annona borboleta

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