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Flywheel Energy Storage System

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  • We must move away from battery storage systems like Elon Musk's in Australia - batteries are really horrible things: toxic, self-degrading, use rare elements, can spontaneously ignite, are temperature sensitive, have limited life/charge cycles and are virtually un-recyclable so in the long-term they are far more poisonous to the planet than most other storage systems we can think of. I have optimised a flywheel storage system which differs from the one presented here in that it's much simpler, therefore more reliable, cheaper to build and maintain. It is a higher inertia (high radius of gyration (k) and mass) but a much lower RPM (max 4000 RPM) so there's no need for sophisticated bearings or vacuums. One flywheel of my proportions stores more than 100MJ if run down from 4000-500 RPM which, assuming a 65% storage/power output efficiency is enough to power the average house for about 5 hours. If you want more storage then just add more flywheels to the shaft and optimise the motor/generator to suit. Once cast they could last and be used in the same way for hundreds of years – I believe every home and car-port will have one in the years to come. Elon could have delivered his Australia battery system using 432 1GJ flywheels in about the same area, with far less toxicity and without a limit on its charge-cycles or useful life. For more information, contact me on Linkedin.
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Flywheel Energy Storage System

  1. 1. Flywheel Energy Storage System Name Harshal Bhatt Department Mechanical 1st year
  2. 2. Introduction A flywheel, in essence is a mechanical battery - simply a mass rotating about an axis. Flywheels store energy mechanically in the form of kinetic energy. Flywheels are one of the most promising technologies for replacing conventional lead acid batteries as energy storage systems.
  3. 3. Components  There are five mainly five components in flywheel energy storage system: 1) Flywheel 2) Motor/Generator 3) Power Electronics 4) Magnetic bearings 5) External Inductor
  4. 4. Flywheel Flywheels store energy in a rotating mass of steel of composite material. Mechanical inertia is the basis of this storage method. Use of a motor/generator, energy can be cycled (absorbed and then discharged) Increasing surface speed of flywheel, energy storage capacity (kWh) of unit increased.
  5. 5. Motor/Generator Permanent Magnet (PM) machines have the most advantages, including higher efficiency and smaller size when compared with other types of motors/generators of the same power rating. PM also exhibit lower rotor losses and lower winding inductances, which make it more suitable for a vacuum operating environment and the rapid energy transfer of flywheel applications. The motor/generator is designed to be operated at high speed for minimize system size.
  6. 6. Power Electronics Flywheel energy storage system is the three-phase IGBT-based PWM inverter/rectifier. The IGBT is a solid-states device with ability to handle voltages up to 6.7 kV, currents up to 1.2 kA and most important high switching frequencies.
  7. 7. Magnetic Bearings Magnetic bearings consists of permanent magnets, which support the weight of the Flywheel by repelling forces, and electromagnets are used to stabilize the Flywheel. The best performing bearing is the high-temperature super- conducting (HTS) magnetic bearing, which can situate the Flywheel automatically without need of electricity or positioning control system. HTS magnets require cryogenic cooling by liquid nitrogen.
  8. 8. External Inductor The high-speed PM machines offer low inductances with low number of stator turns and large operating magnetic air gaps . The low inductances result in High Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) which increases the machine power losses and temperature. Using an external inductor in series with the machine in charging mode is necessary to reduce the THD and bring it within an accepted range.
  9. 9. Future work  Advanced flywheel system rotate above 20,000 rpm in vacuum enclosure made from high strength carbon composite filament will be very efficient. The flywheels are not the primary source of power generation. Rather, when there is too much power on the grid, it is shunted to the flywheel facility and used to set the flywheels in motion. Then, when the power is needed a few seconds or minutes later, the momentum of the flywheels is used to generate power back into the grid.
  10. 10. Conclusions The state of charge can easily be measured, since it is given by the rotational velocity  The fast rotation of Flywheel rotors is suitable for direct generation of high voltage.  Environmental friendly materials, low environmental impact.
  11. 11. Some Pictures Of Flywheel Energy Storage System
  12. 12. Thank you for your time....

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