STEM in the Early Early Education Round Table

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Round table discussion on STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math) in the context of early childhood education.

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STEM in the Early Early Education Round Table

  1. 1. Laura Johnson, Ed. M. Jenne Parks, M.Ed. Dale McManis, Ph.D. May 8, 2014 STEM IN EARLY EDUCATION ROUND TABLE www.hatchearlylearning.com | #HatchExperts
  2. 2. HATCH MODERATORS Tryna King Rachel Brent Product Training Coordinator Social Media Specialist
  3. 3. USING GOTOWEBINAR You may use either a telephone or your computer’s speakers to listen. Use the question panel to interact with the speaker or moderators. www.hatchearlylearning.com | #HatchExperts
  4. 4. Following the program a recording of the presentation, the slides and a certificate of attendance will be emailed to you! www.hatchearlylearning.com | #HatchExperts
  5. 5. STEM in Early Education Round TableWHO ARE YOU?
  6. 6. ¡  Fill out the survey for a chance to win a gift certificate. ¡  Your questions will be answered in the follow-up Q&A blog. ¡  Stick around for your chance to win a STEM kit from Hatch! FOLLOWING THE WEBINAR www.hatchearlylearning.com | #HatchExperts
  7. 7. Join the Conversation! www.hatchearlylearning.com | #HatchExperts @lkjohnson6 @DrLDMcManis @HatchEarlyChild #HatchExperts
  8. 8. TODAY’S SPEAKERS www.hatchearlylearning.com | #HatchExperts Laura Johnson, Ed.M. Harvard University Jenne Parks, M.Ed. Hatch Early Learning Dale McManis, Ph.D. Hatch Early Learning
  9. 9. What  is  STEM?   •  STEM  itself  is  an  acronym  for  Science,  Technology,   Engineering,  and  Math.   •  Fun  Fact:  Na9onal  Science  Founda9on  (NSF)  began   using  “SMET”  as  shorthand  for  “science,   mathema9cs,  engineering,  &  technology”  in  90s.       •  An  NSF  program  officer  complained  “SMET”   sounded  much  like  “smut,”  the  switch  was  made  to   the  “STEM”  acronym.       Sanders  2009  
  10. 10. POLL   How  much  emphasis  is  placed  on  STEM  Educa9on  in  your   ECE  work/program?       o  Huge  and  well-­‐established   o  Gaining  momentum   o  Very  inconsistent   o  Basically  not  happening     o  I  don’t  work  directly  in  ECE  
  11. 11. Spoiler  Alert!   STEM  &  ECE  are  Perfect  Together….   Both  share  a  focus  on:   •  Explora9on,  discovery,  crea9vity   •  Integrated,  mul9-­‐disciplinarian  approach   •  Learner-­‐centeredness  in  a  social  context  
  12. 12. STEM  Educa@on   •  STEM  educa9on  can  be  thought  of  as  a  “meta-­‐discipline”   •  Integrated  STEM  educa9on:  “Transforming  tradi9onal   classrooms  from  teacher-­‐centered  instruc9on  into  inquiry-­‐ based,  problem  solving,  discovery  zones  where  children   engage  with  content  to  find  solu9ons  to  problems                   (Fioriello,  2010).”     Fioriello  2010  in  Howard-­‐Brown  &  Mar9nez  2012  
  13. 13. And  the  “A”  in  STEAM?   •  Many  people  propose  using  the  term  STEAM  where  the  A   indicates  the  arts.   •  This  is  suggested  as  individuals  must  also  be  crea9ve  and  use   cri9cal  thinking  skills  which  are  supported  through  exposure  to   and  experience  with  the  arts.   Image  from  psarts.org  
  14. 14.  Integrated  STEM  Educa@on   •  First,  what  it’s  NOT!     –  Not  intended  to  be  a  new  stand-­‐alone  school  subject   with  “integra9ve  STEM  educa9on”  licensing  and   regula9ons     •  What  it  is!     –  Thinking  about  bringing  elements  from  the  four  areas   together  in  lessons   –  Finding  ways  to  build  cross-­‐disciplinarian  teams   Image  from  Purdue  Univ  
  15. 15. Why  So  Much  Focus  on  Early  Learners?   •  Interest  &  mo9va9on  high  in  pre-­‐k  and  early   elementary   •  Even  though  under-­‐taught     BUT   •  Drops  off  drama9cally  by  middle  elementary   •  Even  though  more  instruc9on  
  16. 16. ECE  Can  Help  It  “S@ck”   Much  like  ECE,  integra9ve  STEM  educa9on  is  firmly  grounded   in  decades  of  cogni9ve  science,  par9cularly  construc9vism.          Shared  themes:   •  “Learning  is  a  construc/ve,  not  a  recep/ve,  process.   •  Mo/va/on  and  beliefs  are  integral  to  cogni/on.   •  Social  interac/on  is  fundamental  to  cogni/ve  development.   •  Knowledge,  strategies,  and  exper/se  are  contextual.”         Bruning  et  al    2004  in  Sanders  2009  
  17. 17. ECE  Challenges  for  STEM  Ed   •  Inconsistency  in  teacher  training  for  STEM   •  Diverse  learning  standards   •  Lack  of  funding     •  Lack  of  good  curriculum  &  materials   •  False  dichotomy  of  play  vs  instruc@on   •  Teacher  discomfort  w/content     But  PD  can  make  a  huge  difference!             EDC  &  NSF  2013;  Howard-­‐Brown  &  Mar9nez  2012                                                    Image  from  marathonna9on.us  
  18. 18. Trajectories  for  STEM   Closing  Message….   Dr.  Doug  Clements  advises  that  learning  trajectories    that  are  research-­‐based  and   embedded  in  curricula  are  a  cri9cal  facet  of  effec9ve  early  STEM  educa9on:       “STEM  learning  trajectories  start  with  a  goal  and  involve  a   developmental  progression—students’  successive  levels  of   thinking  related  to  the  goal.  Based  on  their  understanding  of   students’  thinking,  teachers  fine-­‐tune  ac9vi9es  to  help  students   move  along  the  developmental  progression  to  achieve  the  goal.”     EDC  &  NSF  2013  
  19. 19. Over  to  Laura….  
