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Knowledge and Attitude of Oral and Maxillofacial Post Graduate on COVID 19: A Qualitative Research Study

DrHeena tiwari
DrHeena tiwari
DrHeena tiwaripublic health student at thakur dental clinic

Knowledge and Attitude of Oral and Maxillofacial Post Graduate on COVID 19: A Qualitative Research Study

Knowledge and Attitude of Oral and Maxillofacial Post Graduate on COVID 19: A Qualitative Research Study

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Annals of R.S.C.B., ISSN:1583-6258, Vol. 25, Issue 6, 2021, Pages. 10865 - 10870
Received 25 April 2021; Accepted 08 May 2021.
10865
http://annalsofrscb.ro
Knowledge and Attitude of Oral and Maxillofacial Post Graduate on
COVID 19: A Qualitative Research Study
Dr. Syed ManazirHussain1
, Dr.Vikram V Khare2
, Dr. Rahul VC Tiwari3
,
Dr.NileshBhanawat4
, Dr.Pallav Raj5
, Dr. Preeti Sharma6
, Dr. HeenaTiwari7
1
BDS MDS, OMFS &Implantologist, Senior Lecturer, Department of Oral & Maxillofacial
Surgery, Al Badar Rural Dental College and Hospital Gulbarga, Karnataka.
drmanazirglb@gmail.com
2
Professor and Head, Oral Medicine and Radiology, Dr.DYPatilVidyapeeth
Pune.kharevikram@yahoo.co.in
3
OMFS, FOGS, PhD Scholar, Dept of OMFS, Narsinbhai Patel Dental College and Hospital,
Sankalchand Patel University, Visnagar, Gujarat,384315. drrahulvctiwari@gmail.com
4
MDS, Associate professor, Department of oral and maxillofacial surgery, Pacific dental
college and research centre, pacific medical university, Udaipur,
Rajasthan.bhanawat.nilesh@gmail.com
5
MDS, ORAL and maxillofacial surgery, Assistant professor ITS dental college
muradnagargaziabad up.pallavkedia@gmail.com
6
Post graduate, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Saraswati Dental College,
Lucknow. sharma.sgr24@gmail.com
7
BDS, PGDHHM, MPH Student, ParulUniveristy, Limda, Waghodia, Vadodara, Gujrat,
India.drheenatiwari@gmail.com
Corresponding Author: DrNileshBhanawat, MDS, Associate professor, Department of oral
and maxillofacial surgery, Pacific dental college and research centre, pacific medical
university, Udaipur, Rajasthan.bhanawat.nilesh@gmail.com
ABSTRACT
Introduction: The corona virus disease 2019- COVID-19 is a viral disease that is greatly
infectious and has claimed many lives till date and is still persistent to consume lives.
Research supports the view that good KAP level is linked with good administration of the
health practices. Hence in this study we evaluated the knowledge, attitudes, and practices
(KAP) towards COVID-19 among oral and maxillofacial post graduate students.
Material and Methods: A prospective, web-based, cross-sectional study was done among
100 oral and maxillofacial post graduate students during October 2020 by a questionnaire
using Google forms. p<0.05 was considered significant.
Results: On the whole, the oral and maxillofacial post graduate students’ knowledge
concerning COVID-19 was acceptable they have positive attitude and they trailed healthy
preventive practices. No significant difference were found among sexes in knowledge and
practice though attitude score was prompted by gender.
Conclusions: Maximum dental undergraduates had adequate knowledge levels, positive
attitude towards COVID-19 and practices. Nevertheless there are some inconsistencies in
the opinions of COVID-19. Sufficient training and counseling dental students through
organized teaching techniques may help in aiding the publicin the need of hour.
Keywords- KAP study, Survey, COVID-19
INTRODUCTION
The corona virus disease 2019- COVID-19 is a viral disease that is greatly infectious and
has taken many lives till date and the death toll is still rising. (1) It is expected to be
Annals of R.S.C.B., ISSN:1583-6258, Vol. 25, Issue 6, 2021, Pages. 10865 - 10870
Received 25 April 2021; Accepted 08 May 2021.
