Vehicle Technology Impacts on Rescue Harry Burch Fire Instructor Monroe County Fire Bureau
New Vehicles Awash in Technology <ul><li>Audio/Video </li></ul><ul><li>Navigation </li></ul><ul><li>Cabin Comfort </li></u...
Changes in Vehicle Technology <ul><li>Rapidly developing </li></ul><ul><li>Driven by market forces, regulation </li></ul><...
Marketing Theory <ul><li>Consumer perception of features over time </li></ul><ul><li>New: Delight </li></ul><ul><li>Aged: ...
Safety Sells <ul><li>Side air bags </li></ul><ul><li>Handling and control systems </li></ul><ul><li>High intensity & LED l...
Rising Fuel Prices <ul><li>AP: Oil supply thin for next 2 to 3 years </li></ul><ul><li>Price per barrel dropping, but pump...
Fuel Saving Technologies <ul><li>New fuel sources </li></ul><ul><li>New propulsion systems </li></ul><ul><li>Economically ...
Impacts on Responders <ul><li>New technology creating new dangers </li></ul><ul><li>Unexpected results of current rescue t...
Objective <ul><li>Responder awareness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New technologies incorporated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Futur...
Safety <ul><li>Traffic deaths and injuries remain high </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2003: 43,000 deaths, 3 million injured </li><...
Safety Systems <ul><li>Active and passive systems </li></ul><ul><li>Active Safety Systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Electronic...
Safety-Related Features <ul><li>Memory seats/Pedal adjusters </li></ul><ul><li>Automatic seat position system </li></ul><u...
Responder Safety <ul><li>Follow existing safety procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Operate electrical systems IF SAFE </li></ul>...
Safety Systems <ul><li>Passive Safety Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Greatest occupant protection </li></ul><ul><li>If undeploy...
Passive Safety Systems <ul><li>Variable force airbags </li></ul><ul><li>Side impact airbags in seats and doors </li></ul><...
Airbags <ul><li>Nissan Titan airbags. Picture courtesy of Nissan North America </li></ul>
Propulsion <ul><li>Fuels </li></ul><ul><li>Propulsion systems </li></ul>
Alternative Fuels <ul><li>Renewable energy sources more economically attractive </li></ul><ul><li>Viable alternatives to g...
Alternative Fuels <ul><li>Methanol, ethanol, other alcohols, blends </li></ul><ul><li>Liquid fuels from natural gas </li><...
Liquid Fuels <ul><li>Use existing engine technology </li></ul><ul><li>FFV: Flexible Fuel Vehicles </li></ul>2000 Ford Taur...
Gasified Fuels <ul><li>May use existing technology </li></ul><ul><li>In fleet service </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrogen being tes...
Fuel Cells <ul><li>Direct generation of electricity from fuel </li></ul><ul><li>Several fuel cell technologies </li></ul><...
APUs <ul><li>Auxiliary Power Units </li></ul><ul><li>Electrification of auxiliary components in heavy trucks </li></ul><ul...
Propulsion <ul><li>Electric </li></ul><ul><li>Hybrid </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative Cycle Engines </li></ul>
Electric Vehicles <ul><li>Few commercially available </li></ul><ul><li>Primarily used in industrial applications </li></ul...
Hybrid <ul><li>Combines IC and electric </li></ul><ul><li>Several variations </li></ul><ul><li>Rapidly growing market </li...
Impact of New Technologies <ul><li>Impact on rescuers and occupants </li></ul><ul><li>More hazards </li></ul><ul><li>More ...
Responder Injuries <ul><li>First reported August 1995 </li></ul><ul><li>Two Dayton, OH firefighters </li></ul><ul><li>Dual...
Occupant/Rescuer Safety <ul><li>Care around undeployed airbags </li></ul><ul><li>Different positions deployed separately <...
Safety Elements <ul><li>Follow procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Check for and deal with hazards </li></ul><ul><li>Stabilize th...
Airbag Safety <ul><li>System still active even with battery disconnected </li></ul><ul><li>System stores energy up to 20 m...
Demonstration <ul><li>Steering wheel airbag deployment </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller of the airbags </li></ul><ul><li>CAUTION:...
Extrication Operations <ul><li>Do not cut airbags </li></ul><ul><li>Do not cut inflators </li></ul><ul><li>Locate inflator...
<ul><li>Side Flap Roof </li></ul><ul><li>Side curtain inflators </li></ul><ul><li>Cut the activated side pillars </li></ul...
Occupant/Rescuer Safety <ul><li>Hybrid vehicles: common and unique hazards </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel cells: chemical and fuel...
Electric/Hybrid Safety <ul><li>Operate between 100 and 300 volts </li></ul><ul><li>High current </li></ul><ul><li>Shutoff ...
Fuel Cell Safety <ul><li>Hazards from fuels </li></ul><ul><li>Hazards from the cells </li></ul><ul><li>Still new and devel...
Content Evaluation <ul><li>Last sheet of handout </li></ul><ul><li>Front side: Content evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Back s...
Time Remaining <ul><li>5 minutes </li></ul>
Time Remaining <ul><li>4 minutes </li></ul>
Time Remaining <ul><li>3 minutes </li></ul>
Time Remaining <ul><li>2 minutes </li></ul>
Time Remaining <ul><li>1 minute </li></ul>
Conclusions <ul><li>Vehicle technology rapidly advancing </li></ul><ul><li>Potential for significant fuel savings, occupan...
Safety Features <ul><li>Airbags </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-stage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-position </li></ul></ul...
Propulsion Features <ul><li>Fuel sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Domestic fossil fuels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Renewable ...
Responder Safety <ul><li>Knowledge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specific features </l...
Thank You <ul><li>It has been a pleasure! </li></ul><ul><li>SAFETY FIRST! </li></ul><ul><li>Please exit where indicated </...
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Vehicle technology impacts on rescue (v.1.2)

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Vehicle technology impacts on rescue (v.1.2)

  1. 1. Vehicle Technology Impacts on Rescue Harry Burch Fire Instructor Monroe County Fire Bureau
  2. 2. New Vehicles Awash in Technology <ul><li>Audio/Video </li></ul><ul><li>Navigation </li></ul><ul><li>Cabin Comfort </li></ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Propulsion </li></ul>
  3. 3. Changes in Vehicle Technology <ul><li>Rapidly developing </li></ul><ul><li>Driven by market forces, regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Luxury model features now demanded at all echelons </li></ul>
  4. 4. Marketing Theory <ul><li>Consumer perception of features over time </li></ul><ul><li>New: Delight </li></ul><ul><li>Aged: Expected </li></ul>
  5. 5. Safety Sells <ul><li>Side air bags </li></ul><ul><li>Handling and control systems </li></ul><ul><li>High intensity & LED lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Volvo, BMW and others leading the way </li></ul>
  6. 6. Rising Fuel Prices <ul><li>AP: Oil supply thin for next 2 to 3 years </li></ul><ul><li>Price per barrel dropping, but pump prices high through 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>$100/bbl by 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Demand growing in world market </li></ul><ul><li>Inability of supply to match demand in the future </li></ul>
  7. 7. Fuel Saving Technologies <ul><li>New fuel sources </li></ul><ul><li>New propulsion systems </li></ul><ul><li>Economically feasible </li></ul>
  8. 8. Impacts on Responders <ul><li>New technology creating new dangers </li></ul><ul><li>Unexpected results of current rescue techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Could result in injury or death </li></ul>
  9. 9. Objective <ul><li>Responder awareness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New technologies incorporated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Future changes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Potential dangers to responders </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Safety <ul><li>Traffic deaths and injuries remain high </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2003: 43,000 deaths, 3 million injured </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic cost $230 Billion </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Safety Systems <ul><li>Active and passive systems </li></ul><ul><li>Active Safety Systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Electronic stability control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Backing sensors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collision warning or adaptive cruise control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vision and sensor systems </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Safety-Related Features <ul><li>Memory seats/Pedal adjusters </li></ul><ul><li>Automatic seat position system </li></ul><ul><li>Crossing four-point safety belts </li></ul><ul><li>Center buckle (racing-style) safety belts </li></ul><ul><li>Whiplash protection </li></ul><ul><li>Automatic unlocking and lights </li></ul>
