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Boğaziçi University, Spring 2014
Ed 313: Conflict Resolution
by Hayal Köksal
Content
1) Group Info
2) Matris Diagram
3) Why did we choose this topic?
4) Fishbone (Definition of the Causes)
5) Analysi...
Sümeyye Yalçın (Group Leader)
Kübra Dönmez
Hilal Köksal
http://adolescentawareness.blogspot.com.tr/
Matris Diagram
Drug abuse
among
adolescents
Sexual
problems of
adolescents
Conflict with
siblings
Kübra 5 7 1
Hilal 7 6 2
...
WHY DID WE CHOOSE THIS TOPIC?
• Adolescence is a period of
transition from childhood to
adulthoodin every person’s
life.
•...
Many adolescents manage
this transformation
successfully while others
experience major stress and
find themselves engaging...
Türkiye’de İlk Cinsel İlişki Yaşı
Dr. Yıldırım, T. (2008). Üniversite Çağındaki Cinsel Bilgi, Tutum Ve Davranışları Retriv...
FISHBONE DIAGRAM
What are the causes of
sexual problems of
adolescences?
1. Media
Media contains many sexual
messages and effects on
teen sexual behaviors.
• TV
Popular TV shows featured
a variet...
• Social Media:
Social media networks (i.e.
facebook, twitter,
instagram, foursquare,
tumblr, flickr, last.fm) are
very co...
• Sexting:
Sexting is a form of texting
that people send or receive
sexually suggestive and
nude images. As many as
20% of...
http://sozcu.com.tr/kadin/cocuklarda-cinsel-egitim-ama-nasil.html
2. Family
http://www.aktuelpsikoloji.com/cocuklara-
cinsellik-nasil-anlatilmali-3228h.htm
Sexuality holds an important place in a he...
http://notoku.com/05-aile-tutumlarinin-cocugun-cinsel-ahlaki-ve-sosyal-gelisimine-etkileri/
For adolescents, it is difficu...
Awareness of the family about sexual
education creates the postive impact on the
sexual development of adolescents.
It is ...
It is observed that in democratic and
high-educated family occasions adolescents
experience less problems in sexual
develo...
While talking with adolescents
parents may
• Communicate in plain language,
•Answer questions with short and explanatory s...
3. Peer Group
• A peer group is both
a social group and a primary
group of people who
through homophily, share
similaritie...
• Adolescents’
communication shifts
during this time as well.
They prefer to talk about
school and their careers
with thei...
Peer pressure is the pressure that your friends and the
people you know, put on you to do something you don’t want
to do (...
There are different types of peer pressure on sexual behaviours:
• obvious peer pressure, such as: “Everyone’s doing it, s...
• Recent studies have shown that the main factors
for unprotected sex or risky sexual behavior
may be result of peer press...
• A longitudinal study done in 2012 followed a group of
adolescents for thirteen years. Self-reports, peer
nominations, te...
4. Body Changes
The early teen years see lots of changes – physical,
emotional, cognitive and social. During this time, ch...
Physical Changes
• For girls, it occurs that
early physical changes
from about 10-11 years –
but this can be seen as
young...
Emotional Changes
It is noticed that adolescents show strong feelings and
intense emotions at different times. Their moods...
All of these changes lead
adolescents to seek for
sexual identity. When they
cannot reach reliable
information, they are
c...
Lit Reviewing
• 1st Article: Yıldırım, T. (2008) Üniversite Çağındaki Ergenlerin
Cinsel Bilgi Tutum ve Davranışları, Traky...
• 2nd Article: Kotchick, B. (2001) Adolescent sexual risk behavior: a
multi-system perspective, Institute for Behavioral R...
Survey
• We made a survey with 8 families.
• Four of these families were graduated from
university.
• Other fours were gra...
Question 1: Do you communicate
with your child about sexuality?
Yes
No
High Educated Low educated
Question 2: Communication with child
about sexuality should be face to face?
Or giving a book about sexuality?
Face to fac...
Question 3: Does media influence your
child’s sexual development?
Yes
No
High Educated Low Educated
Question 4: Does your child use
any social media network?
Yes
No
I don't know
Low EducatedHigh Educated
Question 5: Do you use Internet
filter?
