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ECO
FRIENDLY
GARDENING
ORGANIC
GARDENING
BY:
HARJOT KAUR
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What Is Organic Vegetable Gardening
Vegetables should be part of everyone’s diet. If you don’t want to spend a little
bit more for those organically grown and sold in the supermarket, perhaps you
should consider planting your own in the garden. It is very easy to do that even
your kids can join in the fun.
Organic vegetable gardening is the “in thing” these days as people have
realized that the use of fertilizers and pesticides do more harm than good. Yes
it will make the vegetables bigger or enable the farmer to harvest them faster
but the chemicals used in making this happen could be detrimental to the
health of those who eat it.
But since the early farmers never did that and relied only on sunlight and
irrigation, this concept is making a comeback. These will also enable you to this
at home since you have access to the three most basic things namely soil,
water and sunlight.
What kind of organic vegetables can you plant? Well, just about everything.
Some examples of these include broccoli, cabbage, carrots, onions, potatoes
and a lot more. You just have to know which of them can be planted during the
different seasons of the year.
Proper drainage is important for your vegetables. If there isn’t, you can check if
it is feasible to grow these using a raise bed.
When you have done your research, you can now buy the seeds from the
store. These are usually sold in packets so don’t forget to read the instructions
before using them.
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Planting the seeds for your organic vegetable gardening is the second phase of
this operation. The challenging part is making sure nothing happens to it until
the time comes that this will be harvested.
Your vegetables may be under attack by pests, weeds and other animals. To
prevent this from happening, you need to get a bird, a toad and even other
insects to eat them. For weeds, the only thing you can do is pull these one by
one from the ground. As for other animals, putting up fences and using animal
hair, baby powder or deodorant soaps seems to be a good deterrent.
Mulch is another solution. This can be made from chipped barks, garden
compost, leaf moulds and manure. It must be applied at 3 to 4 inches or 8 to
10 cm from the ground in order for it to be effective.
Some organically grown vegetables can also be done indoors. Take for example
that tomato that can be grown using an organic container made out of clay,
plastic or wood. Just don’t forget to give it some water daily and sunlight so it
can grow.
You can place the containers outside during the day and if the weather is too
cold, bring them indoors and put them somewhere else like in the western or
southern windows of your home.
One more thing you have to remember about growing organic vegetables in
such containers is not to use soil but rather a mixture of peat, perlite and
vermiculite.
Organic vegetable gardening is challenging but it pays off when you are able to
reap what you sow. This means additional savings and maybe even a small
business if you want to sell whatever excess you have in the market.
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Why Is Organic Vegetable Gardening So Important These
Days
Organic vegetable gardening seems to be the trend these days as more people
have become conscious of what they are eating. This is because conventional
methods which involve the use of harmful chemicals may enter our systems.
In order to control the problem, the US Department of Agriculture has issues a
new directive. This encourages farmers to shift to organic farming.
With organic farming, farmers will no longer need to plant crops using genetic
engineering, irradiation and sewage sludge. Instead, this will be replaced with
crop rotation.
Crop rotation is the practice of planting a different crop in the same area
where another crop once occupied. This keeps the soil’s nutrients fertile so it
can be used again in the following season.
If you think about it, this approach is easier said than done as farmers are
accustomed to the old ways of doing it. To help them change their minds, the
government offers incentives and subsidies to farmers who decide to follow
this plan.
But the main reason why organic vegetable gardening is so important is the
fact that the crops harvested have 50% more nutrients and vitamins compared
to that of conventional farming methods.
This means the food they consume will reduce the risk of people suffering from
a number of diseases like diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease and
certain cancers.
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Children who drink milk will be able to get more anti-oxidants, CLA, Omega 3
and vitamins when this is extracted from pastured grazed cows that will really
strengthen their bones and muscles.
You can buy organically grown vegetables from the supermarket. The sad part
is the almost everywhere you go, although the packaging comes from
Department of Health, Quality Assurance International, California Certified
Organic Farmers or the Oregon Tilth Farm Verified Organic, most of these are
only 50% to 70% organic.
This is why homeowners who want to eat 100% organic vegetables are
encouraged to grow these themselves.
There are two ways to make this happen. First, you buy the seedlings until they
grow so you can harvest the. Second, you buy them fully grown and then just
plant it into the ground.
Most people prefer the first because it makes them proud to know that what is
served on the table was done from scratch.
In both cases, you have to prepare the soil, use compost and make sure that
these are safe from threats such as insects, weeds and other animals that will
eat what you have planted.
You can fight these with other animals, insects, organic fertilizers, deodorant
soap and a few other items which you can find out after doing some research.
For those who don’t have a big garden, they can try growing these organically
grown vegetables in containers. They require more water than those planted in
the soil so give doses frequently.
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There is no doubt that organic vegetables and other products are important
these days. If you value your health and those of your family you can buy these
from the store or plant it yourself.
For those who decide to buy organically grown vegetables, remember to wash
before cooking them. This will remove any harmful substances or residue that
may still be there which is invisible to the naked eye.
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Different Vegetable Gardening Styles
Each gardener has his own set of characteristics that make him fit for certain
gardening styles. If you know yourself and the right gardening style that will fit
your rearing of your organic garden and help you yield your vegetables
effectively, then you have pretty much gotten an edge over other gardening
enthusiasts. But what are the different types of gardening that you can look
out for? Here are some of the types that you can consider:
Residential Gardening
This is the most common of all gardening techniques. If you are just a beginner
and not yet inclined to produce vegetables for industrial reasons, then
residential gardening is for you. The primary purpose of residential gardening
is to sustain a family or two of a steady supply of vegetables and at the same
time, render aesthetic appeal to your backyard.
Residential gardening does not require too much space. It can also be
cultivated in window sills, balconies and other small areas that have sufficient
light source, easy to monitor and at the same time, easy to maintain or free
from pests. The good thing about residential gardening is the ease with which
it ushers the gardening wannabe from having no knowledge of planting to
expanding to other gardening styles, whichever deems the fancy of the
budding gardener.
Specialized Gardening
Specialized gardening involves non-residential areas that are known for its
green quality and are often marketed as such. Parks, botanical gardens,
amusement parts and other tourist attractions fall under this category. Often a
staff is required to maintain due to its size, so effective administrative skills on
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top of gardening expertise may be required. It is also tailored for delivering in
profit to certain causes or organizations.
Impact Gardening
If you are up to the challenge of blocking weeds with minimal costs, then
impact gardening is for you. It involves using a relatively small space and
maximizing its gardening potential. The plants are often crowded together.
Indoor Gardening
Residential gardening is under the huge scope of indoor gardening. Other
types under this category include the gardens of conservatories, greenhouses
and academic institutions. Systems for heating and air conditioning may also
be found for certain breeds of plants. If you are the type of gardener who
really loves cultivating plants in and out of season, then indoor gardening is for
you.
Water Gardening
If you want to garden with minimal supervision and love water organisms, then
water gardening is for you. This is a bit of a challenge for most gardeners
because it usually doesn't involve the initial conditions of other traditional
gardening techniques. The novelty of water gardening appeals only to those
who have ample water facilities to cultivate this type of gardening style.
Community Gardening
If you are motivated by group efforts, community gardening may be for you. It
involves concentrated efforts of the different members of the community to
be able to help make a greener place. It involves a huge scope, but the
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members of the community are given autonomy to style their areas in
whichever way they choose.
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Feeding the Soil – One Vital Aspect of Organic Gardening
There is an important aspect of organic gardening that you can very well relate
to. Imagine this. You are hungry. You haven't been fed. You haven't taken a
bath. You haven't pampered yourself. You've spent so much time working and
taking care of others, but you haven't tended yourself for your own good.
How would you feel? For a time being, you may be able to accept the fact. You
may still tire yourself out without asking for anything in return. But as the days
go by, you will feel the negative effects of the situation. You will no longer have
the kind of energy that you used to. Your body will deteriorate until it can no
longer function for the things that it used to do.
How is this related to the organic method of gardening? You can actually
compare this to the state of the soil. Soil is a very important aspect in this type
and all the other kinds of gardening. This is the base of everything. This will be
the bed, or the house of your plants. You must choose the right one in the first
place.
Depending on your location, the soils that you may acquire vary on such factor.
You should base the decision in picking out the plants on the types of soils that
are available in your area. Once you have picked the right kind, you are now on
you way to the first steps of your gardening venture using the organic method.
Relating to the sample above, the soil must never be left untended. It must
never go hungry. Or else, what happened to the example may also happen to
the soil. You have to feed the soil. You have to bathe it. And you have to take
care of it just like how you tend to yourself or to the plants situated on your
garden.
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You may know from your grade school days that the soil needs water, sunlight
and air. But you are doing everything organically now. Does it carry out any
differences? Yes, a lot. Although you still have to feed your soil and the plants
on it enough sunlight, water and air, you have to add something else. You've
got to have organic matters placed on the soil.
