Who Are We?
Group Name: E-3 Ward
Group Members: Fatih Hazar Kedersiz- Fled
Melike İşleyen –Guid
Project Topic: Life in Prison
Meeting Time: Saturdays (17:00 – 20:00)
Meeting Point: Library Study
Group Leader: Fatih Hazar Kedersiz 2
A prison is a facility in which individuals are forcibly confined and
denied a variety of freedoms under the authority of the state as a
form of punishment.
The time spent in prison changes according to seriousness of the
crime. In flagitious crimes, the convict may get a life sentence.
Correctional facilities are where younger convicts are put.
Convicts who get oncustodial sentences are not put prison but
they spend some time having stripped of their freedoms.
Putting people in a closed place for punishment is an old tradition.
London Tower in London, Bastille Castle in Paris and Yedikule
Dungeons in Istanbul were this kind of places. But, political
prisoners were put in these places instead of regular prisoners.
Ottoman Sultan, Osman the 2nd who was discrowned by a
janissary revolt in 1622 was imprisoned in Yedikule and was killed
In Turkey, there are around 140.000 prisoners, including those
that are convicted and detained, children, women, old timer,
handicapped, LGBTs and foreigners (Turkish Statiscal Institute,
Operation Return to Life
During the week of December 19-26, 2000, 10,000 Turkish
soldiers violently occupied 48 prisons to end two months
of hunger strikes and "death fasts" by hundreds of
political prisoners. The hunger strikers are protesting the
state's plan to transfer its prisoners from large wards to
US-style "F-type" cells holding one to three occupants.
Operation "Return to Life"—which left at least 31 prisoners
and two soldiers dead—lasted a few hours in most
prisons, and up to three days at one prison. Eight
prisoners are reportedly "disappeared," and at least 426
prisoners have been wounded. 1,005 prisoners have
been transferred to F-type cells.
Female inmates experience high rates of rape and sexual
violence while incarcerated. Research documents numerous
cases in which women are at a significantly higher risk than
men for being sexually abused before and during prison.
Sexual aggression and abuse by male prison staff is
14% of all men in prison and 36% of women in were abused as
children, about twice the frequency seen in the general
In at least one study, about 80% of 21 year olds that were
abused as children met criteria for at least one psychological
disorder (Department of Health and Human Services, 2013).
Pazar, 4 Mayıs 2014, Adana'da cezaevinde çocuk istismarı
Cezaevlerinde yaşanan çocuk tecavüzleri için, yetkililerin seyirci
kalma tutumu sürüyor. 15 yaşındaki F.O'nun ifadesi, maruz kaldığı
istismarı görevlilere bildirmesine rağmen, hiçbir adımın
atılmadığını ortaya koyuyor.
Adana’nın Ceyhan ilçesinde bulunan M Tipi Kapalı Cezaevinden
bir tecavüz iddiası daha geldi. Cezaevinden 1 ay önce tahliye
olan F.O, koğuş içerisinde günlerce taciz ve tecavüze uğradığını
Evrensel gazetesinden Bahçegül Ercan'ın haberine göre, 15
yaşındaki F.O, cezaevine girdikten yaklaşık 10 gün sonra oda
arkadaşı M.A’nın önceleri kendine cinsel tacizde, sonraları ise
tecavüzde bulunduğunu ve kendisinin darp edildiğini belirterek
While sexual violence is, in many respects, part of the daily
prison experience for many inmates–whether they are victims,
perpetrators, or forced observers—LGBT people are
disproportionately targeted by staff and prisoners. It is now
generally accepted by prison officials, experts, sociologists,
and prison advocates that prisoners and detainees who are, or
perceived to be, gay, transgender, or gender nonconforming
are more likely to be sexually assaulted, coerced, and
harassed than their heterosexual and gender-conforming
counterparts. One study of six male prisons in California in 2007
found that 67 percent of the respondents who identified as
LGBT reported having been sexually assaulted by another
inmate during their imprisonment, a rate that was fifteen times
higher than the rest of the prison population (Mogul J., Ritchie
A& Whitlock K., 2011).