10866
http://annalsofrscb.ro
affecting the respiratory system, and cause to the cascade of events and eventual death in
few. (2). Due to its high infectivity and mortality index its treatment and prognosis is
changing. (3) After the first case, and for the prevention of further spread of the pandemic
India declared the lockdown on March 21, 2020. (4, 5) In spite of the lock down there has
been an outpouring in the cases. This has led to an enormous burden on the health system
in India as well as other countries. Several preventive measures were put out by WHO and
many online training programs were given to the health care workers to efficiently prevent
the spread and educate. (6) There is research supporting the view that good KAP level is
connected with good administration of the health practices. Hence in this study we
evaluated the knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) towards COVID-19 among oral
and maxillofacial post graduate students.
MATERIAL ANDMETHODS
We conducted a Cross sectional study among 100 oral and maxillofacial post graduate
students of batch 2020 during October 2020. After taking the consent, questionnaire was
given to the participants that was set from the previous questionnaire studies and recorded
using Google Forms. (8-10) The study had 4 sections with questions related to the
participants’ demographics, knowledge, attitude, and practice. The scores were noted as 1
point for yes/ true answer and for no/ false/I don’t know answers given 0 point. Later
statistical analysis was performed after the data was composed and p< 0.05 was taken
assignificant.
RESULTS
In the present study most of the participants were men. Almost equal distribution of the
ages was seen among both the genders. (TABLE 1)Most of the members had good
information about the manifestations of COVID-19. Moreover, majority of the members
knew that early treatment can assist most patients with recuperating the disease. The vast
majority of the members realized that not all people with COVID-19 progress to serious
conditions. 80% of the members thought that children are at risk. 35% members considered
pregnancy as one of the risk factor in COVID-19. Most of the students had right
information about the transmission courses of the virus. Just 75% members agreed that
public can wear medical masks to prevent the disease. 80% members accepted that
COVID-19 can be is easily spread in the humid regions. Awareness about the anticipation
and treatment was high among the participants, as majority agreed that COVID-19 spreads
in gatherings. Moreover, 97% of members understood that positive patients need isolation
and the contacts need quarantine for 2 weeks. (TABLE2)In the present study 92%
corresponded that media play a role to updates on the COVID-19 virus. Only half of the
participants agreed that "Janta Curfew" prevented the viral spread. 81% thought lockdown
the key cities helped prevent spread. Only a third accepted that COVID-19 will be
effectively controlled while 65% members didn't know. The vast majority of the
participants agreed that travelling had worsened controlling COVID-19. 72% of the
participants agreed using Aarogyasetu app to monitor COVID-19 updates. (TABLE
3)Practically all members agreed that during COVID-19 episode they extended the rate of
washing hands. Similarly, a high level of members utilized hand sanitizer, washed their
hands, kept a mask, and used tissue during sneezing. Keeping up social distance was the
second most usual conduct seen among the participants. 84% of the participants favored
readymade sanitizer over hand crafted one while 15% members utilized homemade
sanitizer. 62% members put away helpline number to contact if there should be an
occurrence of COVID-19 illness suspicion. 26% members felt that hot baths prevented the
Annals of R.S.C.B., ISSN:1583-6258, Vol. 25, Issue 6, 2021, Pages. 10865 - 10870
Received 25 April 2021; Accepted 08 May 2021.
10867
http://annalsofrscb.ro
infection. Majority accepted that alcohol had no effect on infection control (TABLE4)In the
present study no significant knowledge difference was seen between men and women.
