Latin America Vocabulary #1

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Latin America Vocabulary #1

  1. 1. Latin America – Vocabulary #1
  2. 2. Latin America - Vocabulary #1 <ul><li>Panama Canal – a man-made passage across the isthmus of Panama that allows ships to travel between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans saving thousands of miles and reducing many days of travel time. </li></ul><ul><li>Isthmus – a narrow strip of land that has water on both sides and joins two larger land masses. </li></ul><ul><li>I </li></ul>
  3. 3. Latin America - Vocabulary #1 <ul><li>Amazon River – located in South America, it is the second largest river in the world (next to the Nile). </li></ul><ul><li>Amazon River Basin – c ontains the largest tropical rain forest (Amazon Rain Forest) in the world; covers 1/3 of the South American continent. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Latin America - Vocabulary #1 <ul><li>Andes Mountains – Located in South America, it is the longest mountain range in the world. (Himalayas is the highest). </li></ul><ul><li>Sierra Madre Mountains – a mountain range in Mexico with three major chains: the Sierra Madre Occidental in the west, the Sierra Madre Oriental in the east, and the Sierra Madre del Sur, which extends along the southern coast. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Latin America - Vocabulary #1 <ul><li>Culture – way of life of a group of people; includes language, customs, traditions, beliefs, and religious practices. </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity – refers to there being differences within a group of people such as different languages, religious beliefs, ethnic groups, economic status, educational level, or race. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Latin America - Vocabulary #1 <ul><li>Region – an area of the world with places that share similar cultural characteristics. (Latin America is a region.) </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic group - people who share ancestry, language, and culture. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Latin America - Vocabulary #1 <ul><li>Columbian Exchange - the exchange of plants, animals, food, disease, and culture that occurred between Europe and the Americas during the time of European colonization. </li></ul><ul><li>Triangular Trade – a triangular pattern of trade between Europe, Africa, and the Americas. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Latin America - Vocabulary #1 <ul><li>Mestizo – a person who is a mix of Native American and European parentage. </li></ul><ul><li>Literacy rate – the percentage of people who can read or write. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Latin America – Vocabulary #1 <ul><li>Aztecs - a powerful Indian empire located in what is today Mexico, whose capital was Tenochtitlan. </li></ul><ul><li>Incas - a powerful Indian empire located in the Andes Mountains of South America whose capital was Cuzco. </li></ul>

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