STYLE/DISTINGUISHING FEATURES Some of the Menhirs or Megalithic stones at Avebury, England
A count of one Begin EndA set of units countedas one A single dayA count of five items, Two daysfor example: instancesare given from three Three daysto twenty-two andthirty-three Group of days A whole unit; a whole night and day; a week; a month The Heavens Half a whole unit The winter sun, A count of three whole units a clockwise spiral e.g. three days and nights The summer sun, Four weeks an anti-clockwise spiral The equinox, spring and autumn Four quarters in a year, Four seasons in a year
Engravings inside the Cairn T, Loughcrew, Ireland, at time of the Autumn EquinoxThe 6ft high monolith or menhir that is onlyilluminated on the 8th November and 4th Februaryeach year marking the beginning of Spring andAutumn.
The huge engraved stones inside the Gavrinis Cairn, Brittany, France
Examples of ceramic and stone Neolithic statuettes
KEY ARTISTS/MOST IMPORTANT WORKS Aerial photo of Newgrange, Ireland
Entrance Kerbstone and Roof box of Newgrange, Ireland
The Three-spiral motif inside Newgrange, IrelandThe tri-spiral is often referred to as a Celtic design, however it was carved about 2500 yearsbefore the Celts reached Ireland.
Stonehenge, England as it is today Stonehenge as it may have originally looked
SOCIO-POLITICAL AGENDA Examples of everyday portable objectsSpindle for weaving Ceremonial Flint Axe head Ceramic bowl Stone weight
LEGACY TO CONTEMPORARY PRACTICEDecorative arts had a new religious and ceremonial focus which influenced artamong later generations.The emergence of transport – mainly boats – allowed for a sharing of culturalbeliefs and an exchange of artefacts and techniques.The arrival of pictorial methods of communication and religious worship lead toearly hieroglyphic writing systems.
REFERENCESAbout Stonehengehttp://www.aboutstonehenge.info/index.phpEncyclopedia of World and Irish Arthttp://www.visual-arts-cork.com/index.htmGardner’s Art Through the Ages 11th EditionKliener, F., Mamiya, C., & Tansey, R. (2001) Gardner’s art through the ages. U.S.A.: Harcourt College PublishersKnowth.comhttp://www.knowth.com/index.htmMegaliths in Morbihanhttp://www.culture.gouv.fr/culture/arcnat/megalithes/en/index_en.htmlMythical Irelandhttp://www.mythicalireland.com/Virtual Museumhttp://www.europeanvirtualmuseum.net/virtual_museum/virtual_museum.asp?lingua=en&tab=0