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Beth Wallace                wallaceb@nwf.org                 734.887.7134          Great Lakes Regional Center,           ...
Kalamazoo River Watershed
July 15th, 2010Congressional Committee Hearing regarding safety violations:Enbridge officials testified that thecompany wa...
TimelineJuly 25th, 2010• 5:56 p.m. Officials at Enbridge Energy’s Edmonton, Alberta control center effect a shut   down of...
July 26, 2010• 4:04 a.m. Officials in the Edmonton, Alberta control room attempt to restart Lakehead   Pipeline 6B. The sy...
The House Committee on Transportation and InfrastructureLakehead Pipeline 6b
Enbridge Oil Spill  Marshall, MI July 25th, 2010
David Dodge
Peter Essick
Supporting and assisting agencies:                                                           Agency for Toxic Substances a...
EPAs Operational Update Photos
EPAs Operational Update Photos
John Grap/The Enquirer
AP Photo/Manuel Balce Ceneta                               Kalamazoo Gazette / Jerry Campbell
David Coates / The Detroit News
John Grap/Battle Creek Enquirer/Associated Press
Wildlife
Photo: Todd Heywood
AP Photo/Kalamazoo Gazette, Jonathon GruenkeThe community tries to take matters into their own hands…
Keeping wildlife out of oil polluted areas…
Photo courtesy of EPA Region 5)
Current Status…
What Can I do?National Online Action alert: Enbridge Oil Spill in Michigan:http://www.nwf.org/Global-Warming/Policy-Soluti...
Pipeline Safety LegislationPipeline Infrastructure and Community Protection Act of 2011 – HR2937
RECOMMENDATIONS•Great Lakes states should regulate interstate pipelines andparticipate in the oversight and inspection in ...
RECOMMENDATIONS•Enbridge needs to develop additional response centers on eitherpeninsula, which would hopefully create an ...
Oil Pipelines in the Great Lakes, Threats and Solutions-Wallace, 2012
Oil Pipelines in the Great Lakes, Threats and Solutions-Wallace, 2012
Oil Pipelines in the Great Lakes, Threats and Solutions-Wallace, 2012
Oil Pipelines in the Great Lakes, Threats and Solutions-Wallace, 2012
Oil Pipelines in the Great Lakes, Threats and Solutions-Wallace, 2012
Oil Pipelines in the Great Lakes, Threats and Solutions-Wallace, 2012
Oil Pipelines in the Great Lakes, Threats and Solutions-Wallace, 2012
Oil Pipelines in the Great Lakes, Threats and Solutions-Wallace, 2012
Oil Pipelines in the Great Lakes, Threats and Solutions-Wallace, 2012
Oil Pipelines in the Great Lakes, Threats and Solutions-Wallace, 2012
Oil Pipelines in the Great Lakes, Threats and Solutions-Wallace, 2012
Oil Pipelines in the Great Lakes, Threats and Solutions-Wallace, 2012
Oil Pipelines in the Great Lakes, Threats and Solutions-Wallace, 2012
Oil Pipelines in the Great Lakes, Threats and Solutions-Wallace, 2012
Oil Pipelines in the Great Lakes, Threats and Solutions-Wallace, 2012
Oil Pipelines in the Great Lakes, Threats and Solutions-Wallace, 2012
Oil Pipelines in the Great Lakes, Threats and Solutions-Wallace, 2012
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Oil Pipelines in the Great Lakes, Threats and Solutions-Wallace, 2012

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Did you know there is a massive 60-year-old oil pipeline running under Lake Michigan and Lake Huron, along the Straits of Mackinac? Did you know that up to 20 million gallons of oil travels through that pipeline a day and the operators have plans to expand the capacity without making significant updates? You might also be surprised to learn that most of the oil traveling through our pipelines comes from the Alberta tar sands. This panel will explain the issues and the regulatory framework governing oil pipelines as well as provide recommendations on ways we can safeguard our lakes from spills.

