Inventory of Leadership Styles


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“You don’t lead by hitting people over the head – that’s assault not leadership”
Dwight Eisenhower

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Inventory of Leadership Styles

  1. 1. Inventory of Leadership Styles
  2. 2. “You don’t lead by hitting people over the A short history of leadershiphead – that’s assault not leadership” The Inventory of Leadership Styles (ILS) is based on work begun at HarvardDwight Eisenhower University by psychologists Litwin and Stringer. Through decades of research and the use of multi-rater surveys amongst top organizations worldwide, HayWhat do effective leaders do? Do they berate, cajole and plead? Do they Group identified the six most effective styles of leadership:collude, or do they simply lead by example? The truth is that they probablyuse a variety of different techniques to get the best out of people. Hay Group Directive: emphasis on immediate compliance from employeesresearch shows that the most effective leaders use a collection of distinct Visionary: emphasis on providing long term vision and leadershipleadership styles – each in the right measure, at just the right time. The ability tocombine these styles and put them into action is not easy, but does pay off in Affiliative: emphasis on creating harmonyperformance. Participative: emphasis on group consensus and generating new ideasEffective leadership eludes many people and organizations. One of the reasons Pacesetting: emphasis on accomplishing tasks to high standardshas been a lack of understanding about the precise leadership behaviors that Coaching: emphasis on professional growth of employeesyield the best results. Fortunately we have the research and the data to remedythat problem. Designed by experts, used by professionals ‘‘over-rated?’’ The ILS has 68 questions and takes about 20 minutes to complete. The feedback report consists of two profiles: Self-profile: how the manager thinks they are behaving A Hay Group study suggests the higher people rise in an organization, Feedback profile: the styles their team experience the more likely they are to over-rate themselves and develop blind spots that hinder their effectiveness as leaders. The survey of 1,214 leaders It is important to compare the two sets of data. The report brings into focus how from organizations worldwide showed that the more senior they were the leader actually comes across, versus how they intended to come across. in an organization, the more they over-rated themselves compared This is powerful feedback to receive and must be delivered by an accredited to how they were rated by others. This tendency to develop executive consultant. blind spots can be overcome by establishing a 1800 feedback process using tools such as the Inventory of Leadership Styles. The Inventory of Leadership Styles can be used as a stand–alone instrument, but is most effective with the Organizational Climate Survey (OCS). The ILS helps leaders identify the leadership behaviors they use; the OCS allows them to see the impact these behaviors are having on their team.
  3. 3. How you’ll learn to lead by exampleThe Inventory of Leadership Styles is the closest you get tounderstanding leadership from the point of view of those being led. It isnormed against tens of thousands of managers around the world, acrossindustries and across job functions and levels. The feedback showsyou how your employees’ experiences compare with those in otherorganizations.The ILS will help your leaders: have a much clearer picture of what it takes to lead effectively and how you can make that happen have a direct impact on the working atmosphere of your company, team or division – and ultimately on your financial performance use our reports in one-to-one feedback and group development programs respond better to continually changing business environments, using Leadership Styles at the right time in the right measure to achieve resultsIt is important for leaders to identify their leadership styles’ strengthsand weaknesses. However, measuring is only the first step. We’d love youto call us to talk about how our consultants can design something thatmeets your specific needs around Leadership Styles. Hay Group Europe, Middle East, India & Africa: + 44 (0)20 7856 7575 The Americas & Asia Pacific: + 1 800 729 8074 + 1 617 927 5026 web: