VADODARA INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING,
SCOPE OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
PARIXIT NARSHANA (13MECH101)
HARSH GUPTA (13MECH102)
DHAVAL PATEL (13MECH103)
JIGAR DAVE (13MECH108)
What is Civil Engineering?
• Civil Engineering is
broad field of
deals with the
and maintenance of
structures or public
works as they are
related earth, water or
Specializations in Civil Engineering
o Structural Engineering
o Transportation Engineering
o Geotechnical Engineering
o Water Resource/Irrigation
o Remote Sensing/Geo-
o Environmental Engineering
o Earthquake Engineering
o Geology Engineering
o Project Management/Construction
o Maintenance Engineering
o And so on…!
ROLE OF CIVIL ENGINEERS…
o Preparation of layout of open plot:
He has to do survey of the open plot or the purposed construction site,
obtain the details and finally prepare a
layout on paper to a suitable scale.
o Preparation and approval of plan:
Civil engineers prepares plans on the layout of the
proposed construction project and sends it for approval.
o Preparation of structural design and
estimation of cost:
After construction or approval of plan; he prepares the structural design
and finds out portable cost of the project by estimation.
After the budgetary sanction, the actual construction of project starts.
o Finding the foundation details:
Civil Engineer is also responsible for carrying out foundation
investigation by the method of soil exploration at proposed site and
prepares an investigation report.
o Testing, supervision and execution:
The civil engineer has the responsibility of testing of the construction
material a quality work by proper supervision, get the work executed as
per the drawing and make payments for finished work to the construction
ROLE OF CIVIL ENGINEERS IN TRANSPORTATION
o The innovative technique in the design of roadways, harbors,
airports, docks, tunnels etc will be essential for fast, quick, easy, and
comfortable service of transportation.
o To develop the technology by which a proper communication
facility is planned, quick and comfortable transport for human
o Hence role of civil engineering has to pay more attention to the
design, development, construction and maintenance of roadways,
airport, railways, harbors, tunnels and bridges.
ROLE OF CIVIL ENGINEERS IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING…
o Industrial buildings for the manufacture of automobiles,
compressors, pipes, diesel engines, heavy vessels, storage tank for
oil, conveyor system etc..
o Installations of different types of machines and equipments.
o Actual supervision and execution of construction work.
ROLE OF CIVIL ENGINEER IN CHEMICAL ENGINEERING…
o Planning, design, construction and maintenance of building for the
o Suggestion a proper type of acid resistance flooring, non-erodable
finish to walls and roofs.
o A civil engineer has to pay special attention towards the
construction of chemical tanks and petrochemicals.
o Designing of open sheds for various hazardous processes.
ROLE OF CIVIL ENGINEER IN INSTRUMENTATION,
ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMUNCATION…
o Selects the site for the location of antenna towers.
o Design and planning of control room according to function.
o Construction of RCC foundation for the telecommunication tower is
done under the supervision and execution of civil engineer.
o Excavation for cable duct for telecommunication is done and
underground network of cable duct is done for proper
o Towers for receiving the signals are carefully and properly erected
on the top of building, selected for communication.
ROLE OF CIVIL ENGINEER OTHER THAN THE BASIC ROLE
DURING THE CONSTRUCTION OF AN INDUSTRIAL SHED..
o In mechanical engineering, the civil engineer performs following
1. Planning and designing of the industrial structure such as industrial
sheds or industrial building for the manufacture of automobile,
compressors, pipes, diesel engines, heavy vessel etc…
2. Actual supervision and execution of construction work.
3. Installations of different types of machines and equipments.
1. Location of different shops in sequence as per the process of
2. Enough space in between machine.
3. Changing room for workers.
4. Location of administration building near main entrance or main
Industrial buildings or shed can be designed by the methods of
design such as R.C.C. Design or steel design. Most probably
industrial sheds are designed by steel design.
Civil engineer designs the industrial structure either by
R.C.C.design or steel design depending upon the requirement of
industries. Live load, dead load and seismic forces are considered
in the design and some times, wind load is considered in design.
E.g. design of chimney.
The Gantry girder and the column
supporting the gantry girder are
designed by civil engineer.
IMPORTANCE OF PLANNING..
o Planning is a preliminary activity in which the development of a
frame work involving the co-ordination and control over the entire
o To complete the given project in a
o For planning of construction work
weather price fluctuations,
deficiency of labors are carefully
o It gives the correct time of
inception and completion within
the specific period.
SCHEDULING AND CONSTRUCTION
• The technique used for completing the project work within a
stipulated time is known as scheduling.
Critical Path Method
Program Evolution and
SOME MEGA STRUCTURES..
Lærdal Tunnel of Norway
The Longest road tunnel in the world !! 24.51
Lærdal Tunnel is a 24.51-kilometre long road
tunnel connecting Lærdal and Aurland in Sogn
og Fjordane, Norway and located
approximately 175–200 kilometres north-east
of Bergen. It is the longest road tunnel in the
world succeeding the Gotthard Road Tunnel.
CROSS-SECTION OF A BRIDGE
Eiffel Tower under construction between 1887
The Yesanhe was one of China’s first big rivers
to be crossed by a very high bridge when a
reinforced concrete arch span of 295 feet (90
mtrs) opened in 1977. At the time it was the
highest bridge ever built in China at 400 feet
(122 mtrs). It was not surpassed for 18 years
until the Jiangjiehe arch bridge was built in