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Oil Pipelines in the Great Lakes, Threats and Solutions-Wallace, 2012

  1. 1. Beth Wallace wallaceb@nwf.org 734.887.7134 Great Lakes Regional Center, National Wildlife Federation- Enbridge oil spill update, Kalamazoo River tar sands spill – - Pipelines in the Great Lakes – - Pipelines Rules and Regulations - - Proposed Pipelines - - Involvement and Recommendations – Tweet questions: #GLPipelineSafety
  2. 2. Kalamazoo River Watershed
  3. 3. July 15th, 2010Congressional Committee Hearing regarding safety violations:Enbridge officials testified that thecompany was able to detect a leak“almost instantaneously” after itoccurred.
  4. 4. TimelineJuly 25th, 2010• 5:56 p.m. Officials at Enbridge Energy’s Edmonton, Alberta control center effect a shut down of Lakehead Pipeline 6B. The shut down was previously scheduled for routine upkeep of the line. (NTSB, Schauer)• 5:58 p.m. Officials at Enbridge Energy’s Edmonton, Alberta control center receive an alarm that pressure has dropped in line 6B. The Marshall pumping station goes into shut down. (NTSB, Schauer)• 9:26 p.m. The first of what will become numerous phone calls comes into the Calhoun County Consolidated Dispatch Authority reporting a dense smell of natural gas. (911 logs, Schauer, NTSB)• 9:27 p.m. City of Marshall firefighters are dispatched to investigate the gas smell. (911 logs) the call is cleared because they were unable to find a source It is important to note that 911 calls continued through the night.
  5. 5. July 26, 2010• 4:04 a.m. Officials in the Edmonton, Alberta control room attempt to restart Lakehead Pipeline 6B. The system will not start up, and technicians spent nearly the next four hours “troubleshooting” the problem. (NTSB)• 4:26 a.m. Officials in Edmonton, Alberta call in mass balance analysts to assist with the start up. Officials increase the pressure in the line, as well as turn the line off and on “repeatedly.” (Schauer)• 7:52 a.m. Officials in Edmonton, Alberta order the line shut down, and the trouble area of Marshall sealed off. That means they closed valves at either end of a three mile stretch of pipeline. (Schauer, NTSB, Enbridge officials)• 9:49 a.m. Edmonton, Alberta control room officials dispatch an Enbridge employee to the pipeline. Employee reports “readings are at zero” and that he “doesn’t see anything.” (Schauer)• 11:11 a.m. Calhoun County Consolidated Dispatch Authority initiates a response call about “entire downtown smells like natural gas” in the city of Marshall. City of Marshall firefighters dispatched. (911 logs)• 11:16 a.m. Consumer’s Energy employee calls Enbridge to report visual confirmation of oil at the spill location. (Schauer, NTSB, Enbridge, EPA, county officials)• 1:33 p.m. Enbridge officially reports the incident to the National Response Center. (NRC, NTSB, Enbridge) 17 hours after the alarms indicated an issue. Source: Michigan Messenger, The House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure
  6. 6. The House Committee on Transportation and InfrastructureLakehead Pipeline 6b
  7. 7. Enbridge Oil Spill Marshall, MI July 25th, 2010
  8. 8. David Dodge
  9. 9. Peter Essick
  10. 10. Supporting and assisting agencies: Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Allegan County Emergency Management American Red Cross Augusta Police Department B&B Fire Safety Emergency Response Calhoun Conservation District Calhoun County Commissioners Calhoun County Drain Commission Calhoun County Sheriff’s Office Calhoun County Treasurers Office Calhoun Conservation District Calhoun Greenation District City of Battle Creek, MichiganSix primary agencies have responded to the City of Marshall, Michiganemergency: Federal Energy Regulatory CommissionU.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Fredonia Township Fire DepartmentMichigan Department of Natural Resources and Environment Huron Potawatomi(MDNRE) Kalamazoo County Office of Emergency ManagementMichigan State Police Emergency Management Division Kalamazoo Public SafetyCalhoun County Public Health Department Kalamazoo County Health DepartmentCalhoun County Sheriff Kalamazoo Watershed CouncilKalamazoo County Sheriff Marshall Township Government and Fire Department Marshall Police Department Michigan Department of Community Health Michigan Occupational Safety & Health Administration Natural Resource Group Pipeline Hazardous Materials Safety Administration National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration U.S. Coast Guard U.S. Department of Transportation U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Occupational Safety & Health Administration
