Stage fear

1,180 views

Published on

2014 Uluslararası Lider Martılar Projeleri_No 9
2014 International ICT Leading Seagulls Project #9

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,180
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
48
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
26
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Stage fear

  1. 1. UNDERSTANDING STUDENTS’ BASIC PSYCHOLOGICAL NEEDS STAGE FEAR http://iveronicawalsh.files.wordpress.com/2012/06/frightenedpublicspeakingart.gif
  2. 2. FEARLESS FLYERS “ FearLess LoveMore” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bogazici_University_Logo.svg https://circusnow.org/causes/fearless-flyers-academy/
  3. 3. FEARLESS FLYERS • Funda Karaoğlu • Nuriye Nur Ayak • Tuğba Dağıtmaç • We got together every Tuesday @ women’s dormitory.
  4. 4. Content • Brainstorming • Matrix diagram-pareto diagram • Gannt card • Methodology • Literature review • Fishbone • Survey and interview • Solutions • Conclusion
  5. 5. Brainstorming 1. What is the relation between anxiety and achievement in EFL classrooms? 2. Why do students experience stage fear in EFL classrooms? 3. How can the teachers manage speaking anxiety of students?
  6. 6. Matrix Diagram 1-What is the relationship between anxiety and achievement? 2- Why do students experience stage fear in EFL classrooms? 3- How can the teachers manage speaking anxiety of students? Funda 3 7 5 Nur 2 6 4 Tuğba 3 7 6 TOTAL 8 20 15 %18.6 %46.5 %34.8
  7. 7. Pareto Diagram 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Problem 1 Problem 2 Problem 3
  8. 8. STEPS March 18 March 21 March 25 March 27 April 1 April 3 April 8 April 15 PLAN Circle Formation Problem Definition Approval Literature Review Cause Strategy Tools/Data DO Interview CHECK Data Analysis Suggestion Conclusion ACT Presentation EXPECTED OBSERVED
  9. 9. Methodology • Observation • Interview • Survey
  10. 10. Our problem is; “Why do students experience stage fear in EFL classrooms?” http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-F58O1SR05TA/Uh_9d6EmkfI/AAAAAAAABoU/1eZJ_4IU32M/s1600/Social-Anxiety-Disorder.jpg
  11. 11. Literature Review • Anxiety is defined as an uncomfortable emotional state in which one perceives danger, feels powerless, and experiences tensions in the face an expected danger (Shabani,2012). Shabani, M. B. (2012). Levels and Sources of Language Anxiety and Fear of Negative Evaluation among Iranian EFL Learners. Theory and Practice in Language Studies , 2378-2383.
  12. 12. Literature Review • Anxiety has been found to interfere with many types of learning but when it is associated with learning a second or foreign language it is termed as second or foreign language anxiety(Shabani,2012). Shabani, M. B. (2012). Levels and Sources of Language Anxiety and Fear of Negative Evaluation among Iranian EFL Learners. Theory and Practice in Language Studies , 2378-2383.
  13. 13. Literature Review • Gardner and MacIntyre (1993) describe the “speaking anxiety” concept as the apprehension experienced when a specific situation requires the use of a second language in which the individual is not fully proficient (Shabani, 2012). Shabani, M. B. (2012). Levels and Sources of Language Anxiety and Fear of Negative Evaluation among Iranian EFL Learners. Theory and Practice in Language Studies , 2378-2383.
  14. 14. Literature Review • Foreign language anxiety is "a distinct complex of self perceptions, beliefs, feelings and behaviors related to classroom language learning arising from the uniqueness of the language learning process“ (Lahtinen, 2013). Lahtinen, L. (2013). COMMUNICATION APPREHENSION IN THE EFL CLASSROOM:a study of Finnish and Finnish-Swedish upper secondary school students and teachers. University of Jyväskylä.
  15. 15. Literature Review • Anxiety, in general, can have physical, emotional, and behavioural manifestations, and these manifestations can differ with each individual. Pršić, B. (2013). Speaking Anxiety among High-school EFL Students: Effect and Possible Remedies. University of Niš .
  16. 16. Literature Review • Physical symptoms: heartbeat, muscle tension, dry mouth, and excessive perspiration. http://consonantlyspeaking.com/sites/consonantlyspeaking.com/files/images/anxiety-symptoms-cartoon.png Pršić, B. (2013). Speaking Anxiety among High-school EFL Students: Effect and Possible Remedies. University of Niš .
