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  1. 1. EMOTIONS
  2. 2. Names Roll no Topics  Shakir Hussain 60  Zunaira Altaf 26  Hina Maqbol 22  Sumbal Shabbir 38  Rida Fatima 44  Azca Sajid 28 Introduction Emotion Changes James Theory Cannon Theory Verbal Emotion Non-Verbal emotion
  3. 3. EMOTIONS
  4. 4. Introduction The word emotion comes from Latin roots  meaning to “move out” or to “excite” , the motivated person usually moves physically towards some goal or away from aversive situation
  5. 5. Introduction  Like motivation emotion can initiate direct or maintain behavior leading towards pleasant stimuli or away from danger or unpleasantness Unpleasant PleasantBehavior
  6. 6. Definition Emotions are feelings that generally have both physiological and cognitive elements and that influence behavior
  7. 7. Component of Emotional Behavior Emotions Physiological Behavioral Cognitive
  8. 8. Physiological change In psychology emotion is considered a response to stimuli that involves characteristic physiological changes such as Increase in pulse rate Rise in body temperature Change in breathing
  9. 9. Cognitive changes The cognitive component is how we interpret certain situations or stimulations.  This determines which emotion our body will feel. For example;
  10. 10. Behavioral changes  This component has been called the outward expression of our emotions. For example , These display what emotions we are feeling Body gestures Facial expressions Our tone of voice
  11. 11. Characteristics of emotions  The subjective experience of emotions has several characteristics  Emotion is transitory which tends to have a clear begging and shot duration  Emotion experience has a definite pleasant or unpleasant aspect (either negative or positive)  Emotion experience alters thought process it is usually diverts the attention towards or away from others  Emotion influence behavior
  12. 12. Components of emotion
  13. 13. William James and is followers suggested that an emotion has following five components Subjective experience Internal bodily response Cognitive Appraisal Facial experience Reaction to the perceived source of emotion
  14. 14. Functions of emotions  They help us in communication with others e.g. facial expressions  They regulate social behavior  They create cognitive bias and maintain self –esteem  Emotion direct and energize individual’s thoughts and behavior
  15. 15. Aspects of emotions  While studying the aspects of emotion it become clear that Cognitive, Conitive and Effective all three aspects of constitute  Cognitive process include individual interpretation memories and expectation  The overt behavior reaction is expressive and instrumental  Psychologist focus on one or another of these aspects of human emotions
  16. 16. Basic emotions Robert Plutchik created a wheel of emotions in 1980 which consisted of 8 basic emotions and 8 advanced emotions each composed of 2 basic ones.
  17. 17. Basic emotion Basic opposite  Joy Sadness  Trust Disgust  Fear Anger  Surprise Anticipation  Sadness Joy  Disgust Trust  Anger Fear  Anticipation Surprise
  18. 18. He said that all other emotions are assumed to be a variations of these eight basic emotions For example Love is a combination of joy and acceptance Disappointment is a combination of sadness and surprise
  19. 19. Advanced emotion Composed of... Advanced opposite  Optimism Anticipation + Joy Disappointment  Love Joy + Trust Remorse  Submission Trust + Fear Contempt  Awe Fear + Surprise Aggressiveness  Disappointment Surprise + Sadness Optimism  Remorse Sadness + Disgust Love  Contempt Disgust + Anger Submission  Aggressiveness Anger + Anticipation Awe
  20. 20. Robert Plutchik Wheel Of Emotion
  21. 21. References  An Approach to Psychology Vol 1  (Rakhshanda Shahnaz)  An Introduction-to-Psychology Psy 101  ( Virtual University Pakistan)  Myers Psychology 7th Edition  (James A. McCubbin, PhD  Clemson University)