New Ballast Technology Regulations


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The speakers on the panel will provide different perspectives on how ballast water regulation and technology has created the current state of invasive species in the Great Lakes. This workshop will also enable participants to understand the regulatory challenges facing ballast water today while fully appreciating the current state of technology that is rising to the challenge of invaders. This presentation was given by Allegra Cangelosi, President, Northwest-Midwest Institute.

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New Ballast Technology Regulations

  1. 1. Who  We  Are,  What  We  do,  Where  are  the  GL-­‐ Relevant  BWMS?              Presenta)on  by  Allegra  Cangelosi,  PI   Great  Ships  Ini)a)ve,  Northeast-­‐Midwest  Ins)tute  
  2. 2. Presenta9on  Outline   •  Who  we  are   •  What  we  can  do  and  what  we  are  doing   •  Where  are  the  Great  Lakes-­‐relevant  BWMS?  
  3. 3. Who  we  are  ….   Funders   Advisors   •  MARAD   •  US  EPA  GLRI  -­‐   USCG  MARAD   •  GLPF   •  City  of  Superior   (in  kind)   •  GL  States   •  GL  Ci)es   •  NGOs   •  Ship  owners   •  US/CDN  agencies       •  Port  authori)es   •  Seaway  orgs   Partners   •  NEMWI   •  UWS-­‐Superior  -­‐  LSRI   •  UM-­‐Duluth-­‐  NRRI   •  AMI  Engineers   •  IL  Partners   Clients  and  Peers   GSI   •  BWT  Tes)ng  Facili)es   •  BWTS  Developers   •  Regulators  
  4. 4. “Independent  Laboratory”  Partners   •  Ils  alone  can  supply  data  to  USCG  for  Type   Approval  considera)on   •  GSI  part  of  the  first  IL,  comprising   –  NSF,  Intl.   –  GSI  –  Freshwater  Tes)ng   –  MERC  –  Salt  and  Brackish  Water  Tes)ng   –  Retliffe  Associates  –  “Shake,  RaWle  and  Roll”   Tes)ng  
  5. 5. GSI  Peers,  BWT  Tes9ng  Facili9es  
  6. 6. What  We  Do:     GL  BWMS-­‐Related  Research  Services     •  Research    Quality   Objec)ves:   •  Independent/Transparent/   Public/Mutually  Credible   •  Research  Scales:   •  Bench/Land-­‐Based  / Shipboard     •  Research  Purposes:   •  Risk-­‐Release  Rela)onship/   Valida)on  Methods  Dvpt/ BWMS  Valida9on  Tes9ng      
  7. 7. Need  for  FW-­‐  and  GL-­‐Specific     BWMS  Research   •  Peculiari)es  of  Freshwater  Species  Assemblages   –  Organism  size  range  (zooplankton  example)   –  Types  of  organisms  (phytoplankton  example)   •  Peculiari)es  of  GL-­‐Relevant  Trades   –  Voyage  dura)ons  (US  lakers  and  Canadian  lakers:   hours  to  days;  sal)es:  days  to  weeks)   –  Ship  construc)on  (no  coa)ngs  on  US  laker  tanks)   •  Peculiari)es  of  Physical/Chemical  Medium   –  O`en  cold   –  No  salinity   –  Drinking  water  source  
  8. 8. GSI  BWMS  Valida9on  Tes9ng     •  For:   •  Bio-­‐Effec)veness     •  Opera)onal  Func)onality   •  Environmental  Soundness:     •  Through:   •  Proof  of  Concept  Test   •  Prototype  Status  Tests   •  Cer9fica9on  Tests    
  9. 9. Domes9c  and  Global  Regulatory   Context  for  BWT  Tes9ng   Interna)onal   Mari)me   Organiza)on   EPA USCG Indt.  Lab   (NSF  Intl)   GSI,  Other  
  10. 10. GSI  2013  Ac9vi9es   •  Risk–Release  Rela*onship  in  GL     •  Mesocosm  Experiment   •  Ship  Discharge/Harbor  Survey  Method   •  BWMS  Valida)on  Methods  Development   –  ETV  Shipboard  Protocol  Valida)on  on  Indiana  Harbor   –  GSI  Ship  Discharge  Monitoring  Methods  Development   •  Evalua)ng  BWMS     –  Proof  of  Concept  Tes)ng:  3-­‐5  BWMS  Processes,  including  UV   –  Status  Tes)ng   •  Filter  System  Land-­‐Based  Trials  (6  Filters)   •  Indiana  Harbor  Lye  Treatment  Trials     •  Ranger  III  Hyde  Guardian  System   –  Cert  Tes9ng:  Nothing  this  Year  
  11. 11. Why  Not  More  Cert  Tes9ng  at   GSI?   •  Issue  1:    US  Discharge  Requirement    End  Point  =“Live”     –  UV  Systems  designed  to  reduce  “viable”  organisms  i.e.,  those   able  to  reproduce;   –  Many  early  BWMS  employ  UV,  await  revision  of  U.S.  end  point;   •  Issue  2:    Alterna)ve  Management  System  program  gives   BWMS  with  foreign  TA  a  5  year  “buy”  on  US  TA;   •  Issue  3:    GSI  (like  MERC)  rela)vely  transparent  with   findings;  foreign  Test  Facili)es  offer  complete   confiden)ality  –  o`en  more  aWrac)ve  to  BWMS  vendors   for  early  tes)ng.   •  Non-­‐Issue:    Fresh  water  is  unique  to  GL   –  US  Type  Approval  for  FW  requires  tes)ng  in  FW   –  Many  important  harbors  throughout  the  world  are  FW  
  12. 12. What  is  to  Come?   •  More  GSI  Cert  Tes)ng:  Meritorious  BWMS   that  achieve  AMS  will  next  seek  solid  US  Type   Approval   •  Non-­‐Regulatory  Shipboard  Valida)ons:    Self-­‐ monitoring  of  BWMS  performance  post-­‐ installa)on  will  give  early  detec)on  of   weaknesses  and  boost  confidence  in  BWMS   standard  effec)veness   •  Con)nued  Risk  Release  Inves)ga)on  
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