Hello EveryoneI would like to share with you some tips on how you can do better inyour studies. The first thing you need to do is to plan your time.Work out a timetable and fit in your studies as well as your otheractivities. Devote more time to subjects that youre weak in. Focusyour time and energy where they are needed most. Choose a placethat is suitable for you to study. The place you choose should befree from distractions so that you can concentrate on the work athand. There really is no magic formula to do well. You need to reviseregularly. Spend some time each day going through what was taughtin school. This way, you will not have tons of revision to do as theexams draw near. I wish you all the best in the coming examination.Thank you.
You will be asked to write a summary of not more than 60 words in Section B of thePMR English Language Paper 2•Read the question carefully and identify the nouns in the question (Underline themas this will help you to detect the points) •Then look at the 10 words given. •Try to find the 10 words in the text, sometimes not the whole 10 words could befound in the text. If, the 10 words is no where in the text, look back at thequestion; words from the question could be in the text. (Usually the points aredirectly after the words and in the second paragraph) •Read the text carefully to identify important facts/ points.•Underline the important facts/points, leave out details like example or lengthydescriptions.•Before you write your summary.. List down the points, write them down in youranswer sheet and then, count the words. Name of people and places are consideredas one word. Examples: Kota Kinabalu, Tun Mahathir Mohamad•After that, do some cutting, pasting and joining; cut redundant words and try tojoin the points and re-organise them. •Make sure that whatever you do would not change the meaning.•Then, as far as possible write out your summary using your own words, but use thesame tense as in the passage.•You must use /begin your summary with the 10 words given.•Use connectors or whatever suitable words to link the fact. •Write your summary in not more than 60 words and in one paragraph.•Dont forget to write the number of words in brackets as the end of yoursummary.
Sample Question (Section B, Paper 2 – PMR 2006 )Write a summary on why Zoo Negara has problems with the animals left atthe gates.Your summary must:••not be more than 60 words, including the 10 words given below••be in continuous writing (not note form)••be written in one paragraph•Use your own words as far as possible without changing its originalmeaning. Begin your summary as follows.Zoo Negara accepts the abandoned animals but the dumping has ....The ‘words’ – but the dumping has could be found in Paragraph 2, line 2.Contents to why Zoo Negara has problems with the animals left at the gates:• grown tremendously.• animals arrive at the zoo ill and malnourished.• Feeding and handling them incur costs.• They might even bring diseases and infect other animals (The animals are quarantinedfor three months before they can go into enclosures).• they take up the limited quarantined space the zoo has.• Primates (are released into forests as they) attack each other in shared enclosures.• The zoo does not accept species listed under CITES for illegal origins butthese animals are also being left at the zoo.
CommentsBased on the points given, we could see that : 1.The first point directly connected to the 10 given word.2.The second point, is connected to the nouns - zoo, animals and problems.3.The third point, is connected to zoo and animals; as feeding and handlingis done definitely in the zoo and the pronoun them, refers to animals. Whilecost is the reference to problems.4.The fourth point, they refers to animals, bring diseases refer to problemsand other animals refer to zoo.5.The fifth point, they refers to animals, limited quarantined spaces toproblems, and there is the noun zoo.6.Point six, primates refers to animals, attack each other refers to problemsand close enclosure is definitely zoo.7.Point seven, The noun zoo is there, so does animals and of illegal originsrefers to problems.In conclusion, if you have problems getting the points, try to find thembased on the nouns in the question.
TRY TO FIND THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SAMPLE 1 & SAMPLE 2Sample Answer 1:Zoo Negara accepts the abandoned animals but the dumping has ....// growntremendously. (C1) Animals arrive at the zoo ill and malnourished. (C2)Feeding and handling them incur costs. (C3)They might even bring diseasesand infect others. (C4) So, they are quarantined for three months before theycan go into enclosures and thus take up the limited quarantined space thezoo has.(C5) Primates are // released into forest as they attack each other inshared enclosures. The zoo does not accept species listed under CITES forillegal origins but these animals are also being left at the zoo. Contents = 5 Style and Presentation = 3 Total = 8/10
TRY TO FIND THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SAMPLE 1 & SAMPLE 2Sample Answer 2:Zoo Negara accepts the abandoned animals but the dumpinghas ....// grown enormously. (C1) Animals of illegal origins,(C7) malnourished and ailing with infectious diseases (C2) and thus have tobe quarantined are being dumped at its doorstep. (C4) Apart from havingproblem of inadequate quarantined space, (C5) primates also attack eachother in shared enclosures. (C6) In addition, Feeding and managing themtoo incur costs. (C3)(56 words) Contents = 5 Style and Presentation = 5 Total = 10/10
Difference1. LOOK AT HOW POINTS IN SAMPLE 2 ARE REORGANISED; POINT 7 GOING UP WHILE POINT 3 AT THE END.2. CERTAIN WORDS, SUCH AS ILL IS CHANGED TO AILING.3. LOOK AT HOW POINT 7, 2 AND 4 ARE JOINED.** Remember:If it is a story..1. Remember to change the pronoun; I to he/she, me to him/her, mine to his/hers, he/she to what it refers to, we to they, us to them, our to their and etc..2. The points in the summary must be written in sequence.
Sample Question (Section B, Paper 2 – PMR 2007)Write a summary on why Andrew’s visit to Malaysia was a memorable one.Your summary must:•not be more than 60 words, including the 10 words given below.•be in continuous writing (not note form)•be written in one paragraphDear Editor, I am writing this letter to express my appreciation to all Malaysians who had made my visit toMalaysia a meaningful one. Upon reaching Kuala Lumpur International Airport, I took a taxi to Kuala Lumpur city. The taxidriver greeted me with a warm smile and showed me to his taxi. He was also kind enough torecommend places of interest that I should visit in your country. Over the next few weeks, I travelled around the country. I visited Melaka, Pulau Langkawi, PulauRedang and Genting Highlands, just to name a few. In Langkawi, I had the opportunity to be with thelocals and also enjoy home-cooked dishes. I was truly touched by their friendliness and hospitality.It was a wonderful experience! What I found unique about Malaysia is the way people of different races and religions livepeacefully as one. I noticed this from the way Malaysians celebrated their National Day. Clearly, theway everyone came together is an excellent example of tolerance and understanding. This is whatMalaysia should highlight to the rest of the world. Let me say ‘terima kasih’ to all those who have made my stay a memorable one. I will definitelycome again and I would also promote Malaysia to all my friends back in England.Andrew Jacob
Use your own words as far as possible without changing its original meaning.Begin your summary as follows:Andrew visited Malaysia and he was impressed with Malaysia because…..Let us try this using what I have thought you....The nouns are Andrew, Malaysia and a memorable oneThe difference here is just that the 10 given words could not be found anywherein the text. But, the question is..." Andrews visit to Malaysia was a memorableone" is the same as "my visit to Malaysia a meaningful one.So, after that... that is in paragraph two onwards.. you could find the points.I refers to Andrew, Kuala Lumpur city refers to Malaysia and The taxi drivergreeted with a warm smile refers to a memorable one...So...try to find more points...usually there are more than 5..List them downbefore you summarise the text..Remember... it is a letter/ recount.. you will have to change the pronoun.
Good luck“Hope for the best but prepare for the worst”