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Composite restoration


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General consideration for composite restoration
Clinical technique
Initial clinical procedure
Tooth preperation for restoration
Adhesion technique
Restorative technique for composite restoration

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Composite restoration

  1. 1. contents General consideration for composite restoration Indication • Contraindication • Advantages • Disadvantages Clinical technique • Initial clinical procedure • Tooth preperation for restoration • Adhesion technique • Restorative technique for composite restoration •
  2. 2. INDICATIONS-: . 1. Class I,II,III,IV,V,VI restorations 2. Foundation or core buildup. 3. Esthetic enhancement proceduresPartial veneers and Full veneers. Tooth contour modifications. Diastema closure. 4. For periodontal splinting.
  3. 3. CONTRAINDICATIONS:- 1.High caries incidence and poor oral hygiene. 2.Teeth with heavy or abnormal Occlusal stress. 3.If access & isolation difficulties. 4.Subgingival difficulties 5.Patient allergic or sensitive to resin composite.
  4. 4. ADVANTAGES:1.Esthetic. 2.Conservation of tooth structure. 3.Insulative. 4.Bonded to tooth structure. 5.”Command set” 6.Repairable. 7.Can be polished at the same appointment
  5. 5. DISADVANTAGES:- 1.polymerization shrinkage. 2.time consuming and expensive. 3. More technique sensitive. 4. difficult to finish and polish. 5. increased coefficient of thermal expansion.
  6. 6. Clinical technique of composite restoration A. Initial clinical procedures, B. Tooth preparation for composite C. Restorative technique for composite
  7. 7. Clinical technique A-Initial clinical procedures, -Local anesthesia - patient is more relaxed - reduced salivation -Preparation of operating site – clean the operating site with slurry of pumice to remove any debris, plaque , pellicle, and superficial stains .Calculus removal Prophylaxis pastes containing flavoring agents, or fluorides act as contaminants and should be avoided to prevent a possible conflict with the acid-etch technique.
  8. 8. Shade selection Color varies with translucency, thickness of enamel and dentin, age of the patient, presence of any external or internal stains Different color zones are present incisal third is lighter and translucent than cervical third. Middle third is blend of two
  9. 9. 1. Determine shade at the start of an appointment (before the tooth is subjected to dehydration) 2. Use either natural light (not direct sunlight) or a colour corrected artificial light source. 3. Drape the patient with a neutral colored cover if clothing is bright 4. Make rapid comparisons with shade tabs (no more than 5 seconds each viewing) Make the selection rapidly to avoid eye fatigue
  10. 10. Automated Shade Selection
  11. 11. Isolation of operating site - Rubber dam - cotton rolls - retraction cord
  12. 12. B- Cavity designs for composite cavity preparation 1. Conventional 2. Beveled conventional 3. Modified 4. Box shape 5. Facial/lingual slot
  13. 13. CONVENTIONAL similar to that of cavity preparation for amalgam restoration. A uniform depth of the cavity with 90° cavosurface margin is required INDICATIONS 1. Moderate to large class I and class II restorations 2. Preparation is located on root surfaces. 3. Old amalgam restoration being replaced
  14. 14. BEVELED CONVENTIONAL 1. 2. Similar to conventional cavity design Have some beveled enamel margins. INDICATIONS 1. Composite is used to replace existing restoration. (class III, IV, V) 2. Restore large area Rarely used for posterior composite restorations
  15. 15. • Advantage of enamel bevel-ends of enamel rods are more effectively etched producing deeper microundercuts than when only the sides of enamel rods are etched.
  16. 16. MODIFIED 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. No specified wall configuration. No Specified pulpal or axial depth. All parameters determined by extent of caries. Conserve tooth and obtain retention (MICRO MECHANICAL). Scooped out appearance INDICATIONS small, cavitated, carious lesion surrounded by enamel correcting enamel defects.
  17. 17. BOX ONLY PREPARATION • Indicated when only the proximal surface is faulty with no lesion present on the occlusal surface • Prepared with either an inverted cone or diamond stone held parallel to the long axis of tooth crown. • Initial proximal axial depth - 0.2mm inside DEJ. • Neither bevel nor secondary retention required.
  18. 18. FACIAL OR LINGUAL SLOT 1. 2. 3. Lesion is proximal but access is possible through facial or lingual surface Cavosurface is 90 or greater. Direct access for removal of caries.
  19. 19. Pulp protection In deep cavities pulp protection may be necessary prior to acid etching and bonding. - Calcium hydroxide, GIC , RMGI ZnOE is contraindicated
  20. 20. Adhesion ETCHING • 30-40% conc. Of phosphoric used(ideally 37%) • For enamel & dentin for 15 sec and then rinsed off. • Available as –liquid and gel. Syringe for dispensing gel etchant Applicator tip for liquid etchant