Have you ever heard of composting? This is the process where you culminate
decaying matters like leaves, grasses, peelings of fruits or vegetables, even
manures and fish heads to act as your soil's fertilizer. This is organic
remember? You cannot resort to anything synthetic. This is one proof that this
process entails a lot of hard work than you can ever imagine.
Not only are you going to feed the soil, you also have to attend to it regularly.
Mulching is like massaging the soil to keep its shape. This way, you will be able
to get rid of the pests that your soil has gotten through the days or months,
however long you have been gardening.
This will actually help you prevent acquiring bigger problems. There are many
types of soils that need certain care and attention. For example, clay can hold
up water better than the sandy kind. You have to know those kind of details to
be able to improve on your organic gardening venture.
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Fertilization 101: Growing Vegetables in Your Organic Garden
When we talk of fertilization for your effective gardening of vegetables in your
organic gardening, it is almost similarly attributed to mulching. But there are
also other aspects such as the introduction of fertilizers that can be available
naturally or commercially. Simply defined, it involves placing matter, whether
organic or inorganic, around your plants.
Aside from providing fertilization, it also protects your soil. Whether your
garden is subjected under heavy rains or at the risk of weed infestation, the
mulches provide ample protection and strengthening needed to supplement
the natural growth processes of your organic garden vegetables. Aside from
this, it also regulates the temperature of the soil; it can also render aesthetic
appeal to the garden because it will help improve the ground texture and
overall appearance.
If you have effectively established mulches in your garden, less watering is
required because it will also help the plants retain water. The plants will also
experience better growth levels and moisture retention. Although known to
help in weed control, it does not directly fight or ward off the weeds. It just
helps as a filler for bare areas that are at higher risk of weed infestation. Also,
persistent weeds can die down as it forces itself in the soil surrounded with
mulch.
For the case of organic mulches, bacteria has the tendency to eat up the much-
needed nitrogen, so in some cases, you might be required to inject additional
dosages of nitrogen. Some examples of materials you can use for mulching
include lawn clippings, compost mises, leaves, straw, sawdust, wood chips.
These are examples of organic materials for mulching. If you opt for inorganic,
it often has its optimum results on plants placed on a hill.
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When fertilizing your soil via mulching, you may be required to be more
meticulous with your organic garden. You might be required to water more
frequently when you are using inorganic fabrics, and then you must also watch
out for the greater tendency to wilt because the ground cover tends to be
more crowded.
Testing your soil is a good way to ensure effective fertilization. you cannot
afford to buy fertilizer by the bulk, only to realize that it is not the right
fertilizer suited for your soil. The best way to make sure that you are able to
score the best fertilizer is by means of doing an actual test on a sample of soil
taken from your garden.
Once you apply fertilizer, it is often recommended to maintain it. Having a
budget for high quality fertilizer is also a good must-have for a gardener,
especially a beginner. There are also some fertilizers solely tailored at the
beginning of the planting process and need not be maintained all throughout
your gardening activities. In any rate, make sure that you are getting your
money's worth and have thoroughly proven for yourself that the given
fertilizer you are putting on your garden has been tried and tested on your soil
type.
Even if you put fertilizers or inorganic mulches in your soil, the organic matter
is still the best source of fertilization for your plant, and it adheres closely to
the natural growth process of plants. If at all possible, avoid introducing too
much chemical interventions in your soil so that the plants will get used to
growing and maximizing its potential via natural means.
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Getting Started with the Hobby of Organic Gardening
Organic gardening can very well pass up as a hobby for starters. This can be
true if you are the type of person who has the passion for gardening. This may
not be everybody's cup of tea. So consider yourself lucky if you are among
those who can grow green things out of the blue.
Gardening requires certain skills. You have to know the type of soil, what kind
of plants you can place on them, how you will take care of those plants, aside
from the many other considerations that you must be aware of when you are
serious about it.
It may sound complicated enough for the beginners. But if you have been
marked as the one with a green thumb and you've already honed you skills on
this, then you might as well try the organic way of gardening. This method is
particularly special as well as hard. It will require you to double your effort as
compared with the regular stuff that you do with the usual gardening tricks.
The Concept
The basic rule on this type of gardening is that you will only use synthetic
products in all your endeavor with regards to the task. This will include the
important elements such as the fertilizers and the pesticides.
You can actually get from the earth what you will then use for your organic
venture into gardening. You will use such elements to be able to grow
something new, these are your plants, your vegetables or whatever greens you
may want to grow. Do you get the picture? To look at it from a bird's eye view,
it is like working closely with nature. Or as others may say, this is like being one
with nature.
Organic Fertilizers
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Is there such a thing, you may ask? Yes, and you are the one to make it. You
can actually perform composting on the materials found on your garden. You
can use fallen leaves and twigs, animal manure, but this will depend on the
type, and many more.
Organic Pesticides
This type of gardening wants, as much as possible, to stay away from
pesticides. But if you can't afford to pick the insects one by one by your bare
hands, then you can go to your local grocery store and ask for an organic
pesticide that is available commercially.
The old way really is to be vigilant with your garden and take off every pest
that you see. You should only turn to the organic pesticides when it becomes
too many and uncontrollable that you can no longer handle. You can also try to
bring in the animals that feed on those pests. This way, you'll have some help
in picking those pests up. And that is also helping the other animals satisfy
their hunger.
As a hobby, this may be time consuming. So if you cannot devote enough time
into it, might as well find a partner or drop the idea until you've found the right
time to carry on with the tasks.
Organic gardening really entails a lot of hard work. So you better be prepared
to perspire in the process. To ease your tiredness when you are already into it
too deep, just think that what you are doing is helping nature. This is your way
of giving back what nature has bestowed on you since the day you were born.
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Growth Control for Efficient Gardening of Vegetables
A good garden aficionado must know that cultivation or weeding is effective
for growth control. Weeds are your garden's most persistent and cloying
enemy. You need to be able to know how to handle weeds in order to foster
growth control for your organic garden. If you let weeds take over, they will
completely obliterate your capacity to yield a rich number of vegetables.
They are the number one stealer of nutrients, sunlight and revenue for
farmers, so the earlier you try to eliminate them, the better will it be for your
gardening. This can eat up your time to such extremes at certain seasons, but
monitoring weeds and eliminating them is definitely worth your time and
effort.
Weeds are usually much harder to remove when they have matured. So it
might require you a keen observing eye to really check out and inspect your
garden for the earliest appearances of these culprits. Cultivating your soil
regularly in the garden will help eliminate the younger weeds. Once you let
those young weeds take hold and be firmly established in the garden, it will
become a more herculean task to try to remove them from your garden.
Seasons also affect the appearance of weeds. Warm-season and cool-season
weeds proliferate at different times of the year, and it will be your advantage
to recognize which weeds are in season so you can more easily expect them in
your garden and prepare your anti-weed arsenal more effectively. Some of the
weed seeds may also lie in your garden, so make sure that you are able to
cultivate your soil properly to remove them as well.
Make sure that your ground remains filled up with the good stuff. If you leave
any portion idle or bare, the weeds are more likely to secure that area for their
growth. If you are unable to fill the entire area with plant outgrowths, at least
have a good cover to keep the weeds from invading your plant territory.
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In the case where weeds have already grown when you discovered them,
chopping them off from the ground is the most efficient way to remove them.
Some of these weeds may cease to be removed, and will not stop even when
you cut them down. But repetitive cutting down of those weeds will help
eliminate them for good after some time.
The use of herbicides and pesticides is also advised, but it is not entirely
necessary when you are able to do good cultivation of your land. The
pesticides and herbicides, especially the commercially available ones, may
prove to have other harmful effects. It may also pose as a threat to other
useful organisms living in your garden. In any case, when you are presented
with a huge weed problem, you may use herbicides and pesticides but only
sparingly.
Mulching and composting are also good ways to help maintain the soil and
ward off the weeds. Ultimately, you will not have to encounter huge problems
in weed management if from the start, you are able to keep them from thriving
in your garden in the first place.
If you are really consistent in digging up your space, you will have made the
most out of your vegetables' garden and have exercised true growth control
against weeds that can steal, kill and destroy your organic garden.
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Helping Nature through Organic Gardening
If you are pondering about organic gardening, keep doing so. Not many people
are like you who think of such causes for the benefit of nature. Nature may be
smiling at you now. With the advent of all the problems with the world around
us, specifically the global warming, such simple steps to ease the bigger
problem is already a big leap to be carried out.
This will take a lot of hard work. So you better be prepared for it. Once you are
already into the process, take time to familiarize yourself. Do not give up just
because of a minor problem. Just think of it like nature is testing you how big
your love for it is. So prove it worth your tears and fears regarding this type of
gardening.
What makes this hard? Unlike the ordinary kind of gardening, going organic
will remove from you the freedom to use just about anything that is
commercially available as long as it will help you with your venture. No way.
You cannot use synthetic materials on this one. Everything must be organic. It
must come from nature itself. You must have done it using elements that can
be found on the ground. Or you can also buy those available in the market as
long as they claim to be organic.
By going organic, you'll be able to help nature replenish its resources. Yes, you
get from it all the materials that you will be needing for this task. You will get
the dried leaves, the sawdust, some vegetable peels and other materials from
the ground. This is also your way of cleaning your surroundings. But such
materials can be used as elements in compost.
You can actually do your own compost by going over some books on how this
can be done. You can also turn to someone who is successful with this type of
gardening and ask that person for tips and tricks. You can use the result of that
compost as fertilizers on your garden.
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Finding a guru may serve a lot of purpose as you go along in this type of
gardening. It doesn't matter if you will just be doing so as a hobby or you will
turn it into a business. So start asking around and look for that person who can
further mentor you in the trade of doing the stuff that surrounds such method
of gardening.
By having the aid of an expert, especially if you are only beginning on this task,
you will be better at helping nature. You will know what type of plants you can
grow in what type of soil. You will have a clearer view as to how the elements
of the ground can contribute to the success of your project. You will know
what to do in cases of trouble with regards to the growth of your plants or the
emergence of pests on your garden.
Nature will really love you for the way you will only utilize organic materials for
the purpose of growing green things on your garden. And you will benefit a lot
in the process of organic gardening. You will be able to become a guru of this
type of task. You will be able to produce organic sources of food.
And you can also turn this into a business venture once you have mastered the
art and you are already harvesting more than enough.
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Information You Should Know About Organic Vegetable
Gardening
Organic food products are the trend these days after studies have shown that
the age old practice of using fertilizers and pesticides happen to be harmful to
our health. This means that we have to change our approach and try
something else.
The concept of organic vegetable farming is not new given that ancient
civilizations have been doing it for years. We somehow forgot that thinking
that modern science could help us produce better crops.
But if we go back to the basics, we realize that the resources need to make this
work is right before our eyes.
First is the soil. Although 2/3 of the Earth is made up of water, the remainder is
what we use for infrastructure while a certain percentage of that is devoted to
agriculture.
The second thing you need is water. The ancients used an efficient irrigation
system so that water from the rivers would go to the land they planted on.
These days, we have the technology to divert water to these areas using pipes.
When it has not rained for a long time, we are able to make artificial rain.
Third is sunlight. We may not control its movement but if we are able to plant
our crops in an area that has sufficient exposure to the sun, whatever we plant
will grow.
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But between the period of putting the seeds in the ground and before these
are harvested, farmers have to be on their guard. The crops are threatened by
insects. This is why people are advised to use other insects, birds and toads.
Organically made fertilizers also come to play here and some examples of them
include the application of compost, manure and cover cropping.
The soil where the vegetables were grown and harvested may not be ready to
plant the same crops so maintain its fertility, farmers are also encouraged to
rotate their crops.
To make sure that farmers who practice organic vegetable gardening are doing
it right, the Department of Agriculture together with the International
Federation of Organic Agriculture or IFOAM that has been in operation since
1972 sees to it that certain standards are in place.
Some people will argue that organic farming is not able to produce the same
amount of yields as compared to those who use fertilizers and pesticides. This
is true however, in times of drought, these crops are still able to survive
because there is still enough water underground. This means farmers will still
be able to harvest and there is a steady supply of goods in the market.
It is expected that the demand for organic vegetables will grow in the future.
This is as more people become of food safety issues and how this affects the
environment.
You can do your share by trying organic vegetable gardening in your backyard.
The things you need are very affordable. You just need to practice what
farmers do in the fields.
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In fact, such information can now be found in books and online so do some
research and put this into practice. It is fun and rewarding to see that what you
worked on for weeks is now being served on your dinner table.
Back then, you have to remember that there were only a few skilled jobs and
one of them was being a farmer.
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Organic Vegetable Garden Basics
It doesn’t take a rocket scientist to plant vegetables. But if you want to do this
the old fashioned way which has been proven to be very effective, you should
know the organic vegetable gardening basics.
The first thing you have to know is what is organic vegetable gardening? It is
simply a way of farming that does not use any synthetic products which
includes fertilizers and pesticides. In short, you work with nature to get what
you want.
When choosing the right vegetable to plant is knowing which of these are
suitable to the soil and the climate. If you live in an area that experiences
droughts, buy those that do not consume that much water.
Before you drop seeds into the soil, make sure the land is ready by tilling the
land so it is clear both of rocks and weeds.
The next step will be to add compost, bone meal or rock phosphate and
greensand to the soil to supply it with nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium. If
the pH level of the soil is too high, add lime or sulphur to adjust it.
One more thing you have to do before planting the seeds is putting in organic
fertilizer. You can use recycled leaves, grass clippings, coffee grounds, eggshells
and kitchen waste which should be applied a month before planting begins.
Then it is time to plant the seeds. Each seed must be spaced by a certain
distance the roots do not fight for water. In between each of the vegetables,
you can plant other things as well because the tighter the space, the lesser the
chances that weeds will grow.
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Pests are the biggest threat to your organic garden. To fight them, you can use
birds, frogs or other insects. You don’t have these creatures to fend off other
insects. You simply have to create the ideal environment by putting a bird
house or a small pond. Once they are in place, they will do the rest by
patrolling your garden and eating those who seek to eat your crops.
Putting up a few barriers can also help. Row covers are known to prevent
moths from landing and laying eggs. You can also use sticky traps and foil
collars to stop pests and borers.
There are also organic pesticides around but some of them can only kill one or
two kinds of pests. So before you buy them, make sure you know what you are
dealing with.
Crop rotation is the best way to preserve the fertility of the soil. This is done
after you harvest the vegetables so it is ready for planting once again. For this
to work, you have to plant in the same area a different vegetable.
Anyone can learn organic vegetable gardening basics and soon have their own
little farm in their backyard. It is fresh and you can pick this anytime you want
which is very convenient as these are only a few feet from your home.
Should everyone get into organic vegetable gardening? Perhaps because there
is a food shortage right now and most of the vegetables imported do not use
this technique. The government for its part has given incentives to farmers
here to shift to this method but its going to take more effort to persuade
countries that do business with the US to do the same thing.
https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 24
Steps to Success with Organic Gardening
If you have long been curious about organic gardening, you may now be
familiar with how things are being done in this process. But even so, you must
not tire out from learning new things to help you with this venture.
It is important to keep yourself updated with how things are being done. You
should be in tuned with the local gardeners in your area so that you can talk
things out with enthusiasts like you. If your goal in going organic in terms of
gardening is to help nature, then you are on the right track. For sure, nature
itself will find ways to help you out and for you to be able see solutions to your
problems just around the corner.
This is how generous nature is. And this is also the basic idea of the organic
process of gardening. It is to give back to nature what nature has bestowed
you with. In gardening, you will have to veer away with synthetic materials.
You only have to use what can be found on the ground or the environment
around you.
For example, in fertilizers, you have the option to make your own compost. But
this is no easy task. Doing so will take a lot of effort and time on your part. The
first method to go about this is to gather dried leaves, certain animal manure,
vegetable peels and the likes on a compost bag. You have to attend to it
periodically to add moisture once in a while and to make sure that you are
doing things right.
The second method is to pile up the materials that you have gathered on the
ground. Pile those up in a space that you will allocate for your compost. You
just leave them there and let nature takes its course through those materials.
Through time, years even, that pile will be turned into compost materials that
you can also use as fertilizers for your garden. But you've got to be careful to
https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 25
choose only the part that is not infested with pests. If not, you'll have bigger
problems with your garden.
The latter method will take longer. And because it is open and you cannot
regulate it, certain elements can be accommodated into the pile which may be
harmful to your garden. So when you are already using that, you still have to
check very closely so that you will retain your garden's health and beauty.
You have to remember that you must be picky with your plants. Ask a local
dealer what plants will grow easily on your location. You must not opt for
something you like that will not survive the site's conditions.
Learn the art of mulching. You have to do this periodically in your garden beds.
This will kill the growing weeds. You'll be able to monitor the unnecessary
pests and get rid of them. This also moderates the temperature of the soil. And
by mulching it, you'll prevent the soil from eroding.
Have a variety of plants in your garden. This way, you will be able to attract
beneficial insects. These are the types that would feed on the pests that your
garden may incur.
And the most important thing to do in organic gardening is to befriend your
plants. You must know all them fully well. This way, you will have an idea as to
what to do in cases where a problem struck and you have no one to help you.
https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 26
The Benefits of Eating Organically Grown Vegetables
If you have gone to the doctor, chances are he or she has told you to watch
what you eat. If you have been eating the right amount of fish, meat, fruits and
vegetables then you have nothing to worry about. But because some of these
contain harmful chemicals, perhaps you should start switching to organically
grown vegetables and other food products.
