Successfully reported this slideshow.

More Related Content

Related Books

Free with a 14 day trial from Scribd

See all

Related Audiobooks

Free with a 14 day trial from Scribd

See all

Population explosion

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION  One of the serious problems India is facing today is ‘Population Explosion’.  It has become one of the most serious problems our country is facing.  The current population India is 127 million reported on may 15,2015  China is on top and is on 2nd position with respect to the population.  Over population has adverse effect on the economy and the environment.
  2. 2.  POPULATION :- It is defined as a group of people or animals of a particular kind that live in a space.  EXPLOSION :- A Sudden and very fast increase.  POPULATION EXPLOSION :- the rapid growth of world’s population over the past one hundred years result from a difference between the rate of birth and the rate of death. The human population will increase by 1 billion people in the next decade.
  3. 3.  Decrease death rates was the major reason.  improvement in public health.  High birth rate.  Lack of education.  Migration  Medical technology, along with gains in education and standards of living with in many developing nations.  Early marriage and universal marriage.
  4. 4.  In the 20th century, human population has grown much faster than before.  Between 1950-1990 population crossed 5 billion mark i.e. 92 million every year.  In the year 2000 the the word population was 6.1 billion it is predict to grow 4 times in next 100 year.
  5. 5.  On 11th may 2000, India had 1 billion (100crores) people; i.e. 16% of the world’s population on 2.4%of the globe’s land area.  If current trends continue, India may overtake china by 2045, to become the most populous country in the world.  Global population:- increase 3 folds during this century (from 2 to 6 billion)
  6. 6.  Over use of natural resources e.g. water, land, soil, natural forests.  increase in food demand.  increase in waste generation.  increase demand of medical facilities.  shortage of education facilities.  Other effect like:-  unemployment  increase in crime rate
  7. 7.  poverty  energy crisis  Over crowding of cities  child abuse
  8. 8. 1) MALTHUSIAN THEORY(1798):-  Human population tend to grow at an exponential rate where as food production tend to very slow growth.  For stabilizing the population growth we need “positive checks”: famines, disease outbreak and violence.  “preventive checks” birth control systems
  9. 9.  Population growth- a symptom rather than cause of poverty, resource depletion population and other problems.  Social explanation and oppression of the less privileged people leads to poverty, employment, environment degradation and in turn cause population.
  10. 10. MEASURE OF POPULATION CONTROL SOCIAL ECONOMIC OTHER MEASURE MEASURE MEASURE
  11. 11. A. SOCIAL MEASURE :- 1. Minimum age of marriage 2. Raising the status of women 3. Spread of education 4. Adoption 5.Social security
  12. 12. 1. More employment opportunities 2. Development of agriculture and industry 3. Standard of living 4. Urbanization
  13. 13. C. OTHER MEASURCES 1. Late marriage 2. Self control 3. Self planning 4. Recreational facilities 5. publicity

×