What’s Special AboutNew England? Think about the region in which you live. What would a visitor notice?
Where People Live• 6 States in the East form the region of New England ▫ Connecticut ▫ Maine ▫ Massachusetts ▫ New Hampshire ▫ Rhode Island ▫ Vermont
Who were the first Europeans tocome here?John Smith mapped the region in 1614 and gave the region its name.The first settlers in Boston were thePuritans.
BostonBoston is the largest city in the New England region.It is also the capital of Massachusetts.Today, the city is the financial and trading center of New England. Banking, insurance, and other business services support the economy.
Boston and Beyond• Today, people in Boston have come from many places. ▫ Europe ▫ Africa ▫ Asia ▫ Latin America
Immigration to Boston•Mid-1800s •Many immigrants from Ireland•Late-1800s •Many immigrants from Italy•After World War I (1918) •African Americans moved from the southern states•1950s •Thousands of people moved from the city of Boston to is suburbs.
Boston Today• Factories make many goods ▫ high technology products• Publishing and printing
Schools and Churches• Puritans settled in Boston, and set-up many schools and churches.• 1635: Puritans built the first free school in America• 1636: Puritans built Harvard, the first American college, which later became a university ▫ University: a school with several colleges that each focus on one area of study
Schools and Churches Continued…• Today ▫ New England region has hundreds of colleges and universities ▫ It also has many churches, synagogues, mosques, and other places of worship
Rural New England• Most of the rural areas of New England are in New Hampshire, Vermont, and Maine.• The rugged land has cold winters.• New Englanders live mostly in valleys and lowlands.
Life in Rural New England• Most are NOT farmers!• Many work in service industries, such as tourism• Others work in manufacturing ▫ Manufacturing: making goods from other materials• Many are commuters. ▫ Commuter: travels between home and work each day
Life in Rural New EnglandContinued…• Few Farmers ▫ The soil is rocky and the growing season is short ▫ If they are farmers, they usually produce only one crop, such as blueberries or potatoes. ▫ Others raise dairy cows
Vacationing in New England• History ▫ Boston’s Freedom Trail ▫ Colonial villages• Recreation ▫ Ski on mountains in the winter ▫ Relax on sandy beaches in the summer• Festivals ▫ Dog Sled Derby in New Hampshire in winter ▫ Maple Festival in Vermont in April ▫ Lobster Festival in Maine in August
To SummarizeIt is a diverse region. Puritans started its education It is a diverse region. system. New England New England Boston is its Visitors enjoy its financial center. history and geography.
Why it Matters New England’s history and social institutions helped shape its culture!