Yes
No
High Educated Low Educated
Question 6: Do peer groups
influence your child’s sexual
development?
Yes
No
High Educated Low Educated
Question 7: Is it sufficient the
education about sexuality given in
schools?
Yes
No
Low EducatedHigh Educated
Question 8: Is it correct to talk
about sexuality in schools?
Yes
No
High Educated Low Educated
Suggestions And Recommendations
• Tell your children that sexuality is natural but it needs a
time and right place to expe...
• Satisfactory educational seminars should be given the students in schools.
There is a good example from Terakki Vakfı Ok...
• Informative and educational seminers that supported by government
and non governmental organizations should be given to ...
• Government should make families awareness about boks and provide easy
access to books.
http://www.birazoku.com/ailede-ci...
• Adolescents should be canalized arts and sports.
http://ekonomi.haberturk.com/turizm/haber/548665-muze-
karta-basvurular...
Conlusion
Adolescents are at high risk for a number of negative
consequences associated with early and unsafe sexual activ...
"Gençligi yetistiriniz.Onlara ilim ve irfanın
müspet fikirlerini veriniz.Gelecegin
aydınlıgına onlarla kavusacaksınız."
M....
REFERENCES
•Adegoke, A.A. (2003). Adolescents in Africa: Revealing the
problems of teenagers in contemporary African
socie...
• Güvenli Okul Projesi. (2011). Retrieved April 2014, from
Vücudumu Tanıyorum:
http://terakki.org.tr/rehberlik/projelerimi...
.
•http://www.nhs.uk/Livewell/Sexandyoungpeople/Pages/Peerpress
ure.aspx
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peer_group
•http://...
• http://www.cinsellikuzmani.com/cinsellik/ergenlik-sorunlu-gecmek-
zorunda-degil.html
• http://ahmetsimsekkoleji.com/wp-c...
GANTT CARD
Special thanks to Hayal Köksal!
THANK YOU FOR
YOUR LISTENING
ANY QUESTIONS?
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Adolescence problems

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2014 Uluslararası Lider Martılar Projeleri_No 11
2014 International ICT Leading Seagulls Projects #11

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Adolescence problems

  1. 1. Boğaziçi University, Spring 2014 Ed 313: Conflict Resolution by Hayal Köksal
  2. 2. Content 1) Group Info 2) Matris Diagram 3) Why did we choose this topic? 4) Fishbone (Definition of the Causes) 5) Analysis of the causes 6) Lit Reviewing (2 Articles) 7) Survey 8) Analysis of the Survey 9) Suggestions and Recommendations 10) Conclusion 11) References 12) Guantt Card
  3. 3. Sümeyye Yalçın (Group Leader) Kübra Dönmez Hilal Köksal
  4. 4. http://adolescentawareness.blogspot.com.tr/
  5. 5. Matris Diagram Drug abuse among adolescents Sexual problems of adolescents Conflict with siblings Kübra 5 7 1 Hilal 7 6 2 Sümeyye 2 5 7 Total 14 18 10
  6. 6. WHY DID WE CHOOSE THIS TOPIC? • Adolescence is a period of transition from childhood to adulthoodin every person’s life. • Adolescence has been also described as a stage among human beings where a lot of physiological as well as anatomical changes take place resulting in reproductive maturity . http://www.cocukendokrindiyabet.org/?gln=sayfa&id=25&knr=1& baslik=Ergenlik+ve+Erken+Ergenlik
  7. 7. Many adolescents manage this transformation successfully while others experience major stress and find themselves engaging in some sexual behaviours: • Sexual experimentation • Loss of virginity • Sexual promiscuity • Unintended pregnancy • Sexually transmitted disease (http://motherhood.modernmom.com/peer-pressure-teenage- pregnancy-4386.html)
  8. 8. Türkiye’de İlk Cinsel İlişki Yaşı Dr. Yıldırım, T. (2008). Üniversite Çağındaki Cinsel Bilgi, Tutum Ve Davranışları Retrived from http://193.255.140.18/Tez/0069748/METIN.pdf
  9. 9. FISHBONE DIAGRAM What are the causes of sexual problems of adolescences?
