GLBT 101


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GLBT 101

  1. 1. GLBT Youth: Free 2 B U How to be a strong and supportive ally
  2. 2. What are we gonna do today? <ul><li>Riddle Scale – Where are you at? </li></ul><ul><li>Talk about GLBTQQA terms </li></ul><ul><li>Youth in WI – Facts and stuff. </li></ul><ul><li>Know your rights </li></ul><ul><li>Riddle revisited </li></ul><ul><li>How to be a Strong and Supportive Ally </li></ul>
  3. 3. Riddle Scale <ul><li>Nurturance </li></ul><ul><li>Appreciation </li></ul><ul><li>Admiration </li></ul><ul><li>Support </li></ul><ul><li>Acceptance </li></ul><ul><li>Tolerance </li></ul><ul><li>Pity </li></ul><ul><li>Repulsion </li></ul>
  4. 4. Terms 101 <ul><li>Biological Sex: This can be considered our “packaging” and is determined by our chromosomes, our hormones, and our internal and external genitalia. </li></ul><ul><li>Gender Identity: Our innermost concept of self as “ male” or “female”—what we perceive and call ourselves. </li></ul><ul><li>Gender Role: This is the set of roles and behaviors assigned to females and males by society. </li></ul><ul><li>Transgender: A broad term that includes transsexuals, cross-dressers, drag queens/kings, and people who do not identify as either of the two sexes as currently defined. </li></ul><ul><li>Cisgender: This term refers to someone whose gender identity is the same as the biological sex they were assigned at birth . </li></ul><ul><li>Straight Ally: Any non-LGBT person who supports and stands up for the rights of LGBT people. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Gender Expression: Refers to the ways in which people externally communicate their gender identity to others through behavior, clothing, haircut, voice, and emphasizing, de-emphasizing, or changing their bodies’ characteristics. </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual Orientation: This is determined by our sexual and emotional attractions. Categories of sexual orientation include homosexuals—gay, lesbian—attracted to some members of the same sex; bisexuals, attracted to some members of more than one sex; and heterosexuals, attracted to some members of another sex. </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual Identity: This is how we perceive and what we call ourselves. Such labels include “lesbian,” “gay,” “bisexual,” “bi,” “queer,” “questioning,” “heterosexual,” “straight,” and others. </li></ul><ul><li>Queer: Historically a negative term used against people perceived to be LGBT, “queer” has more recently been reclaimed by some people as a positive term describing all those who do not conform to rigid notions of gender and sexuality. </li></ul><ul><li>Questioning: Refers to people who are uncertain as to their sexual orientation or gender identity </li></ul>Terms 101
  6. 6. Facts and Stuff <ul><li>While many GLBT youth will develop into healthy & </li></ul><ul><li>well adjusted adults, GLBT youth are at the highest </li></ul><ul><li>levels of risks for a variety of problems, such as: </li></ul><ul><li>Mental health issues such as depression & suicide </li></ul><ul><li>Harassment in schools, poor grades, truancy and drop-out </li></ul><ul><li>Alcohol, tobacco and other drug use and abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Runaway & throw-away youth </li></ul><ul><li>Pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections, HIV </li></ul><ul><li>Abuse, violence and safety issues </li></ul>
  7. 7. Facts and Stuff
  8. 8. Know Your Rights <ul><li>Equal Protection Clause of the 14 th Amendment </li></ul><ul><li>What it says: </li></ul><ul><li>No state shall…deny to any person within </li></ul><ul><li>Its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. </li></ul><ul><li>What it means: </li></ul><ul><li>This guarantees equal protection under the law to ALL </li></ul><ul><li>citizens, and applies to public schools. </li></ul><ul><li>All students have a federal, constitutional right to equal </li></ul><ul><li>protection under the law, which means that schools have a </li></ul><ul><li>duty to protect LGBT students from harassment on an </li></ul><ul><li>equal basis with all other students. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Know Your Rights <ul><li>Title IX of the Education Amendment Acts of 1972 </li></ul><ul><li>What it says: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded </li></ul><ul><li>from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to </li></ul><ul><li>discrimination under any education program or activity receiving </li></ul><ul><li>Federal financial assistance.“ </li></ul><ul><li>What it means: </li></ul><ul><li>This also applies to public schools, and prohibits gender-based </li></ul><ul><li>harassment , including harassment on the basis of a student’s failure to </li></ul><ul><li>conform to stereotyped notions of masculinity and femininity. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Know Your Rights <ul><li>Wisconsin State Statute 118.13 </li></ul><ul><li>What it says: </li></ul><ul><li>“ No person may be denied the benefits or be discriminated against in any curricular, extracurricular, pupil services, recreational or other program or activity because of the person’s sex, race, religion, </li></ul><ul><li>national origin, ancestry, creed, pregnancy, marital or parental status, sexual orientation or physical, mental, emotional or learning disability.” </li></ul><ul><li>What it means: </li></ul><ul><li>A pupil may not be excluded from a public school, or from any school </li></ul><ul><li>activities or programs, or be treated in a different manner for any of the reasons listed above. Each public school is required by law to </li></ul><ul><li>have written policies that prohibit discrimination against pupils for any of the reasons listed above, and they must have a way for pupils to file complaints of discrimination. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Riddle Revisited <ul><li>Nurturance </li></ul><ul><li>Assumes that gay/lesbian people are indispensable in our society. They view lesbians/gays with genuine affection and delight, and are willing to be allies and advocates. </li></ul><ul><li>Appreciation </li></ul><ul><li>Value the diversity of people and see lesbian/gays as a valid part of that diversity. These people are willing to combat homophobia in themselves and others . </li></ul><ul><li>Admiration </li></ul><ul><li>Acknowledges that being lesbian/gay in our society takes strength. People at this level are willing to truly examine their homophobic attitudes, values, and behaviors. </li></ul><ul><li>Support </li></ul><ul><li>Work to safeguard the rights of lesbians and gays. </li></ul><ul><li>People at this level may be uncomfortable themselves, but they are aware of the homophobic climate and the irrational unfairness. </li></ul>
  12. 12. How 2 be a Strong & Supportive Ally <ul><li>Come out as an ally! </li></ul><ul><li>Let others know you support LGBT people </li></ul><ul><li>Check in with your friends </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t assume someone’s partner is the opposite sex </li></ul><ul><li>Ask for PGP – preferred gender pronoun (he, she, xie) </li></ul><ul><li>Name it, Claim it, Stop it! </li></ul><ul><li>Work to make your school or office a safe and supportive environment for everyone. </li></ul>
  13. 13. RESOURCES Harmony Café GLBT Services We build a strong GLBT and Allied community through advocacy, education, support, and social events Diverse & Resilient Building capacity in Wisconsin groups and communities to assure the healthy development of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) youth GSA for Safe Schools A public benefit organization committed to safe middle schools and high schools for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender youths and all students.