(P>0.05). Women had significant higher attitude levels than men. In addition, the
difference in attitude score was significant (P<0.05). Though higher Practice score was
seen among men slightly it was not significant (P>0.05).In the comparison among the age
groups, knowledge was equally distributed in the 2 age groups. Higher attitude was seen in
<20 age group, Practice score among >20 age group though the difference was not
significant (P>0.05). (TABLE 5)
TABLE 1: Distribution of age/ sex among the participants
Age Sex %
Female Male
20-22 21 30 51
>22 16 33 49
TOTAL 37 63 100
TABLE 2: The findings of the knowledge questionnaire
The Queries True False don’t
know
1. Clinical symptoms include fatigue, fever, dry cough &myalgia. 97 2 1
2. Only symptomatic treatment is given for the disease. 98 1 1
3. Only in few the disease is fatal 93 5 2
4. Consuming animals may not lead to COVID. 56 24 20
5. Asymptomatic patients can also transmit. 92 5 3
6. COVID-19 virus is airborne. 95 2 3
7. Everyone can wear the medical masks 75 15 10
8. Children and infants are at risk 80 18 2
9. Mass gatherings are to be avoided to prevent spread 98 1 1
10. Isolation of the positive patients is advised 97 2 1
11. Two week quarantine is advised 97 2 1
12. Pregnancy is seen as risk factor in Covid 19 35 33 32
13. the clinical syndrome in COVID-19 infection is Severe pneumonia 81 8 11
14. COVID-19 can spread through non-vegetarian food 9 76 15
Annals of R.S.C.B., ISSN:1583-6258, Vol. 25, Issue 6, 2021, Pages. 10865 - 10870
Received 25 April 2021; Accepted 08 May 2021.
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15. COVID 19 virus can not be transmitted in hot and humid regions. 8 80 12
16. vaccines against pneumonia may treat COVID 2 74 24
17. Tab HYDROXYCHLOROQUINE is advised for COVID 32 45 23
TABLE 3: The findings of the attitude questionnaire
The Queries True False Don’t
know
1. Does mass Media provide the updates of COVID-19 virus? 92 5 3
2. Has "Janta Curfew" prevented the spread? 55 37 11
3. Has the Lockdown of key cities in progress of the spread? 81 16 3
4. Can the COVID-19 virus be controlled? 35 25 40
5. Unnecessary travelling during the outbreak has helped india
tocontrol COVID-19.
22 76 2
6. Was the Aarogyasetu app effective in tracking the cases of
COVID?
72 15 13
TABLE 4: The findings of the practice questionnaire
Questions Yes No
1. Did the frequency of washing hands increased post COVID? 98 2
2. Did hand sanitizer usage increased after COVID? 97 3
3. Have you started using mask more often ? 98 2
4. Are you applying hand sanitizer after COVID in India? 94 6
5. Have you stored the helpline number in case of to contact? 62 38
6. Did you maintain social distance? 95 5
7. Did you cover cough and sneeze? 98 2
8. Did you avoid unnecessary travel during the outbreak? 98 2
9. Did you avoid mass gatherings during the outbreak? 97 3
10. Did you use homemade sanitizer over readymade? 16 84
11. Do you think Taking Hot bath can prevent COVID-19
disease?
26 74
12. Do you think Drinking alcohol can prevent COVID-19? 12 88
TABLE 5: Evaluation of Knowledge, attitude and practice score among the ages and
sexes
Variable
s
Knowledge Attitude Practice
Mean+SD t
value
P
value
Mean+SD t
value
P
value
Mean+SD t
valu
e
P
value
Gender
Male 13.77+1.88 3.23+1.531 10.07+1.01
Female 0.151 0.881 2.361 0.021 1.061 0.291
Annals of R.S.C.B., ISSN:1583-6258, Vol. 25, Issue 6, 2021, Pages. 10865 - 10870
Received 25 April 2021; Accepted 08 May 2021.
10869
http://annalsofrscb.ro
13.74+1.91 3.90+1.131 10.28+0.81
Age
<20
>20
13.791+1.851 0.181 0.861 3.661+1.431 1.201 0.231 10.131+0.81 0.201 0.851
13.721+1.951 3.321+1.401 10.171+1.01
DISCUSSION
In the current study, the knowledge, attitude, and practice of the oral and maxillofacial post
graduate students to COVID-19 were measured. We found that, during the COVID-19
pandemic, majority (95%) of the members had comprehensive knowledge of COVID-19.
98% of the students agreed a symptomatic treatment for from the COVID-19 was adequate.
Several treatment modalities have been advised in the studies of Chen et al., Wang et al.,
and Stebbing et al., like antivirals and immunoglobulins (11-13). It is noteworthy that one
third thought Hydroxychloroquine can’t prevent the disease (31%).In the current survey no
critical dissimilarity was found in mean knowledge scores among the ages or the sexes.
Though attitude was different between the sexes. Practice score was greater among men.
This observation is in agreement with the study of Maheshwari S et al. (10) In our study we
found that adequate COVID-19 knowledge scores, positive attitude, and adequate practice
were found among the undergraduates. Only two variables were assessed in the present
study gender and age. Further studies with various other variables is suggested. Our
investigation displays that the outcomes are positive towards KAP. However, this survey
was performed among oral and maxillofacial post graduate students and not overall public.
From our study it can be suggested that hand hygiene is to be followed and unnecessary
gatherings/ travel be avoided. With the participation of all the disease can be prevented.
CONCLUSION
Maximum oral and maxillofacial post graduate students had adequate knowledge levels,
positive attitude towards COVID-19 and practices. Nevertheless there are some
inconsistencies in the opinions of COVID‑ 19. Sufficient training and counseling oral and
maxillofacial post graduate students through organized teaching techniques may help in
aiding the public in the need of hour.
REFERENCES
1. Phan T. Genetic diversity and evolution of SARS- CoV-2. Infect Genet
Evol.2020;81:104260.
2. Zhou P, Yang X Lou, Wang XG, Hu B, Zhang L, Zhang W, et al. A pneumonia
outbreak associated with a new coronavirus of probable bat origin. Nature [Internet].
2020;579:270–3. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2012-7
3. The Lancet. Emerging understandings of 2019-nCoV. Lancet. 2020
Feb1;395(10221):311.
4. Singh Malik Y, SircarS, Bhat S, TiwariR, SahR, Rabaan AA, et al. Emerging
Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19), a pandemic public health emergency with animal
linkages: Current status update. Prepr2020.
5. COVID-19 pandemic in India - Wikipedia [Internet].
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID- 19_pandemic_in_India.
6. Singhal T. A Review of Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19). Indian J Pediatr.
Annals of R.S.C.B., ISSN:1583-6258, Vol. 25, Issue 6, 2021, Pages. 10865 - 10870
Received 25 April 2021; Accepted 08 May 2021.
10870
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2020 Apr 1;87(4):281–6.
7. Fan Y, Zhang S, Li Y, Li Y, Zhang T, Liu W, et al. Development and psychometric
testing of the Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) questionnaire among student
Tuberculosis (TB) Patients (STBP-KAPQ) in China. BMC Infect Dis.2018;18(1):1–10.
8. ZhongBL, Luo W, Li HM, Zhang QQ, Liu XG, Li WT, et al. Knowledge, attitudes,
and practices towards COVID-19 among chinese residents during the rapid rise period
of the COVID-19 outbreak: A quick online cross-sectional survey. Int J
BiolSci.2020;16(10):1745–52.
9. GiaoH, Le An P, Thi Ngoc Han N, Van KhanhT, Kim NganV, Van Tam V. Knowledge
and attitude toward COVID-19 among healthcare workers at District 2 Hospital, Ho
Chi Minh City. Asian Pac J Trop Med [Internet]. 2020;13(March):6–11. Available
from:http://www.apjtm.org
10. MaheshwariS, Gupta P, Sinha R, Rawat P. Knowledge, attitude, and practice towards
coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) among medical students: A cross-sectional
study. J Acute Dis. 2020;9(3):100–4.
11. Chen L, Xiong J, Bao L, Shi Y. Convalescent plasma as a potential therapy for
COVID-19. Lancet Infect Dis.2020;20(4):398–400.
