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IC-SDV 2019: Firms as patent applicants in France in 2017 - Emmanuelle Fortune (Institut National de la Propriété Industrielle INPI, France)

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Firms represent a prime target for public authority awareness-raising policies especially as regards innovation and filing patents. Yet it is not always easy to get a handle on this population in terms of statistics, meaning that it is particularly difficult to systematically identify in the patent databases different kinds of firms that do file patent applications.

Two census of firms conducted in 1999 and 2007, organised jointly by Bpifrance and INPI, allow the INPI to yearly identify the different kinds of firms among the companies that filed a patent application at the French patent office. This study reveals the importance of the different kinds of firms among the total patent applicant population and firms’ behaviours.

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IC-SDV 2019: Firms as patent applicants in France in 2017 - Emmanuelle Fortune (Institut National de la Propriété Industrielle INPI, France)

  1. 1. Firms as patent applicants in France in 2017 Emmanuelle Fortune 9th April 2019
  2. 2. 2 / Why this study 2 objectives Identification of French applicants in the patent database Analysis of patent behavior of French firms ► Few exhaustive studies about the patent behavior of private firms IC-SDV, April 9, 2019
  3. 3. 3 / Background of the study Census of French patent applicants conducted in 1999 and 2007 Yearly identification of applicants at INPI organised jointly by Bpifrance and INPI IC-SDV, April 9, 2019
  4. 4. 4 / Firms definition used: European definition European council Regulation n°696/93 of 15 March 1993 French application law n°2008-1354 of 18 December 2008 ►Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) workforce <250 sales < 50 million € ► Intermediate-sized companies 250 < workforce < 5000 50 million € < sales < 1.5 billion € ►Large companies workforce > 5000 sales > 1.5 billion € IC-SDV, April 9, 2019
  5. 5. 5 / Methodology of the study ►Identification of applicants in the patent database ►Foreign corporate bodies ►French corporate bodies • Research organizations and public firms • Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) • Intermediate-sized companies • Large companies Focus on private firms IC-SDV, April 9, 2019
  6. 6. 6 / Methodology of the study ►Data bases used • French patent database • Astree database (Van Dijk Bureau) ►Using 2 identification numbers • INPI identification number • firm’s national number (SIREN) IC-SDV, April 9, 2019 IC-SDV, April 9, 2019
  7. 7. 7 / ►Indicators calculated as the fractional count of patent applications published in 2017 or patent in force in 2017 ►Dimensions studied • Applicant type • Inventor’s localization • International extension Methodology of the study IC-SDV, April 9, 2019
  8. 8. 8 / How many patent applications published? Number of patent applications published in 2017 at INPI % of the applications filed by French corporate bodies Source : INPI 2018 IC-SDV, April 9, 2019 19,5% 7,5% 57,9% 13,9% 1,3% SMEs Intermediate-sized companies Large companies Research organizations and public firms NA 2 243 864 6 660 1 595 0 1 000 2 000 3 000 4 000 5 000 6 000 7 000 SMEs Intermediate-sized companies Large companies Research organizations and public firms French corporate bodies: 11511 patent applications published
  9. 9. 9 / Trend between 2012 and 2017 % of the applications filed by French corporate bodies Source : INPI 2018 IC-SDV, April 9, 2019 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Publication years Research organizations and public firms Large companies Intermediate-sized companies SMEs
  10. 10. 10 / Which type of firm is the biggest patentee in 2017? Average number of patent applications published at INPI in 2017 Source : INPI 2018 IC-SDV, April 9, 2019 1,4 2,5 16,1 6,9 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 SMEs Intermediate-sized companies Large companies Research organizations and public firms French corporate bodies: 4,3 patent applications published in average
  11. 11. 11 / % of international extension of patent applications Source : INPI 2018 Internationalisation strategies IC-SDV, April 9, 2019 62,7% 78,9% 61,0% 69,9% 54,6% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% French corporate bodies Research organizations and public firms Large companies Intermediate-sized companies SMEs
  12. 12. 12 / Source : INPI 2018 IC-SDV, April 9, 2019 SMEs and Intermediate-sized at regional level % of patent applications from SMEs or intermediate-sized companies Alsace Bretagne Provence- Alpes- Côte d'Azur
  13. 13. 13 / % of the total patents in force in France in 2017 Mainly from EPO Source : Patstat spring version 2018, INPI 2018 IC-SDV, April 9, 2019 423 037 75% 140 915 25% Patents in force in France from EPO Patents in force in France from INPI France's attractiveness in 2017
  14. 14. 14 / % of the total patents in force in France in 2017 Mainly from foreign applicants France's attractiveness in 2017 IC-SDV, April 9, 2019 381 062 68% 41 975 7% 19 645 3% 121 270 22% Patents in force in France from EPO and from foreign applicants Patents in force in France from EPO and from French applicants Patents in force in France from INPI and from foreign applicants Patents in force in France from INPI and from French applicants Source : Patstat spring version 2018, INPI 2018
  15. 15. 15 / % of the total patents in force in France in 2017 by French corporate bodies IC-SDV, April 9, 2019 19,8% 9,2% 57,7% 11,9% 1,4% SMEs Intermediate-sized companies Large companies Research organizations and public firms NA France's attractiveness in 2017 French corporate bodies: 121270 patents in force in France from INPI Source : Patstat spring version 2018, INPI 2018
  16. 16. 16 / % of the total patents in force in France in 2017 by French corporate bodies IC-SDV, April 9, 2019 19,8% 9,2% 57,7% 11,9% 1,4% SMEs Intermediate-sized companies Large companies Research organizations and public firms NA France's attractiveness in 2017 French corporate bodies: 121270 patents in force in France from INPI Source : Patstat spring version 2018, INPI 2018
  17. 17. 17 / ►Applicant identification for studies in the patent database ►This study shows us how highly firms are involved in innovating process ►This work is helpful to define the INPI policy to develop IP in firms • Reduction of patent fee for SMEs • IP audit for SMEs Conclusion IC-SDV, April 9, 2019
  18. 18. 18 / Further information on INPI work on patents: https://www.inpi.fr/fr/services-et-prestations- domaine/etudes-chiffres-cles efortune@inpi.fr Thank you! IC-SDV, April 9, 2019

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