WWII Pacific: Pre-War Pacific

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Wh 10 wwii pacific 4 pre war pacific 4-27-10

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WWII Pacific: Pre-War Pacific

  1. 1. 4 Pre WWIIUS & Japanese Relations
  2. 2. To Map
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  39. 39. 4Country / Region / Event Description / Dates / Resources Manchuria Southeast Asia China RussiaSpanish American War
  40. 40. Possible FRs: 1930s Isolation & Neutrality1) What could the US have done to remain neutral during WWII?2) What evidence supports the belief that the US (FDR) never intended to remain neutral?3) Did the US provoke problems in order to have war initially waged on them? Back
  41. 41. 4JAPAN USA Back to Long Road Skip to chronology
  42. 42. JAPAN USA
  43. 43. JAPAN USA Both Japan & the US had imperial plans for China & Southeast Asia
  44. 44. JAPAN USA Both Japan & the US had imperial plans for China & Southeast Asia
  45. 45. JAPAN USA JAPAN a) b)
  46. 46. JAPAN USA JAPAN • Living Space? •
  47. 47. JAPAN USA JAPAN b)Living Space? c) Natural Resources
  48. 48. JAPAN USA USA a) b)
  49. 49. JAPAN USA USA a) Natural Resources b)
  50. 50. JAPAN USA USA • Natural Resources b) Sell Supply Surplus
  51. 51. JAPAN USARegions & Resources Label the location and resources
  52. 52. JAPAN USA Manchuria?
  53. 53. Manchuria JAPAN USA Manchuria
  54. 54. 4Country / Region / Event Description / Dates / Resources Manchuria Southeast Asia China RussiaSpanish American War
  55. 55. Manchuria JAPAN USA
  56. 56. MANCHURIAN RESOURCES1)2) BACK
  57. 57. MANCHURIAN RESOURCES1) Coal2) BACK
  58. 58. MANCHURIAN RESOURCES1) Coal2) BACK
  59. 59. MANCHURIAN RESOURCES1) Coal2) BACK
  60. 60. MANCHURIAN RESOURCES1) Coal2) ??? BACK
  61. 61. MANCHURIAN RESOURCES1) Coal2) Iron BACK
  62. 62. MANCHURIAN RESOURCES1) Coal2) Iron BACK
  63. 63. MANCHURIAN RESOURCES1) Coal2) Iron BACK
  64. 64. MANCHURIAN RESOURCES1) Coal2) STEEL BACK
  65. 65. MANCHURIAN RESOURCES1) Coal2) STEEL BACK
  66. 66. MANCHURIAN RESOURCES1) Coal2) Iron BACK
  67. 67. Manchuria JAPAN USA Got the Resources for Manchuria?
  68. 68. 4Country / Region / Event Description / Dates / Resources Manchuria Southeast Asia China RussiaSpanish American War
  69. 69. Manchuria JAPAN USA S o As i uth a ea s t
  70. 70. Manchuria JAPAN USA Southeast Asia & Resources?
  71. 71. Manchuria JAPAN USA Southeast Asia & Resources?
  72. 72. Manchuria JAPAN USA S o As i uth a ea s t
  73. 73. Southeast Asia & Resources1)2)3)
  74. 74. Southeast Asia & Resources1)Rubber2)3)
  75. 75. Southeast Asia & Resources1)Rubber2)Tin3)
  76. 76. Southeast Asia & Resources1)Rubber2)Tin3)Oil
  77. 77. Random Rubber Info1)Where does it come from ?2)What is it used for?3)Random Canadians To Continue
  78. 78. Each night a rubber tapper must remove a thin layer of bark along a downward half spiral on the tree trunk. Ifdone carefully and with skill, this tapping panel will yield latex for up to 5 years. Then the opposite side will betapped allowing this side to heal over. The spiral allow the latex to run down to a collecting cup. The work is done at night so the latex will run longer before drying out.
