The FThe Frenchrench RRevolutionevolution
1
Hussain Haafiz
????????????????
????????????????
?(South Campus)
The French revolution was a violent liberal
movement against the conservative French
monarchy. Its aims evolved over a dec...
“
FRENCH REVOLUTIONFRENCH REVOLUTION
The French Revolution was a time of great turmoil in French
history, During the Frenc...
“
Despite national lack of food, they always ate immense
amount, and spent money which even didn’t belong to them, but to
...
“
Finally, he was arrested and overthrown, one year later, and the
new constitution, with much newer ideas that gave peopl...
Causes of the French RevolutionCauses of the French Revolution
Absolute Monarchy
Corrupt Leadership & Government debt
Unfair land distribution & unfair tax code
Rigid social class s...
 Causes of French RevolutionCauses of French Revolution
 Absolute Monarchy (Monarchism)
•Monarchical form of Government ...
• Government found its funds depleted.
• Privileged classes would not submit to
being taxed.
Causes of French Revolution
Unfair Land Distribution & Unfair Tax Code
• Third Estate was the poor people and they had to pay
all the taxes with abso...
 Rigid Social Class Structure & Privileges of the
first and second estate
•First Estate »
•Second Estate »
•Third Estate ...
Estate Population Privileges Exemptions Burdens
First •Circa
130,000
•High-ranking
clergy
•Collected the tithe
•Censorship...
 Spread of Enlightenment ideas
• Scientists during the Renaissance had discovered laws that
govern the natural world.
• I...
 Poor Harvest & Inflation
•As in many other revolutions, food shortages,
high price and hunger formed a volatile social
b...
 Failure of “Luis XVI” to Accept Reforms
•Inability to reform the grain trade – there are issues which
hurt the economy a...
• Lack of free enterprises. Too many petty controls, not
enough liberty to bring capital in and out of the country
meant t...
 Formation of National Assembly
• Representative government did not mean democracy
or “mob rule”
• Tennis Court Oath was ...
Causes of French Revolution
Storming of the Bastille
• Events of the night of July 13, 1789
• Reasons for the attack on ...
► Main Events in French RevolutionMain Events in French Revolution
or Time lineor Time line
21
► Main Events in French Revolution or Time lineMain Events in French Revolution or Time line
Call of the Estates Gener...
*Call of the Estates Generals - May 1789*Call of the Estates Generals - May 1789
*Tennis Court Oath – June 1789*Tennis Cou...
Storming of the Bastille – July 1789
Declaration of the Rights of Man – August 1789
23
Angry Revolutionaries storm the B...
*Storming of the Bastille – July 1789
* Declaration of the Rights of Man – August 1789
March on Versailles – October 1789
Civil constitution of the clergy – July 1790
25
The civil constitution of clergy is p...
*March on Versailles – October 1789
*Civil constitution of the clergy – July 1790
Royal family attempts to flee – June 1791
Execution of the king - 1793
27
King Louis XVI and his family attempts to flee...
*Royal family attempts to flee – June 1791
*Execution of the king - 1793
Reign of Terror – September 1793 to July 1794
Execution of Robespierre – July 1794
29
Thousands of Peoples are sentenced...
*Reign of Terror – September 1793 to July 1794
*Execution of Robespierre – July 1794
The Thermidorian reaction and the Directory - 1795
Napoleon Bonaparte - 1799
To control executive responsibilities and a...
*The Thermidorian reaction and the Directory –
1995
*Napoleon Bonaparte - 1799
Quick Summary of FrenchQuick Summary of French
RevolutionRevolution
34
In history major changes take place often. One example of a
major change was the French Revolution. The French Revoluti...
The 3rd Estate paid most of the taxes in France. A third cause of
the Revolution was people wanted to have a democracy. In...
Thank You
36
Thank you for Your
Attention
• http://www.wikipedia.org
• http://www.alphahistory.com
• http://www.history.co...
French Revolution  - Not a fiction - Completed by @hax_pix on twitter
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French Revolution - Not a fiction - Completed by @hax_pix on twitter

  1. 1. The FThe Frenchrench RRevolutionevolution 1 Hussain Haafiz ???????????????? ???????????????? ?(South Campus)
  2. 2. The French revolution was a violent liberal movement against the conservative French monarchy. Its aims evolved over a decade.
