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IC-SDV 2018: Emmanuelle Fortune (INPI) Tale of patents filed in France in 1999

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The patent applications filed in 1999 at the INPI can be comprehensively analysed for illustrating the most recent French patent story.

In this cohort, more than 7 out of 10 patent applications are granted. 9 years after their filing date (in 2008), half of these granted patents were still in force, and 16 years after their filing date (in 2015), there were about 20%.

Two main factors have a positive influence on the maintenance of these patents: patents that survived after litigation before French Courts and patents encompassing numerous claims.

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IC-SDV 2018: Emmanuelle Fortune (INPI) Tale of patents filed in France in 1999

  1. 1. Tale of patents filed in France in 1999 Emmanuelle Fortune 24th April 2018
  2. 2. 2 / Why this study? ► Few surveys about the story of patents in force ► Objective: Analysis of the story of patents filed in 1999 at the INPI (on going work) IC-SDV, April 24, 2018
  3. 3. 3 / Background of the study 1st census of French patent applicants conducted in 1999 Allow us to identify French patent applicants and follow patents filed in 1999 at the INPI organised jointly by Bpifrance and INPI IC-SDV, April 24, 2018
  4. 4. 4 / Methodology of the study ►Identification of French applicants in the French patent database ►Foreign corporate bodies ►French corporate bodies • Research organizations and public firms • Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) • Intermediate-sized companies • Large companies IC-SDV, April 24, 2018
  5. 5. 5 / From patent applications… 16 868 patents filed at INPI in 1999 12 673 granted patents 75% of granted patents Source : INPI 2017 IC-SDV, April 24, 2018 2 years after filling 57% granted patents
  6. 6. 6 / … to granted patents 12 673 granted patents 8 521 granted patents by French corporate bodies 67% of granted patents Source : INPI 2017 IC-SDV, April 24, 2018
  7. 7. 7 / Which actors? Number of granted patents of patents filed in 1999 at INPI % of the granted patents and filed by French corporate bodies in 1999 at INPI 8 521 granted patents by French corporate bodiesSource : INPI 2017 9% 58% 25% 8% Intermediate-sized companies Large companies SMEs Research organizations and public firms 740 4 931 2 131 716 3 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 Intermediate-sized companies Large companies SMEs Research organizations and public firms Indetermined IC-SDV, April 24, 2018
  8. 8. 8 / International extension of patents filed in 1999 at INPI And where? Source : INPI 2017
  9. 9. 9 / Trend between 1999 and 2017 Number and % of patents in force by year Source : INPI 2017 100% 99% 95% 89% 80% 70% 62% 55% 49% 42% 38% 35% 31% 28% 25% 21% 4% 0% 12673 12656 12546 12005 11339 10136 8882 7830 6997 6243 5310 4808 4384 3943 3520 3115 2676 511 0 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 120% 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 14000 IC-SDV, April 24, 2018 9 years 16 years after filing
  10. 10. 10 / Number and % of patents in force by year Source : INPI 2017 100% 99% 95% 89% 80% 70% 62% 55% 49% 42% 38% 35% 31% 28% 25% 21% 4% 0% 12673 12656 12546 12005 11339 10136 8882 7830 6997 6243 5310 4808 4384 3943 3520 3115 2676 511 0 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 120% 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 14000 IC-SDV, April 24, 2018 5 years after filing Trend between 1999 and 2017
  11. 11. 11 / % of patents in force and renewal fees by year Source : INPI 2017 100% 99% 95% 89% 80% 70% 62% 55% 49% 42% 38% 35% 31% 28% 25% 21% 4% 0% 36 € 36 € 72 € 92 € 130 € 170 € 210 € 250 € 290 € 330 € 380 € 430 € 490 € 550 € 620 € 690 € 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 120% 0 € 100 € 200 € 300 € 400 € 500 € 600 € 700 € IC-SDV, April 24, 2018 5 years after filing Trend between 1999 and 2017
  12. 12. 12 / Factors with a positive influence on the maintenance of patents Source : INPI 2017 Factors with a positive influence on the maintenance of patents At least one citation Number of claims Litigation before French Courts
  13. 13. 13 / Factors with a positive influence on the maintenance of patents % of patents in force that survived after litigation before French Courts by year Source : INPI 2017 0,0% 10,0% 20,0% 30,0% 40,0% 50,0% 60,0% 70,0% 80,0% 90,0% 100,0% % patent in force (all 12673 patents) % patents in force after litigation (168 patents)
  14. 14. 14 / Factors with a positive influence on the maintenance of patents % of patents in force by number of claims by year Source : INPI 2017 0,0% 10,0% 20,0% 30,0% 40,0% 50,0% 60,0% 70,0% 80,0% 90,0% 100,0% ClaimsNB ≤ 2 3 ≤ claimsNB ≤ 10 ClaimsNB ≥ 10
  15. 15. 15 / Factors with a positive influence on the maintenance of patents Source : INPI 2017 % of patents in force by number of citation by year 0,0% 10,0% 20,0% 30,0% 40,0% 50,0% 60,0% 70,0% 80,0% 90,0% 100,0% % patent in force with at least one citation % patents in force with no citation
  16. 16. 16 / Factor with a negative influence on the maintenance of patents Source : INPI 2017 Factor with a negative influence on the maintenance of patents Rejected extension at the EPO
  17. 17. 17 / Factor with a negative influence on the maintenance of patents Source : INPI 2017 A difference of 1.5 year of the average year of maintenance 7,5 9 0 5 Granted patents with a rejected extension at the EPO All granted patents Average age
  18. 18. 18 / • Issue of applicant identification for studies in the patent database • Factors with a positive influence on the maintenance of patents • Factors with a negative influence on the maintenance of patents Conclusion
  19. 19. 19 / Further information on INPI studies published: https://www.inpi.fr/fr/services-et-prestations- domaine/etudes-chiffres-cles efortune@inpi.fr Thank you!

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