Online Collaborative Projects

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Online Collaborative Projects

  1. 1. University Of Moulay Ismail School Of Arts And Humanities Department Of English Meknes
  2. 2. <ul><li>Master Program </li></ul><ul><li>Communication In Contexts </li></ul><ul><li>Computer Skills For Research </li></ul><ul><li>Dr L.Belfakir </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Online Collaborative Projects New Skills For A New Century </li></ul><ul><li>December 23 rd ,2009. </li></ul>
  4. 8. Obstacles <ul><li>“ The biggest obstacle to school change is our memories .” </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Allen Glenn </li></ul>
  5. 9. Views to consider <ul><li>Creating schools for the 21st Century requires less time looking in the rearview mirror and more vision anticipating the road ahead. </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching has been an activity undertaken behind closed doors between moderately consenting participants. </li></ul><ul><li>Technology enables students, teachers, and administrators to reach out beyond the school building. </li></ul><ul><li>Innovative classrooms are not defined by fixed places but by their spirit of curiosity and collaboration among students, teachers, and others in a true learning community. </li></ul><ul><li>source: Edutopia. </li></ul>
  6. 10. <ul><li>“ We must be the change </li></ul><ul><li>we want to see in the world.” </li></ul><ul><li>Mahatma Gandhi </li></ul>
  7. 11. Collaborative Learning (CL)
  8. 12. C.L is NOT New CARL ROGERS 1902 - 1987 JOHN DEWEY 1859-1952 BENJAMIN BLOOM 1913-1999 SOCRATES 470-399 B.C. JEROME BRUNER 1915-CURRENT LEV VYGOTSKY 1896-1934 JEAN PIAGET 1896-1980 SEYMOUR PAPERT
  9. 13. What are collaborative projects <ul><li>Collaborative projects involve two or more groups of people who work together to contribute to a research idea or topic. </li></ul><ul><li>projects use a range of ICT including web pages, forums, email, video conferencing, wikis and blogs and other photo softwares like flicker and animoto </li></ul><ul><li>usually involve exchanges of student work via the internet, collaborative exhibitions, physical transfer of work between students ( Teddy Bears project) </li></ul>
  10. 14. Collaborative projects can be considered then as <ul><li>a method of teaching and learning in </li></ul><ul><li>Which students acquire new knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>and skills in the course of designing, </li></ul><ul><li>planning, and Producing a product . </li></ul>
  11. 15. Other definitions <ul><li>According to the definitions found in PBL handbooks for teachers,collaborative projects are complex tasks, based on challenging questions or problems, that involve students in problem-solving,decision making, or investigative activities; give students the opportunity to work relatively autonomously over extended periods of time; and culminate in realistic products or presentations. </li></ul><ul><li>(Jones, Rasmussen, & Moffitt, 1997; Thomas, Mergendoller, & Michaelson,1999 ). </li></ul>
  12. 16. Why do collaborative learning projects ? <ul><li>Collabortive learning is a model for classroom activity that shifts away from the classroom practices of short, isolated, teacher-centered lessons and instead emphasizes learning activities that are long-term, interdisciplinary, student-centered, and integrated with real world issues and practices. </li></ul>
  13. 17. Benefits of collaborative Projects <ul><ul><li>Share ideas and take responsibility for learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connects school learning to real world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gain and share understanding of other cultures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Actively contribute to work on issues of global relevance and concern </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows in-depth coverage of a topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use ICT in exciting and challenging ways </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learn in a stimulating and interesting classroom environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interdisciplinary teaching </li></ul></ul>
  14. 18. Research that supports projects <ul><li>- Constructivism </li></ul><ul><li>- Multiple Intelligences (Howard Gardner 1995) </li></ul><ul><li>- Inquiry based learning </li></ul><ul><li>- Discovery learning </li></ul><ul><li>Problem based learning </li></ul><ul><li>Project Based learning </li></ul><ul><li>- Cooperative learning </li></ul><ul><li>- Process writing </li></ul><ul><li>- Standard based approach. </li></ul>
  15. 19. Another Way to Look at What is C.L <ul><li>Content Activities </li></ul><ul><li>Conditions Results </li></ul>
  16. 20. Content: <ul><li>Compelling ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Problems presented in their full complexity </li></ul><ul><li>Students finding interdisciplinary connections between ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Students struggling with ambiguity, complexity, and unpredictability </li></ul><ul><li>Real-world questions that students care about </li></ul>
  17. 21. Conditions: <ul><li>Support student autonomy </li></ul><ul><li>Students exhibit task- and time-management behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Students direct their own work & learning </li></ul><ul><li>Students simulate the professional work </li></ul>
  18. 22. Activities: <ul><li>Investigative and engaging </li></ul><ul><li>Students multi-faceted investigations over long periods of time </li></ul><ul><li>Students encountering obstacles, seeking resources, and solving problems </li></ul><ul><li>Students making their own connections among ideas and acquiring new skills </li></ul><ul><li>Students using authentic tools </li></ul><ul><li>Students getting feedback from expert sources and realistic assessment </li></ul>