  17. 17. Literature Review • Psychological symptoms: embarrassment, feelings of helplessness, fear, inability to concentrate, as well as poor memory recall and retention. Pršić, B. (2013). Speaking Anxiety among High-school EFL Students: Effect and Possible Remedies. University of Niš .
  18. 18. Fishbone
  19. 19. Individual factors • Low self-esteem • Low motivation • Anxiety • Perfectionism • Negative self-beliefs
  20. 20. Educational factors • Students attitudes • Teacher’s approach to mistakes • Classroom environment
  21. 21. Parental factors • Parenting style • Child-rearing practices • Family relations
  22. 22. Societal factors • Social relations • Cultural stereotypes
  23. 23. Survey 1 2 3 4 5 “I feel anxious about speaking English in EFL classes because…” Completely Disagree Disagree Agree Completely Agree First Lang. 1- “…I think the teacher thinks I am a poor student” 2-”… I think the teacher is also anxious about speaking English” 3-”…the teacher is so demanding” 4-”…I do not understand everything the teacher says in English in class”
  24. 24. Survey 1 2 3 4 5 “I feel anxious about speaking English in EFL classes because…” Completely Disagree Disagree Agree Completely Agree First Lang. 5-”…I do not like the teacher” 6- ”…I feel the teacher has such a high status and authority” 7-”…It irritates me when I do not understand the teacher’s corrections of my English”
  25. 25. Participants • 10, 4th grade students in Enka Schools • 10, 4th grade students in Orgeneral Kami ve Saadet Güzey İlk.öğretim okulu
  26. 26. Results • “I feel anxious about speaking English in EFL classes because I think the teacher thinks I am a poor student” 20% 10% 40% 30% Private School completel y agree agree disagree completel y disagree 10% 50% 20% 20% State School Completel y agree Agree Disagree Completel y Disagree
  27. 27. Results • I feel anxious about speaking English in EFL classes because my teacher is also anxious about English. 20% 80% Private School Completely Agree Agree Disagree Completely Disagree 10% 40% 30% 20% State Schools Completely Agree Agree Disagree Completely Disagree
  28. 28. Results • I feel anxious about speaking English in EFL classes because the teacher is so demanding. 10% 20% 20% 50% Private Schools Completely Agree Agree Disagree Completely Disagree 10% 40% 20% 30% State Schools Completely Agree Agree Disagree Completely Disagree
  29. 29. Results • I feel anxious because I do not understand everything the teacher says. 10% 10% 60% 20% Private School Completely Agree Agree Disagree Completely Disagree 10% 70% 10% 10% State School Completely Agree Agree Disagree Completely Disagree
  30. 30. Results • “I feel anxious about speaking English in EFL classes because I do not like the teacher. 0% 20% 40% 40% Private School Completely Agree Agree Disagree Completely Disagree 11% 22% 22% 45% State School Completely Agree Agree Disagree Completely Disagree
  31. 31. Results • “I feel anxious about speaking English in EFL classes because the teacher has such a high status and authority. 10% 10% 60% 20% Private School Completely Agree Agree Disagree Completely Disagree 50% 10% 20% 20% State School Completely Agree Agree Disagree Completely Disagree
  32. 32. Results • “I feel anxious about speaking English in EFL classes because It irritates me when I do not understand the teacher’s corrections of my English. 20% 10% 20% 50% Private School Completely Agree Agree Disagree Completely Disagree 10% 40% 30% 20% State School Completely Agree Agree Disagree Comletely Disagree
  33. 33. Interview • We carried out an interview with 3 native English teachers from private schools.
  34. 34. Interview Questions 1. What are the symptoms of learners when they are afraid of speaking English? 2. What do you think about the reasons of fear? What can be the reasons behind the fear? 3. How do you try to overcome the fear? Is there any strategies? 4. What can be the positive and negative effects of fear on the success of the students?
  35. 35. 1. What are the symptoms of learners when they are afraid of speaking English? –Being nervous –Anxiety, over excitement –Tendency to give up the task –Mental shut-down –Avoiding class –Hating the class more –Being shy and smiling