  10. 10. 1. Media Media contains many sexual messages and effects on teen sexual behaviors. • TV Popular TV shows featured a variety of sexual messages. Also characters talk about when they wanted to have sex and how to use sex to keep a relationship alive. (http://hildabongole.blogspot.com.tr/2010/11/normal-0-false- false-false.html)
  11. 11. • Social Media: Social media networks (i.e. facebook, twitter, instagram, foursquare, tumblr, flickr, last.fm) are very common among teens. This social networking sites play a central role in young people’s live. They are exposed to recieve sexual messages there. Also there are lots of fake accounts including pornography in these sites. (http://www.mediabistro.com/alltwitter/teens-social- media_b50664)
  12. 12. • Sexting: Sexting is a form of texting that people send or receive sexually suggestive and nude images. As many as 20% of teens reported they have sent/posted nude or semi-nude pictures or videos of themselves (National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy, 2008; SexTech, 2008).
  13. 13. http://sozcu.com.tr/kadin/cocuklarda-cinsel-egitim-ama-nasil.html 2. Family
  14. 14. http://www.aktuelpsikoloji.com/cocuklara- cinsellik-nasil-anlatilmali-3228h.htm Sexuality holds an important place in a healty person’s profile. The basis of sexual education of adolesencents is generated in the family first. • Sexual Education Begins With Family However, parents avoid to talk about sexuality with adolescents because of the sensity of the subject and it is difficult to accept that their children grow up. And they usually expect that children ask a question.
  15. 15. http://notoku.com/05-aile-tutumlarinin-cocugun-cinsel-ahlaki-ve-sosyal-gelisimine-etkileri/ For adolescents, it is difficult to talk about sexuality with their parents too. And they need to reliable information about their growing, sexual development, physical and emotional changes in puberty. If this need is not met by parents then adolescents refer another sources such as internet, social media, peer group…esc.
  16. 16. Awareness of the family about sexual education creates the postive impact on the sexual development of adolescents. It is obvious that reliable information giving is not at the same level in each family type and in some families it is not adequate. http://www.endermarangoz.com/index.php?p=1_11_Cocuklarda-Cinsel-E-itim
  17. 17. It is observed that in democratic and high-educated family occasions adolescents experience less problems in sexual development process. http://www.forumdas.net/konu/uluslararasi-aile-gunu-ne-zaman.46847/
  18. 18. While talking with adolescents parents may • Communicate in plain language, •Answer questions with short and explanatory sentences, •Not pass over adolescents questions, •Explain that this process is normal and everbody experience it, •Inform adolescents about physical and emotional changes, •Make their children relax and encourage them to ask whatever they curious about.
  19. 19. 3. Peer Group • A peer group is both a social group and a primary group of people who through homophily, share similarities such as age, background, and social status. • During adolescence, peer groups tend to face dramatic changes. Adolescents tend to spend more time with their peers and have less adult supervision. http://www.cedu.niu.edu/~shumow/itt/doc/SexualActivityAmongAdol escents.pdf
  20. 20. • Adolescents’ communication shifts during this time as well. They prefer to talk about school and their careers with their parents, and they enjoy talking about sex and other interpersonal relationships with their peers. • Children look to join peer groups who accept them, even if the group is involved in negative activities http://menstrupedia.com/articles/puberty/emotional-changes
  21. 21. Peer pressure is the pressure that your friends and the people you know, put on you to do something you don’t want to do (or don’t feel ready to do), such as have sex. http://cbarraganlopez.wordpress.com/2013/05/16/image-about-peer-pressure/
  22. 22. There are different types of peer pressure on sexual behaviours: • obvious peer pressure, such as: “Everyone’s doing it, so should you” • underhand peer pressure, such as: “You’re a virgin, you wouldn’t understand” • controlling peer pressure, such as: “You would do it if you loved me”
  23. 23. • Recent studies have shown that the main factors for unprotected sex or risky sexual behavior may be result of peer pressure, curiosity, or a lack of knowledge. • The American Public Health Association (APHA), reported by Psychology Today, did a study and found that one of the biggest reasons that teenagers partake in sexual activity is because they believe that their peers are also having sex. The peer pressure to “play the part” of someone having sex pushes others into believing that they should.
