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Nairobi mis assignment

  1. 1. Nairobi I INTRODUCTION Nairobi, city in south central Kenya, the capital of the country, located just south of the equator. The city’s name is derived from a Masai word meaning “place of cool waters.” One of the largest and fastest growing cities in Africa, Nairobi is Kenya’s principal economic and cultural center. II DESCRIPTION The city of Nairobi covers an area of about 680 sq km (about 260 sq mi) at an average altitude of 1,675 m (5,495 ft) above sea level. The city center—and the area around it to the east and south—is a relatively flat plain, while the area to the west and north is hilly. Nairobi has many varied neighborhoods and suburbs, some bearing European names and others African names. The important commercial and administrative areas are located in the city center, which is ringed by residential areas. The main industrial area is located to the south, beyond which is Nairobi National Park, a wildlife preserve and major tourist attraction. A large market is located near the city center, and smaller open-air markets fill many of the city’s open
  2. 2. spaces. Surrounding the large, central City Square are Nairobi’s city hall; Kenya’s parliament building; the Kenyatta Conference Center; the law courts; and the mausoleum of Jomo Kenyatta, Kenya’s founding father. Nairobi’s residential areas still reflect the city’s colonial past, when residence was determined largely by race and income. Racial barriers disappeared after Kenya became independent from Britain in 1963, but the city’s residential pattern continues to be determined by income. In general, Nairobi’s wealthier residents live in neighborhoods to the west of the city center, while the least wealthy residents live in the east. In addition, temporary shantytowns have grown up adjacent to some of the residential areas, most notably in the Mathari Valley, east and north of the city center. Like many cities in developing countries, approximately 80 percent of Nairobi’s residential land houses less than 20 percent of its population. Nairobi’s altitude produces relatively cool temperatures despite the city’s proximity to the equator. The average annual temperature is 17ºC (63ºF). Nairobi’s average annual rainfall is 790 mm (31 in), with most of the rain falling in two rainy seasons, March to May and October to December. III POPULATION AND
  3. 3. CULTURE Nairobi has experienced a huge, relatively steady increase in population since Kenya became independent in 1963, as Africans have migrated to the city from Kenya’s rural areas. The population nearly doubled between the 1962 and 1969 censuses, growing from 266,794 to 509,206 residents. Nairobi’s population at the 1989 census was 1,324,570, and in 1999 the city had an estimated population of 1,810,000. From the time of its origin, Nairobi has been home to a diverse, multiracial population. Africans have long made up the majority, but Asians (primarily Indians and Pakistanis) and Europeans also account for a small portion of the city’s residents. There are far fewer Asians and Europeans than there were in 1962, when they constituted 40 percent of the population of Nairobi. The change is largely explained by the departure of many Asians and Europeans, and the large influx of Africans, after Kenya gained independence. About one-third of the city’s African population are members of the Kikuyu ethnic group, followed by smaller percentages of Luo, Luhya, and Kamba peoples. The Masai, who inhabited the region before the city existed, now constitute less than 1 percent of the residents. The majority of Nairobi’s people are
  4. 4. Christians. There are also significant numbers of Muslims and smaller communities of Hindus and Sikhs. Nairobi is Kenya’s cultural center. The Kenya National Theatre stages plays, concerts, and dance programs in the city. The Kenya National Archives houses historical photographs and documents, as well as Kenyan art and artifacts. The National Museum is known for its displays on prehistoric African humans and also contains an extensive ornithological collection and a contemporary art gallery. Other cultural institutions in Nairobi include the McMillan Memorial Library, the Sorsbie Art Gallery, and several private art galleries. The University of Nairobi (1956), the Kenya Polytechnic (1961), the Kenya Conservatoire of Music (1944), and Kenyatta University (1972) are the leading educational institutions in the city and its outskirts. ECONOM IV Y Nairobi is East Africa’s most important commercial, manufacturing, financial, and tourist center. Since independence, Nairobi has practiced import substitution— that is, the production of goods that formerly had to be imported. Important industries include food processing; motor vehicle assembly; and the production of beer, cigarettes, auto parts, paper, textiles, and clothing. The
  5. 5. railways also employ a significant percentage of Nairobi residents. National and multinational banking and insurance companies have headquarters in Nairobi. The city also receives significant revenues from tourism. Nairobi is a regional hub for air, road, and rail travel. The city is linked to the Kenyan coast, the Lake Victoria and Mount Kenya regions, and neighboring Uganda by rail and all-weather roads. Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, located southeast of Nairobi, is the nation’s largest airport, while Wilson Airport to the south serves charter and private flights within the region. Population growth severely taxed Nairobi’s public transportation system in the 1990s, and the proliferation of small private taxis, known as matatus, has caused traffic congestion, especially in the city center. Many of the city’s streets and highways are regularly in poor condition and subject to floods in times of heavy rainfall.
