August 1914 major powers fought Not prepared Horse and carriage were the main source of transportation Some uniforms were red Lack of ammunition and supplies No one would be able to last for more than 6 months
Stalemate Reasons Tragic equilibrium Similar weapons Bad leadership
Schlieffen Plan The invasion of Belgium had been a part of it Created by Alfred von Schlieffen in 1905 Plan assumed Russia would be slow to mobilize so they would concentrate on France Didn’t work: troops were already in place Also assumed Belgium would not retaliate Heroically defended their towns and homes Eventually defeated by Germans British were forced to retreat and the Germans eventually defeated the French
Trench Warfare Death was constant Disease Gas New weapon Gas masks Rats Trench foot Fungal disease caused by cold, wet, unsanitary conditions that generally lead to gangrene and amputation
Trench Warfare “Stand to” Rum, rifles and breakfast truce Inspection and chores Daily boredom “stand to” supplies and maintenance Absolutely horrid smell By the end each side had dug over 12,000 miles of trenches
I’ve a little wet home in the trench I’ve a little wet home in the trench where the rainstorms continually drench there’s a dead cow close by with her feet in towards the sky and she gives off a terrible stench Underneath, in the place of a floor There’s a mass of wet mud and some straw But with shells dropping there, There’s no place to compare, With my little wet home in the trench.