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Hymn to Hari

Hymn to Hari is by Sri Sankaracharya from his book, Select Works of Sri Sankaracharya...

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Hymn to Hari

  1. 1. Hymn to Hari By Sri Sankaracharya (from his book, Select Works of Sri Sankaracharya)Copyright © 2011 iBooks Publishing , division of Healing Art & Design INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
  2. 2. I praise, with devotion, the All-pervading(Vishṇu), Who, Himself without origin, isthe origin of the universe, in Whom thiswheel of samsâra revolves in this wise,and, on realising Whom, this wheel ofsamsâra is destroyed—that Hari, thedestroyer of the darkness of samsâra, Ipraise.
  3. 3. Him, from a single aspect of Whom thiswhole universe has sprung into existence,by Whom again it is held together in thismanner, by Whom it is pervaded, and byWhom it is illumined through pleasure andpain,—that Hari, the destroyer of thedarkness of samsâra, I praise.
  4. 4. Him, Who is all-knowing, Who is indeed alland perfect, Who is bliss itself, Whoresides in the qualities and has thereforeendless attributes, Who is the Un-manifestthat differentiates the undifferentiated,and Who is both the real and the unreal-that Hari, the destroyer of the darkness ofsamsâra, I praise.
  5. 5. There is naught else than Him; yet, thisuniverse is not his real nature. He is notthe objective world, for He is of the natureof non-objective consciousness. Andthough He is devoid of the distinction ofthe knower, knowledge and the known, Heis nevertheless always the knower- thatHari, the destroyer of the darkness ofsamsâra, I praise.
  6. 6. Him Who is realised as the Supreme Lordby those who, having learnt from properpreceptors the extremely subtle nature ofthe Immutable, are engaged in thecontemplation of the ultimate Unity withthe help of renunciation, constantmeditation and firm devotion- that Hari,the destroyer of the darkness of samsâra, Ipraise.
  7. 7. Him Who is realised as "I am the self-resplendent Self" when, by the control ofthe life-forces, the mind is confined withinthe heart amidst the repetition of thesound Om and, all other memory beingexcluded, is merged therein and is finallydissolved- that Hari, the destroyer of thedarkness of samsâra, I praise.
  8. 8. Him by Whose inspiration, by whosepower, and on whom depending, theknower of the field directs the activeprinciple in all creatures, and by whosepower is impelled the self that is the doerand enjoyer in this world,—that Hari, thedestroyer of the darkness of samsâra, Ipraise.
  9. 9. Him, the one Supreme Self, Who created allthis indescribable universe and Who fullypermeates every part of that creation,being identical therewith, and thusbecomes all that is manifest and un-manifest,—that Hari, the destroyer of thedarkness of samsâra, I praise.
  10. 10. Him Whom, by the help of the Vedântas,the sciences treating of the self, thePurânas, the cults of Vishnu-worship andother sciences, many have realised as theSupreme Lord within their own selves and,knowing thus, have merged themselvesinto Him,—that Hari, the destroyer of thedarkness of samsâra, I praise.
  11. 11. Him, the resplendent Lord, Who is speedilyrealisable even in this world by those whostrive to seek him by means of faith,devotion, meditation, self-control andother expedients, but Who is hard torealise even through hundreds of lives forthose who are devoid of thoseexpedients,—that Hari, the destroyer of thedarkness of samsâra, I praise.
  12. 12. Him, the indescribable glory of Whosemanifestation has been defined by theVedic seers in the passage "All this indeedis Brahman", that is, all this, being born ofHim, being in Him and dissolving in Him,is identical with Him, like the waves of theocean,—that Hari, the destroyer of thedarkness of samsâra, I praise.
  13. 13. Him Who is realised by intense devotion asthe unborn and indestructible principle,the pure intelligence residing as Witness inthe heart, and by meditating "I am in Him",as taught in the Gîta and in the mannerlaid down therein,—that Hari, the destroyerof the darkness of samsâra, I praise.
  14. 14. Him, the Infinite, Who, assuming thecondition of the individual self anddwelling in nature, incessantly enjoys theobjects of enjoyment through the fivegateways of the senses, and Who, thoughone, appears as different in differentbodies like the moon reflected in thewaters,—that Hari, the destroyer of thedarkness of samsâra, I praise.
  15. 15. Him who is named Purusha and who isrealised, even in this world, as "He who is Iis that Supreme Lord and I am verily He" bythose who intelligently investigate theteachings of Vyâsa and understand thedistinction between the field and theknower of the field,—that Hari, thedestroyer of the darkness of samsâra, Ipraise.