  6. 6. Downtown Nairobi Nairobi, the capital of Kenya, was founded in the late 1890s and has since become one of the fastest growing cities in Africa. The Kenyatta Conference Center, left, dominates the city’s skyline. Liaison Agency/Peter Jordan
  7. 7. Mount Kenya Mount Kenya is an extinct volcano in central Kenya. At 5,199 m (17,057 ft) tall, it is the second tallest mountain in Africa.
  8. 8. The ‘Green City in the Sun’ is an attractive city with wide tree- lined streets and spacious parkland suburbs. Its pleasant nature together with judicious investment in facilities such as the Kenyatta Conference Center has made Nairobi an important center for international business and conference activities. However, despite the capital’s appearance, urban crime is on the increase and visitors are advised to take precautions such as avoiding certain areas, or walking anywhere at night (travelers are advised against walking alone through Uhuru Park at any time). There is a full range of shopping opportunities, from
  9. 9. purpose-built American-style malls to African markets, and a variety of restaurants and nightclubs. There are open-air swimming pools at the Boulevard, Jacaranda and Serena hotels – non-residents may pay to swim. Other places of interest in or near Nairobi include the Bomas of Kenya, a short distance outside the city center, where displays of traditional dancing are put on for visitors; the Kenya National Museum with its particularly good ethnographic and archaeological exhibits (this is where many of the earliest human remains, discovered by the Leakeys at Olduvai, Koobi Fora and other well-known prehistoric sites, are displayed); and the Snake Park, opposite the museum, which houses snakes indigenous to East Africa and a few from other parts of the world. Adjacent to Snake Park is a collection of traditional mud and thatch huts and granaries containing tools characteristic of different tribes. In the suburb of Karen, the Karen Blixen Museum occupies the farmhouse made famous by the author’s book, Out of Africa. Excursions Although it is just 8km (5 miles) from Nairobi city center,
  10. 10. Nairobi National Park still seems a savage and lonely place during the week (carloads of city-dwellers invade at the weekend). It was Kenya’s first national park and today still looks much as it did in the early photographs – wild, undulating pasture dotted with every kind of East African plain-dwelling animal except elephants. At the gates to the park is the Animal Orphanage where young, sick and wounded animals are cared for. Also near here, the Langata Giraffe Center offers the enchanting opportunity of hand-feeding the resident Rothschild giraffes. North of Nairobi, the road climbs steadily through the suburb of Thika and rich agricultural lands, offering excellent views of the Great Rift Valley. The eastern wall of the Rift is made up by the Aberdare Mountains, while further east still looms the vast bulk of Mount Kenya. Between the two are several attractive small towns such as Nyeri; Nyahururu, home of the Thomson’s Falls; Muranga’a, whose cathedral tells the story of the Mau Mau rebellions in a series of colorful murals; Nanyuki and Naro Moru, both acting as starting points for those wishing to climb the mountain.
  11. 11. Game Preserve in Kenya A giraffe towers over zebras on the savanna of a Kenyan game preserve. Home to many endangered species of wildlife, the African republic of Kenya shelters its wild animals in game preserves and national parks. Kenya outlawed hunting in 1977, but poachers continue to hunt many of these commercially valuable animals. Tourists can observe and photograph the animals in safaris through the parks and preserves. Thatch House, Kenya Inhabitants of a village in southern Kenya put the finishing touches on a new circular thatch dwelling. To build these
  12. 12. houses, thatch must be attached in layers to a frame made of wood. The floor inside is mde of dried mud. Traditional Dress in Kenya These members of a Nilotic tribe in Samburu, Kenya, are wearing traditional clothing. The men wear solid bright red fabrics; the women have vivid designs on their clothing and collars made of roped beads. Jewelry plays an important role in traditional African dress. Tea Farm, Kenya
  13. 13. These Kenyan farmers tend fields of tea, one of the country’s main cash crops. Tea and other crops grow well in the fertile soil on the highlands of southwestern Kenya. Most Kenyan farms average only 1.0 hectare (2.5 acres) in area, but some agricultural estates cover 2,000 hectares (5,000 acres) and specialize in cash crops such as tea and coffee. Rift Valley Rift valleys are long, deep valleys bounded by parallel faults. They form where Earth’s crust is being pulled