  79. 79. BACK
  80. 80. BACK
  81. 81. Back
  82. 82. Manchuria JAPAN USA S o As i uth a ea s t
  83. 83. Southeast Asia & Resources1)2)3)
  84. 84. Southeast Asia & Resources1)Rubber2)3)
  85. 85. Southeast Asia & Resources1)Rubber2)Tin3)
  86. 86. Tiny Tin Info1) Where does Tin come from?2) What is it used for?3) Random Facts To Continue
  87. 87. Back
  88. 88. BACK
  89. 89. Back
  90. 90. Back
  91. 91. Manchuria JAPAN USA S o As i uth a ea s t
  92. 92. Southeast Asia & Resources1)2)3)
  93. 93. Southeast Asia & Resources1)Rubber2)3)
  94. 94. Southeast Asia & Resources1)Rubber2)Tin3)
  95. 95. Southeast Asia & Resources1)Rubber2)Tin3)Oil
  96. 96. Oil Info1) Where does it come from?2) What is it used for?3) Random Info To Continue
  97. 97. Manchuria JAPAN USA S o As i uth a ea s t
  98. 98. JAPAN USACHINA
  99. 99. Russia JAPAN USA
  100. 100. JAPAN USAPhilippines
  101. 101. JAPAN USAPhilippines
  102. 102. JAPAN USAIn 1898, US declares war on Spain due to the explosion of the USBattleship Maine in Cuba
  103. 103. JAPAN USAUS responds by…
  104. 104. JAPAN USAUS responds by attackingthe Philippines to “free” the natives from the Spanish
  105. 105. JAPAN USAThe irony is…
  106. 106. JAPAN USAThe irony is once the US “frees” the Philippines fromSpain, the US stays
  107. 107. JAPAN USAFighting takes place between US & Philippine Rebels
  108. 108. JAPAN USAUS kill over 200,000 and stay until after WWII
  109. 109. JAPAN USA
  110. 110.  JAPAN USA
  111. 111. Russia Manchuria JAPAN USACHINASo Asi Philippines u th a ea ts
  112. 112. DATES TO REMEMBER Date Event Significance1852 –1898 –1905 –1918 –1937 –1941 –
  113. 113. DATES TO REMEMBER Date Event Significance Admiral Perry opens Japan ends isolationism,1852 – Japanese Ports Meiji begin to modernize Japan1898 –1905 –1918 –1937 –1941 –
  114. 114. DATES TO REMEMBER Date Event Significance1852 – Admiral Perry opens 1) Japan ends isolationism, Japanese Ports 2) Meiji begin to modernize Japan1898 – Spanish American War • US controls Philippines • US & Japan compete for Asia1905 –1918 –1937 –1941 –
  115. 115. DATES TO REMEMBERDate Event Significance1852 – Admiral Perry 1) Japan ends isolationism, 2) Meiji begin to modernize Japan1898 – Spanish American War • US controls Philippines • US & Japan compete for Asia1905 – Russo Japanese War • US negoitates peace • Japan win but feel short changed by US1918 –1920s -1937 –1941 – Teddy Roosevelt with Russians & Japanese diplomats in 1905
  116. 116. DATES TO REMEMBERDate Event Significance1852 – Admiral Perry 1) Japan ends isolationism, 2) Meiji begin to modernize Japan1898 – Spanish American War • US controls Philippines • US & Japan compete for Asia1905 – Russo Japanese War 1) US negotiates peace 2) Japan wins but feels cheated by US 3) Did US try to keep Japan weak?1918 –1920s -1937 –1941 – Teddy Roosevelt with Russians & Japanese diplomats in 1905
  117. 117. DATES TO REMEMBERDate Event Significance1852 – Admiral Perry 1) Japan ends isolationism, 2) Meiji begin to modernize Japan1898 – Spanish American War • US controls Philippines • US & Japan compete for Asia1905 – Russo Japanese War 1)US negotiates peace 2)Japan wins but feels cheated by US 3)Did US try to keep Japan weak?1918 – Treaty of Versailles 1)Japan leaves early = does NOT get promised land for fighting WWI. 2) US Pres. Wilson “War without victory”1920s -1937 –1941 –
  118. 118. DATES TO REMEMBERDate Event Significance Admiral Perry 1) Japan ends isolationism,1852 – 2) Meiji begin to modernize Japan Spanish American War • US controls Philippines1898 – • US & Japan compete for Asia Russo Japanese War 1)US negotiates peace1905 – 2)Japan wins but feels cheated by US 3)Did US try to keep Japan weak?1918 – Treaty of Versailles 1)Japan leaves early = does NOT get promised land for fighting WWI. 2) US Pres. Wilson “War without victory”1920s - Isolationism, 1) US isolated after WWI = Japan expands Washington Conference, 2) Japanese rejects naval agreement Kellogg Briand Pact, 3) Peace agreement = not enforced Hawley Smoot Tariff1937 –