Why should you buy organic food products? Simply because majority of these
items have been genetically modified. Farmers have used various techniques,
chemicals and fertilizers to make them bigger even if they know that this is
dangerous to your health.
No magic or anything fancy is used to make organically grown crops. You only
need fertile soil, sunlight, water and some compost to make it work.
A recent study shows that following this simple plan helps vegetables have
50% more vitamins and minerals than those made from conventional methods.
If you eat them regularly, you are able to have a healthier life.
You will probably feel like you will live longer too as organically grown
vegetables tastes much better. This is because although fertilizers and
pesticides have their advantages, they remove essential vitamins and nutrients
so you are not getting the required daily allowance that your body needs. In
short, you may think you are but in reality, this isn’t what’s happening.
Another benefit of eating organic vegetables and food is that you help the
environment. This happens because farmers will no longer use harmful
chemicals and put these into the ground.
https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 27
The land which they have worked on can be planted by the next generation
because the land that has been cultivated for so long is still fertile.
When you go to the supermarket, one thing you will notice is that the price of
organically grown vegetables and other items are much more expensive than
those conventionally grown.
Should you always buy something if it is cheaper? In the case of food, the
answer is no because you can’t put a price on the lives of those who eat it.
Surely, you also don’t want to wait until someone you know gets sick so think
about the future and go organic.
Eventually, the price of organic items will go down when more farmers decide
to sell these in supermarkets. It is only because there is a small section of this
available now in the store but when it becomes an industry standard, things
will change.
Until that happens, you can probably plant and grow these in your backyard.
You just need the supplies especially the seeds or the fully grown plant to help
you get started.
Don’t forget to do some research first so you know how to take care of them.
After all, sprinkling water every morning is just one of the many things you
have to do to help these grow.
Perhaps one of the biggest challenges in organic food is that the US imports a
lot of vegetables from countries that are not yet practicing this back to the
basics method.
https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 28
But with a little help and encouragement, they too will come around so
everyone not only here but in other countries as well will be able to enjoy the
benefits of organically grown vegetables and fruits.
https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 29
The Principles of Organic Vegetable Gardening
More farmers are getting into organic vegetable gardening because it is cost
effective and they are able to produce almost the same yield of crops. You to
can do this at home but first, you have to understand the principles of organic
vegetable gardening.
First, organic vegetable gardening does not use any fertilizers, nutrients or
pesticides. Nature is your partner here because you will be using two things to
make it all work namely sunlight and water. We don’t produce these ourselves
but you have to find the ideal area and provide adequate drainage.
Aside from sunlight and water, you can help the crops grow by using compost
heap from leftover food, chipped bark, garden compost, leaf moulds and
manure. You can mix these all together and then spread this throughout your
garden.
A lot of people are grossed about by manure. You don’t have to scoop this
from the toilet because this is sold in stores. If you have a dog, put on some
gloves and put it there. Chickens are also great to have. Just let them roam
around in the garden.
Some people use dead animals or meat products. You don’t put these in the
soil but leave it for a couple of weeks in the bin because maggots will soon
appear and this is what you use to help fertilize your garden.
Another helpful creature is the earthworm because it digs deep into the
ground and aerates the soil bringing various minerals to the surface which also
provides better drainage. This long pink colored creature also leaves casting
behind that experts say is five times as rich in nitrogen phosphorous and
potassium. Again, this can be purchased from the gardening store.
https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 30
Organic garden is challenging since you have to deal with unwanted guests.
Some of these pests include armyworms, crickets, gypsy moth caterpillars,
slugs and squash bugs. Before, people used fertilizer to kill them but in an
organic setting, the best weapon is the toad that is known to eat more almost
every type of insect. If you have caterpillars or spiders lurking in the garden,
get a bird because this is not in the toad’s diet.
In some cases, you don’t have to buy a toad or a bird from the pet store. They
may come in to your home as long as you set the ideal environment for them.
You can put up a bird house or a small pond. Within days, you will have some
new occupants protecting your garden.
Other insect killers which you can get to do the job include the preying mantis
and the ladybug because they mark their territory and eat anything that dares
enter their domain.
Plants can also be used to protect your vegetables. For example, the rosemary,
sage or thyme is an effective deterrent against butterflies. Marigolds on the
other hand are effective against nematodes.
But despite all the flowers and creatures that nature has to offer, crop rotation
is seen as the best way to keep the soil fertile. If you planted this kind of
vegetable for this season, change it with another and the return to the first
after this one is harvested.
The principles behind organic gardening are very simple. You just have to be
practice it so you can harvest the vegetables you have planted weeks ago.
https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 31
Tips for Organic Vegetable Gardening
Organic vegetable gardening is easy. But to help you, here are some tips you
should know.
The most important thing to do is to decide what you want to grow. There are
so many vegetables to choose from but keep in mind that certain vegetables
cannot be grown because of the climate so take that into consideration as well.
So you want have a hard time taking care of it, choose those that are well
adapted to the soil, temperature, sun and shade exposure.
If you live in an area where droughts are frequent, make sure you are planting
drought resistant vegetables since it does not eat up that much water and can
withstand dry weather.
You should determine how much space you have. This will make it easy for you
to plot on a sheet of paper the layout of how you want your vegetables to
grow.
You should mulch your vegetables with organic material. This can be made
from food waste, dead leaves or grass and manure. This helps conserve water,
adds humus and nutrients as well as discourage weeds from growing.
The best part is that you don’t have to dig deep to put these in because 85% of
the vegetable’s roots are found in the top 6 inches of soil.
https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 32
Aside from compost, you can also use natural fertilizers and organic material to
help the vegetables grow. They also encourage native earthworms that are
nature’s tillers and soil conditioners.
The biggest threat that could destroy your vegetables are pests. To get rid of
them, you should use other insects, birds, frogs. If your crops though have
been infected, spray infected stems and leaves with dilute soapy water and
then clear water that is very effective.
If you decide to buy vegetables that are grown instead of using seedlings, most
of these come in plastic containers. Be careful when you remove them so you
avoid tearing the outside roots especially if these have grown solidly inside the
container.
When planting vegetables, don’t stick with just one but plant many different
kinds because this invites insects to take up resident in your yard.
Believe it or not, only 2 percent of the insects in the world are harmful. This
means the rest are beneficial. Some examples of these include ladybugs,
fireflies, green lacewings, praying mantis, spiders and wasps since they eat
insects that try to eat your vegetables. Another thing they do is pollinate the
plants and decompose organic matter.
Don’t forget to remove weeds that come out in your garden. You can pull
these out by hand or spot spray it with a full strength of household vinegar.
Best of all, it is safe for the environment.
Practice crop rotation. This will make sure that the soil is always fertile. When
planting the new vegetable, avoid regular deep cultivation as this will damage
the roots, dry out the soil, disturb healthy soil organisms and bring weeds to
the surface that will soon germinate.
https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 33
If you follow these tips, you will surely be able to have a successful organic
vegetable garden. You can plant and harvest them all year round so you don’t
have to buy these goods anymore from the supermarket. That is assuming of
course you have a huge parcel of land to work with.
https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 34
You Can Do Organic Vegetable Gardening At Home
Anybody can do organic vegetable gardening at home because the principle
behind this is not that different from what they do in the farm. The only
difference is that you work in a smaller area and you get to choose what you
like plant.
The first thing you have to do is find an ideal location. A lot of people do
organic vegetable gardening in their backyard. To make it work, whatever you
are planting should get at least 6 hours of sunlight everyday and access to
water.
Just like the ancient civilizations that relied on an efficient irrigation system,
you too should do the same by making sure there is adequate drainage
because if you don’t, you will have to do organic vegetable gardening using a
raise bed.
When your ideal location has been found, it is time to cultivate the land. For
that, you will need your gardening tools and a pair of gloves to pluck out the
weeds on the ground. This might take a few days to make sure the area is
ready for planting.
You will only know if the ground you are going to plant your vegetable is a
good spot by testing it with some compost and mixing this with the soil. Should
it be able to integrate and stabilize itself with the soil, this means that you can
start planting your crops and see it grow in the succeeding weeks.
If you don’t like to buy compost from the gardening store, you can make your
own using coffee grounds, dead leaves, grass clippings, food waste or even
manure. They also serve as excellent fertilizers.
https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 35
As for your vegetables, take note that some of these may not be suitable in the
land you are planting these on. This is because of several factors that are
beyond your control such as the weather, pests and other plant borne
diseases. You can avoid making this mistake by doing some research on what
vegetables are ideal to plant in your area and asking fellow organic gardeners.
One way to protect the organic vegetables you are planting is by planting a
variety of them at a time since some of these protect each other from pests.
Such practice is better known as crop rotation especially when you want to
adapt with the weather in your area. Another defense system that works is
getting the help of Mother Nature as birds, certain insects and even toads have
proven to be useful.