  14. 14. apart. Rift valleys can appear on land or beneath bodies of water. Great Rift Valley in Africa The Great Rift Valley is a geologic depression that extends from Syria in southwestern Asia to Mozambique in southeastern Africa. It takes the form of a series of valleys and bodies of water that are bounded by parallel fault lines. The Great Rift Valley is widening slowly but surely, in
  15. 15. the process causing many volcanic eruptions and earthquakes in the area. Climate in Kenya The climate in Kenya is predominantly tropical although the geography of Kenya is varied. Kenya remains warm all through the year. Droughts are common in Kenya periodically mainly due tot the delays in the start of the rainy seasons. Climate in Kenya has proved to have a profound effect on settlement patterns as evident from the concentration of settlement in the wettest areas of Kenya. Kenya is hot and humid at the coast, temperate inland and very dry in the north and northeast parts of the country. The average annual temperature for the coastal town of Mombasa (altitude 17
  16. 16. metres) is 30.30 Celsius maximum and 22.40 Celsius minimum, the capital city, Nairobi (altitude 1,661 metres) 25.20 Celsius maximum and 13.60 Celsius minimum, Eldoret (altitude 3,085) 23.60 Celsius maximum and 9.50 Celsius minimum, Lodwar (altitude) 506 metres) and the drier north plain lands. 34.80 Celsius maximum and 23.70 Celsius minimum. Kenya gets abundant sunshine all the year round. However, nights and early mornings are slightly cold. Most parts of Kenya get seasonal rainfall. The coast, eastern plateaus, and lake basin experience two rainy seasons: the "long rains" extends roughly from March to June, and the "short rains" lasts from approximately October to December. The highlands of western Kenya have a single rainy season, lasting from March to September. Between June and September, the annual migration of wildlife between Serengeti National Park in Tanzania and Maasai Mara National Park in Kenya takes place This spectacular moving scene of the migration of almost two million wildbeasts and other species have always been the
  17. 17. delight of tourists and filmmakers. Flight Expenses Ludhiana (LUH) to Nairobi, Kenya (NBO)
  18. 18. fromRs.512 65 fromRs.529 50
  19. 19. Note: Prices are per person for roundtrip travel; they are e- ticket prices and include all flight taxes and fees. If your itinerary requires paper tickets there will be an additional charge. These results cover a metro area with several airports. Review your choices carefully. There are two main ways to fly into Kenya, the most popular option is to fly into Jomo Kenyatta International Airport in Nairobi and the other entry point is Moi International Airport in Mombasa.
  20. 20. Airports in Nairobi and Mombasa: Jomo Kenyatta International Airport in Nairobi currently handles an estimated 3.4 million passengers each year, making it Africa’s third busiest airport after Johannesburg and Cairo. In recent years, over $75 million has been spent on giving it a complete makeover; with a state of the art security system now in place, a new car park, duty free shops, and updated check in and baggage handling systems. Direct flight from Europe also goes to the other main International Airport which is in Mombasa (Moi International Airport) which has also had impressive renovations done in recent years. Domestic Flights and charter flights within Kenya: As well as the main International Airport, there is another smaller airport called Wilson Airport, which deals with domestic and charter flights. Most safari destinations (e.g. Masai Mara, Amboselli, Tsavo, Samburu etc) and coastal destinations (Lamu, Malindi and Diani) have their own airstrip so flying in a small plane to your safari destination is quite a common thing to do. If
  21. 21. you’re flying between Nairobi and the coast, (or vice versa) make sure you know which airport you’re flying from. Flying between Mombasa and Nairobi: The main airlines flying between Nairobi and Mombasa are Airkenya (Wilson Airport) Kenya Air and (Jomo Kenyatta International Airport) also find out about your luggage allowance before leaving, as some of the smaller planes only allow 10-15kg per person. Getting to your hotel from the airport: There are money exchange desks inside the departure building. You walk right past them as you disembark. There are Taxis right outside the exit doors of the departure terminal and they will be marked with a broad yellow stripe down the side. They come in a variety of shapes and sizes, so pick the one that is best for your needs and then try haggling for a good price (the first price they give is guaranteed to be more than you will need to pay). Don’t get into an unmarked vehicle as they’re not registered vehicles and may not be safe.