  119. 119. DATES TO REMEMBERDate Event Significance Admiral Perry 1) Japan ends isolationism,1852 – 2) Meiji begin to modernize Japan Spanish American War • US controls Philippines1898 – • US & Japan compete for Asia Russo Japanese War 1)US negotiates peace1905 – 2)Japan wins but feels cheated by US 3)Did US try to keep Japan weak? Treaty of Versailles 1)Japan leaves early = does NOT get1918 – promised land for fighting WWI. 2) US Pres. Wilson “War without victory” Isolationism, 1)US isolated after WWI = Japan expands1920s - Washington Conference, 2)Japanese rejects naval agreement Kellogg Briand Pact, 3)Peace agreement = not enforced Hawley Smoot Tariff 1) Trade Embargo, 1)No sellings weapons, No loans to Japan1937 – 2) Quarantine Speech, 2) Isolate aggressor 3) Panay Incident 3) Japanese bomb American ship in Yangtze River. Japanese apologize and pay for damages
  120. 120. DATES TO REMEMBER Date Event Significance Admiral Perry 1) Japan ends isolationism,1852 – 2) Meiji begin to modernize Japan Spanish American War • US controls Philippines1898 – • US & Japan compete for Asia Russo Japanese War 1)US negotiates peace1905 – 2)Japan wins but feels cheated by US 3)Did US try to keep Japan weak? Treaty of Versailles 1)Japan leaves early = does NOT get1918 – promised land for fighting WWI. 2) US Pres. Wilson “War without victory” Isolationism, Washington 1)US isolated after WWI = Japan expands1920s Conference, Kellogg Briand 2)Japanese rejects naval agreement Pact, Hawley Smoot Tariff 3)Peace agreement = not enforced1937 – Trade Embargo, Quarantine 1)No sellings weapons, No loans to Japan Speech, Panay Incident 2) Isolate aggressor 3) Japanese bomb American ship in Yangtze River. Japanese apologize and pay for damages1941 – Diplomatic ties cut1941- Details leading to Pearl Harbor
  121. 121. Date Event Significance to U.S.1929 24 July1931 18 Sept.1933 24 Feb.1934 12 April
  122. 122. Date Event Significance to U.S.1929 24 July U.S. Approves Kellogg-Briand1931 18 Sept.1933 24 Feb.1934 12 April
  123. 123. Date Event Significance to U.S.1929 24 July U.S. Approves Outlaws war Kellogg-Briand1931 18 Sept.1933 24 Feb.1934 12 April
  124. 124. Date Event Significance to U.S.1929 24 July U.S. Approves Outlaws war Kellogg-Briand1931 18 Sept. Japan’s march into Manchuria1933 24 Feb.1934 12 April
  125. 125. Date Event Significance to U.S.1929 24 July U.S. Approves Outlaws war Kellogg-Briand1931 18 Sept. Japan’s march U.S. does into Manchuria nothing1933 24 Feb.1934 12 April
  126. 126. Date Event Significance to U.S.1929 24 July U.S. Approves Outlaws war Kellogg-Briand1931 18 Sept. Japan’s march U.S. does into Manchuria nothing1933 24 Feb. Japan walks out of League1934 12 April
  127. 127. Date Event Significance to U.S.1929 24 July U.S. Approves Outlaws war Kellogg-Briand1931 18 Sept. Japan’s march U.S. does into Manchuria nothing1933 24 Feb. Japan walks out No reprisals of League1934 12 April
  128. 128. Date Event Significance to U.S.1929 24 July U.S. Approves Outlaws war Kellogg-Briand1931 18 Sept. Japan’s march into U.S. does Manchuria nothing1933 24 Feb. Japan walks out of No reprisals League1934 12 April NYE Investigation
  129. 129. Date Event Significance to U.S.1929 24 July U.S. Approves Outlaws war Kellogg-Briand1931 18 Sept. Japan’s march into U.S. does nothing Manchuria1933 24 Feb. Japan walks out of No reprisals League1934 12 April NYE Investigation Munitions profits Causes of war
  130. 130. 1935 31 Aug.1935 9 Dec.1936 29 Feb.1937 1 May1937 5 Oct.
  131. 131. 1935 31 Aug. 1st Neutrality Act1935 9 Dec.1936 29 Feb.1937 1 May1937 5 Oct.
  132. 132. 1935 31 Aug. 1st Neutrality Act Forbids arms to belligerents1935 9 Dec.1936 29 Feb.1937 1 May1937 5 Oct.
  133. 133. 1935 31 Aug. 1st Neutrality Act Forbids arms to belligerents1935 9 Dec. Japan leaves 2nd London Naval Conference1936 29 Feb.1937 1 May1937 5 Oct.
  134. 134. 1935 31 Aug. 1st Neutrality Act Forbids arms to belligerents1935 9 Dec. Japan leaves 2nd Only England & London Naval U.S. agree to Conference limitations1936 29 Feb.1937 1 May1937 5 Oct.
  135. 135. 1935 31 Aug. 1st Neutrality Act Forbids arms to belligerents1935 9 Dec. Japan leaves 2nd Only England & London Naval U.S. agree to Conference limitations1936 29 Feb. 2nd Neutrality Act1937 1 May1937 5 Oct.