  36. 36. 2. What do you think about the reasons of fear? What can be the reasons behind the fear? –Pressures put on the students by their parents, society, the school. –Doing well and achieving well in exams to help with their career choices, university options.
  37. 37. 3. How do you try to overcome the fear? Is there any strategies? If a student is overcome by fear before something happens, they don't tend to tell you so much, but get very panicked and then you may get their reaction reluctantly just before an exam, but generally it is the upset after an exam results have come out and how their parents will react.
  38. 38. 4. What can be the positive and negative effects of fear on the success of the students? The major impact is if they are very scared they won't concentrate and won't learn and give up. The positive effects as it can be a motivation to do well to counteract their fear.
  39. 39. Our solutions • Teachers should try to create a relaxed atmosphere to decrease students’ affective filter (individual factor). • Teachers should try to boost students’ self- confidence by using positive reinforcement (ind. f.) • Teachers should ask students not to laugh if somebody makes a mistake (educational f.)
  40. 40. Our solutions • Teachers should not criticize students in front of the whole class and should not correct their mistakes immediately (educational f.) • Teachers should give students enough time to prepare themselves before the speaking activity (educational f.)
  41. 41. Our solutions • Teachers should have a friendly and caring relationship with students. They should establish closeness with students to know them and to learn their needs better (edu. f.) • Teachers should treat all students in a fair way. They should not discriminate students as a boy or girl, hardworking or lazy (edu. f.)
  42. 42. Our solutions • Administrators should encourage students to attend social activities (educational f.) • Administrators should give students the chance to express themselves, and they should not apply strict rules (educational and individual f.)
  43. 43. Our solutions • Parents should give freedom of expression to their children equally (both boys and girls)(parental) • Parents should give their children the chance to make decisions about their lives (parental f.) • Parents should have good relations with teachers and administrators to follow the needs of their children (parental and educational).
  44. 44. Conclusion • Students can experience “stage fear”, namely speaking anxiety, in an EFL classroom. • Stage fear is more prevalent among the state school students. • Stage fear can be caused by different reasons, especially when they are not fully proficient in the language.
  45. 45. Conclusion • Speaking anxiety can hinder the learning process of students, but at the same time it can be a source of motivation to overcome their fears and learn. • Stage fear is not something we have to live with. It can be overcome with the collaboration of teachers, parents and students themselves.
  46. 46. http://cdn2-b.examiner.com/sites/default/files/styles/image_content_width/hash/ba/cd/bacd0637254d60990ba61955681ff50f.jpg?itok=mBG5_8Jw http://l.yimg.com/ck/image/A1418/1418294/300_1418294.jpg
  47. 47. References • İmece Circles by Dr. Hayal Köksal. • Lahtinen, L. (2013). communication apprehension in the EFL classroom: a study of Finnish and Finnish-Swedish upper secondary school students and teachers. University of Jyväskylä. • Pršić, B. (2013). Speaking Anxiety among High- school EFL Students: Effect and Possible Remedies. University of Niš . • Shabani, M. B. (2012). Levels and Sources of Language Anxiety and Fear of Negative Evaluation among Iranian EFL Learners. Theory and Practice in Language Studies , 2378-2383.
  48. 48. References http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bogazici_University_Logo.svg https://circusnow.org/causes/fearless-flyers-academy/ http://iveronicawalsh.files.wordpress.com/2012/06/frightenedpublicspeakingart.gif http://4.bp.blogspot.com/F58O1SR05TA/Uh_9d6EmkfI/AAAAAAAABoU/1eZJ_4IU32 M/s1600/Social-Anxiety-Disorder.jpg http://consonantlyspeaking.com/sites/consonantlyspeaking.com/files/images/anxie ty-symptoms-cartoon.png http://cdn2b.examiner.com/sites/default/files/styles/image_content_width/hash/ba /cd/bacd0637254d60990ba61955681ff50f.jpg?itok=mBG5_8Jw http://l.yimg.com/ck/image/A1418/1418294/300_1418294.jpg
  49. 49. Special thanks to Hayal Köksal

×