  22. 22. Kenya getting around - Taxis and car hi... You’re comprehensive Guide to Everything Kenya Public transport Public transport is not usually by tourists to get around, with the exception of the Nairobi-Mombasa train which takes 12 hours and is a nice way to travel (although the train is rather run down these days). Matatus are the local minibuses, which offer cheap public transport, and there are also local buses. These are often uncomfortable and cramped and are not recommended for mainstream tourist travel. Guided Tours Many people like to book onto a tour if going on a safari, and these range from very low budget to top of the range luxury
  23. 23. travel. Almost all tours will offer a custom designed safari vehicle, which will be at your disposal, and it will come with a knowledgeable driver/guide. Your guide will have an excellent local knowledge and a fabulous understanding of where to find various animals; whether it be a camouflaged leopard lying low in the top of a yellow fever tree or a pride of lions nestled in the long yellow grass in the heat of the day. Most people feel that their guides greatly enhance their safari experience and are happy to give a tip at the end of their tour. Shuttle buses At the large hotels, transport is usually provided to meet guests at the airport. In Mombasa, courtesy buses are very often available to take guests to nearby places of interest. Tuk-tuks are found at many of the coastal resorts and are cheaper way to get around than taxis. Taxi firms: Kenatco Transport Company Nairobi: Tel: (+254) 020 230771/316611 mobile: 0721-830061/0734-699991
  24. 24. Mombasa: Tel (+254) 041 2313402/2227503 Email:, Jatco Taxi’s Ltd Nairobi: Tel: (+254) 020 4446096/4448162 mobile: 0722-648383/ 0722-725131/0733-701494 Email & website:, Jimcab Nairobi Tel: (+254) 020-7122565 /7120344/ 7121205 mobile: 0722-711001/ 0722-714246/ 0733-735499. Fax No: (+254)-20-7122565 Email & website :, Car hire Hiring a car in Kenya is useful for some tourists especially if you will be staying at a rented house/cottage perhaps in Mombasa or Naivasha. If you plan to hire a car to go on a safari, careful planning is required and you will have to be confident about driving on poor roads. A 4-wheel drive is essential and anything less than 1300cc will have a hard time coping with the rough roads in the
  25. 25. game parks. Landrovers, Toyota, Suzuki and Pajero’s are commonly used and are easy to find parts for on the road if anything breaks and needs replacing! To hire a car, you generally need to be over 23 and hold a full driving license (but not necessarily an international driving license). Check out the insurance carefully as some companies offer a collision damage waiver which can lead to very expensive damage expenses even for the smallest accident. Make sure you thoroughly look over the vehicle before departing and ensure that you have a tool kit, jack and spare tyre. Also ask if there’s a special key/tool for undoing any security locks on the spare tyre. Driving is on the left. SatNav does work in Kenya and is expanding its database so is becoming a useful tool for getting around in Nairobi and even in many of the game parks. Driving on some of the rough roads in Kenya, and being “off road” can be great fun if you have a reliable vehicle! Car hire companies: Budget: Hertz,
  26. 26. a car:,, Avis: Hotel Holiday Inn Nairobi - Nairobi (Self-classified there is no official body operating a star rating scheme for accommodation in this city and therefore this hotel has been classified by the property itself.) CNR Parklands Road - Nairobi Tel:0044 203 027 7155 Book by phone0044 203 027 7155 • Check-in: 24 Sep 2010 • Check out: 26 Sep 2010 • Persons: 2 • Rooms: 1 MODIFY AVAILABILITY & RATES (Tax included) About Hotel Nairobi, Holiday Inn
  27. 27. Exterior The Holiday Inn Nairobi Hotel is located in the residential suburb of Parklands near the city centre and just 12 miles from Jomo Kenyatta International airport. Just a short distance away, guests can visit the national museum, Muthaiga Golf Club and the United Nations. The hotel offers quality facilities and services including fitness centre, outdoor pool, and beauty salon, and entertainment, business centre, meeting rooms, restaurants and bars ensuring a pleasant stay in this Nairobi hotel. Book now Location of Hotel Nairobi, Nairobi
  28. 28. map - how to reach Rooms at Nairobi (Holiday Inn) Double room The Holiday Inn Nairobi Hotel offers comfortable rooms equipped with all the necessary to ensure a pleasant stay in Nairobi, Kenya. In-room amenities include satellite TV, tea and coffee making facilities, high-speed and wireless Internet access, desk, and
  29. 29. direct dial telephone, safe and ironing facilities. The hotel also has connecting rooms and one disabled-accessible room. • Coffee and tea maker • Desk • Facilities for disabled people • Hairdryer in each room • High speed Internet access • In-room ironing facilities • Safe • Satellite TV • Wireless Internet access Hotel Facilities • Beauty salon • Laundry service • Banqueting service • Business Center
  30. 30. • Meeting Room • Fitness Center • Outdoor swimming pool • Private parking • Entertainment • Bar • Restaurants