  24. 24. • A longitudinal study done in 2012 followed a group of adolescents for thirteen years. Self-reports, peer nominations, teacher ratings, counselor ratings, and parent reports were collected, and results showed a strong correlation between deviant peer groups and sexual promiscuity. • Many teens claimed that the reasons for having sex at a young age include peer pressure or pressure from their partner. • Pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases are only a few of the consequences that can occur.
  25. 25. 4. Body Changes The early teen years see lots of changes – physical, emotional, cognitive and social. During this time, children’s bodies, emotions and identities change in different ways at different times. This changes effect sexual behaviours of adolescents. http://menstrupedia.com/articles/puberty/emotional-changes
  26. 26. Physical Changes • For girls, it occurs that early physical changes from about 10-11 years – but this can be seen as young as 8, or as old as 13. Physical changes around puberty include breast development, changes in body shape and height, growth of pubic and body hair, and the start of periods (menstruation). • For boys, physical changes usually start around 11-12 years – but this can be seen as young as 9, or as old as 14. Physical changes include growth of the penis and testes (testicles), height increase, change in body shape, erections with ejaculation, growth of body and facial hair, and changes to voice.
  27. 27. Emotional Changes It is noticed that adolescents show strong feelings and intense emotions at different times. Their moods might seem unpredictable, and these emotional ups and downs can lead to increased conflict. This is partly because their brain is still learning how to control and express emotions in a grown-up way. http://menstrupedia.com/articles/puberty/emotional-changes
  28. 28. All of these changes lead adolescents to seek for sexual identity. When they cannot reach reliable information, they are confused and they have physchological and sexual problems like deep depression, lack of self- confidence… http://www.cocukvegenc.com/icerikdetay-131/cocuklarda-depresyon- tedavisi.html
  29. 29. Lit Reviewing • 1st Article: Yıldırım, T. (2008) Üniversite Çağındaki Ergenlerin Cinsel Bilgi Tutum ve Davranışları, Trakya Üniversitesi. This article aimed to analyzing investigate the sexuality related knowledge, behavior and attitudes of adolescents at the age of university education to recommending suggestions about adolescent health. A questionaire was applied to 28.650 students registering to Trakya University between 2001 and 2007. This study demonstrates the current sexual profiles of adolescents at the age of licence education. Our findings reveals that an action plan is needed to consult adolescents about sexuality and its risks. New multi centered periodic studies that are paralel to our study and representing the whole country should be initiated.Then the risky health behaviours of adolescents can be increased.
  30. 30. • 2nd Article: Kotchick, B. (2001) Adolescent sexual risk behavior: a multi-system perspective, Institute for Behavioral Research, University of Georgia. This article has research about adoption of models and perspectives that are narrow and do not adequately capture the complexity associated with the adolescent sexual experience. In this article, there are some reviews the recent literature pertaining to the correlates of adolescent sexual risk-taking, and organize the findings into a multisystemic perspective. Factors from the self, family, and extrafamilial systems of influence are discussed. Article also considers several methodological problems that limit the literature's current scope, and consider implications of the adoption of a multisystemic framework for future research endeavors. Finally article concludes with a discussion of the implications of the available research for practitioners working to reduce sexual risk behavior among adolescents.
  31. 31. Survey • We made a survey with 8 families. • Four of these families were graduated from university. • Other fours were graduated from elementary school. • Objective of this survey is comparing high and low educated families’ ideas about sexuality of their children.
  32. 32. Question 1: Do you communicate with your child about sexuality? Yes No High Educated Low educated
  33. 33. Question 2: Communication with child about sexuality should be face to face? Or giving a book about sexuality? Face to faceBy book By giving book Low EducatedHigh Educated
  34. 34. Question 3: Does media influence your child’s sexual development? Yes No High Educated Low Educated
  35. 35. Question 4: Does your child use any social media network? Yes No I don't know Low EducatedHigh Educated
  36. 36. Question 5: Do you use Internet filter? Yes No High Educated Low Educated
  37. 37. Question 6: Do peer groups influence your child’s sexual development? Yes No High Educated Low Educated
  38. 38. Question 7: Is it sufficient the education about sexuality given in schools? Yes No Low EducatedHigh Educated
  39. 39. Question 8: Is it correct to talk about sexuality in schools? Yes No High Educated Low Educated
  40. 40. Suggestions And Recommendations • Tell your children that sexuality is natural but it needs a time and right place to experience it. • Use filter to prevent websites that your children give unreliable information. • It can bu useful that mothers inform girls and fathers inform boys. But it never means mothers doesn’t answer boys’ questions or fathers doesn’t answer girls’ questions.