  16. 16. Him, the conscious principle residing ininnumerable bodies, Whose onenessrealising, men speedily become Himself inthis very life, and; in Whom merged, theycome no more to birth in this world,—thatHari, the destroyer of the darkness ofsamsâra, I praise.
  17. 17. Him Who is realised as "He that is theSupreme Lord is I and I am verily He" bythose who understand the unity in dualitytaught by the passages of the Madhu-Brâhmaṇa and attain a supremacy thatexacts veneration even at the hands ofIndra- that Hari, the destroyer of thedarkness of samsâra, I praise.
  18. 18. Him who is realised as the Supreme Lordby those who meditate on the unity of theSelf, as "He that, dwelling in the mind,impels the body to action, He too that,residing in the sun, causes him to -radiateheat, I am verily He”- that Hari, thedestroyer of the darkness of samsâra, Ipraise.
  19. 19. Him, the ultimate reality, a spark of Whoseconsciousness reflected in nature cognisesthe objects of cognition outside the mind,but does not cognise Him that dwellswithin the mind and inspires the cognition-that Hari, the destroyer of the darkness ofsamsâra, I praise.
  20. 20. Him Whom the knowers of Brahman realiseby meditation as the Supreme Lord withinthemselves known as Brahman, as thesecond-less, infinite, unborn, subtle,inscrutable Resplendence residing in theheart and attainable only by devotees- thatHari, the destroyer of the darkness ofsamsâra, I praise.
  21. 21. Him Who is understood as theunsurpassable bliss realisable only by thespirit by those who perceive within theirown hearts That which is beyond thesenses, being realisable only by theexpansion of the individual self, andbeyond the cognisable, being cognitionitself- that Hari, the destroyer of thedarkness of samsâra, I praise.
  22. 22. Him Whom, the Unborn, sages like Sanakameditate upon by understanding that everyobject of perception has an underlyingreality and is identical with Brahman andby realising "I am That“- that Hari, thedestroyer of the darkness of samsâra, Ipraise.
  23. 23. Him Whom the knowers of the Self know asthe Supreme Lord "in whom I am" byeliminating as not-I whatever isperceptible, and by realising that blisswhich is self- resplendent consciousness-that Hari, the destroyer of the darkness ofsamsâra, I praise.
  24. 24. Him in Whom the devotees of theImmutable, forsaking their bodies, mergethemselves by realising Him as the pureself-resplendent Self, infinite like space, asThat which alone remains when all that iscognisable and differentiated is eliminatedstep by step- that Hari, the destroyer of thedarkness of samsâra, I praise.
  25. 25. Him Who is in all, Whose body is this all,and yet Who is not this all, Who knows all,but Whom none knows at all, and Who, asstated above, holds all this together, beingthe inner spirit thereof- that Hari, thedestroyer of the darkness of samsâra, Ipraise.
  26. 26. Him Who is realised as "I am the One thatis the All" by those who see, by theirreason, all this universe as existing withinthemselves and their own self as theUnborn residing in the heart of all beings-that Hari, the destroyer of the darkness ofsamsâra, I praise.
  27. 27. Him Who is described by some as the Onein all beings that sees and smells andtastes and touches and hears and knows,and by others as the witness that is theseer in all doers- that Hari, the destroyer ofthe darkness of samsâra, I praise.
  28. 28. Him Who is realised as the Supreme Lord,the Self that is the knower of objects, Whosees and hears and tastes and smells andknows and holds this body together as theindividual self therein- that Hari, thedestroyer of the darkness of samsâra, Ipraise.
  29. 29. He Who sees objects of gross matter in thewaking state, illusion in dream, andblissful repose in deep sleep and Himselfin the fourth state and is happy- that Hari,the destroyer of the darkness of samsâra, Ipraise.
  30. 30. Him Who, though pure, imperishable, oneand unborn, nevertheless imposes uponHimself different qualities and differentshapes and, like a crystal, shinesvariegated, differentiated and hidden bythe fruits of action- that Hari, the destroyerof the darkness of samsâra, I praise.
  31. 31. Him Who is the one Reality, but Who owingto the diversity of intellects, isconventionally spoken of in various waysas Brahman, Vishṇu, Rudra, Fire, the Sun,the Moon, Indra, Vâyu (the God of Wind),and sacrifice- that Hari, the destroyer ofthe darkness of samsâra, I praise.
  32. 32. Him, the Unborn, Whom, at the beginningof the Taittirîya-Upanishad, Varuṇaexplained to Bhṛigu as beinguncontradictable, conscious, pure,imperishable, transcendental, unperturbed,unperceivable, without parts, blissful, andwithout a second- that Hari, the destroyerof the darkness of samsâra, I praise.