  13. 13. Responder Safety <ul><li>Follow existing safety procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Operate electrical systems IF SAFE </li></ul><ul><li>Disconnect battery to disable systems </li></ul>
  14. 14. Safety Systems <ul><li>Passive Safety Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Greatest occupant protection </li></ul><ul><li>If undeployed, potential harm to occupants, rescuers </li></ul><ul><li>Growth in number of airbag positions and airbag technology </li></ul><ul><li>BMW 7-Series has 12 airbags </li></ul>
  15. 15. Passive Safety Systems <ul><li>Variable force airbags </li></ul><ul><li>Side impact airbags in seats and doors </li></ul><ul><li>Side curtain rollover airbags in headliners </li></ul><ul><li>Knee airbags under dashboard </li></ul><ul><li>Safety belt tensioners </li></ul><ul><li>Retracting steering wheels </li></ul><ul><li>Whiplash protection systems </li></ul>
  16. 16. Airbags <ul><li>Nissan Titan airbags. Picture courtesy of Nissan North America </li></ul>
  17. 17. Propulsion <ul><li>Fuels </li></ul><ul><li>Propulsion systems </li></ul>
  18. 18. Alternative Fuels <ul><li>Renewable energy sources more economically attractive </li></ul><ul><li>Viable alternatives to gasoline difficult to find </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distribution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Efficiency </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Alternative Fuels <ul><li>Methanol, ethanol, other alcohols, blends </li></ul><ul><li>Liquid fuels from natural gas </li></ul><ul><li>Propane </li></ul><ul><li>Coal-derived liquid fuels </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrogen, electricity </li></ul><ul><li>Bio-diesel </li></ul><ul><li>P-series fuels </li></ul>
  20. 20. Liquid Fuels <ul><li>Use existing engine technology </li></ul><ul><li>FFV: Flexible Fuel Vehicles </li></ul>2000 Ford Taurus Photo courtesy of Tony Swann, Owner
  21. 21. Gasified Fuels <ul><li>May use existing technology </li></ul><ul><li>In fleet service </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrogen being tested </li></ul>
  22. 22. Fuel Cells <ul><li>Direct generation of electricity from fuel </li></ul><ul><li>Several fuel cell technologies </li></ul><ul><li>By-products principally heat and water </li></ul><ul><li>Few greenhouse gases </li></ul><ul><li>No particulate pollutants </li></ul>
  23. 23. APUs <ul><li>Auxiliary Power Units </li></ul><ul><li>Electrification of auxiliary components in heavy trucks </li></ul><ul><li>Plans to move into smaller vehicles </li></ul>
  24. 24. Propulsion <ul><li>Electric </li></ul><ul><li>Hybrid </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative Cycle Engines </li></ul>
  25. 25. Electric Vehicles <ul><li>Few commercially available </li></ul><ul><li>Primarily used in industrial applications </li></ul><ul><li>Large battery packs </li></ul><ul><li>Recharging stations required </li></ul>
  26. 26. Hybrid <ul><li>Combines IC and electric </li></ul><ul><li>Several variations </li></ul><ul><li>Rapidly growing market </li></ul><ul><li>Many models available and coming </li></ul>
  27. 27. Impact of New Technologies <ul><li>Impact on rescuers and occupants </li></ul><ul><li>More hazards </li></ul><ul><li>More training, more often </li></ul>
  28. 28. Responder Injuries <ul><li>First reported August 1995 </li></ul><ul><li>Two Dayton, OH firefighters </li></ul><ul><li>Dual airbag deployment </li></ul><ul><li>One firefighter thrown </li></ul><ul><li>Both non-life threatening </li></ul><ul><li>Six other injuries documented since </li></ul>
  29. 29. Occupant/Rescuer Safety <ul><li>Care around undeployed airbags </li></ul><ul><li>Different positions deployed separately </li></ul><ul><li>Care around safety belts </li></ul><ul><li>Care around steering wheels </li></ul>