  41. 41. • Satisfactory educational seminars should be given the students in schools. There is a good example from Terakki Vakfı Okulları; http://www.terakki.org.tr/rehberlik/projelerimiz.html
  42. 42. • Informative and educational seminers that supported by government and non governmental organizations should be given to families in cities. • There are some examples from Bakırköy Belediyesi and Konya Belediyesi; http://www.konya.bel.tr/kadem/index2.php?sayfaid=cocuklaricin http://www.bakirkoykadinmeclisi.com/announcementDetail.asp?anc=33
  43. 43. • Government should make families awareness about boks and provide easy access to books. http://www.birazoku.com/ailede-cinsel-egitim http://www.pudra.com/anne-cocuk/cocuk- gelisimi/cocuga-cinselligi-nasil-anlatmali-9656.html http://www.hepimizaileyiz.com/Aile-ve- Iliski/Ebeveyn-ve-Cocuk/Ebeveynler-Icin- Rehber-Kitap-Cinsel-Egitim-Oykuleri-1604
  44. 44. • Adolescents should be canalized arts and sports. http://ekonomi.haberturk.com/turizm/haber/548665-muze- karta-basvurular-devam-ediyor http://www.sporas.com.tr/
  45. 45. Conlusion Adolescents are at high risk for a number of negative consequences associated with early and unsafe sexual activity. Media, family, peer group and physical and body changes cause these sexual problems of adolescenst. Some precautions taken by families, schools and government and giving supporting to adolescents can help teenagers to cope with the sexual problems. Finally, it should not forgotten that children are the feature of the World.
  46. 46. "Gençligi yetistiriniz.Onlara ilim ve irfanın müspet fikirlerini veriniz.Gelecegin aydınlıgına onlarla kavusacaksınız." M.Kemal Atatürk
  47. 47. REFERENCES •Adegoke, A.A. (2003). Adolescents in Africa: Revealing the problems of teenagers in contemporary African society. Ibadan: Hadassah Publishing • Brown, J.D.(2002). Mass media influences on sexuality. •Yıldırım, T. (2008). Üniversite Çağındaki Ergenlerin Cinsel Bilgi Tutum ve Davranışları: Trakya Üniversitesi. •Kotchick, B. (2001). Adolescent sexual risk behavior: a multi- system perspective, Institute for Behavioral Research: University of Georgia.
  48. 48. • Güvenli Okul Projesi. (2011). Retrieved April 2014, from Vücudumu Tanıyorum: http://terakki.org.tr/rehberlik/projelerimiz.html • Konya Belediyesi. (2013). Retrieved April 2014, from Ebeveyn ve Çocuk İlişkisi Semineri: http://www.konya.bel.tr/kadem/index2.php?sayfaid=cocuklar icin
  49. 49. . •http://www.nhs.uk/Livewell/Sexandyoungpeople/Pages/Peerpress ure.aspx •http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peer_group •http://www.cisead.org/cinsel-saglik/ergenlikte-cinsellik.html •http://www.larapsikiyatri.com/ergenlik-donemi-sorunlari- 4dd.i76.ergenlikte-cinsellik •http://www.psikologankara.net/ergenlik-doneminde-cinsel- problemler.html •http://www.terakki.org.tr/rehberlik/projelerimiz.html
  50. 50. • http://www.cinsellikuzmani.com/cinsellik/ergenlik-sorunlu-gecmek- zorunda-degil.html • http://ahmetsimsekkoleji.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/12/rop.pdf • http://www.psiko-medya.com/2012/11/roportaj-uzman-psikolog-cagla- tugba.html
  51. 51. GANTT CARD
  52. 52. Special thanks to Hayal Köksal!
  53. 53. THANK YOU FOR YOUR LISTENING ANY QUESTIONS?

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