  21. 21. Etching Procedure
  22. 22. ETCHING ENAMEL• • affects both prism core and prism periphery. transforms smooth enamel into very irregular surface. • When fluid resin is applied to etched surface Resin penetrates etched surface Forms resin tags Basis for adhesion of resin to enamel
  23. 23. ETCHING DENTIN• Affects intertubular and peritubular dentin. • Removes the smear layer and exposes collagen network to achieve optimal adhesion to the dentinal surface. • After rinsing the surface is kept slightly moistened when dentin is also involved because it allows the primer and adhesive material to more effectively penetrate the collagen fibre to form a hybrid layer which is the basis for mechanical bond to dentin.
  24. 24. PRIMER or CONDITIONERS • Primers condition the dentin surface, & improve bonding. • Acidic in nature • eg. EDTA,nitricacid, Maleic acid Functions:• Removes smear layer & provides subtle opening of dentinal tubules. • Provides modest etching of the inter-tubular dentine.
  25. 25. Bonding agents Classified :-  First generation(1980) – used glycerophosphoric acid dimethacrylate provide a bifunctional molecule. disadvantage – low bond strength. Eg-NPG-GMA  second generation (1983)-adhesive agents for composite resin. bond strength three times more than before. disadvantage-adhesion was short term the bond eventually hydrolysed. Eg.prisma , universal bond,clearfil,scotch bond
  26. 26. Third generation – coupling agent had bond strength to that of resin to etched enamel. Disadvantages-use is more complex & require 2-3 application steps eg-tenure , scotch bond2,universal bond Fourth generation-all bond-2 system consists of 2 primers(NPG-GMA and bisphenol dimethacrylate (BPDM) & an unfilled resin adhesive (40% BISGMA,30%UDMA,30%HEMA) Fifth generation-single bond adhesive. advantage- single step application eg.3M single bond , one step (BISCO)
  27. 27. Application of Bonding Agent: Application of the bonding agent and then cured for 10 seconds.
  28. 28. Uses of bond Agents For bonding composite to tooth structure. Bonding composite to porcelain and various metals like amalgam, base metal and noble metal alloys. Desensitization of exposed dentin or root surface. Bonding of porcelain veneers.
  29. 29. CURING • Two types:- 1.Self curing 2.Light curing. SELF CURING: not used extensively . Disadvantages1.Mixing of two pastes required and it is almost impossible to avoid incorporation of air bubbles. Air bubble contain oxygen that causes oxygen inhibition during polymerization. 2.No control of working time.
  30. 30. LIGHT CURING• Material inserted in tooth preparation in 1-2mm thickness. This allows the light to properly polymerize the composite and may render the effect of polymerization shrinkage appear along the gingival floor. • ADVANTAGES1.Sufficient working time. 2.Not sensitive to oxygen inhibition. 3.Easy placement. LIMITATION 1.Time consuming 2.Shrink towards the light source.
  31. 31. Curing Of the Composite: The material is cured using the light curing machine for 20 seconds for every increment of composite that was placed.
  32. 32. Matrix placement • Two types of matrices are available - Polyester matrix - metal matrix • - Various matrix retainer which can be used are Tofflemire retainer Compound supported metal matrix Sectional matrix system- palodent contact matrix
  33. 33. • Polyester matrix - used especially CLASS III, CLASS IV ,CLASS V cavities Advantage - they allow the light to pass Disadvantage - they are not rigid and get deform during placement of rigid material and contact cannot be properly restored • Metal matrix - Ultrathin metal matrices .001- .002 inch are used - Band should be precontoured outside the mouth
  34. 34. CONTOURINGCan be initiated immediately after light cured composite have been placed or 3 minutes after the initial hardening of self cured material.POLISINGDone with fine polishing discs, fine rubber points or cups.
  35. 35. Finishing and Polishing: The use of polishers with enhancers and polishing paste were done after the trimming of the excess composites.
  36. 36. Finish & polish Tungsten carbide finishing bur is used to contour the marginal ridge (note the water spray). Rugby ball’-shaped fine diamond is used to contour the occlusal anatomy. All high-speed instruments must be used with water spray. A flexible, abrasive, impregnated disc is used to polish and smooth the occlusal contours.
  37. 37. Finishing & Polishing
  38. 38. After restoring with Composite Resin Material Before the restoration procedure.
  39. 39. Composite restorations are very technique sensitive so utmost care is necessary before, During and after manipulation. The Visible Modes Of Failures 1) Discoloration-Especially At Margins 2) Marginal Fracture 3)Recurrent Caries 4) Post Operative Sensitivity 5) Cross Fracture Of Restoration 6) Lack Of Maintaining Contact 7) Accumulation Of Plaque Around The Restoration
  40. 40. Prepared by : Hazhar Ahmed Xidr Hemn Muhammed Xidr Stage 4 , group D2