Translar Açlık Grevinde!
Samsun Bafra T-Tipi Kapalı Cezaevi'nde A-21 koğuşta Cezaevi
idaresinin transfobik yaklaşımlarına karşı, hak ihlallerine karşı, trans
tutsaklar süresiz açlık grevine başlamışlardır. Şu an açlık grevi
eylemleri 28 günü buluyor!
"Özgürlükçü komuoyunun A-21 koğuşunda kalan ve 20 gündür
(bugün itibariyle 28) sürdürmekte oldukları süresiz açlık grevi
eylemlerini desteklemelerini, seslerine kulak vermelerini, yardım ve
dayanışma içinde olmalarını dillendirmek istiyorum."
-Vegan-anarşist tutsak Osman Evcan
Pozantı Cezaevi'nde neler oluyor? 25/02/2012
Medyada "taş atan çocuklar" olarak adlandırılan ve toplumsal
olaylar gerekçesiyle gözaltına alınıp tutuklanan Kürt çocukları,
cezaevlerinde yaşadıklarını anlattı. Cezaevinde adli tutukluların
koğuşlarına konulan çocukların cinsel taciz ve tecavüze maruz
kaldıkları iddia edildi
The Guards had high status and they had high power. This was symbolized
by good meals, by superior living conditions, by their privileges, and by their
smart uniforms. They had multiple bases of power such as keys to all the
doors in the prison and surveillance monitors with which to observe and
control the Prisoners.
The Prisoners had low status. This was symbolized by their bad food, their
Spartan living conditions, their basic uniforms. They had no formal power –
having to do as they were told by the Guards
Most of all, though, status and power difference was encapsulated in the
fact that, on the night before people entered the prison, we gathered the
Guards together in a hotel. We told them that their task was to make the
prison work, but that it was up to them to decide how best that might be
done (BBC, Prison Study).
Physical conditions of prisons have been at the center of long-
standing debates in correctional policy and research. Many
argue prisons should be unpleasant to deter future offending
and motivate prosaically change among inmates. Others
believe harsh conditions inhibit effective treatment and,
perhaps, make offenders worse.
Limited Health Services
Childbirth in prison
The needs of mothers during of pregnancy and childbirth often
conflict with the demands of the prison system. “In 2007, the
Bureau of Justice Statistics stated that, on average, 5% of
women who enter into state prisons are pregnant and in jails
6% of women are pregnant”. Very few of these women
receive prenatal care, which can be very detrimental to both
the mother and child, especially when coupled with inmates’
histories of inadequate health care as well as sexual, physical
and substance abuse.
Limited Physical Conditions
for inmates with disabilities
A recent report has shown that prison conditions in Turkey are
poor for LGBT individuals, people with disabilities and the
The report also says prison conditions are not suitable for
inmates with disabilities. For paralyzed inmates and those who
are in wheelchairs, there is not enough equipment, such as
special beds to avoid bruises or exercising materials. They also
face difficulties when entering through the security gates.
Report shows hard prison conditions for LGBTs, people with
disabilities, Hürriyet Daily News, Vercihan Ziflioğlu
To 20 Bogazici students, we asked 5 questions about prison life
Our aim was to investigate their views about prison system.
Have you ever made a research about prison system in
Would you be bothered by working with a convicted person?
90% YES 10% NO
Would you be prejudicial against convicted people?
Would you consider volunteering in a social community work
conducted in a prison?
5% YES 95% NO
Do you think there is a necessity for improvements in prisons in
terms of attitudes of guardians and physical conditions?
40% YES 60% NO
Beacon Press, 2011.LGBT People in the United States, edited by
Joey L. Mogul, Andrea J. Ritchie, and Kay Whitlock.
Koksal, H. Imece Circles
Long - Term Consequences of Child Abuse and Neglect. Child
Welfare Information Gateway.Washington, D.C.: U.S.
Department of Health and Human Services, 2013.
Sabol W.,West H., 2007. The Bureau of Justice Statistics,
National Prisoner Statistics (NPS).
Turkish Statiscal Institute, 2013. Number of prisoners that are
convicted and detained.