Managing
    Heart Disease &
Abnormal Heart Rhythms!
What is Normal Heart Rate?
The Heart is the first
organ formed at 22
Day after Conception.

In Adult the heart beats
at ar...
What is Normal Heart Rhythm?
 •Normal Conduction pathway
 starts in SA Node with the
 generation of Normal
 Rhythmical Imp...
What is Abnormal Heart Rhythm
    •Arrhythmias(or dysrhythmias) are
    problems that effect the electrical
    system of ...
What causes Abnormal Heart
          Rhythms
•Coronary Artery Disease
•High Blood Pressure
•Smoking
•Diabetes
•Abuse of Al...
What are the Different Types of
   Abnormal Heart Rhythms?
<60 beats per
minute:Bradycardia
>100 beats per
minute:Tachycar...
What are the Symptoms of
       Abnormal Heart Beats
Slow heart Beat   Fast Heart Beat

  •Fatigue        •Chest Pain
  •D...
What are the complications of
 Abnormal Heart Rhythms
•When the blood is not
pumped effectively from
Heart,Blood pools and...
What is Atrial Fibrillation?
Atrial Fibrillation:
When the heart's two
upper chambers the atria
quiver instead of beating
...
What is Sudden Cardiac Death?
•Death resulting from an
abrupt loss of heart
function.
•The victim may or may
not have diag...
What does increase the risk for
    Coronary Heart Disease?

You cannot Stop IT!      You Can Stop IT!


   •Age:Men>50 ye...
How does the risk factor increase
   the risk of Heart Disease?
 •Risk factors often have a multiplier effect.
 •Risk fact...
Tips to reduce your risk
         factors
 Assess your Heart Health Risks
 every week.
     •For every pound of body
     ...
Misfortunes always come in by a
door that has been left open for
             them
           Czech Proverb
Do not wait for Heart Disease
          to come!
 •Do not wait for Heart
 disease to develop prior to
 taking action.
 •Ac...
What are your numbers!
They are not your bank account numbers!!
These are your health account numbers
Know them well befor...
How do you prevent Abnormal
         Heart Rhythms?

Better Management of Heart Disease Risk
Factors>
   •Diabetes
   •Obe...
Avoid these !!
Creative Methods!
  •1.Self Medication-Never visited a
  Physician to Save Time and Money.
  •2 Never do a ...
How can you diagnose Abnormal
        Heart Rhythms
The Simple testing
tool is a 12 lead
electrocardiogram
It is the first...
What is an Electrocardiogram?
•When the cardiac impulse passes through the
heart.
•The electric current also spreads from ...
How do you record an ECG?
Ten electrodes are used for a 12 lead ECG
      •RA:On the right arm.
      •LA:On the left arm....
What are the different components of ECG

 •P wave:represents atrial
 activity
 •PR interval:Time for the
 impulse to trav...
What are the difficulties with 12
          Lead ECG?
•12 Lead
ECG looks
like bizarre
patterns on
Paper.
•What does it
mea...
How can we deal with ?

Is this the option?




                      Definitely No!
What are the other methods of
monitoring the heart activity?

•Although 12 lead ECG is the "Gold Standard"
for measuring H...
Single Lead ECG
Single Lead ECG recorders may be
used for monitoring the heart In
association with:

  •Regular exercise
 ...
What can single ECG do?
Screening for Heart Disease
only for Abnormal Rhythms.
                              Record
   •Ca...
Talk to your physician
Self-diagnosis and treatment based on
measurement results are very dangerous.Always
consult you phy...
What if I am already diagnosed
         with heart disease
Donot be
disheartened-
  •Monitor your risk
  factors aggressiv...
Avoiding Heart Disease
*Following healthy lifestyle
strategies does not mean you have
to be self-deprived of all good
thin...
Thank you
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Heart Disease and Heart Rhythm Management

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Heart Health Initiative is a project for educating consumers world wide about the importance of combating cardiovascular disease.

