Building Social Protection Systems: Mechanism for Harmonization (Ethiopia)


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Building Social Protection Systems: Mechanism for Harmonization (Ethiopia)

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  • Harmonization between key government Departments not easy as well as harmonization between Development Partners.
  • Building Social Protection Systems: Mechanism for Harmonization (Ethiopia)

    1. 1. Building Social Protection Systems Ethiopia PSNP/HABP Mechanism for Harmonization Wout Soer AFTSP-Ethiopia 5th February 2013
    2. 2. Structure Background PSNP/HABP PSNP/HABP Coordination Mechanisms Gains Challenges Lessons learnt - elements of success
    3. 3. Background Emergency system with annual appeals for 20 years Number of people in need ranged between 5 - 14million Relief Costs: upward of $1 billion in worst year and around $700m on average in the decade before the start of the program
    4. 4. Background 2 Impact emergency system Saved lives - not livelihoods Arrive late, not enough, inappropriate Asset depletion Increasing chronic caseload Bulk of needs were chronic & predictable Relief response not appropriate for this kind of need
    5. 5. Background 3 Desire to: Break the cycle of annual relief Make resource transfers more predictable Make resource transfers more productive Government-led coalition for food security called for Predictable cash & food resources for predictable problems One large safety net program to address chronic needs resulted in PSNP/HABP "Ny athi, Nich olas " <nn yath i@s nvw orld. org>
    6. 6. Coordination mechanisms Key Elements Pooled Funding Joint Tracking of Progress Joint Programme Oversight Common Reporting, Monitoring and Evaluation Framework Shared Implementation Principles: e.g. cash first principle
    7. 7. Coordination mechanisms 2 Institutional arrangements: GOE /MoARD– overall responsible for the implementation of the programme DRMFSS - overall responsibility for coordination, early warning and logistics MoFED – Financial Management NRMD: coordination of Public Works AED & FCA: overall responsible for HABP Regions and Woredas - Programme implementation Development partners: DWG, DCT
    8. 8. Coordination mechanisms 3 Important elements: Common information platform -Key Documents Archive ( PIM, Aide Memoires, Key studies, RRT reports, Guidelines, Manuals etc.) Annual Work Plan and Budget Six monthly Joint Review & Implementation support Missions (Aide Memoires and Action plans) Joint Strategic Oversight Committee – Donors and Government (and joint technical committees)
    9. 9. Gains coordinated approach One large program with one set of harmonized procedures supported by 10 Development Partners Large coverage: 7.6 mln clients in 319 Districts Large number of PWs with significant developmental impacts (40-45000 projects per annum) Systematic strengthening of Government systems (FM, Procurement, implementation modalities etc.) Better structured dialogue between DPs and Government
    10. 10. Challenges Harmonisation between stakeholders not easy (specific individual institutional requirements may take over) Hands-on or hands off: some level of uncertainty Institutions have the need to generate additional information at times Political change necessitates action (HQ) Transaction costs of coordination/harmonization are significant Pace of change
    11. 11. Lessons Need to be context specific –what works in Ethiopia may not work in other countries Map out different DPs requirements (e.g. studies, assessments, reviews etc.) Invest in a DPs coordination team Underline need for flexibility to ensure adherence to agreed MOU, principles, structure etc. Prepare to compromise
    12. 12. Lessons Work through GoE systems as much as possible .. but make upfront, detailed assessment of government capacity to ensure it can deliver what is expected. Pool resources where possible: there are efficiency gains but lots of work as well – need to take that into consideration during the planning process Learning by doing Agree on an incremental change management approach
    13. 13. Better coordination better support
    14. 14. Thank you!