  30. 30. Safety Elements <ul><li>Follow procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Check for and deal with hazards </li></ul><ul><li>Stabilize the vehicle </li></ul><ul><li>IF SAFE , use vehicle’s electrical system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open power locks, windows, doors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Move power seats </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disconnect the power source </li></ul>
  31. 31. Airbag Safety <ul><li>System still active even with battery disconnected </li></ul><ul><li>System stores energy up to 20 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Dual-stage airbags can deploy twice </li></ul>
  32. 32. Demonstration <ul><li>Steering wheel airbag deployment </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller of the airbags </li></ul><ul><li>CAUTION: Cover your ears </li></ul><ul><li>It’s LOUD!! </li></ul>
  33. 33. Extrication Operations <ul><li>Do not cut airbags </li></ul><ul><li>Do not cut inflators </li></ul><ul><li>Locate inflators, remove interior trim </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A-, B-, and C-pillars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roof rail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Doors </li></ul></ul>
  34. 34. <ul><li>Side Flap Roof </li></ul><ul><li>Side curtain inflators </li></ul><ul><li>Cut the activated side pillars </li></ul><ul><li>Notch front and rear of roof inside rail </li></ul><ul><li>Flip roof to side </li></ul><ul><li>Secure in place </li></ul>Illustration courtesy of Fire Engineering . Copyright 2004. All rights reserved.
  35. 35. Occupant/Rescuer Safety <ul><li>Hybrid vehicles: common and unique hazards </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel cells: chemical and fuel hazards </li></ul><ul><li>Follow proper shutoff and handling procedures </li></ul>
  36. 36. Electric/Hybrid Safety <ul><li>Operate between 100 and 300 volts </li></ul><ul><li>High current </li></ul><ul><li>Shutoff systems vary </li></ul><ul><li>Generally well-marked in orange </li></ul><ul><li>Toyota, Honda, other ERGs </li></ul>
  37. 37. Fuel Cell Safety <ul><li>Hazards from fuels </li></ul><ul><li>Hazards from the cells </li></ul><ul><li>Still new and developing </li></ul>
  38. 38. Content Evaluation <ul><li>Last sheet of handout </li></ul><ul><li>Front side: Content evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Back side: Course evaluation (optional) </li></ul><ul><li>MUST be turned in to receive Completion Certificate </li></ul>
  39. 39. Time Remaining <ul><li>5 minutes </li></ul>
  40. 40. Time Remaining <ul><li>4 minutes </li></ul>
  41. 41. Time Remaining <ul><li>3 minutes </li></ul>
  42. 42. Time Remaining <ul><li>2 minutes </li></ul>
  43. 43. Time Remaining <ul><li>1 minute </li></ul>
  44. 44. Conclusions <ul><li>Vehicle technology rapidly advancing </li></ul><ul><li>Potential for significant fuel savings, occupant safety </li></ul><ul><li>Potential for rescuer, occupant harm if care not taken </li></ul>
  45. 45. Safety Features <ul><li>Airbags </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-stage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-position </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Safety belts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More complete restraint </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fast-acting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many other features </li></ul>
  46. 46. Propulsion Features <ul><li>Fuel sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Domestic fossil fuels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Renewable resources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Propulsion systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hybrids </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fuel cells </li></ul></ul>
  47. 47. Responder Safety <ul><li>Knowledge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specific features </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Awareness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Potential harm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Response actions </li></ul></ul>
  48. 48. Thank You <ul><li>It has been a pleasure! </li></ul><ul><li>SAFETY FIRST! </li></ul><ul><li>Please exit where indicated </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Turn in your evaluations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Receive your Completion Certificates </li></ul></ul>

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