Visveshvaraya Technological University , Belagavi
Government Engineering College , Hassan
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering
Technical Seminar On
“BUBBLE POWER”(Other Source Of Nuclear Energy)
Under the guidance of : Presented By :
Mrs.Bhagyalakshmi R B.E,MTech Archana C S
Assistant Professor 4GH18EC002
Experimental set up
Working of Sonofusion
One of the conventional methods of producing bulk energy is nuclear power.
A new step that has developed in this field is ‘Bubble Power’ is the new energy
It is working under the principle of Sonofusion.
It was derived from the related phenomenon known as Sonoluminescence.
Sonofusion involves tiny bubbles imploded by sound waves can make hydrogen
when a gas bubble in a liquid is excited by ultrasonic acoustic waves it can emit short
flashes of light suggestive of extreme temperatures inside the bubble.
These flashes of light known as sonoluminescence, occur as the bubble implode or
Sonoluminescence is also called single–bubble sonoluminescence involves a single
gas bubble that is trapped inside the flask by a pressure field.
That is gas bubbles in a liquid can convert sound energy in to light.
For several years Sonofusion Research team from various organization have joined
force to create acoustic fusion technology energy consortium(AFTEC) to promote the
development of sonofusion.
The idea Sonofusion was derived from related phenomenon Sonoluminescence.
In sonofusion a piezoelectric crystal attached to liquid-filled flask send pressure
waves through the fluid, exciting the motion of tiny gas bubbles.
Improving the harnessing efficiency of non-conventional energy sources like solar,
wind etc. as a substitute for the conventional sources is under research.
One of the conventional methods of producing bulk energy is nuclear power. There
are two types of nuclear reactions, namely fission & fusion. They are accompanied by
the generation of enormous quantity of energy.
HOW SONOFUSION WORKS
Action of vacuum pump.
Fill the flask with deuterated acetone.
For initiation an oscillating voltage of 20kHz applied to the ring.
Fire a pulsed neutron generator.
ACTION OF VACUUM PUMP
The naturally occurring gas bubbles cannot withstand high temperature and pressure.
All the naturally occurring gas bubbles dissolved in the liquid are removed virtually
by attaching a vacuum pump to the flask and acoustically agitating the liquid
ACTION OF THE WAVE GENERATOR
To initiate the sonofusion process, we apply an oscillating voltage with a frequency
of about 20,000 hertz to the piezoelectric ring.
The alternating contractions and expansions of the ring-and there by of the flask-send
concentric pressure waves through the liquid.
ACTION OF THE NEUTRON GENERATOR
Precisely when the pressure reaches its lowest point, a pulsed neutron generator is
This is a commercially available, baseball bat size device that sits next to the flask.
The generator emits high-energy neutrons at 14.1 mega electron volts in a burst that
lasts about six microseconds and that goes in all directions
ACTION IN THE FLASK
Neutrons flying through athe flask create a bubble
The retrieve I
Stage (1) Stage(2) Stage(3) Stage(4)
ACTION IN THE FLASK
STAGE(1) - Neutons flying through the flask create a bubble ciuster in the deuterated
STAGE(2) - The negetive pressur in the liquid makes the bubble in size(from nano to
STAGE(3) - The liquide pressure turns positive and compresses the bubble,causng them to
implode with great violence.
STAGE(4) – The implosion creates an instantaneous pressure of 10 trillion kilopascals and
temperature of more than 100 million degree C, making the deuterium fuse.
It is self sustaining.
It Produce more energy that it consumes.
Easily available raw materials.
The neutrons emitted during implosion can possibly hit the other Pyrex flask
apparatus when multiple reactors are aligned side by side.
User Thermonuclear fusion gives a new, safe, environmental friendly way to produce
This technology also could result in a new class of low cost, compact detectors for
Devices for research that use neutrons to analyze the molecular structure of materials.
A new technique to study various phenomenon in cosmology, including the working
of neutron star and black holes.
One of the possible ways is to put two complete apparatuses side by side so that they
would exchange neutrons and drive each other’s fusion reactions.
when the liquid pressure is low in one, it is high in the other. That is, their pressure
oscillations are 180 degrees out of phase.
Suppose hit the first apparatus with neutrons from the external neutron generator,
causing the bubble cluster to form inside the first flask.
Then turn off the neutron generator permanently.
As the bubble cluster grows and then implodes, it will give off neutrons, some of
which will hit the neighboring flask.
If all is right, the neutrons will hit the second flask at the exact moment when it is at
the lowest pressure, so that it creates a bubble cluster there.
If the process repeats, get a self-sustaining chain reaction.
With the steady growth of world population and with economic progress in
devoloping countries, average electricity consumption per person has
Therefore seeking new sources of energy just important, it is necessary.
 Richard T.Lahey Jr, Rusi P. Taleyarkhan & Robert I. Nigmatulin , bubble
power, IEEE spectrum, page no:30-35,May 2005.
 Fuels and combustion, author Samir Sarkar.
 Principles of Inorganic chemistry, authors-Puri, Sharma, Kalia.