El Salvador:Income Support and EmployabilityProject (PATI)
Context: FFF Crisis-6-5-4-3-2-101234I2008II2008III2008IV2008I2009II2009III2009IV2009I2010II2010III2010Annual%ChangeGDP: 20...
Government Response• Government set up in 2009 its Global Anti-Crisis and Five-Year Plan to help lower-income citizens in ...
The PATI ProjectInnovative program designed by the Salvadoran Government to respond to the FFF crisis.– Core objective:– P...
Community Projects and Training6-month community project 90 hours of technical training + 16 oflabor market orientation+
TargetingGeographic Targeting: Urban Povertyand Social Exclusion MapAspects considered:• Employability levels of eachhouse...
Decentralized structure:• Social Development Fund is main executing agency• Municipalities and Municipal Committees are st...
Program has reached 35,000 beneficiaries (of 56,000 by end of2014):• From 17% of households in targeted urban settlements•...
Program has reached 35,000 beneficiaries (of 56,000 by end of2014):• From 17% of households in targeted urban settlements•...
MDTF Support: Evaluating PATI’seffectiveness• With MDTF support, an Impact Evaluation (IE) has beendesigned to rigorously ...
Evaluation Status• March 2010: Delivery of National Impact Evaluation Training Event (attended by 75policy-makers, academi...
12Working towards local productivity…..MORE THAN JUST A PROGRAM FOR URBAN UNITED COMMUNITIES
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Multi-Donor Trust Fund on Labor Markets, Job Creation and Economic Growth: El Salvador

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Income Support and Employability Project in El Salvador

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Multi-Donor Trust Fund on Labor Markets, Job Creation and Economic Growth: El Salvador

  1. 1. El Salvador:Income Support and EmployabilityProject (PATI)
  2. 2. Context: FFF Crisis-6-5-4-3-2-101234I2008II2008III2008IV2008I2009II2009III2009IV2009I2010II2010III2010Annual%ChangeGDP: 2008-2010Total GDP Manufacturing GDP253035404550552000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009PovertyHeadcountRation(%)Total Urban Rural
  3. 3. Government Response• Government set up in 2009 its Global Anti-Crisis and Five-Year Plan to help lower-income citizens in vulnerableareas.• It also set the basis for a Universal Social ProtectionSystem, with its core strategy “Comunidades Solidarias” inboth rural (CCTs, social pension, access to services) andurban areas (slum upgrading, scholarships, PATI).• Within this context, the Temporary Income SupportProgram – PATI (in Spanish) was designed as one of thetemporary response to reduce the impact the economiccrisis on urban Salvadoran families.3
  4. 4. The PATI ProjectInnovative program designed by the Salvadoran Government to respond to the FFF crisis.– Core objective:– Program aims to guarantee a minimum level of income support to vulnerableindividuals…– … as well as to enhance beneficiaries’ employability by providing them with labormarket experience and a technical and life skills training component.– Characteristics:– Beneficiaries work on projects identified and managed by local communities.– Benefit: $100 a month during 6 months, 80 hours of training.– Targeting:– Most vulnerable and violent urban settlements in 36 municipalities.– Unemployed individuals.– Prioritizing young people and female household heads.
  5. 5. Community Projects and Training6-month community project 90 hours of technical training + 16 oflabor market orientation+
  6. 6. TargetingGeographic Targeting: Urban Povertyand Social Exclusion MapAspects considered:• Employability levels of eachhousehold’s economically activemembers.• Educational levels.• Access to social basic Stateservices.Settlements (AUPs) are classified intoprecarious status (PATI only applies tosevere and high poor)Individual Targeting: Self-Selection +Prioritization formula (female HHhead, low-skilled unemployedyouth, etc),6
  7. 7. Decentralized structure:• Social Development Fund is main executing agency• Municipalities and Municipal Committees are strategic partners inthe territory:– Formulate projects– Coordinate local dissemination in urban settlements– Support registration and validation of participants– Manage and provide counterpart funding for the implementation ofcommunity projects.Training component:• Training provided by national public training institution:– Ample experience in technical training; funding guaranteed (payroll taxes)– First time working in these communities/participant profiles– Opportunity to better link with local employment opportunities, andevaluation of training performance7Key factors for implementation
  8. 8. Program has reached 35,000 beneficiaries (of 56,000 by end of2014):• From 17% of households in targeted urban settlements• 37% of young people between 16-24.• 73% of women.• 35% of female household heads.• 62% of those enrolled have never worked before (only 7%were unemployed)• 9% victim of violence/assault in the previous 6 months.• 91% of the initial registered participants finalized theprogram..8Program as of today
  9. 9. Program has reached 35,000 beneficiaries (of 56,000 by end of2014):• From 17% of households in targeted urban settlements• 37% of young people between 16-24.• 73% of women.• 35% of female household heads.• 62% of those enrolled have never worked before (only 7%were unemployed)• 9% victim of violence/assault in the previous 6 months.• 91% of the initial registered participants finalized theprogram..9Program as of today
  10. 10. MDTF Support: Evaluating PATI’seffectiveness• With MDTF support, an Impact Evaluation (IE) has beendesigned to rigorously assess the impact of the program onbeneficiaries income and employability.• MDTF was used to:– Develop the design of the prospective impact evaluation and overseethe implementation of its first phase.– Produce a report to analyze the targeting effectiveness of the program– Supervise data collection– Build capacity in the area of monitoring and evaluation, jump-startingnational M&E institutions
  11. 11. Evaluation Status• March 2010: Delivery of National Impact Evaluation Training Event (attended by 75policy-makers, academics and think thank staff)• January 2011: hiring of local think-thank (FUSADES) to design evaluation andoversee implementation of activities.• May 2011: approval of final design and implementation plan by Government• November-December 2011: Baseline data collection (for project 2nd round)• June 2012: Delivery of report on targeting effectiveness• July-November 2012: First follow-up data collection (short-term impacts)• May 2013 (expected): Report on short-term impact evaluation results and in-country dissemination• July-November 2013 (expected): Second follow-up data collection (medium-termimpacts)• March 2014 (expected): Report on medium-term impact evaluation results and incountry-dissemination
  12. 12. 12Working towards local productivity…..MORE THAN JUST A PROGRAM FOR URBAN UNITED COMMUNITIES

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