  3. 3. “ FRENCH REVOLUTIONFRENCH REVOLUTION The French Revolution was a time of great turmoil in French history, During the French Revolution, the previous absolute monarchy and the entire social three estate system was overthrown. People in the third estate were especially tired of being treated like this, and wanted radical changes right away, Louis XVI was the first king to come into power at the start of the revolution. He was very weak and indecisive ruler, which was terrible for the country at the point. He also had a wife, Marie Antoinette from Austria, who was obsessed with spending money. Together, they put the country into debt with over 2 billion livres. Overview of
  4. 4. “ Despite national lack of food, they always ate immense amount, and spent money which even didn’t belong to them, but to the country. This put the country into a worse state, and eventually, both Louis XVI and his wife Marie Antoinette were executed. The Third Estate - They wanted more respect and actual say in the Government. They were given a tithe for their crops, which caused them starvation and malnutrition. They had the most trouble paying for bread, while others feasted away. Finally, they began violent revolts. After Louis XVI’s execution, a ruler named Robespierre came into power. He was a terrible ruler, who killed thousands of men by the guillotine. There weren’t fair trails, and anyone suspected was killed. Overview of FRENCH REVOLUTIONFRENCH REVOLUTION
  5. 5. “ Finally, he was arrested and overthrown, one year later, and the new constitution, with much newer ideas that gave people unalienable rights, was issued. After many reforms, and new enlightened ideas, the Revolution was over. Clearly, with all of these new reforms, the estate had gotten exactly what they wanted and succeeded in the Revolution. After this ten years of upheaval and turmoil, the new modern France was finally formed. Overview of FRENCH REVOLUTIONFRENCH REVOLUTION
  6. 6. Causes of the French RevolutionCauses of the French Revolution
  7. 7. Absolute Monarchy Corrupt Leadership & Government debt Unfair land distribution & unfair tax code Rigid social class structure & privileges of the estates Spread of Enlightenment ideas Poor harvest & Inflation Failure of Luis XVI to accept reforms Formation of National Assembly Storming of the Bastille Causes of the French RevolutionCauses of the French Revolution
  8. 8.  Causes of French RevolutionCauses of French Revolution  Absolute Monarchy (Monarchism) •Monarchical form of Government in Which the Monarch has absolute Power. Corrupt Leadership & Government Debt • The king (Louis XVI) lavished money on himself and residences like Versailles • Queen Marie Antoinette was seen as a wasteful spender…. 9
  9. 9. • Government found its funds depleted. • Privileged classes would not submit to being taxed. Causes of French Revolution
  10. 10. Unfair Land Distribution & Unfair Tax Code • Third Estate was the poor people and they had to pay all the taxes with absolutely no land Also, they sells off church lands Causes of French Revolution
  11. 11.  Rigid Social Class Structure & Privileges of the first and second estate •First Estate » •Second Estate » •Third Estate » Causes of French Revolution Clergy Nobility The rest of society
  12. 12. Estate Population Privileges Exemptions Burdens First •Circa 130,000 •High-ranking clergy •Collected the tithe •Censorship of the press •Control of education •Kept records of births, deaths, marriages, etc. •Catholic faith held honored position of being the state religion (practiced by monarch and nobility) •Owned 20% of the land Paid no taxes •Moral obligation (rather than legal obligation) to assist the poor and needy •Support the monarchy and Old Regime •Subject to Church law rather than civil law. Second •Circa 110,000 •Nobles •Collected taxes in the form of feudal dues •Monopolized military and state appointments •Owned 20% of the land •Paid no taxes •Support the monarchy and Old Regime Third •Circa 25,000,000 •Everyone else: artisans, bourgeoisie, city workers, merchants, peasants, etc., along with many parish priests •None •None •Paid all taxes •Tithe (Church tax) •Octrot (tax on goods brought into cities) •Corvée (forced road work) •Capitation (poll tax) •Vingtiéme (income tax) •Gabelle (salt tax) •Taille (land tax) •Feudal dues for use of local manor’s winepress, oven, etc. Estates Contribution
  13. 13.  Spread of Enlightenment ideas • Scientists during the Renaissance had discovered laws that govern the natural world. • Intellectuals – philosophes – began to ask if natural laws might also apply to human beings. – Particularly to human institutions such as governments – They used reason and logic to determine how governments are formed o Tried to figure out what logical, rational principles work to tie people to their governments. – Questioned the divine right of kings. Causes of French Revolution
  14. 14.  Poor Harvest & Inflation •As in many other revolutions, food shortages, high price and hunger formed a volatile social backdrop to the French revolution. As members of Third estate had to spend more and more of their income on breads. Causes of French Revolution
  15. 15.  Failure of “Luis XVI” to Accept Reforms •Inability to reform the grain trade – there are issues which hurt the economy and may well have participated to the triggering of the revolution •Military matters were treated was ridiculous. War with England was unnecessary, but once it had started the French navy incompetence and the suicidal European diplomacy made the consequences in the conflict much worse. etc.. Causes of French Revolution
  16. 16. • Lack of free enterprises. Too many petty controls, not enough liberty to bring capital in and out of the country meant that traders and industrialists did not invest as much as they could have and the French ones had more incentives to pursue a lordship than an economic career. Causes of French Revolution
  17. 17.  Formation of National Assembly • Representative government did not mean democracy or “mob rule” • Tennis Court Oath was formed due to the disagreement of the 3’rd Estate and the Monarch. • Louis XVI did not actually want a written constitution • When news of his plan to use military force against the National Assembly reached Paris on July 14, 1789, people stormed the Bastille. Causes of French Revolution
  18. 18. Causes of French Revolution Storming of the Bastille • Events of the night of July 13, 1789 • Reasons for the attack on the Bastille the next morning • The stubbornness of the governor of the fortress • Celebrations on the night of July 14th • Sparks tremendous popular revolution all over France 19
  19. 19. ► Main Events in French RevolutionMain Events in French Revolution or Time lineor Time line
  20. 20. 21 ► Main Events in French Revolution or Time lineMain Events in French Revolution or Time line Call of the Estates Generals - May 1789Call of the Estates Generals - May 1789 King Louis XVI calls forth the Estates General Together for the first time in a long time. Featuring the estates. Tennis Court Oath – June 1789Tennis Court Oath – June 1789 After being removed from the Estates General, the Third Estate forms the National Assembly. Then they swear to the Tennis Court saying that they will not leave until the constitution was formed.
