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Microservices Minus the Hype: How to Build and Why


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The presenter examines the ups & downs of adopting a microservices architecture and discusses why, in most cases, the pros outweigh the cons. In this presentation, participants see how to build & integrate microservices using popular open source tools and risks & mitigation strategies (including load balancers, circuit breakers, tests, & more) to increase software quality.

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Microservices Minus the Hype: How to Build and Why

  1. 1. Microservices Minus the Hype How to Build and Why Mark Heckler Principal Technologist/Developer Advocate Pivotal Software, Inc. @MkHeck
  2. 2. @MkHeck #microservices Who am I? • Author • Speaker • DEVELOPER • Survivor of many monoliths • Seeker of a better way • Java Champion
  3. 3. @MkHeck #microservices The Goal: This
  4. 4. @MkHeck #microservices The Goal: Not This
  5. 5. @MkHeck #microservices The Goal: This
  6. 6. @MkHeck #microservices The Goal: Not This
  7. 7. @MkHeck #microservices THE Goal Velocity
  8. 8. Alternative(s)
  9. 9. Monoliths That’s one big app!
  10. 10. @MkHeck #microservices Characteristics • Single logical executable • Shared data across functionality • Control flow change impossible • Non-granular app modification • Non-granular scaling • Attachment to language, platform • Low cohesion, high coupling • Failure of part == failure of whole* • Mental model “complete” for smaller systems
  11. 11. Microservices Assemble to make “more than meets the eye”
  12. 12. @MkHeck #microservices Characteristics • Independently deployable & executable • Focused services • Control flow changes trivial • Non-disruptive change • Effective & efficient scaling • Polyglot “Plus” • High cohesion, low coupling • Failure is isolated • Manageable mental model
  13. 13. WAIT! Isn’t this just warmed-over SOA?
  14. 14. No
  15. 15. @MkHeck #microservices SOA vs. Microservices • Conceptually similar • Implementation draws clear distinction
  16. 16. “…the microservice style is very similar to what some advocates of SOA have been in favor of. The problem, however, is that SOA means too many different things, and that most of the time that we come across something called ‘SOA’ it’s significantly different to the style we’re describing here, usually due to a focus on ESBs used to integrate monolithic applications. … This common manifestation of SOA has led some microservice advocates to reject the SOA label entirely, although others consider microservices to be one form of SOA, perhaps service orientation done right. Either way, the fact that SOA means such different things means it’s valuable to have a term that more crisply defines this architectural style.” Martin Fowler, “Microservices and SOA”
  17. 17. “Microservices is an evolution of SOA concepts that can provide additional benefits to adopting organizations. The benefit of Microservices over ‘traditional’ SOA is speed and agility for making changes, and the ability to make changes with less overall cost and less impact on the existing infrastructure. Microservices involves a different approach, as well as some different uses of technology.” “The Great Debate: Microservices vs SOA”
  18. 18. @MkHeck #microservices • Dumb endpoints, smart pipes • Smart endpoints, dumb pipes SOA vs. Microservices • MACROservices • Heavier: SOAP + XML • More coupled ceremony • This makes it much more difficult to scale • More focused (but more of them) • Lighter: REST, XML or JSON • Low ceremony, low coupling • Built to scale SOA Microservices • Orchestrated • Choreographed
  19. 19. Microservice Gains/Losses
  20. 20. @MkHeck #microservices Microservices Architecture Gains • Scalability • Efficiency • Effectiveness • Velocity • Optimization • Availability • Independence • Cost savings • Increased revenue • Interoperability • Less complexity* • Control
  21. 21. @MkHeck #microservices Microservices Architecture Losses • Greater complexity (macro level) • Better architects needed • Single data repository for organization • Change…seriously • Greater complexity - it bears repeating
  22. 22. @MkHeck #microservices The Play-DohTM Principle Applies Microservices
  23. 23. @MkHeck #microservices The Play-DohTM Principle Applies Monolith
  24. 24. @MkHeck #microservices The Play-DohTM Principle Applies It's always easier to combine small, self-contained code or data than it is to decouple code or to parse data.
  25. 25. What Do I Need to Execute?
  26. 26. @MkHeck #microservices Microservices: An Example
  27. 27. @MkHeck #microservices Config Service
  28. 28. @MkHeck #microservices Service Discovery
  29. 29. @MkHeck #microservices Client-side Load Balancer
  30. 30. @MkHeck #microservices Intelligent Router
  31. 31. @MkHeck #microservices Circuit Breaker
  32. 32. @MkHeck #microservices Circuit Breaker Dashboard
  33. 33. @MkHeck #microservices DEMO!
  34. 34. @MkHeck #microservices
  35. 35. @MkHeck #microservices Thank You for Participating! • Helpful Links • 12 Factor apps: • Spring Initializr: • Spring Cloud OSS: • Cloud Foundry: • Pivotal Web Services: • Example projects: Keep the discussion going on Twitter! @MkHeck