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  1. 1. EMOTIONS
  2. 2. EMOTIONS
  3. 3. Introduction  The word emotion comes from Latin roots  meaning to “move out” or to “excite” ,  the motivated person usually moves physically towards some goal or away from aversive situation
  4. 4. Introduction  Like motivation emotion can initiate direct or maintain behavior leading towards pleasant stimuli or away from danger or unpleasantness Unpleasant Behavior Pleasant
  5. 5. Definition Emotions are feelings that generally have both physiological and cognitive elements and that influence behavior
  6. 6. Component of Emotional Behavior Emotions Physiological Behavioral Cognitive
  7. 7. Physiological change  In psychology emotion is considered a response to stimuli that involves characteristic physiological changes such as Increase in pulse rate Rise in body temperature Change in breathing
  8. 8. Cognitive changes  The cognitive component is how we interpret certain situations or stimulations.  This determines which emotion our body will feel. For example;
  9. 9. Behavioral changes  This component has been called the outward expression of our emotions. For example , Body gestures Facial expressions Our tone of voice These display what emotions we are feeling
  10. 10. Characteristics of emotions  The subjective experience of emotions has several     characteristics Emotion is transitory which tends to have a clear begging and shot duration Emotion experience has a definite pleasant or unpleasant aspect (either negative or positive) Emotion experience alters thought process it is usually diverts the attention towards or away from others Emotion influence behavior
  11. 11. Components of emotion
  12. 12. William James and is followers suggested that an emotion has following five components Subjective experience Internal bodily response Cognitive Appraisal Facial experience Reaction to the perceived source of emotion
  13. 13. Functions of emotions  They help us in communication with others e.g. facial expressions  They regulate social behavior  They create cognitive bias and maintain self –esteem  Emotion direct and energize individual’s thoughts and behavior
  14. 14. Aspects of emotions  While studying the aspects of emotion it become clear that Cognitive, Conitive and Effective all three aspects of constitute  Cognitive process include individual interpretation memories and expectation  The overt behavior reaction is expressive and instrumental  Psychologist focus on one or another of these aspects of human emotions
  15. 15. Basic emotions  Robert Plutchik created a wheel of emotions in 1980 which consisted of 8 basic emotions and  8 advanced emotions each composed of 2 basic ones.
  16. 16. Basic emotion Basic opposite  Joy  Trust  Fear  Surprise  Sadness  Disgust  Anger  Anticipation Sadness Disgust Anger Anticipation Joy Trust Fear Surprise
  17. 17. He said that all other emotions are assumed to be a variations of these eight basic emotions For example Love is a combination of joy and acceptance Disappointment is a combination of sadness and surprise
  18. 18. Advanced emotion Composed of... Advanced opposite         Optimism Love Submission Awe Disappointment Remorse Contempt Aggressiveness Anticipation + Joy Disappointment Joy + Trust Remorse Trust + Fear Contempt Fear + Surprise Aggressiveness Surprise + Sadness Optimism Sadness + Disgust Love Disgust + Anger Submission Anger + Anticipation Awe
  19. 19. Robert Plutchik Wheel Of Emotion
  20. 20. References  An Approach to Psychology Vol 1       (Rakhshanda Shahnaz) An Introduction-to-Psychology Psy 101 ( Virtual University Pakistan) Myers Psychology 7th Edition (James A. McCubbin, PhD Clemson University)