  21. 21. *Call of the Estates Generals - May 1789*Call of the Estates Generals - May 1789 *Tennis Court Oath – June 1789*Tennis Court Oath – June 1789
  22. 22. Storming of the Bastille – July 1789 Declaration of the Rights of Man – August 1789 23 Angry Revolutionaries storm the Bastille. By doing this, not only does it make a statement against the monarchy but the mob also attained weapons and gunpowder that were kept in the prison. The declaration of Rights of Man is written and states that all men are equal under law. Woman and children were not affected by this document. ► Main Events in French Revolution or Time lineMain Events in French Revolution or Time line
  23. 23. *Storming of the Bastille – July 1789 * Declaration of the Rights of Man – August 1789
  24. 24. March on Versailles – October 1789 Civil constitution of the clergy – July 1790 25 The civil constitution of clergy is published allowing the French government control of the church. Due to badly needed money, the government starts to sell church land Parisian market woman lead a march on Versailles to protest about scarcity and high price of bread ► Main Events in French Revolution or Time lineMain Events in French Revolution or Time line
  25. 25. *March on Versailles – October 1789 *Civil constitution of the clergy – July 1790
  26. 26. Royal family attempts to flee – June 1791 Execution of the king - 1793 27 King Louis XVI and his family attempts to flee from France but are caught at Verannes. They are sent back to Paris where the King is forced to go on trial. After been put on trial the king is sentenced to death. He is executed by the guillotine on January 21, 1793. ► Main Events in French Revolution or Time lineMain Events in French Revolution or Time line
  27. 27. *Royal family attempts to flee – June 1791 *Execution of the king - 1793
  28. 28. Reign of Terror – September 1793 to July 1794 Execution of Robespierre – July 1794 29 Thousands of Peoples are sentenced to death by execution that is caused by conflict between two political parties the Jacobins, and the Girondins. The leader of the Jacobins, Maximilien Robespierre arises as a new leader of the Revolution Maximilien Robespierre, leader of the Jacobins, is executed and the power of the Jacobins fall with him. In his time he had more than 15000 people executed at the guillotine. The Girondins gain more power as a result. ► Main Events in French Revolution or Time lineMain Events in French Revolution or Time line
  29. 29. *Reign of Terror – September 1793 to July 1794 *Execution of Robespierre – July 1794
  30. 30. The Thermidorian reaction and the Directory - 1795 Napoleon Bonaparte - 1799 To control executive responsibilities and appointments, a group known as Directory was formed. The directory’s abused of power soon came on rival that of any of the tyrannous revolutionaries France has faced. He was a success military commander. He arrived in time to lead a coup against the Directory, eventually stepping up and naming himself “first consul” the leader of France. With Napoleon at the helm, the revolution ended. France entered fifteen-year period of military rule. ► Main Events in French Revolution or Time lineMain Events in French Revolution or Time line
  31. 31. *The Thermidorian reaction and the Directory – 1995 *Napoleon Bonaparte - 1799
  32. 32. Quick Summary of FrenchQuick Summary of French RevolutionRevolution
  33. 33. 34 In history major changes take place often. One example of a major change was the French Revolution. The French Revolution occurred in France during the late 1700’s. The French people wanted to replace their Absolute government with a democracy. The ideas of the Enlightenment encouraged members of the 3rd Estate to revolt against Louis XVI. Revolution is change. The French Revolution is an example of change. There were many causes that led to the Revolution. One cause was the 3rd Estate wanted freedom. The 3rd Estate had a meeting to declare their equality within the French government. They produced a document know as the Declaration of the Rights of Man. Another cause of the Revolution was the need to lower the tax burden on the 3rd Estate. Summary of French RevolutionSummary of French Revolution
  34. 34. The 3rd Estate paid most of the taxes in France. A third cause of the Revolution was people wanted to have a democracy. In order to achieve this democracy the French people felt they had to execute Louis XVI by guillotine. There were many effects from the French Revolution. One immediate effect was instead of getting a democracy Napoleon took control of France. Napoleon was a dictator. However, over time France becomes a democracy. Today France is a democracy. Change occurred throughout history. Revolutions are examples of change. The French Revolution was a major change in history. After the French Revolution people throughout Europe and South America were inspired to fight for democracy and freedom. Summary of French RevolutionSummary of French Revolution The End
  35. 35. Thank You 36 Thank you for Your Attention • http://www.wikipedia.org • http://www.alphahistory.com • http://www.history.com • http://www.britannica.com • http://www.chnm.gmu.edu • http://www.newadvent.org • http://www.sparknotes.com • References;

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