If you live in an area where wild animals may eat your vegetables, you should
put up fences so they are not able to get through. Other tools you can use are
animal hair, baby powder and deodorant soaps.
Part of preparing the land is removing the weeds. But remember that new
weeds grow after some time so you have to inspect the area from time to
time.
Planting your own organic vegetable garden at home will surely save you
money as these are quite expensive in the supermarket. If you have some
excess stocks when it is time to harvest them, maybe you can give some to
your neighbors or make some money by selling it at the local market which
isn’t that bad given that you don’t shell out that much cash for this investment.

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organic gardening.pdf

  • 2. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 1 What Is Organic Vegetable Gardening Vegetables should be part of everyone’s diet. If you don’t want to spend a little bit more for those organically grown and sold in the supermarket, perhaps you should consider planting your own in the garden. It is very easy to do that even your kids can join in the fun. Organic vegetable gardening is the “in thing” these days as people have realized that the use of fertilizers and pesticides do more harm than good. Yes it will make the vegetables bigger or enable the farmer to harvest them faster but the chemicals used in making this happen could be detrimental to the health of those who eat it. But since the early farmers never did that and relied only on sunlight and irrigation, this concept is making a comeback. These will also enable you to this at home since you have access to the three most basic things namely soil, water and sunlight. What kind of organic vegetables can you plant? Well, just about everything. Some examples of these include broccoli, cabbage, carrots, onions, potatoes and a lot more. You just have to know which of them can be planted during the different seasons of the year. Proper drainage is important for your vegetables. If there isn’t, you can check if it is feasible to grow these using a raise bed. When you have done your research, you can now buy the seeds from the store. These are usually sold in packets so don’t forget to read the instructions before using them.
  • 3. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 2 Planting the seeds for your organic vegetable gardening is the second phase of this operation. The challenging part is making sure nothing happens to it until the time comes that this will be harvested. Your vegetables may be under attack by pests, weeds and other animals. To prevent this from happening, you need to get a bird, a toad and even other insects to eat them. For weeds, the only thing you can do is pull these one by one from the ground. As for other animals, putting up fences and using animal hair, baby powder or deodorant soaps seems to be a good deterrent. Mulch is another solution. This can be made from chipped barks, garden compost, leaf moulds and manure. It must be applied at 3 to 4 inches or 8 to 10 cm from the ground in order for it to be effective. Some organically grown vegetables can also be done indoors. Take for example that tomato that can be grown using an organic container made out of clay, plastic or wood. Just don’t forget to give it some water daily and sunlight so it can grow. You can place the containers outside during the day and if the weather is too cold, bring them indoors and put them somewhere else like in the western or southern windows of your home. One more thing you have to remember about growing organic vegetables in such containers is not to use soil but rather a mixture of peat, perlite and vermiculite. Organic vegetable gardening is challenging but it pays off when you are able to reap what you sow. This means additional savings and maybe even a small business if you want to sell whatever excess you have in the market.
  • 4. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 3 Why Is Organic Vegetable Gardening So Important These Days Organic vegetable gardening seems to be the trend these days as more people have become conscious of what they are eating. This is because conventional methods which involve the use of harmful chemicals may enter our systems. In order to control the problem, the US Department of Agriculture has issues a new directive. This encourages farmers to shift to organic farming. With organic farming, farmers will no longer need to plant crops using genetic engineering, irradiation and sewage sludge. Instead, this will be replaced with crop rotation. Crop rotation is the practice of planting a different crop in the same area where another crop once occupied. This keeps the soil’s nutrients fertile so it can be used again in the following season. If you think about it, this approach is easier said than done as farmers are accustomed to the old ways of doing it. To help them change their minds, the government offers incentives and subsidies to farmers who decide to follow this plan. But the main reason why organic vegetable gardening is so important is the fact that the crops harvested have 50% more nutrients and vitamins compared to that of conventional farming methods. This means the food they consume will reduce the risk of people suffering from a number of diseases like diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease and certain cancers.
  • 5. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 4 Children who drink milk will be able to get more anti-oxidants, CLA, Omega 3 and vitamins when this is extracted from pastured grazed cows that will really strengthen their bones and muscles. You can buy organically grown vegetables from the supermarket. The sad part is the almost everywhere you go, although the packaging comes from Department of Health, Quality Assurance International, California Certified Organic Farmers or the Oregon Tilth Farm Verified Organic, most of these are only 50% to 70% organic. This is why homeowners who want to eat 100% organic vegetables are encouraged to grow these themselves. There are two ways to make this happen. First, you buy the seedlings until they grow so you can harvest the. Second, you buy them fully grown and then just plant it into the ground. Most people prefer the first because it makes them proud to know that what is served on the table was done from scratch. In both cases, you have to prepare the soil, use compost and make sure that these are safe from threats such as insects, weeds and other animals that will eat what you have planted. You can fight these with other animals, insects, organic fertilizers, deodorant soap and a few other items which you can find out after doing some research. For those who don’t have a big garden, they can try growing these organically grown vegetables in containers. They require more water than those planted in the soil so give doses frequently.
  • 6. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 5 There is no doubt that organic vegetables and other products are important these days. If you value your health and those of your family you can buy these from the store or plant it yourself. For those who decide to buy organically grown vegetables, remember to wash before cooking them. This will remove any harmful substances or residue that may still be there which is invisible to the naked eye.
  • 7. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 6 Different Vegetable Gardening Styles Each gardener has his own set of characteristics that make him fit for certain gardening styles. If you know yourself and the right gardening style that will fit your rearing of your organic garden and help you yield your vegetables effectively, then you have pretty much gotten an edge over other gardening enthusiasts. But what are the different types of gardening that you can look out for? Here are some of the types that you can consider: Residential Gardening This is the most common of all gardening techniques. If you are just a beginner and not yet inclined to produce vegetables for industrial reasons, then residential gardening is for you. The primary purpose of residential gardening is to sustain a family or two of a steady supply of vegetables and at the same time, render aesthetic appeal to your backyard. Residential gardening does not require too much space. It can also be cultivated in window sills, balconies and other small areas that have sufficient light source, easy to monitor and at the same time, easy to maintain or free from pests. The good thing about residential gardening is the ease with which it ushers the gardening wannabe from having no knowledge of planting to expanding to other gardening styles, whichever deems the fancy of the budding gardener. Specialized Gardening Specialized gardening involves non-residential areas that are known for its green quality and are often marketed as such. Parks, botanical gardens, amusement parts and other tourist attractions fall under this category. Often a staff is required to maintain due to its size, so effective administrative skills on
  • 8. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 7 top of gardening expertise may be required. It is also tailored for delivering in profit to certain causes or organizations. Impact Gardening If you are up to the challenge of blocking weeds with minimal costs, then impact gardening is for you. It involves using a relatively small space and maximizing its gardening potential. The plants are often crowded together. Indoor Gardening Residential gardening is under the huge scope of indoor gardening. Other types under this category include the gardens of conservatories, greenhouses and academic institutions. Systems for heating and air conditioning may also be found for certain breeds of plants. If you are the type of gardener who really loves cultivating plants in and out of season, then indoor gardening is for you. Water Gardening If you want to garden with minimal supervision and love water organisms, then water gardening is for you. This is a bit of a challenge for most gardeners because it usually doesn't involve the initial conditions of other traditional gardening techniques. The novelty of water gardening appeals only to those who have ample water facilities to cultivate this type of gardening style. Community Gardening If you are motivated by group efforts, community gardening may be for you. It involves concentrated efforts of the different members of the community to be able to help make a greener place. It involves a huge scope, but the
  • 9. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 8 members of the community are given autonomy to style their areas in whichever way they choose.
  • 10. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 9 Feeding the Soil – One Vital Aspect of Organic Gardening There is an important aspect of organic gardening that you can very well relate to. Imagine this. You are hungry. You haven't been fed. You haven't taken a bath. You haven't pampered yourself. You've spent so much time working and taking care of others, but you haven't tended yourself for your own good. How would you feel? For a time being, you may be able to accept the fact. You may still tire yourself out without asking for anything in return. But as the days go by, you will feel the negative effects of the situation. You will no longer have the kind of energy that you used to. Your body will deteriorate until it can no longer function for the things that it used to do. How is this related to the organic method of gardening? You can actually compare this to the state of the soil. Soil is a very important aspect in this type and all the other kinds of gardening. This is the base of everything. This will be the bed, or the house of your plants. You must choose the right one in the first place. Depending on your location, the soils that you may acquire vary on such factor. You should base the decision in picking out the plants on the types of soils that are available in your area. Once you have picked the right kind, you are now on you way to the first steps of your gardening venture using the organic method. Relating to the sample above, the soil must never be left untended. It must never go hungry. Or else, what happened to the example may also happen to the soil. You have to feed the soil. You have to bathe it. And you have to take care of it just like how you tend to yourself or to the plants situated on your garden.