Published in: Health & Medicine

Heart Disease and Heart Rhythm Management

  1. 1. Managing Heart Disease & Abnormal Heart Rhythms!
  2. 2. What is Normal Heart Rate? The Heart is the first organ formed at 22 Day after Conception. In Adult the heart beats at around 70 beats/ minute and 100,000 beats/day
  3. 3. What is Normal Heart Rhythm? •Normal Conduction pathway starts in SA Node with the generation of Normal Rhythmical Impulse. •From here it is conducted to AV node by internodal pathways. •Then impulse is transmitted from the atria to ventricles. •From here,to the right and left bundle branches of purkinje fibres,the cardiac impulses are conducted to all parts of the ventricles. Normal ECG tracing
  4. 4. What is Abnormal Heart Rhythm •Arrhythmias(or dysrhythmias) are problems that effect the electrical system of the heart muscles. •They produce abnormal heart rhythms. •They can cause the heart to pump less effectively. Why does it occur? •When the heart's natural pacemaker dysfunctions. •When normal conduction pathway is broken •When another part of the heart acts as a pacemaker.
  5. 5. What causes Abnormal Heart Rhythms •Coronary Artery Disease •High Blood Pressure •Smoking •Diabetes •Abuse of Alcohol or •Caffeine •Drug Abuse •Stress •Medications-without prescription. •Some Dietary Supplements
  6. 6. What are the Different Types of Abnormal Heart Rhythms? <60 beats per minute:Bradycardia >100 beats per minute:Tachycardia When the Atria is affected:it is known as Atrial Fibrillation When the Ventricle is affected:it is known as Ventricular Fibrillation
  7. 7. What are the Symptoms of Abnormal Heart Beats Slow heart Beat Fast Heart Beat •Fatigue •Chest Pain •Dizziness •Dizziness •Light •Light Headedness Headedness •Fainting •Fainting
  8. 8. What are the complications of Abnormal Heart Rhythms •When the blood is not pumped effectively from Heart,Blood pools and clots like in Atrial fibrillation. •If the clot leaves the heart and gets stuck in the brain it causes Stroke. •Numbers:15 percent of stroke occurs in people with atrial fibrillation.
  9. 9. What is Atrial Fibrillation? Atrial Fibrillation: When the heart's two upper chambers the atria quiver instead of beating effectively. Numbers: 3 to 5 percent of people over 65 have atrial Purple arrow indicates P wave which is lost as shown in red arrow fibrillation.
  10. 10. What is Sudden Cardiac Death? •Death resulting from an abrupt loss of heart function. •The victim may or may not have diagnosed heart disease. •Death occurs within minutes. •Common causes are Coronary artery disease- when the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle are blocked.
  11. 11. What does increase the risk for Coronary Heart Disease? You cannot Stop IT! You Can Stop IT! •Age:Men>50 years Smoking •Women >55 years High Blood Pressure •Sex Diabetes •Race Obesity •Family History Alcohol • Physical Inactivity
  12. 12. How does the risk factor increase the risk of Heart Disease? •Risk factors often have a multiplier effect. •Risk factors often cluster together to increase the risk of heart disease. •Physical inactivity and poor eating habits and alcohol in excess can lead to Obesity. •Obesity can increase risk for Diabetes. •Modest elevations of these risk factors over a period of time and Increased age can predispose to heart disease. •Smoking increases the risk of inhaling not only cancer causing substances but they also damage the delicate arteries supplying blood to the heart.
  13. 13. Tips to reduce your risk factors Assess your Heart Health Risks every week. •For every pound of body weight lost,your blood pressure also drops. •Develop healthy eating habits- read food labels carefully for cholesterol levels. •Brisk walking for 30 mins reduces your risk for developing diabetes by 30% •Talk to your physician about your risk for developing heart disease.
  14. 14. Misfortunes always come in by a door that has been left open for them Czech Proverb
  15. 15. Do not wait for Heart Disease to come! •Do not wait for Heart disease to develop prior to taking action. •Act Now! •Develop Healthy eating habits •Quit Smoking and Drinking Alcohol! •Develop Exercising Schedule •Talk to your physician about your numbers.
