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Reasons for Implementing Storytelling
Digital Storytelling
Data Storytelling
Tips for Storytelling

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  1. 1. The Method of “Storytelling” Kharkov ,15 March 2014 Olya Zakharova, PhD
  2. 2. The Method of “Storytelling” RoadMap Reasons for Implementing Storytelling Digital Storytelling Data Storytelling Tips for Storytelling 2
  3. 3. Top Ten Reasons for Implementing Storytelling 1. Inspires dedication to work 2. Encourages creativity 3. Creates positive classroom climate 4. Promotes problem-solving 5. Captivates attention 3
  4. 4. …Top Ten Reasons for Implementing Storytelling 4 6. Piques interest in writing 7. Fosters group dynamics 8. Addresses different learning styles 9. Embraces diversity 10. Incorporates the multiple intelligences
  5. 5. The Method of “Storytelling”
  6. 6. What is Digital Storytelling? 6 An illustration of learning A way of documenting an experience(s) One way to facilitate the reflection process
  7. 7. Digital Storytelling
  8. 8. Elements of a Digital Story 8 1. Overall Purpose of the Story 2. Narrator’s Point of View 3. A Dramatic Question (or Questions) 4. Choice of Content 5. Clarity of Voice
  9. 9. Elements of a Digital Story 9 6. Pacing of the Narrative 7. Meaningful Soundtrack 8. Quality of the Images 9. Economy of the Story Detail 10. Good Grammar and Language Usage
  10. 10. Digital Storytelling
  11. 11. Great digital stories 11  Are personal  Begin with the story/script  Are concise  Use readily-available source materials  Include universal story elements  Involve collaboration at a variety of levels
  12. 12. Digital Storytelling
  13. 13. The Seven Elements of Digital Storytelling 13 1. Point of View 2. A Dramatic Question 3. Emotional Content 4. The Gift of Your Voice 5. The Power of Soundtrack 6. Economy 7. Pacing
  14. 14. Element 1: Point of View 14 • All stories are told to make a point. • You, as the author, need to figure out what you intend the viewer to “get.” What message are you trying to convey? In other words, what is the theme?
  15. 15. Element 2: A Dramatic Question 15 • A good story has a “hook” that will hold the attention of the audience until the story is over.
  16. 16. Element 3: Emotional Content 16 • A story that deals with our emotions, such as loss, love, loneliness, courage, acceptance, rejection, hardship, etc. will help the audience maintain their attention.
  17. 17. Element 4: The Gift of Your Voice 17 • The way you use your voice can impact the story you tell. • Tone of Voice: Slow, Fast, Loud, Soft
  18. 18. Element 5: The Power of Soundtrack 18 • Music sets the mood.
  19. 19. Element 6: Economy 19 • Use the least amount of images required to tell the story. • Your selection of pictures and drawings should illustrate the theme without becoming a distraction. • Too many images tend to confuse the audience.
  20. 20. Element 7: Pacing 20 • Changing the pace of the story can be very effective. The narrative can have pauses, the music can change tempo, and the images can be set to enter at different rates of speed. • Changing pace allows the audience to concentrate, think, and maintain interest.
  21. 21. Tips For Digital Storytelling 21
  22. 22. 1. Developing Story topics: "You do have something to say" 22
  23. 23. 2. Writing the story: "show, don't tell!" 23
  24. 24. 3. Images: "quality, not quantity" 24
  25. 25. 4. Digitizing: "Size does matter" 25
  26. 26. 5. Storyboarding: "the visual outline" 26
  27. 27. 6. Digital editing: "more power?…not necessarily" 27
  28. 28. 7. Recording voice over: "Sloooow Dooooown" 28
  29. 29. 8. Choosing a soundtrack: "Instrumental vs. lyrical" 29
  30. 30. 9. Visual Effects: "Less is more" 30
  31. 31. 10. Production and presentation: "show time!" 31
  32. 32. Data Storytelling
  33. 33. Data Storytelling
  34. 34. The Method of “Storytelling”
  35. 35. The Method of “Storytelling”
  36. 36. The Method of “Storytelling”
  37. 37. The Method of “Storytelling”
  38. 38. The 22 rules of storytelling, according to Pixar 38
  39. 39. The 22 rules of storytelling, according to Pixar 39 #1: You admire a character for trying more than for their successes. #2: You gotta keep in mind what's interesting to you as an audience, not what's fun to do as a writer. They can be v. different.
  40. 40. The 22 rules of storytelling, according to Pixar 40 #3: Trying for theme is important, but you won't see what the story is actually about til you're at the end of it. Now rewrite. #4: Once upon a time there was ___. Every day, ___. One day ___. Because of that, ___. Because of that, ___. Until finally ___.
  41. 41. The 22 rules of storytelling, according to Pixar 41 #5: Simplify. Focus. Combine characters. Hop over detours. You'll feel like you're losing valuable stuff but it sets you free. #6: What is your character good at, comfortable with? Throw the polar opposite at them. Challenge them. How do they deal?
  42. 42. The 22 rules of storytelling, according to Pixar 42 #7: Come up with your ending before you figure out your middle. Seriously. Endings are hard, get yours working up front. #8: Finish your story, let go even if it's not perfect. In an ideal world you have both, but move on. Do better next time.
  43. 43. The 22 rules of storytelling, according to Pixar 43 #9: When you're stuck, make a list of what WOULDN'T happen next. Lots of times the material to get you unstuck will show up. #10: Pull apart the stories you like. What you like in them is a part of you; you've got to recognize it before you can use it.
  44. 44. The 22 rules of storytelling, according to Pixar 44 #11: Putting it on paper lets you start fixing it. If it stays in your head, a perfect idea, you'll never share it with anyone. #12: Discount the 1st thing that comes to mind. And the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th – get the obvious out of the way. Surprise yourself.
  45. 45. The 22 rules of storytelling, according to Pixar 45 #13: Give your characters opinions. Passive/malleable might seem likable to you as you write, but it's poison to the audience. #14: Why must you tell THIS story? What's the belief burning within you that your story feeds off of? That's the heart of it.
  46. 46. The 22 rules of storytelling, according to Pixar 46 #15: If you were your character, in this situation, how would you feel? Honesty lends credibility to unbelievable situations. #16: What are the stakes? Give us reason to root for the character. What happens if they don't succeed? Stack the odds against.
  47. 47. The 22 rules of storytelling, according to Pixar 47 #17: No work is ever wasted. If it's not working, let go and move on - it'll come back around to be useful later. #18: You have to know yourself: the difference between doing your best & fussing. Story is testing, not refining.
  48. 48. The 22 rules of storytelling, according to Pixar 48 #19: Coincidences to get characters into trouble are great; coincidences to get them out of it are cheating. #20: Exercise: take the building blocks of a movie you dislike. How d'you rearrange them into what you DO like?
  49. 49. The 22 rules of storytelling, according to Pixar 49 #21: You gotta identify with your situation/characters, can't just write ‘cool'. What would make YOU act that way? #22: What's the essence of your story? Most economical telling of it? If you know that, you can build out from there.
  50. 50. The 22 rules of storytelling, according to Pixar 50
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