  11. 11. EPAs Operational Update Photos
  12. 12. EPAs Operational Update Photos
  13. 13. John Grap/The Enquirer
  14. 14. AP Photo/Manuel Balce Ceneta Kalamazoo Gazette / Jerry Campbell
  15. 15. David Coates / The Detroit News
  16. 16. John Grap/Battle Creek Enquirer/Associated Press
  17. 17. Wildlife
  18. 18. Photo: Todd Heywood
  19. 19. AP Photo/Kalamazoo Gazette, Jonathon GruenkeThe community tries to take matters into their own hands…
  20. 20. Keeping wildlife out of oil polluted areas…
  21. 21. Photo courtesy of EPA Region 5)
  22. 22. Current Status…
  23. 23. What Can I do?National Online Action alert: Enbridge Oil Spill in Michigan:http://www.nwf.org/Global-Warming/Policy-Solutions/Drilling-and-Mining/TaTemplates letters to send to the President, Secretary of State, CongressionalMembers or even local officials.Start a community action coalition or groupResources/Reports:•Tar Sands Pipeline Safety Risks•Assault on America: A Decade of Petroleum Company Disaster, Pollution, and Profit•The Riverwatch: Special Report on Oil & Gas•Dirty Business, Friends of the Earth
  24. 24. Pipeline Safety LegislationPipeline Infrastructure and Community Protection Act of 2011 – HR2937
  25. 25. RECOMMENDATIONS•Great Lakes states should regulate interstate pipelines andparticipate in the oversight and inspection in interstate pipelines.•The Great Lakes basin should, in its entirety, be considered aHigh Consequence Area and/or Unusually Sensitive Area, whichwould require more frequent inspections, requires a risk-basedanalysis for pipelines and at least some defects to be repairedunder the Integrity Management Programs administered byPHMSA.•All Great Lakes states need to consider strong renewable energystandards similar to Iowa, which gets 21% of its energy fromclean renewable sources. Michigan voters should vote, thisNovember, for the improved renewable energy standard of 25%by 2025. This will protect Michigan’s natural heritage by reducingdependency on oil, coal and gas.•The state of Michigan and our federal agencies should deny allnew oil pipelines and expansions of existing pipelines within theGreat Lakes basin due to economic and environmentalsensitive’s, especially with Line 5.
  26. 26. RECOMMENDATIONS•Enbridge needs to develop additional response centers on eitherpeninsula, which would hopefully create an immediate response time,rather than 3 hours from Escanaba and 5 hours from Bay City.•No pipelines transporting raw or upgraded tar sands should be approvedfor construction or expansion until the National Academy of Sciences hasconcluded a study on how transportation of these products impactscurrent pipelines.•In the wake of the Kalamazoo River spill, any pipeline operatortransporting DilBit should be required to develop alternative responseplans; taking into account the unique characteristics of the toxic heavybitumen and the need for increased safeguards.•Our federal agencies should require that Enbridge pay for a thoroughhealth study, around the Kalamazoo River release, on how a release ofDilBit impacts wildlife and human health—short and long term.•PHMSA Integrity management programs need to be overhauled andthere needs to be increased oversight during pipeline inspections andwhen reviewing emergency response plans.•Pipeline information, including response plans, should be publiclyavailable and PHMSA should allow for public comment periods.

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