  33. 33. Him Whom, as stated at the end of theTaittirîya-Upanishad, Bhṛigu, taught by hisfather, realised as the witness ineverything after having determined within.himself "I am the Brahman beyond thesefive sheaths of taste, etc.“- that Hari, thedestroyer of the darkness of samsâra, Ipraise.
  34. 34. Him Who is realised as "I am that consciousprinciple in this body" by those whointelligently enquire "Who is this ShiningOne in the body?" and determine that thisShining One is indeed the knower, thehearer and the thinker- that Hari, thedestroyer of the darkness of samsâra, Ipraise.
  35. 35. Who indeed can live, if He do not reside inthe body? He alone, therefore, is theSupreme Bliss and He is the incoming andoutgoing life. By such reasoning does theScripture declare that He is- that Hari, thedestroyer of the darkness of samsâra, Ipraise.
  36. 36. "Am I the vital energy ? Or speech? Or thesenses of hearing etc.? Or the mind? Or theintellect? Am I a particular entity or thecollective whole?" Him Who, by thusmeditating, is realised as "I am theconscious principle in this body“- thatHari, the destroyer of the darkness ofsamsâra, I praise.
  37. 37. Him Who is realised as "I am not the vitalenergy, nor the body, nor the mind, nor theintellect, nor the ego, nor theunderstanding , but am verily He that isthe conscious principle in this body,“- thatHari, the destroyer of the darkness ofsamsâra, I praise.
  38. 38. Him Whom, in the Upanishad of theSâmaveda, the father explains to his sonas pure existence, pure consciousness, theunborn, the real, the transcendental, theeternal, the infinite, the first cause, and bydeclaring "That thou art“- that Hari, thedestroyer of the darkness of samsâra, Ipraise.
  39. 39. Him Who is realised as the ultimate realityby those who, through perfect absorptionof thought, attain to the knowledge of theconscious principle within themselves byfirst excluding all conditioned andunconditioned existence and theneliminating all that is perceptible as "Notthis" "Not this“- that Hari, the destroyer ofthe darkness of samsâra, I praise.
  40. 40. Him Who is the warp and woof of the webof this universe including theundifferentiated ether, Who is establishedunder the designation of the Indestructiblein such passages as "It is not gross, It isnot atomic etc.", Who can only beunderstood as "There is no knower but He",but Who is not the object of cognition- thatHari, the destroyer of the darkness ofsamsâra, I praise.
  41. 41. Him, the Knower, without realising Whomwithin ones self as "I am He", all thisappears as real, but, Who being realised, allthis becomes unreal- that Hari, thedestroyer of the darkness of samsâra, Ipraise.
  42. 42. Him Who is realised as the consciousnessthat ultimately remains when the self thatis not free from impurity is burnt in thefire of knowledge. kindled by eightfoldYôga, like gold alloyed with iron in thefurnace- that Hari, the destroyer of thedarkness of samsâra, I praise.
  43. 43. Him Who is the resplendent light ofconsciousness, the first cause, thepraiseworthy, Who shines like lightningwithin the heart amidst the spheres of thesun, moon and fire, * in Whom the sages,worshipping Him with devotion as theultimate reality within their own selves,merge themselves even in this life- thatHari, the destroyer of the darkness ofsamsâra, I praise.
  44. 44. May He, the all-pervading (Vishnu), protectthis devotee who is an individual selfexisting in Himself, considering "Thisdevotee praises Me Who am the essence ofall organs with constant devotion andsingle-mindedness and withdrawinghimself within his own self”- that Hari, thedestroyer of the darkness of samsâra, Ipraise.
  45. 45. He who recites or hears this hymn of thevenerable teacher, valuable to devoteesand resembling the sun in dispelling thedarkness of the fear of samsâra, attains thestate of the All-pervading (Vishnu) and;becoming a seer, realises both knowledgeand the object of knowledge withinhimself.|| Thus ends the Hymn to Hari ||
  46. 46. Hymn to Hari brought to you by- iBooks Publishing Vedic Ways follow Healing_Arts_CA Copyright © 2011 iBooks Publishing , division of Healing Art & Design INC.Copyright Notice: This particular translation of the work is available on the internet in the Public Domain. This electronic rendering of that work is copyrighted to Healing Art & Design INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
  47. 47. Further suggested reading:• Maitreyi Paradigm• Ancient Wisdom• Fast Read for other interesting documents and slide presentations

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