  • 11. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 10 You may know from your grade school days that the soil needs water, sunlight and air. But you are doing everything organically now. Does it carry out any differences? Yes, a lot. Although you still have to feed your soil and the plants on it enough sunlight, water and air, you have to add something else. You've got to have organic matters placed on the soil. Have you ever heard of composting? This is the process where you culminate decaying matters like leaves, grasses, peelings of fruits or vegetables, even manures and fish heads to act as your soil's fertilizer. This is organic remember? You cannot resort to anything synthetic. This is one proof that this process entails a lot of hard work than you can ever imagine. Not only are you going to feed the soil, you also have to attend to it regularly. Mulching is like massaging the soil to keep its shape. This way, you will be able to get rid of the pests that your soil has gotten through the days or months, however long you have been gardening. This will actually help you prevent acquiring bigger problems. There are many types of soils that need certain care and attention. For example, clay can hold up water better than the sandy kind. You have to know those kind of details to be able to improve on your organic gardening venture.
  • 12. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 11 Fertilization 101: Growing Vegetables in Your Organic Garden When we talk of fertilization for your effective gardening of vegetables in your organic gardening, it is almost similarly attributed to mulching. But there are also other aspects such as the introduction of fertilizers that can be available naturally or commercially. Simply defined, it involves placing matter, whether organic or inorganic, around your plants. Aside from providing fertilization, it also protects your soil. Whether your garden is subjected under heavy rains or at the risk of weed infestation, the mulches provide ample protection and strengthening needed to supplement the natural growth processes of your organic garden vegetables. Aside from this, it also regulates the temperature of the soil; it can also render aesthetic appeal to the garden because it will help improve the ground texture and overall appearance. If you have effectively established mulches in your garden, less watering is required because it will also help the plants retain water. The plants will also experience better growth levels and moisture retention. Although known to help in weed control, it does not directly fight or ward off the weeds. It just helps as a filler for bare areas that are at higher risk of weed infestation. Also, persistent weeds can die down as it forces itself in the soil surrounded with mulch. For the case of organic mulches, bacteria has the tendency to eat up the much- needed nitrogen, so in some cases, you might be required to inject additional dosages of nitrogen. Some examples of materials you can use for mulching include lawn clippings, compost mises, leaves, straw, sawdust, wood chips. These are examples of organic materials for mulching. If you opt for inorganic, it often has its optimum results on plants placed on a hill.
  • 13. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 12 When fertilizing your soil via mulching, you may be required to be more meticulous with your organic garden. You might be required to water more frequently when you are using inorganic fabrics, and then you must also watch out for the greater tendency to wilt because the ground cover tends to be more crowded. Testing your soil is a good way to ensure effective fertilization. you cannot afford to buy fertilizer by the bulk, only to realize that it is not the right fertilizer suited for your soil. The best way to make sure that you are able to score the best fertilizer is by means of doing an actual test on a sample of soil taken from your garden. Once you apply fertilizer, it is often recommended to maintain it. Having a budget for high quality fertilizer is also a good must-have for a gardener, especially a beginner. There are also some fertilizers solely tailored at the beginning of the planting process and need not be maintained all throughout your gardening activities. In any rate, make sure that you are getting your money's worth and have thoroughly proven for yourself that the given fertilizer you are putting on your garden has been tried and tested on your soil type. Even if you put fertilizers or inorganic mulches in your soil, the organic matter is still the best source of fertilization for your plant, and it adheres closely to the natural growth process of plants. If at all possible, avoid introducing too much chemical interventions in your soil so that the plants will get used to growing and maximizing its potential via natural means.
  • 14. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 13 Getting Started with the Hobby of Organic Gardening Organic gardening can very well pass up as a hobby for starters. This can be true if you are the type of person who has the passion for gardening. This may not be everybody's cup of tea. So consider yourself lucky if you are among those who can grow green things out of the blue. Gardening requires certain skills. You have to know the type of soil, what kind of plants you can place on them, how you will take care of those plants, aside from the many other considerations that you must be aware of when you are serious about it. It may sound complicated enough for the beginners. But if you have been marked as the one with a green thumb and you've already honed you skills on this, then you might as well try the organic way of gardening. This method is particularly special as well as hard. It will require you to double your effort as compared with the regular stuff that you do with the usual gardening tricks. The Concept The basic rule on this type of gardening is that you will only use synthetic products in all your endeavor with regards to the task. This will include the important elements such as the fertilizers and the pesticides. You can actually get from the earth what you will then use for your organic venture into gardening. You will use such elements to be able to grow something new, these are your plants, your vegetables or whatever greens you may want to grow. Do you get the picture? To look at it from a bird's eye view, it is like working closely with nature. Or as others may say, this is like being one with nature. Organic Fertilizers
  • 15. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 14 Is there such a thing, you may ask? Yes, and you are the one to make it. You can actually perform composting on the materials found on your garden. You can use fallen leaves and twigs, animal manure, but this will depend on the type, and many more. Organic Pesticides This type of gardening wants, as much as possible, to stay away from pesticides. But if you can't afford to pick the insects one by one by your bare hands, then you can go to your local grocery store and ask for an organic pesticide that is available commercially. The old way really is to be vigilant with your garden and take off every pest that you see. You should only turn to the organic pesticides when it becomes too many and uncontrollable that you can no longer handle. You can also try to bring in the animals that feed on those pests. This way, you'll have some help in picking those pests up. And that is also helping the other animals satisfy their hunger. As a hobby, this may be time consuming. So if you cannot devote enough time into it, might as well find a partner or drop the idea until you've found the right time to carry on with the tasks. Organic gardening really entails a lot of hard work. So you better be prepared to perspire in the process. To ease your tiredness when you are already into it too deep, just think that what you are doing is helping nature. This is your way of giving back what nature has bestowed on you since the day you were born.
  • 16. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 15 Growth Control for Efficient Gardening of Vegetables A good garden aficionado must know that cultivation or weeding is effective for growth control. Weeds are your garden's most persistent and cloying enemy. You need to be able to know how to handle weeds in order to foster growth control for your organic garden. If you let weeds take over, they will completely obliterate your capacity to yield a rich number of vegetables. They are the number one stealer of nutrients, sunlight and revenue for farmers, so the earlier you try to eliminate them, the better will it be for your gardening. This can eat up your time to such extremes at certain seasons, but monitoring weeds and eliminating them is definitely worth your time and effort. Weeds are usually much harder to remove when they have matured. So it might require you a keen observing eye to really check out and inspect your garden for the earliest appearances of these culprits. Cultivating your soil regularly in the garden will help eliminate the younger weeds. Once you let those young weeds take hold and be firmly established in the garden, it will become a more herculean task to try to remove them from your garden. Seasons also affect the appearance of weeds. Warm-season and cool-season weeds proliferate at different times of the year, and it will be your advantage to recognize which weeds are in season so you can more easily expect them in your garden and prepare your anti-weed arsenal more effectively. Some of the weed seeds may also lie in your garden, so make sure that you are able to cultivate your soil properly to remove them as well. Make sure that your ground remains filled up with the good stuff. If you leave any portion idle or bare, the weeds are more likely to secure that area for their growth. If you are unable to fill the entire area with plant outgrowths, at least have a good cover to keep the weeds from invading your plant territory.
  • 17. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 16 In the case where weeds have already grown when you discovered them, chopping them off from the ground is the most efficient way to remove them. Some of these weeds may cease to be removed, and will not stop even when you cut them down. But repetitive cutting down of those weeds will help eliminate them for good after some time. The use of herbicides and pesticides is also advised, but it is not entirely necessary when you are able to do good cultivation of your land. The pesticides and herbicides, especially the commercially available ones, may prove to have other harmful effects. It may also pose as a threat to other useful organisms living in your garden. In any case, when you are presented with a huge weed problem, you may use herbicides and pesticides but only sparingly. Mulching and composting are also good ways to help maintain the soil and ward off the weeds. Ultimately, you will not have to encounter huge problems in weed management if from the start, you are able to keep them from thriving in your garden in the first place. If you are really consistent in digging up your space, you will have made the most out of your vegetables' garden and have exercised true growth control against weeds that can steal, kill and destroy your organic garden.
  • 18. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 17 Helping Nature through Organic Gardening If you are pondering about organic gardening, keep doing so. Not many people are like you who think of such causes for the benefit of nature. Nature may be smiling at you now. With the advent of all the problems with the world around us, specifically the global warming, such simple steps to ease the bigger problem is already a big leap to be carried out. This will take a lot of hard work. So you better be prepared for it. Once you are already into the process, take time to familiarize yourself. Do not give up just because of a minor problem. Just think of it like nature is testing you how big your love for it is. So prove it worth your tears and fears regarding this type of gardening. What makes this hard? Unlike the ordinary kind of gardening, going organic will remove from you the freedom to use just about anything that is commercially available as long as it will help you with your venture. No way. You cannot use synthetic materials on this one. Everything must be organic. It must come from nature itself. You must have done it using elements that can be found on the ground. Or you can also buy those available in the market as long as they claim to be organic. By going organic, you'll be able to help nature replenish its resources. Yes, you get from it all the materials that you will be needing for this task. You will get the dried leaves, the sawdust, some vegetable peels and other materials from the ground. This is also your way of cleaning your surroundings. But such materials can be used as elements in compost. You can actually do your own compost by going over some books on how this can be done. You can also turn to someone who is successful with this type of gardening and ask that person for tips and tricks. You can use the result of that compost as fertilizers on your garden.