  136. 136. 1935 31 Aug. 1st Neutrality Act Forbids arms to belligerents1935 9 Dec. Japan leaves 2nd Only England & London Naval U.S. agree to Conference limitations1936 29 Feb. 2nd Neutrality Act No loans to belligerents1937 1 May1937 5 Oct.
  137. 137. 1935 31 Aug. 1st Neutrality Act Forbids arms to belligerents1935 9 Dec. Japan leaves 2nd Only England & London Naval U.S. agree to Conference limitations1936 29 Feb. 2nd Neutrality Act No loans to belligerents1937 1 May 3rd Neutrality Act1937 5 Oct.
  138. 138. 1935 31 Aug. 1st Neutrality Act Forbids arms to belligerents1935 9 Dec. Japan leaves 2nd Only England & London Naval U.S. agree to Conference limitations1936 29 Feb. 2nd Neutrality Act No loans to belligerents1937 1 May 3rd Neutrality Act No loans to belligerents1937 5 Oct.
  139. 139. 1935 31 Aug. 1st Neutrality Act Forbids arms to belligerents1935 9 Dec. Japan leaves 2nd Only England & London Naval U.S. agree to Conference limitations1936 29 Feb. 2nd Neutrality Act No loans to belligerents1937 1 May 3rd Neutrality Act No loans to belligerents1937 5 Oct. FDR’s Speech – Quarantine the Aggressors
  140. 140. 1935 31 Aug. 1st Neutrality Act Forbids arms to belligerents1935 9 Dec. Japan leaves 2nd Only England & London Naval U.S. agree to Conference limitations1936 29 Feb. 2nd Neutrality Act No loans to belligerents1937 1 May 3rd Neutrality Act No loans to belligerents1937 5 Oct. FDR’s Speech – Meets with Quarantine the disinterest Aggressors
  141. 141. Diplomacy FailsJuly 25th, 1941 –September 1941 –October 1941 –November 26th, 1941 –November 30th, 1941-
  142. 142. Diplomacy FailsJuly 25th, 1941 – FDR freezes all Japanese assets in the US. Complete embargo on shipments going to Japan prompted by Japanese aggression in South Indo-China.September 1941 –October 1941 –November 26th, 1941 –November 30th, 1941-
  143. 143. Diplomacy FailsJuly 25th, 1941 – FDR freezes all Japanese assets in the US. Complete embargo on shipments going to Japan prompted by Japanese aggression in South Indo-China.September 1941 – FDR turns down Conference in Hawaii with Prince Konoye, the Japanese Premier since Japanese will not make concessions in advance.October 1941 –November 26th, 1941 –November 30th, 1941-
  144. 144. Diplomacy FailsJuly 25th, 1941 – FDR freezes all Japanese assets in the US. Complete embargo on shipments going to Japan prompted by Japanese aggression in South Indo-China.September 1941 – FDR turns down Conference in Hawaii with Prince Konoye, the Japanese Premier since Japanese will not make concessions in advance.October 1941 – Konoye ministry falls to Tojo’s military coup.November 26th, 1941 –November 30th, 1941-
  145. 145. Diplomacy FailsJuly 25th, 1941 – FDR freezes all Japanese assets in the US. Complete embargo on shipments going to Japan prompted by Japanese aggression in South Indo-China.September 1941 – FDR turns down Conference in Hawaii with Prince Konoye, the Japanese Premier since Japanese will not make concessions in advance.October 1941 – Konoye ministry falls to Tojo’s military coup.November 26th, 1941 – Sec of State Hull demands Japan drop all imperial claims & US will lift embargo and unfreeze Japanese assets.November 30th, 1941-
  146. 146. Diplomacy FailsJuly 25th, 1941 – FDR freezes all Japanese assets in the US. Complete embargo on shipments going to Japan prompted by Japanese aggression in South Indo-China.September 1941 – FDR turns down Conference in Hawaii with Prince Konoye, the Japanese Premier since Japanese will not make concessions in advance.October 1941 – Konoye ministry falls to Tojo’s military coup.November 26th, 1941 – Sec of State Hull demands Japan drop all imperial claims & US will lift embargo and unfreeze Japanese assets.November 30th, 1941- Sec of Interior Ickes’ diary says Kai- Shek & Churchill influence FDR to go against State Depts call for a 6 month truce and limited trading of cotton, gasoline and for other “civilian” purposes. Back to main
  147. 147. Possible FRs: 1930s Isolation & Neutrality1) What could the US have done to remain neutral during WWII?2) What evidence supports the belief that the US (FDR) never intended to remain neutral?3) Did the US provoke problems in order to have war initially waged on them? Back
  148. 148. USACHINA
  149. 149. Manchuria USACHINA

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