  20. 20. “We've  arranged  a  civiliza9on  in  which  most  crucial  elements  profoundly   depend  on  science  and  technology.  We  have  also  arranged  things  so   that  almost  no  one  understands  science  and  technology.  This  is  a   prescrip9on  for  disaster.”      –  Carl  Sagan,  American  astronomer,  astrophysicist,  cosmologist,  author  
  21. 21. •  In  the  past  10  years  the  number  of  STEM  jobs   grew  three  @mes  faster  than  non-­‐STEM  jobs.     Why  is  STEM  educa9on  a  na9onal   priority?  
  22. 22. •  In  the  past  10  years  the  number  of  STEM  jobs   grew  three  @mes  faster  than  non-­‐STEM  jobs.     •  In  the  next  10  years  the  Bureau  of  Labor   Sta9s9cs  expects  the  United  States  to  create  9.2   million  jobs  in  STEM  fields.       Why  is  STEM  educa9on  a  na9onal   priority?  
  23. 23. •  In  the  past  10  years  the  number  of  STEM  jobs  grew   three  @mes  faster  than  non-­‐STEM  jobs.     •  In  the  next  10  years  the  Bureau  of  Labor  Sta9s9cs   expects  the  United  States  to  create  9.2  million  jobs   in  STEM  fields.     •  On  average,  STEM  workers  earn  26  percent  more   than  their  counterparts.       Why  is  STEM  educa9on  a  na9onal   priority?  
  24. 24. Indicators  of  Effec9ve  PreK  Curriculum   •  Children  are  ac@ve  and  engaged.   •  Valued  content  is  learned  through  inves@ga@on   and  focused,  inten@onal  teaching.     •  Curriculum  builds  on  prior  learning  and   experiences.   •  Curriculum  is  comprehensive.   •  Curriculum  is  likely  to  benefit  children.     -­‐  NAEYC/NAECS-­‐SDE  
  25. 25. STEM  +  early  childhood     =  future  success  
  26. 26. Illustra9on  by  Kali  Ciesemier   curiosity   crea9vity   collabora9on   cri9cal   thinking  
  27. 27. curiosity   crea9vity   collabora9on   cri9cal   thinking   STEM   in  ECE  
  28. 28. curiosity   crea9vity   collabora9on   cri9cal   thinking   STEM   in  ECE   Asking  “why?”   and  “how?”  