  • 19. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 18 Finding a guru may serve a lot of purpose as you go along in this type of gardening. It doesn't matter if you will just be doing so as a hobby or you will turn it into a business. So start asking around and look for that person who can further mentor you in the trade of doing the stuff that surrounds such method of gardening. By having the aid of an expert, especially if you are only beginning on this task, you will be better at helping nature. You will know what type of plants you can grow in what type of soil. You will have a clearer view as to how the elements of the ground can contribute to the success of your project. You will know what to do in cases of trouble with regards to the growth of your plants or the emergence of pests on your garden. Nature will really love you for the way you will only utilize organic materials for the purpose of growing green things on your garden. And you will benefit a lot in the process of organic gardening. You will be able to become a guru of this type of task. You will be able to produce organic sources of food. And you can also turn this into a business venture once you have mastered the art and you are already harvesting more than enough.
  • 20. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 19 Information You Should Know About Organic Vegetable Gardening Organic food products are the trend these days after studies have shown that the age old practice of using fertilizers and pesticides happen to be harmful to our health. This means that we have to change our approach and try something else. The concept of organic vegetable farming is not new given that ancient civilizations have been doing it for years. We somehow forgot that thinking that modern science could help us produce better crops. But if we go back to the basics, we realize that the resources need to make this work is right before our eyes. First is the soil. Although 2/3 of the Earth is made up of water, the remainder is what we use for infrastructure while a certain percentage of that is devoted to agriculture. The second thing you need is water. The ancients used an efficient irrigation system so that water from the rivers would go to the land they planted on. These days, we have the technology to divert water to these areas using pipes. When it has not rained for a long time, we are able to make artificial rain. Third is sunlight. We may not control its movement but if we are able to plant our crops in an area that has sufficient exposure to the sun, whatever we plant will grow.
  • 21. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 20 But between the period of putting the seeds in the ground and before these are harvested, farmers have to be on their guard. The crops are threatened by insects. This is why people are advised to use other insects, birds and toads. Organically made fertilizers also come to play here and some examples of them include the application of compost, manure and cover cropping. The soil where the vegetables were grown and harvested may not be ready to plant the same crops so maintain its fertility, farmers are also encouraged to rotate their crops. To make sure that farmers who practice organic vegetable gardening are doing it right, the Department of Agriculture together with the International Federation of Organic Agriculture or IFOAM that has been in operation since 1972 sees to it that certain standards are in place. Some people will argue that organic farming is not able to produce the same amount of yields as compared to those who use fertilizers and pesticides. This is true however, in times of drought, these crops are still able to survive because there is still enough water underground. This means farmers will still be able to harvest and there is a steady supply of goods in the market. It is expected that the demand for organic vegetables will grow in the future. This is as more people become of food safety issues and how this affects the environment. You can do your share by trying organic vegetable gardening in your backyard. The things you need are very affordable. You just need to practice what farmers do in the fields.
  • 22. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 21 In fact, such information can now be found in books and online so do some research and put this into practice. It is fun and rewarding to see that what you worked on for weeks is now being served on your dinner table. Back then, you have to remember that there were only a few skilled jobs and one of them was being a farmer.
  • 23. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 22 Organic Vegetable Garden Basics It doesn’t take a rocket scientist to plant vegetables. But if you want to do this the old fashioned way which has been proven to be very effective, you should know the organic vegetable gardening basics. The first thing you have to know is what is organic vegetable gardening? It is simply a way of farming that does not use any synthetic products which includes fertilizers and pesticides. In short, you work with nature to get what you want. When choosing the right vegetable to plant is knowing which of these are suitable to the soil and the climate. If you live in an area that experiences droughts, buy those that do not consume that much water. Before you drop seeds into the soil, make sure the land is ready by tilling the land so it is clear both of rocks and weeds. The next step will be to add compost, bone meal or rock phosphate and greensand to the soil to supply it with nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium. If the pH level of the soil is too high, add lime or sulphur to adjust it. One more thing you have to do before planting the seeds is putting in organic fertilizer. You can use recycled leaves, grass clippings, coffee grounds, eggshells and kitchen waste which should be applied a month before planting begins. Then it is time to plant the seeds. Each seed must be spaced by a certain distance the roots do not fight for water. In between each of the vegetables, you can plant other things as well because the tighter the space, the lesser the chances that weeds will grow.
  • 24. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 23 Pests are the biggest threat to your organic garden. To fight them, you can use birds, frogs or other insects. You don’t have these creatures to fend off other insects. You simply have to create the ideal environment by putting a bird house or a small pond. Once they are in place, they will do the rest by patrolling your garden and eating those who seek to eat your crops. Putting up a few barriers can also help. Row covers are known to prevent moths from landing and laying eggs. You can also use sticky traps and foil collars to stop pests and borers. There are also organic pesticides around but some of them can only kill one or two kinds of pests. So before you buy them, make sure you know what you are dealing with. Crop rotation is the best way to preserve the fertility of the soil. This is done after you harvest the vegetables so it is ready for planting once again. For this to work, you have to plant in the same area a different vegetable. Anyone can learn organic vegetable gardening basics and soon have their own little farm in their backyard. It is fresh and you can pick this anytime you want which is very convenient as these are only a few feet from your home. Should everyone get into organic vegetable gardening? Perhaps because there is a food shortage right now and most of the vegetables imported do not use this technique. The government for its part has given incentives to farmers here to shift to this method but its going to take more effort to persuade countries that do business with the US to do the same thing.
  • 25. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 24 Steps to Success with Organic Gardening If you have long been curious about organic gardening, you may now be familiar with how things are being done in this process. But even so, you must not tire out from learning new things to help you with this venture. It is important to keep yourself updated with how things are being done. You should be in tuned with the local gardeners in your area so that you can talk things out with enthusiasts like you. If your goal in going organic in terms of gardening is to help nature, then you are on the right track. For sure, nature itself will find ways to help you out and for you to be able see solutions to your problems just around the corner. This is how generous nature is. And this is also the basic idea of the organic process of gardening. It is to give back to nature what nature has bestowed you with. In gardening, you will have to veer away with synthetic materials. You only have to use what can be found on the ground or the environment around you. For example, in fertilizers, you have the option to make your own compost. But this is no easy task. Doing so will take a lot of effort and time on your part. The first method to go about this is to gather dried leaves, certain animal manure, vegetable peels and the likes on a compost bag. You have to attend to it periodically to add moisture once in a while and to make sure that you are doing things right. The second method is to pile up the materials that you have gathered on the ground. Pile those up in a space that you will allocate for your compost. You just leave them there and let nature takes its course through those materials. Through time, years even, that pile will be turned into compost materials that you can also use as fertilizers for your garden. But you've got to be careful to
  • 26. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 25 choose only the part that is not infested with pests. If not, you'll have bigger problems with your garden. The latter method will take longer. And because it is open and you cannot regulate it, certain elements can be accommodated into the pile which may be harmful to your garden. So when you are already using that, you still have to check very closely so that you will retain your garden's health and beauty. You have to remember that you must be picky with your plants. Ask a local dealer what plants will grow easily on your location. You must not opt for something you like that will not survive the site's conditions. Learn the art of mulching. You have to do this periodically in your garden beds. This will kill the growing weeds. You'll be able to monitor the unnecessary pests and get rid of them. This also moderates the temperature of the soil. And by mulching it, you'll prevent the soil from eroding. Have a variety of plants in your garden. This way, you will be able to attract beneficial insects. These are the types that would feed on the pests that your garden may incur. And the most important thing to do in organic gardening is to befriend your plants. You must know all them fully well. This way, you will have an idea as to what to do in cases where a problem struck and you have no one to help you.