12. Stebbing J, Anne P, Griffin I, Tucker C, Oechsle O, Smith D, et al. COVID-19:
combining antiviral and anti-inflammatory treatments. Lancet.2020;20:400–2.
13. Wang M, Cao R, Zhang L, Yang X, Liu J, XuM, et al. Remdesivir and chloroquine
effectively inhibit the recently emerged novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in vitro. Cell
Res.2020;30(3):269–71.
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Knowledge and Attitude of Oral and Maxillofacial Post Graduate on COVID 19: A Qualitative Research Study

  • 1. Annals of R.S.C.B., ISSN:1583-6258, Vol. 25, Issue 6, 2021, Pages. 10865 - 10870 Received 25 April 2021; Accepted 08 May 2021. 10865 http://annalsofrscb.ro Knowledge and Attitude of Oral and Maxillofacial Post Graduate on COVID 19: A Qualitative Research Study Dr. Syed ManazirHussain1 , Dr.Vikram V Khare2 , Dr. Rahul VC Tiwari3 , Dr.NileshBhanawat4 , Dr.Pallav Raj5 , Dr. Preeti Sharma6 , Dr. HeenaTiwari7 1 BDS MDS, OMFS &Implantologist, Senior Lecturer, Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Al Badar Rural Dental College and Hospital Gulbarga, Karnataka. drmanazirglb@gmail.com 2 Professor and Head, Oral Medicine and Radiology, Dr.DYPatilVidyapeeth Pune.kharevikram@yahoo.co.in 3 OMFS, FOGS, PhD Scholar, Dept of OMFS, Narsinbhai Patel Dental College and Hospital, Sankalchand Patel University, Visnagar, Gujarat,384315. drrahulvctiwari@gmail.com 4 MDS, Associate professor, Department of oral and maxillofacial surgery, Pacific dental college and research centre, pacific medical university, Udaipur, Rajasthan.bhanawat.nilesh@gmail.com 5 MDS, ORAL and maxillofacial surgery, Assistant professor ITS dental college muradnagargaziabad up.pallavkedia@gmail.com 6 Post graduate, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Saraswati Dental College, Lucknow. sharma.sgr24@gmail.com 7 BDS, PGDHHM, MPH Student, ParulUniveristy, Limda, Waghodia, Vadodara, Gujrat, India.drheenatiwari@gmail.com Corresponding Author: DrNileshBhanawat, MDS, Associate professor, Department of oral and maxillofacial surgery, Pacific dental college and research centre, pacific medical university, Udaipur, Rajasthan.bhanawat.nilesh@gmail.com ABSTRACT Introduction: The corona virus disease 2019- COVID-19 is a viral disease that is greatly infectious and has claimed many lives till date and is still persistent to consume lives. Research supports the view that good KAP level is linked with good administration of the health practices. Hence in this study we evaluated the knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) towards COVID-19 among oral and maxillofacial post graduate students. Material and Methods: A prospective, web-based, cross-sectional study was done among 100 oral and maxillofacial post graduate students during October 2020 by a questionnaire using Google forms. p<0.05 was considered significant. Results: On the whole, the oral and maxillofacial post graduate students’ knowledge concerning COVID-19 was acceptable they have positive attitude and they trailed healthy preventive practices. No significant difference were found among sexes in knowledge and practice though attitude score was prompted by gender. Conclusions: Maximum dental undergraduates had adequate knowledge levels, positive attitude towards COVID-19 and practices. Nevertheless there are some inconsistencies in the opinions of COVID-19. Sufficient training and counseling dental students through organized teaching techniques may help in aiding the publicin the need of hour. Keywords- KAP study, Survey, COVID-19 INTRODUCTION The corona virus disease 2019- COVID-19 is a viral disease that is greatly infectious and has taken many lives till date and the death toll is still rising. (1) It is expected to be
