Empowering workers through occupational health and safety training, the east mediterrenean status
Empowering Workersthrough Occupational Health & and Safety Training: The East Mediterrenean StatusNabil Y. KurashiRegional PresidentWonca East MediterreneanProfessor of Family Medicine EAST MEDITERRANEANUniversity of Dammam
Empowering WorkersHow many times have you seen a welderworking without safety mask on?How many times have you seen a furnitureworkers spray paint without safety maskson?How many times have you seen a workerdoing road repairs without ample coveringunder the 42 degrees centigrade heat?
Empowering WorkersI saw these scenarios many times and so did you!!!
Empowering WorkersThis situation continues to happen in EMR and I am afraid willcontinue to happen unless the workers: are empowered to understand their need for occupational health and safety have the knowledge of occupational health and safety principles are trained to practice occupational health and safety have workplaces that put occupational health and safety management systems in place
Empowering WorkersThere are numbers of occupational health and safetymanagement systems which can be applied in the EMRworkplace, among which are:• British Standard BS 8800:2004 “Guide to Occupational health and safety management system”,• “Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series OHSAS 18001” International Labor Office ILO-OSH 2001 “Guidelines on occupational safety and health management systems”
Empowering WorkersEach of these management systems is based on the “plan-do-check-act” management model and embodies theprinciple of continual improvement as exemplified in theISO 9000 and ISO 14000 families of standards.There are no fundamental differences between any ofthese management systems, and there are large degree ofoverlap in system elements and most are commonrequirements.
Status of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) in EMROmanLegislation: General safety, health and conditions of workLaw Governing Compensation for Occupational Injuries andIllnesses, issued in accordance to Sultani Decree No. 40 of1976. CIS 93-1Present cooperation with WHO in strengthening thetechnical normative capacity of the MOH to set healthstandards and guidelines to protect the health of thepopulation from environmental hazards and promoting andmonitoring effective occupational health and safetypractices.
Status of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) in EMROmanMajor Organization Practicing OHS in Oman: PetroleumDevelopment Oman (PDO) through Health, Safety andEnvironment (HSE) Management SystemOHS training by the Environmental and OccupationalHealth Department of Ministry of Health in the Sultanateof Oman, in cooperation with some OSH trainingorganizations such as Vocational Education and TrainingProgramme for the Member Countries of theOrganization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC-VET)
Status of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) in EMRSaudi Arabia • Legislation: General Regulations for rules and procedures for implementation of the occupational hazards branch and implementing decisions • Regulations for annuities and compensation payment rules and procedures (Annuities Branch) 1984, CIS 97-2 rural safety, health and conditions of health.Major Organization Practicing OHS in Saudi Arabia: Saudi Aramco, SABICOHS training: Diploma Program by Arab Development Institute (ADI), Short term courses by ADI and other training organizations
Status of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) in EMRQatarLegislation: General safety, health and conditions of health. Labor Law Articles 98,99,100, 101Major Organization Practicing OHS in Qatar: Qatar Petroleum Qatar Petrochemical CompanyTraining: Training courses in Occupational Health, Safety, Environmental and Food Safety- Doha Industrial Safety Services (DISS)
Status of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) in EMRBahrainLegislation: General safety, health and conditions ofhealth. Labor LawMajor Organization Practicing OHS in Bahrain: Bahrain National Gas Petroleum DockyardsShort term courses or training by demand throughtraining organizations: RRC Middle East -RRC Training and Consultancy AETC Arabian East Training Centre for Health & Safety-OSHO National Occupational Safety & Health Centre
Status of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) in EMRJordanLegislation: General safety, health and conditions of health. Labor Law Ministry of Health department of occupational health guidelines and monitoringMajor Organization Practicing OHS in Jordan: Government offices and agencies Some large businesses and industriesTraining: Short term courses or training by demand through training organizations-
Status of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) in EMREgyptLegislation Labor law As of February 2010, Decree No. 25 of 2010 requires companies employing 50 or more employees to set up a functional agency and one or more committee specialized in occupational health and safety Since 23 April 2010, Industrial facilities have been required to comply with OHAS 18001Major Organization Practicing OHS: Required for every workplaceEducation and Training University degrees in Bachelor, Master and Doctor of OHS OHS training organizations –offering short term courses
Status of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) in EMRGenerally in EMR …• OSH Legislation is included in the laws of all Arab States under study, however in a varying level of details, integration of OSH provisions into the studied countries’ legislation varies as well.• In some countries it is relatively as old as the endorsement of the country’s constitution, while in others, it’s relatively new with a new Labor code, or a recently updated one.• All countries have amended their legislations and Labor codes in various levels, to match International standards and improve the working conditions of the Labor forces.
Status of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) in EMR• Work related risks not covered by legislation in other countries• For legislation that covers OSH risks; it is noticed that priorities vary for different countries, and accordingly, countries may exclude or disregard certain OSH aspects.Examples:• In countries such as Palestine, the provisions on pathology risks such as HIV and carcinogens at the working environments are missing in the legislation.
Status of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) in EMR• Exposure limits to radiation and sunrays are also missing in some legislation, such as in Qatar and Jordan.• Kuwait, Bahrain, and others, exclude the public and certain informal sectors such as agriculture, from their legislation.
Empowering Workers Empowering the worker in OHS ismaking them aware oftheir rights under their country’s laws
Empowering WorkersIt is teaching them the basic principles of OHS and tosafeguard their health and safety in the workplace.It is making available to them OHS training avenuesMost important of all, workers must be givenoccupational health and safety evidence-based andpatient centered-healthcare which allows for periodicearly detection for occupational health diseases.
Empowering Workers An ounce of cautionis better than a pound of cure... Occupational Health and Safety is the Best Policy…
The 1st Wonca EMR Conference The First Family Medicine Congress and Exhibition Wonca East Mediterranean Region EAST MEDITERRANEANDecember 17-19, 2011 Dubai InternationalConvention & Exbition Centre Dubai, UAE