  19. 23. Results <ul><li>Real-world outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Students generating complex intellectual products to demonstrate learning </li></ul><ul><li>Students participate in assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Students exhibiting growth in real-world competence </li></ul>
  20. 24. Traditional Instruction Emphasizes Project Based Learning Emphasizes <ul><li>Focus of curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Depth of understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehension of concepts and principles </li></ul><ul><li>Development </li></ul><ul><li>Focus of curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Content coverage </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge of facts </li></ul><ul><li>Learning &quot;building-block&quot; skills in isolation </li></ul><ul><li>of complex problem-solving skills </li></ul>
  21. 25. Traditional Instruction Emphasizes Project Based Learning Emphasizes <ul><li>Scope and sequence </li></ul><ul><li>Follows student interest </li></ul><ul><li>Large units composed of complex problems or issues </li></ul><ul><li>Broad, interdisciplinary focus </li></ul><ul><li>Scope and sequence </li></ul><ul><li>Follows fixed curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Proceeds block by block, unit by unit </li></ul><ul><li>Narrow, discipline-based focus </li></ul>
  22. 26. <ul><li>Teaching role </li></ul><ul><li>Follows student interest </li></ul><ul><li>Large units composed of complex problems or issues </li></ul><ul><li>Broad, interdisciplinary focus </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching role </li></ul><ul><li>Follows fixed curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Proceeds block by block, unit by unit </li></ul><ul><li>Narrow, discipline-based focus </li></ul>Traditional Instruction Emphasizes Project Based Learning Emphasizes
  23. 27. <ul><li>Focus of assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Process and products </li></ul><ul><li>Tangible accomplishments </li></ul><ul><li>Criterion performances and gains over time </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstration of understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Focus of assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Products </li></ul><ul><li>Test scores </li></ul><ul><li>Comparisons with others </li></ul><ul><li>Reproduction of information </li></ul>Traditional Instruction Emphasizes Project Based Learning Emphasizes
  24. 28. <ul><li>Materials of instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Direct or original sources: printed materials, interviews, documents, and others </li></ul><ul><li>Data and materials developed by students </li></ul>Traditional Instruction Emphasizes Project Based Learning Emphasizes <ul><li>Materials of instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Texts, lectures and presentations </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher-developed exercise sheets and activities </li></ul>
  25. 29. <ul><li>Use of technology </li></ul><ul><li>Central, integral </li></ul><ul><li>Directed by students </li></ul><ul><li>Useful for enhancing student presentations or amplifying student capabilities </li></ul>Traditional Instruction Emphasizes Project Based Learning Emphasizes <ul><li>Use of technology </li></ul><ul><li>Ancillary, peripheral </li></ul><ul><li>Administered by teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Useful for enhancing teachers' presentations </li></ul>
  26. 30. <ul><li>Classroom context </li></ul><ul><li>Students working alone </li></ul><ul><li>Students competing with one another </li></ul><ul><li>Students receiving information from an instructor </li></ul><ul><li>Classroom context </li></ul><ul><li>Students working in groups </li></ul><ul><li>Students collaborating with one another </li></ul><ul><li>Students constructing, contributing, and synthesizing information </li></ul>Traditional Instruction Emphasizes Project Based Learning Emphasizes
  27. 31. <ul><li>Student role </li></ul><ul><li>Carry out instructions </li></ul><ul><li>Memorizer and repeater of facts </li></ul><ul><li>Students receive and complete brief tasks </li></ul><ul><li>Listen, behave, speak only when spoken to </li></ul><ul><li>Student role </li></ul><ul><li>Carry out self- directed learning activities </li></ul><ul><li>Discoverer, integrator, and presenter of ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Students define their own tasks and work independently for large blocks of time </li></ul><ul><li>Communicate, show affect, produce, take responsibility </li></ul>Traditional Instruction Emphasizes Project Based Learning Emphasizes
  28. 32. <ul><li>Short-term goals </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge of facts, terms, content </li></ul><ul><li>Mastery of isolated skills </li></ul><ul><li>Short-term goals </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding and application of complex ideas and processes </li></ul><ul><li>Mastery of integrated skills </li></ul>Traditional Instruction Emphasizes Project Based Learning Emphasizes
  29. 33. <ul><li>Long-range goals </li></ul><ul><li>Breadth of knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Graduates who have the knowledge to perform successfully on standard achievement tests </li></ul><ul><li>Long-range goals </li></ul><ul><li>Depth of knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Graduates who have the dispositions and skills to engage in sustained, autonomous, lifelong learning </li></ul>Traditional Instruction Emphasizes Project Based Learning Emphasizes
  30. 34. GETTING STARTED <ul><li>WHERE CAN I FIND ONLINE COLLABORATIVE PROJECTS? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>IEARN : www.iearn.org </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Oz Projects : www.ozprojects.edu.au </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Epals: www.epals.com </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Global Projects : www.goole.com </li></ul></ul></ul>
  31. 35. <ul><li>Thank you . </li></ul><ul><li>Nour_eddine laouni </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>
  32. 36. Any Questions

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