  • 2. Annals of R.S.C.B., ISSN:1583-6258, Vol. 25, Issue 6, 2021, Pages. 10865 - 10870 Received 25 April 2021; Accepted 08 May 2021. 10866 http://annalsofrscb.ro affecting the respiratory system, and cause to the cascade of events and eventual death in few. (2). Due to its high infectivity and mortality index its treatment and prognosis is changing. (3) After the first case, and for the prevention of further spread of the pandemic India declared the lockdown on March 21, 2020. (4, 5) In spite of the lock down there has been an outpouring in the cases. This has led to an enormous burden on the health system in India as well as other countries. Several preventive measures were put out by WHO and many online training programs were given to the health care workers to efficiently prevent the spread and educate. (6) There is research supporting the view that good KAP level is connected with good administration of the health practices. Hence in this study we evaluated the knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) towards COVID-19 among oral and maxillofacial post graduate students. MATERIAL ANDMETHODS We conducted a Cross sectional study among 100 oral and maxillofacial post graduate students of batch 2020 during October 2020. After taking the consent, questionnaire was given to the participants that was set from the previous questionnaire studies and recorded using Google Forms. (8-10) The study had 4 sections with questions related to the participants’ demographics, knowledge, attitude, and practice. The scores were noted as 1 point for yes/ true answer and for no/ false/I don’t know answers given 0 point. Later statistical analysis was performed after the data was composed and p< 0.05 was taken assignificant. RESULTS In the present study most of the participants were men. Almost equal distribution of the ages was seen among both the genders. (TABLE 1)Most of the members had good information about the manifestations of COVID-19. Moreover, majority of the members knew that early treatment can assist most patients with recuperating the disease. The vast majority of the members realized that not all people with COVID-19 progress to serious conditions. 80% of the members thought that children are at risk. 35% members considered pregnancy as one of the risk factor in COVID-19. Most of the students had right information about the transmission courses of the virus. Just 75% members agreed that public can wear medical masks to prevent the disease. 80% members accepted that COVID-19 can be is easily spread in the humid regions. Awareness about the anticipation and treatment was high among the participants, as majority agreed that COVID-19 spreads in gatherings. Moreover, 97% of members understood that positive patients need isolation and the contacts need quarantine for 2 weeks. (TABLE2)In the present study 92% corresponded that media play a role to updates on the COVID-19 virus. Only half of the participants agreed that "Janta Curfew" prevented the viral spread. 81% thought lockdown the key cities helped prevent spread. Only a third accepted that COVID-19 will be effectively controlled while 65% members didn't know. The vast majority of the participants agreed that travelling had worsened controlling COVID-19. 72% of the participants agreed using Aarogyasetu app to monitor COVID-19 updates. (TABLE 3)Practically all members agreed that during COVID-19 episode they extended the rate of washing hands. Similarly, a high level of members utilized hand sanitizer, washed their hands, kept a mask, and used tissue during sneezing. Keeping up social distance was the second most usual conduct seen among the participants. 84% of the participants favored readymade sanitizer over hand crafted one while 15% members utilized homemade sanitizer. 62% members put away helpline number to contact if there should be an occurrence of COVID-19 illness suspicion. 26% members felt that hot baths prevented the