  16. 16. What are your numbers! They are not your bank account numbers!! These are your health account numbers Know them well before it is too late. Optimal Lipid levels in Blood : •Total Cholesterol <200 •LDL <100 •HDL >40 •Triglycerides <200 Optimal Blood pressure level: •120/80 mmHg Blood sugar level: •Fasting <100 •Post meals <140
  17. 17. How do you prevent Abnormal Heart Rhythms? Better Management of Heart Disease Risk Factors> •Diabetes •Obesity •High Blood Pressure •Changes in Food Habits •Lack of Exercise •Poor Eating habits.
  18. 18. Avoid these !! Creative Methods! •1.Self Medication-Never visited a Physician to Save Time and Money. •2 Never do a blood test or ECG. •3.Never take medicines prescribed by Doctors. •4.Visit Miracle Men and take Miracle Medicines. •5.Follow hearsay advice from Friends,Neighbours and then wait for worst. •6.Blood pressure or Blood sugar is Normal,so full stop to Medicines,bye to Doctors.
  19. 19. How can you diagnose Abnormal Heart Rhythms The Simple testing tool is a 12 lead electrocardiogram It is the first choice procedure in the evaluation of patients with chest pain,dizziness or syncope.
  20. 20. What is an Electrocardiogram? •When the cardiac impulse passes through the heart. •The electric current also spreads from the heart into adjacent tissues around the heart. •A small portion of the current spreads all the way to the surface of the body. •If electrodes are placed on the skin on opposite side of the heart,electric potentials generated by the current an be recorded by an instrument :this recording is known as an electrocardiogram
  21. 21. How do you record an ECG? Ten electrodes are used for a 12 lead ECG •RA:On the right arm. •LA:On the left arm. •RL:on the right leg •LL:on the left leg •V1: Fouth intercostal space between the 4 &5 ribs right side of the sternum •V2:Fourth intercostal space between the 4 & % ribs on left of the sternum •V3:Between the leads V2 and V4 •V4:In the fifth intercostal space between the ribs 5& 6 in mid-clavicular line. •V5:Horizontally even with V4 in anterior axillary line. •V6: Horizontally even with V4 and V5 in Mid axillary line. It is recommended to avoid bony prominences while placing the leads
  22. 22. What are the different components of ECG •P wave:represents atrial activity •PR interval:Time for the impulse to travel from Atria to Ventricles. •QRS complex:Represents depolarization of right and left ventricles. •ST:Ventricular recovery phase •QT interval:From the beginning of QRS complex to end of T wave •T wave: Represents normal ventricular re polarization.
  23. 23. What are the difficulties with 12 Lead ECG? •12 Lead ECG looks like bizarre patterns on Paper. •What does it mean? •What does it relate to?
  24. 24. How can we deal with ? Is this the option? Definitely No!
  25. 25. What are the other methods of monitoring the heart activity? •Although 12 lead ECG is the "Gold Standard" for measuring Heart related electrical impulses, •There are other methods to measure ECG at Home,at work,during exercise and regular workouts. •These can be shown to Physicians for further evaluation.
  26. 26. Single Lead ECG Single Lead ECG recorders may be used for monitoring the heart In association with: •Regular exercise •Workouts •Sports activities •Checking out various arrhthymias.
  27. 27. What can single ECG do? Screening for Heart Disease only for Abnormal Rhythms. Record •Cannot be used in patients with pacemaker. •Women in late stage of pregnancy. •In Conjuction with a Defibrillator
  28. 28. Talk to your physician Self-diagnosis and treatment based on measurement results are very dangerous.Always consult you physician to analyze your results.
  29. 29. What if I am already diagnosed with heart disease Donot be disheartened- •Monitor your risk factors aggressively •EAT healthy •WALK regularly •QUIT smoking •KEEP your weight under optimum level •TALK to your Physician.
  30. 30. Avoiding Heart Disease *Following healthy lifestyle strategies does not mean you have to be self-deprived of all good things in life. *But,it is self-motivation for incorporating healthy habits so that you could live a healthy life longer with your family. *You should not have any worries about medications and visiting hospitals regularly for heart diseases treatment.
  31. 31. Thank you

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