Latin America - European conquest - 2012

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Latin America - European conquest - 2012

  1. 1. Latin America: European Conquest
  2. 2. Europeans Arrive In the 1400’s, Spain and Portugal searched for new trade routes to Asia. Christopher Columbus was sponsored by Spain to search for a shorter route and set sail for Asia but ended up in the Americas. Soon Spain and Portugal became fierce rivals to find and claim land here.
  3. 3. Spanish Explorers •Heard stories of wealthy kingdoms in the Americas. •Hoped to find gold and other treasures. •Spain gave “conquistadors” right to hunt treasure.
  4. 4. Trade and Riches During the time that European settlers were traveling to Latin America, there was a disagreement between Spain and Portugal about who had the right to settle in certain areas.
  5. 5. Dividing the World In 1494, Spain and Portugal agreed that Spain could settle to the west and Portugal could settle to the east of an imaginary line called the “line of Demarcation.”
  6. 6. Line of Demarcation
  7. 7. Explorers Spanish conquistadors conquered lands in America. Cortes conquered the Aztecs in 1521. Pizarro conquered the Incas by 1535. Soon Spain had an empire stretching from Kansas to the tip of South America.
  8. 8. Hernan Cortes
  9. 9. Francisco Pizarro
  10. 10. Spain Organizes its Empire The most powerful citizens were of Spanish descent (from Spain) and lived in the center of town. Mestizos (people of mixed Spanish and Native American) lived on the outskirts. Native Americans were the least powerful class and lived in the country.
  11. 11. Treatment of Native Americans Forced to work for the Spaniards - farming and mining. Many died from overwork and exposure to European diseases. In 1519 there were 25 million Native Americans, but within 50 years only 3 million were left.

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