  • 3. Annals of R.S.C.B., ISSN:1583-6258, Vol. 25, Issue 6, 2021, Pages. 10865 - 10870 Received 25 April 2021; Accepted 08 May 2021. 10867 http://annalsofrscb.ro infection. Majority accepted that alcohol had no effect on infection control (TABLE4)In the present study no significant knowledge difference was seen between men and women. (P>0.05). Women had significant higher attitude levels than men. In addition, the difference in attitude score was significant (P<0.05). Though higher Practice score was seen among men slightly it was not significant (P>0.05).In the comparison among the age groups, knowledge was equally distributed in the 2 age groups. Higher attitude was seen in <20 age group, Practice score among >20 age group though the difference was not significant (P>0.05). (TABLE 5) TABLE 1: Distribution of age/ sex among the participants Age Sex % Female Male 20-22 21 30 51 >22 16 33 49 TOTAL 37 63 100 TABLE 2: The findings of the knowledge questionnaire The Queries True False don’t know 1. Clinical symptoms include fatigue, fever, dry cough &myalgia. 97 2 1 2. Only symptomatic treatment is given for the disease. 98 1 1 3. Only in few the disease is fatal 93 5 2 4. Consuming animals may not lead to COVID. 56 24 20 5. Asymptomatic patients can also transmit. 92 5 3 6. COVID-19 virus is airborne. 95 2 3 7. Everyone can wear the medical masks 75 15 10 8. Children and infants are at risk 80 18 2 9. Mass gatherings are to be avoided to prevent spread 98 1 1 10. Isolation of the positive patients is advised 97 2 1 11. Two week quarantine is advised 97 2 1 12. Pregnancy is seen as risk factor in Covid 19 35 33 32 13. the clinical syndrome in COVID-19 infection is Severe pneumonia 81 8 11 14. COVID-19 can spread through non-vegetarian food 9 76 15
  • 4. Annals of R.S.C.B., ISSN:1583-6258, Vol. 25, Issue 6, 2021, Pages. 10865 - 10870 Received 25 April 2021; Accepted 08 May 2021. 10868 http://annalsofrscb.ro 15. COVID 19 virus can not be transmitted in hot and humid regions. 8 80 12 16. vaccines against pneumonia may treat COVID 2 74 24 17. Tab HYDROXYCHLOROQUINE is advised for COVID 32 45 23 TABLE 3: The findings of the attitude questionnaire The Queries True False Don’t know 1. Does mass Media provide the updates of COVID-19 virus? 92 5 3 2. Has "Janta Curfew" prevented the spread? 55 37 11 3. Has the Lockdown of key cities in progress of the spread? 81 16 3 4. Can the COVID-19 virus be controlled? 35 25 40 5. Unnecessary travelling during the outbreak has helped india tocontrol COVID-19. 22 76 2 6. Was the Aarogyasetu app effective in tracking the cases of COVID? 72 15 13 TABLE 4: The findings of the practice questionnaire Questions Yes No 1. Did the frequency of washing hands increased post COVID? 98 2 2. Did hand sanitizer usage increased after COVID? 97 3 3. Have you started using mask more often ? 98 2 4. Are you applying hand sanitizer after COVID in India? 94 6 5. Have you stored the helpline number in case of to contact? 62 38 6. Did you maintain social distance? 95 5 7. Did you cover cough and sneeze? 98 2 8. Did you avoid unnecessary travel during the outbreak? 98 2 9. Did you avoid mass gatherings during the outbreak? 97 3 10. Did you use homemade sanitizer over readymade? 16 84 11. Do you think Taking Hot bath can prevent COVID-19 disease? 26 74 12. Do you think Drinking alcohol can prevent COVID-19? 12 88 TABLE 5: Evaluation of Knowledge, attitude and practice score among the ages and sexes Variable s Knowledge Attitude Practice Mean+SD t value P value Mean+SD t value P value Mean+SD t valu e P value Gender Male 13.77+1.88 3.23+1.531 10.07+1.01 Female 0.151 0.881 2.361 0.021 1.061 0.291
  • 5. Annals of R.S.C.B., ISSN:1583-6258, Vol. 25, Issue 6, 2021, Pages. 10865 - 10870 Received 25 April 2021; Accepted 08 May 2021. 10869 http://annalsofrscb.ro 13.74+1.91 3.90+1.131 10.28+0.81 Age <20 >20 13.791+1.851 0.181 0.861 3.661+1.431 1.201 0.231 10.131+0.81 0.201 0.851 13.721+1.951 3.321+1.401 10.171+1.01 DISCUSSION In the current study, the knowledge, attitude, and practice of the oral and maxillofacial post graduate students to COVID-19 were measured. We found that, during the COVID-19 pandemic, majority (95%) of the members had comprehensive knowledge of COVID-19. 