  29. 29. curiosity   crea9vity   collabora9on   cri9cal   thinking   STEM   in  ECE   Asking  “why?”   and  “how?”   Helping  children   think  about  their   own  thought   process  
  30. 30. “If  the  child  is  going  to  control  and  direct  his  own   thinking,  in  the  kind  of  way  we  have  been   considering,  he  must  become  conscious  of  it.”     -­‐  Jean  Piaget  
  31. 31. curiosity   crea9vity   collabora9on   cri9cal   thinking   STEM   in  ECE   Asking  “why?”   and  “how?”   Helping  children   think  about  their   own  thought   process   Using   mathema9cal   and  scien9fic   language  
  32. 32. curiosity   crea9vity   collabora9on   cri9cal   thinking   STEM   in  ECE   Asking  “why?”   and  “how?”   Helping   children  think   about  their   own  thought   process   Linking   concepts   across  a  variety   of  situa9ons     Using   mathema9cal   and  scien9fic   language  
  33. 33. How  many  of  you  are  familiar  with  Piaget’s   concepts  of  “schema”  and  “adapta9on?”   o  I’ve  never  heard  of  them.   o  I’ve  heard  of  them,  but  don’t  understand  them.   o  I  somewhat  understand  them.   o  I  have  an  in-­‐depth  understanding  of  those  concepts.   Poll  
  34. 34. New  Situa9on   Disequilibrium   Assimila9on   Equilibrium   Ini9al  Schema   for  Dogs   Process  of  Adapta9on:  Assimila9on   Reorganized   Ini9al  Schema   including  Barking  
  35. 35. Exis9ng  Schema   for  Dogs   Process  of  Adapta9on:  Accommoda9on   Exis9ng  Schema   for  Dogs   New  Schema  for   Cats   New  Situa9on   Disequilibrium   Assimila9on   Equilibrium   Accommoda9on  
  36. 36. New  Situa9on   Disequilibrium   Assimila9on   Equilibrium   Accommoda9on   Process  of  Adapta9on:     Assimila9on  and  Accomoda9on  
  37. 37. curiosity   crea9vity   collabora9on   cri9cal   thinking   STEM   in  ECE   Asking  “why?”   and  “how?”   Providing   opportuni9es  for   open-­‐ended   explora9on   Helping   children  think   about  their   own  thought   process   Linking   concepts   across  a  variety   of  situa9ons   Using   mathema9cal   and  scien9fic   language  
  38. 38. curiosity   crea9vity   collabora9on   cri9cal   thinking   STEM   in  ECE   Asking  “why?”   and  “how?”   Providing   opportuni9es  for   open-­‐ended   explora9on   Encouraging   crea9ve   thought   Helping   children  think   about  their   own  thought   process   Linking   concepts   across  a  variety   of  situa9ons   Using   mathema9cal   and  scien9fic   language  
  39. 39. curiosity   crea9vity   collabora9on   cri9cal   thinking   STEM   in  ECE   Asking  “why?”   and  “how?”   Star9ng  from   real  world   experiences   Providing   opportuni9es   for  open-­‐ ended   explora9on   Encouraging   crea9ve   thought   Helping   children  think   about  their   own  thought   process   Linking   concepts   across  a  variety   of  situa9ons   Using   mathema9cal   and  scien9fic   language  
  40. 40. curiosity   crea9vity   collabora9on   cri9cal   thinking   STEM   in  ECE   Asking  “why?”   and  “how?”   Star9ng  from   real  world   experiences   Providing   opportuni9es  for   open-­‐ended   explora9on   Encouraging   crea9ve   thought   Helping  children   think  about  their   own  thought   process   Linking   concepts   across  a  variety   of  situa9ons   Using   mathema9cal   and  scien9fic   language  
  41. 41. On  to   Jenne!  
  42. 42. STEM  KIT:  ENGINEERING  ROBOTICS  
  43. 43. ENIGNEERING   A  ROBOT  
  44. 44. MOBILIZING  A  ROBOT  
  45. 45. STEM  KIT:  UP,  OVER  &  ON  WE  GO!   5
  46. 46. STEM  KIT:  UP,  OVER  &  ON  WE  GO!
  47. 47. STEM  Kit:  It’s  All  in  the  Box!
  48. 48. STEM  KIT:  GRAVITY-­‐  IF  IT  GOES   UP,  WILL  IT  COME  DOWN?  
  49. 49. STEM  KIT:  GRAVITY-­‐  IF  IT  GOES  UP,  WILL  IT  COME  DOWN?  
  50. 50. STEM  KIT:  GRAVITY-­‐  IF  IT  GOES  UP,  WILL  IT  COME  DOWN?  
  51. 51. ¡  EDC & NSF. 2013. STEM Smart Brief: Nurturing STEM Skills in Young Learners PreK-3rd. http://successfulstemeducation.org/resources/nurturing-stem-skills-young- learners-prek%E2%80%933 ¡  McManis LD. 2014. Research-Basis Whitepaper for Hatch Innovations: Solutions for Success in an Early Learning Environment. http://hatchearlylearning.com/?wpfb_dl=110 ¡  Sanders M. 2009. STEM, STEM Education, STEMmania. The Technology Teacher, Dec/Jan, 20-26. http://esdstem.pbworks.com/f/TTT+STEM+Article_1.pdf ¡  Howard-Brown B. & Martinez D. 2012. Engaging Diverse Learners Through the Provision of STEM Education Opportunities. http://secc.sedl.org/resources/briefs/diverse_learners_STEM/ ¡  Bredekamp S. & Pikulski J. 2005. Principles of an Effective Preschool Curriculum. http://www.eduplace.com/prek/pdf/prek-naeyc.pdf SOURCES
  52. 52. STEM in Early Education Round Table QUESTIONS? www.hatchearlylearning.com | #HatchExperts
  53. 53. …and STEM kits that help children to blossom. TECHNOLOGY THAT REALLY WORKS HANDy Engineering Robotics It’s All in the Box!
  54. 54. IN TWO WEEKS! Family Engagement Through Music: How Music Can Support Parent Involvement in Children’s Learning at School and at Home Lili Levinowitz, Ph.D. & Lauren Guilmartin, M.A. Thursday, May 22nd 2014 2-3:30 PM ET www.hatchearlylearning.com | #HatchExperts
  55. 55. THE WINNER IS… www.hatchearlylearning.com | #HatchExperts
  56. 56. THANKS! SEE YOU IN TWO WEEKS! www.hatchearlylearning.com | #HatchExperts

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