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Smoking and tobacco use


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Smoking and tobacco use

  1. 1. Smoking andTobacco Use
  2. 2. Did you know?• More than 1,000 people in the U.S. die each day from smoking-related illness• Smoking kills more people each year than AIDS, fires, car accidents, murders, suicides, alcohol and other drugs combined.
  3. 3. Why is tobacco so bad?• Tobacco is toxic to your body.• Tobacco is addictive. Once you start using it your body starts needing it.• Tobacco can kill you!• Each time you smoke a cigarette you are taking away 5 to 20 minutes of your life.
  4. 4. What is in tobacco and cigarettes? Lots of toxic chemicals! Carbon Monoxide-auto exhaust, gas Ammonia-poisonous, cleaning agent chambers for toilets and floors Carbon Dioxide Methylamine-tanning agent Carbonyl Sulfide Dimethylamine-tanning accelerator Benzene (1) Nitrogen Oxides Toluene-industrial solvent, in Nitrosodimethylamine explosives Nitrosodiethylamine Formaldehyde (2)- body tissue Nitrosopyrrolidine preserver Formic Acid-caustic solvent Acrolein-aquatic herbicide=burned Acetic Acid-caustic solvent glycerol Methyl Chloride-poisonous refrigerant Acetone-poisonous solvent, nail polish Butadiene remover Particulate Matter-animal Pyridine-poisonous solvent carcinogen Methylpyridine-insecticide solvent Nicotine-insecticide, cockroach Vinylpyridine killer Hyrogen Cyanide-rat poison, gas chambers Anatabine Hydrazine-rocket fuel chemical Phenol-toilet bowl disinfectant
  5. 5. Catechol-tanning, dyeing agent Silicon-metalHydroquinone-photographic developing Silver-metalagent Gold-metalAniline-industrial solventToluidine-agent in dye manufacture Polonium-210-radioactive elementNapthalamine-mothballs Benzoic Acid-tobacco curing agentAminobiphenyl Lactic Acid-caustic solventBenz(a)anthracene Glycolic Acid-metal cleaning agentBenzo(a)pyrene Succinic Acid-agent in LacquerCholesterol manufactureButyrolactone PCDDs and PCDFs –dioxins,Quinoline-specimen preservative dibenzofurans Hexamine-barbecueHarman lighterNitrosonornicotineNNH Stearic Acid-candle waxNitrodiethanolamine Cadmium-rechargeable batteriesCadmium Arsenic-poisonNickel Butane-cigarette lighter fluidZinc-anti-corrosion coating for metals Propylene Glycol-antifreezeAluminum-metalTitanium-metalCopper-metalMercury-metal
  6. 6. Effects of smoking and tobacco
  7. 7. Is this attractive?
  8. 8. Reality checkThis is what smokers really look like
  9. 9.
  10. 10. PASSIVE SMOKING“second hand smoke” Inhaling someone else’s smoke
  11. 11. Passive smoking is a proven health hazard. Over 600medical reports have been published linking passive smoking to diseases.
  12. 12. The breathing in of passive smoke by non-smokers can lead toharmful health effects in the unborn child, and middle ear infectionsand bronchitis, pneumonia, asthma and other chest conditions inchildren. It is also linked to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) .
  13. 13. Not Impressed?• Think about the more immediate effects: – Bad breath – Yellow teeth – Stinky clothes• Sniff a dirty ashtray to see what a smoker really smells like to non- smokers.
  14. 14. If it’s so bad why do people still smoke?
  15. 15. Why do people smoke and chew?• Advertisements make it look attractive• Peer pressure• Some people think it helps with weight control• Some people think it helps reduce stress• Their parents do it• Rebellion• I’m young who cares…
  16. 16. I’m young. This stuff won’t happento me for a long time.• You may think that you are young and these problems only occur when you get old, but it all starts when you start smoking. You are probably already feeling the effects.• Teen smokers have a harder time competing in sports because of shortness of breath, decreased circulation, and rapid heart rate.• Smokers are more likely to miss a “big game” because they get sick more often with colds, flu, bronchitis, and pneumonia.
  17. 17. Smoking is expensive!• If a pack of cigarettes is about $4/pack then it would cost you about $1,500/year.• Think of how many CD’s, clothes, movie tickets you could buy with that money.
  18. 18. Truth or Lies?
  19. 19. Tobacco Ads• Advertisements make tobacco use look hip, cool, and glamorous.
  20. 20. Don’t Be Fooled!• Each year tobacco advertisers spend big bucks to push their products.• Current tobacco ads target women, minorities, and teens.• They associate cigarettes and tobacco with popular themes such as success, popularity, glamour, risk-taking.
  21. 21. Take a look at how unrealistic ads are • How long will that woman have beautiful skin and gorgeous teeth if she keeps smoking?
  22. 22. • Are you really more of aman if you smoke? Whatgirl is going to kiss youwith that stinky breath?
  23. 23. The Real Story• Janet Sackman, Lucky Strike’s former cover girl, has had her larynx removed due to throat cancer.• Wayne Mclaren, former Marlboro Man, has died of lung cancer.• David Goerlite, a former Winston man has suffered a stroke.• David Millar, another former Marlboro Man has died from emphysema. All of the models smoked the products they promoted.
  24. 24. Rick Bender wasa Major Leaguebaseball playerwho lost half ofhis face due tochewing tobacco.
  25. 25. What the ads should really say
  26. 26. Smoke Free
  27. 27. Staying or Becoming Smoke-Free• Tobacco ads may make you feel like everyone is doing it but they are not.• Only about 28% of high school students smoke.• That means about three out of every four don’t smoke.
  28. 28. How can I quit?• First give yourself a pat on the back for wanting to quit. That is the first step.• Quitting is not easy, remember nicotine is addictive.• You can do it if you set your mind to it!
  29. 29. Strategies to help you quit• Get support: ask your parents or friends. If they smoke and are not interested then find a support group in person or online.• Set a quit date: Mark it on your calendar and tell your friends and family.• Throw away your cigarettes and chew- ALL of it. Get rid of the ashtrays and lighters too.• Wash all your clothes. Get rid of the cigarette smell.• Think about triggers: – Avoid those situations – Substitute something else for cigarettes
  30. 30. Physical symptoms you may haveafter quitting• Headaches or stomachaches• Crabbiness, jumpiness, depression• Lack of energy• Dry mouth or sore throat• Desire to pig outThe symptoms will pass so be patient and don’t sneak a smoke or a chew or you will have to deal with the symptoms longer.
  31. 31. More strategies to help you quit• Keep yourself busy• If you are having trouble with the strategies you may need to talk to a doctor who can give you some suggestions.• Don’t give up!• Reward yourself. Use the money that you would have used to buy cigarettes to buy yourself something special.
  32. 32. Get involved in your communityJoin an anti-smoking campaign
  33. 33. References•• American Academy of Family Physicians – Smoking: Facts for Teens• CDC: Tobacco Information and Prevention Source (TIPS)••• www.ottawa.caDeveloped by Bridget Robinson, RN, BSN,SNMUniversity of Kansas School of Nursing HETC Project