98% of the students agreed a symptomatic treatment for from the COVID-19 was adequate. Several treatment modalities have been advised in the studies of Chen et al., Wang et al., and Stebbing et al., like antivirals and immunoglobulins (11-13). It is noteworthy that one third thought Hydroxychloroquine can’t prevent the disease (31%).In the current survey no critical dissimilarity was found in mean knowledge scores among the ages or the sexes. Though attitude was different between the sexes. Practice score was greater among men. This observation is in agreement with the study of Maheshwari S et al. (10) In our study we found that adequate COVID-19 knowledge scores, positive attitude, and adequate practice were found among the undergraduates. Only two variables were assessed in the present study gender and age. Further studies with various other variables is suggested. Our investigation displays that the outcomes are positive towards KAP. However, this survey was performed among oral and maxillofacial post graduate students and not overall public. From our study it can be suggested that hand hygiene is to be followed and unnecessary gatherings/ travel be avoided. With the participation of all the disease can be prevented. CONCLUSION Maximum oral and maxillofacial post graduate students had adequate knowledge levels, positive attitude towards COVID-19 and practices. Nevertheless there are some inconsistencies in the opinions of COVID‑ 19. Sufficient training and counseling oral and maxillofacial post graduate students through organized teaching techniques may help in aiding the public in the need of hour. REFERENCES 1. Phan T. Genetic diversity and evolution of SARS- CoV-2. Infect Genet Evol.2020;81:104260. 2. Zhou P, Yang X Lou, Wang XG, Hu B, Zhang L, Zhang W, et al. A pneumonia outbreak associated with a new coronavirus of probable bat origin. Nature [Internet]. 2020;579:270–3. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2012-7 3. The Lancet. Emerging understandings of 2019-nCoV. Lancet. 2020 Feb1;395(10221):311. 4. Singh Malik Y, SircarS, Bhat S, TiwariR, SahR, Rabaan AA, et al. Emerging Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19), a pandemic public health emergency with animal linkages: Current status update. Prepr2020. 5. COVID-19 pandemic in India - Wikipedia [Internet]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID- 19_pandemic_in_India. 6. Singhal T. A Review of Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19). Indian J Pediatr.
  • 6. Annals of R.S.C.B., ISSN:1583-6258, Vol. 25, Issue 6, 2021, Pages. 10865 - 10870 Received 25 April 2021; Accepted 08 May 2021. 10870 http://annalsofrscb.ro 2020 Apr 1;87(4):281–6. 7. Fan Y, Zhang S, Li Y, Li Y, Zhang T, Liu W, et al. Development and psychometric testing of the Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) questionnaire among student Tuberculosis (TB) Patients (STBP-KAPQ) in China. BMC Infect Dis.2018;18(1):1–10. 8. ZhongBL, Luo W, Li HM, Zhang QQ, Liu XG, Li WT, et al. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19 among chinese residents during the rapid rise period of the COVID-19 outbreak: A quick online cross-sectional survey. Int J BiolSci.2020;16(10):1745–52. 9. GiaoH, Le An P, Thi Ngoc Han N, Van KhanhT, Kim NganV, Van Tam V. Knowledge and attitude toward COVID-19 among healthcare workers at District 2 Hospital, Ho Chi Minh City. Asian Pac J Trop Med [Internet]. 2020;13(March):6–11. Available from:http://www.apjtm.org 10. MaheshwariS, Gupta P, Sinha R, Rawat P. Knowledge, attitude, and practice towards coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) among medical students: A cross-sectional study. J Acute Dis. 2020;9(3):100–4. 11. Chen L, Xiong J, Bao L, Shi Y. Convalescent plasma as a potential therapy for COVID-19. Lancet Infect Dis.2020;20(4):398–400. 12. Stebbing J, Anne P, Griffin I, Tucker C, Oechsle O, Smith D, et al. COVID-19: combining antiviral and anti-inflammatory treatments. Lancet.2020;20:400–2. 13. Wang M, Cao R, Zhang L, Yang X, Liu J, XuM, et al. Remdesivir and chloroquine effectively inhibit the recently emerged novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in vitro. Cell Res.2020;30(3):269–71.