  • 27. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 26 The Benefits of Eating Organically Grown Vegetables If you have gone to the doctor, chances are he or she has told you to watch what you eat. If you have been eating the right amount of fish, meat, fruits and vegetables then you have nothing to worry about. But because some of these contain harmful chemicals, perhaps you should start switching to organically grown vegetables and other food products. Why should you buy organic food products? Simply because majority of these items have been genetically modified. Farmers have used various techniques, chemicals and fertilizers to make them bigger even if they know that this is dangerous to your health. No magic or anything fancy is used to make organically grown crops. You only need fertile soil, sunlight, water and some compost to make it work. A recent study shows that following this simple plan helps vegetables have 50% more vitamins and minerals than those made from conventional methods. If you eat them regularly, you are able to have a healthier life. You will probably feel like you will live longer too as organically grown vegetables tastes much better. This is because although fertilizers and pesticides have their advantages, they remove essential vitamins and nutrients so you are not getting the required daily allowance that your body needs. In short, you may think you are but in reality, this isn’t what’s happening. Another benefit of eating organic vegetables and food is that you help the environment. This happens because farmers will no longer use harmful chemicals and put these into the ground.
  • 28. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 27 The land which they have worked on can be planted by the next generation because the land that has been cultivated for so long is still fertile. When you go to the supermarket, one thing you will notice is that the price of organically grown vegetables and other items are much more expensive than those conventionally grown. Should you always buy something if it is cheaper? In the case of food, the answer is no because you can’t put a price on the lives of those who eat it. Surely, you also don’t want to wait until someone you know gets sick so think about the future and go organic. Eventually, the price of organic items will go down when more farmers decide to sell these in supermarkets. It is only because there is a small section of this available now in the store but when it becomes an industry standard, things will change. Until that happens, you can probably plant and grow these in your backyard. You just need the supplies especially the seeds or the fully grown plant to help you get started. Don’t forget to do some research first so you know how to take care of them. After all, sprinkling water every morning is just one of the many things you have to do to help these grow. Perhaps one of the biggest challenges in organic food is that the US imports a lot of vegetables from countries that are not yet practicing this back to the basics method.
  • 29. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 28 But with a little help and encouragement, they too will come around so everyone not only here but in other countries as well will be able to enjoy the benefits of organically grown vegetables and fruits.
  • 30. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 29 The Principles of Organic Vegetable Gardening More farmers are getting into organic vegetable gardening because it is cost effective and they are able to produce almost the same yield of crops. You to can do this at home but first, you have to understand the principles of organic vegetable gardening. First, organic vegetable gardening does not use any fertilizers, nutrients or pesticides. Nature is your partner here because you will be using two things to make it all work namely sunlight and water. We don’t produce these ourselves but you have to find the ideal area and provide adequate drainage. Aside from sunlight and water, you can help the crops grow by using compost heap from leftover food, chipped bark, garden compost, leaf moulds and manure. You can mix these all together and then spread this throughout your garden. A lot of people are grossed about by manure. You don’t have to scoop this from the toilet because this is sold in stores. If you have a dog, put on some gloves and put it there. Chickens are also great to have. Just let them roam around in the garden. Some people use dead animals or meat products. You don’t put these in the soil but leave it for a couple of weeks in the bin because maggots will soon appear and this is what you use to help fertilize your garden. Another helpful creature is the earthworm because it digs deep into the ground and aerates the soil bringing various minerals to the surface which also provides better drainage. This long pink colored creature also leaves casting behind that experts say is five times as rich in nitrogen phosphorous and potassium. Again, this can be purchased from the gardening store.
  • 31. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 30 Organic garden is challenging since you have to deal with unwanted guests. Some of these pests include armyworms, crickets, gypsy moth caterpillars, slugs and squash bugs. Before, people used fertilizer to kill them but in an organic setting, the best weapon is the toad that is known to eat more almost every type of insect. If you have caterpillars or spiders lurking in the garden, get a bird because this is not in the toad’s diet. In some cases, you don’t have to buy a toad or a bird from the pet store. They may come in to your home as long as you set the ideal environment for them. You can put up a bird house or a small pond. Within days, you will have some new occupants protecting your garden. Other insect killers which you can get to do the job include the preying mantis and the ladybug because they mark their territory and eat anything that dares enter their domain. Plants can also be used to protect your vegetables. For example, the rosemary, sage or thyme is an effective deterrent against butterflies. Marigolds on the other hand are effective against nematodes. But despite all the flowers and creatures that nature has to offer, crop rotation is seen as the best way to keep the soil fertile. If you planted this kind of vegetable for this season, change it with another and the return to the first after this one is harvested. The principles behind organic gardening are very simple. You just have to be practice it so you can harvest the vegetables you have planted weeks ago.
  • 32. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 31 Tips for Organic Vegetable Gardening Organic vegetable gardening is easy. But to help you, here are some tips you should know. The most important thing to do is to decide what you want to grow. There are so many vegetables to choose from but keep in mind that certain vegetables cannot be grown because of the climate so take that into consideration as well. So you want have a hard time taking care of it, choose those that are well adapted to the soil, temperature, sun and shade exposure. If you live in an area where droughts are frequent, make sure you are planting drought resistant vegetables since it does not eat up that much water and can withstand dry weather. You should determine how much space you have. This will make it easy for you to plot on a sheet of paper the layout of how you want your vegetables to grow. You should mulch your vegetables with organic material. This can be made from food waste, dead leaves or grass and manure. This helps conserve water, adds humus and nutrients as well as discourage weeds from growing. The best part is that you don’t have to dig deep to put these in because 85% of the vegetable’s roots are found in the top 6 inches of soil.
  • 33. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 32 Aside from compost, you can also use natural fertilizers and organic material to help the vegetables grow. They also encourage native earthworms that are nature’s tillers and soil conditioners. The biggest threat that could destroy your vegetables are pests. To get rid of them, you should use other insects, birds, frogs. If your crops though have been infected, spray infected stems and leaves with dilute soapy water and then clear water that is very effective. If you decide to buy vegetables that are grown instead of using seedlings, most of these come in plastic containers. Be careful when you remove them so you avoid tearing the outside roots especially if these have grown solidly inside the container. When planting vegetables, don’t stick with just one but plant many different kinds because this invites insects to take up resident in your yard. Believe it or not, only 2 percent of the insects in the world are harmful. This means the rest are beneficial. Some examples of these include ladybugs, fireflies, green lacewings, praying mantis, spiders and wasps since they eat insects that try to eat your vegetables. Another thing they do is pollinate the plants and decompose organic matter. Don’t forget to remove weeds that come out in your garden. You can pull these out by hand or spot spray it with a full strength of household vinegar. Best of all, it is safe for the environment. Practice crop rotation. This will make sure that the soil is always fertile. When planting the new vegetable, avoid regular deep cultivation as this will damage the roots, dry out the soil, disturb healthy soil organisms and bring weeds to the surface that will soon germinate.
  • 34. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 33 If you follow these tips, you will surely be able to have a successful organic vegetable garden. You can plant and harvest them all year round so you don’t have to buy these goods anymore from the supermarket. That is assuming of course you have a huge parcel of land to work with.
  • 35. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 34 You Can Do Organic Vegetable Gardening At Home Anybody can do organic vegetable gardening at home because the principle behind this is not that different from what they do in the farm. The only difference is that you work in a smaller area and you get to choose what you like plant. The first thing you have to do is find an ideal location. A lot of people do organic vegetable gardening in their backyard. To make it work, whatever you are planting should get at least 6 hours of sunlight everyday and access to water. Just like the ancient civilizations that relied on an efficient irrigation system, you too should do the same by making sure there is adequate drainage because if you don’t, you will have to do organic vegetable gardening using a raise bed. When your ideal location has been found, it is time to cultivate the land. For that, you will need your gardening tools and a pair of gloves to pluck out the weeds on the ground. This might take a few days to make sure the area is ready for planting. You will only know if the ground you are going to plant your vegetable is a good spot by testing it with some compost and mixing this with the soil. Should it be able to integrate and stabilize itself with the soil, this means that you can start planting your crops and see it grow in the succeeding weeks. If you don’t like to buy compost from the gardening store, you can make your own using coffee grounds, dead leaves, grass clippings, food waste or even manure. They also serve as excellent fertilizers.
  • 36. https://www.digistore24.com/redir/459766/HarjotKaur153/ Page 35 As for your vegetables, take note that some of these may not be suitable in the land you are planting these on. This is because of several factors that are beyond your control such as the weather, pests and other plant borne diseases. You can avoid making this mistake by doing some research on what vegetables are ideal to plant in your area and asking fellow organic gardeners. One way to protect the organic vegetables you are planting is by planting a variety of them at a time since some of these protect each other from pests. Such practice is better known as crop rotation especially when you want to adapt with the weather in your area. Another defense system that works is getting the help of Mother Nature as birds, certain insects and even toads have proven to be useful. If you live in an area where wild animals may eat your vegetables, you should put up fences so they are not able to get through. Other tools you can use are animal hair, baby powder and deodorant soaps. Part of preparing the land is removing the weeds. But remember that new weeds grow after some time so you have to inspect the area from time to time. Planting your own organic vegetable garden at home will surely save you money as these are quite expensive in the supermarket. If you have some excess stocks when it is time to harvest them, maybe you can give some to your neighbors or make some money by selling it at the local market which isn’t that bad given that you don’t shell out that much cash for this investment.