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Manufacturing, Import & Export - comparing USA and India ppt

In this paper & presentation, i have cover Manufacturing and its content, Import, and export in the USA and then comparing the USA vs India on Manufacturing, imports, & exports etc.

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Manufacturing, Import & Export - comparing USA and India ppt

  1. 1. Manufacturing, Import & Export HARBANS SINGH BUTTAR
  2. 2. Manufacturing  Manufacturing can be described as the process of converting raw material into finished products by hand or machinery.  Manufacturing is the act of producing something by using mechanical power or machinery with the use of labor.  The manufacturing method is essentially a complex activity, involved wide range of machinery, tools, and equipment with numerous levels of automation, like computers, robots, and different equipment.
  3. 3. History of Manufacturing  Industrial revolution started in the 18th century in England  Extended to neighboring nations like France and Germany  In late 18th century industrial revolution came to United States  The impact of changing the way items were manufactured had a wide reach  Industries such as textile manufacturing, mining, glass making and agriculture had all undergone changes  Machinery such as the spinning wheel to produce textiles, the water wheel used to power machinery and the steam engine were invented
  4. 4. Role of Technology in the Manufacturing  Technology made significant changes to the manufacturing field  Manufacturing companies are utilizing technology in new and exciting ways to make production more effective and efficient  Tasks that at one time involved manual labor are now mechanized and automated by computer systems  In addition to being high-tech, today's production facilities are clean and inviting workplaces  New Manufacturing technology that changed the world  3D printing, Nanotechnology, the internet of things, cloud computing, big data and predictive maintenance technology
  5. 5. Role of IT in manufacturing  IT plays an essential part in different areas of industry and It make production process simple and more computerized  IT helps drastically in delivering just-in-time insights, swift visibility, and seamless innovation for implementing new age solutions  IT plays an important role in various sectors and industries. Similarly, IT strives to make things simpler in the manufacturing sector as well  It help to achieve these goals such as Rapid shift in production from one product to another, Faster implementation of new concepts in products  Faster delivery of products to customers, More interactions with customers, Full utilization of capital and human resources, focus on essential business needs  Elimination of unnecessary or wasteful activities ,development and implementation of it to meet these goals
  6. 6. History of technology  Technology changes mankind’s history  From Establishment of Neolithic farming and food-storage techniques  To the development of metallurgy, weaving, printing, and electronics, history and technology  The role of the stirrup in the Middle Ages, gunpowder in the thirteenth century,  Printing in the fifteenth, the steam engine in the eighteenth,  Factories in the nineteenth, and nuclear power in the twentieth
  7. 7. Role of Technology in industries  Automobiles: Technology has increasingly altered the manufacturing process for motor vehicles  Modern technologies used in advancing manufacturing for the automotive industry include  Programmable machines and tools, Supercomputing; Advanced forging techniques  Over the last 25 years, automation technology has become an essential part of automobile assembly plants.  Typical assembly plant uses several hundred robots to build and paint the vehicle frame
  8. 8. Cont.……  Textiles: innovation made machines processing simple, speedy and efficient  Technology like CAD, CAM, IT and Production Management encourage numerous adjustments in the women’s style and material industry  Process technology to new modes of clothing production based on the systems cost and productivity  Petroleum: 3D technology help to find and create oil & gas asset  3D increase success rate to find fewer well, less surface disturbance and waste
  9. 9. Effect of Import on Economy  Imports are the goods and services that are bought by residents, governments or businesses of a country, but made outside of the country  Most nations in this world would like to import less and export more  The country import to keep fulfill the needs of population and production industry  A country with a higher level of imports needs to increase their currency reserve to pay the due of imports  Any country like to become an exporter instead of an importer  Import give competition to its local companies, who always want to sell more, whether it is locally or overseas
  10. 10. What does United States Import?  In 2015 the USA imported goods of $2.273 trillion goods  Capital goods are the largest category which consists of $599 billion  Consumer good just covers $ 596 billion  Automobiles covers $348 billion  The food and Beverage cover $128 billion  US imports $489 billion in services  More than half of U.S. import comes from these five countries: China, Canada, Mexico, Japan, and Germany
  11. 11. Industry Regulations  Automobiles: The global auto industry faces change in manufacturing technique due to innovations and change in demand for vehicles  A new technique of labor utilizations also develops new ways to adjust flexible manufacturing practices  Automobile manufacturer using new manufacturing process for redesigning vehicles to meet the unending change in taste and preferences of consumers  Automobile industry also facing environmental concerns which are included like carbon dioxide and other health risks  Textiles: Textiles must label with this following information like the fiber content, manufacturer or dealer identity, the care instructions and the country of origin
  12. 12. Cont.…..  Care instruction must be attached permanently to the item  Labeling is not required until the final product is ready to reach final buyer  Petroleum: The oil industry is counted among big industry and placed on top ten largest industry  Due to diplomacy-free trade among friendly nations is forced  In the 1930s the USA energy market started and continued to 1970s  Many major laws and executive actions are made to restrict competition, control fuel prices, and limit imports
  13. 13. Importance of Export  Exports can be simply defined as the process of shipping or transferring goods or service produced in one country to another country for future trade or sale  a) Employment: - Development in exports can make the new employment opportunity  b) Economic growth: - Exports are a part of total demand. Rising exports will build aggregate demand and cause higher financial development  c) Current account deficit: - The quality of export has a big part in deciding the present record deficiency
  14. 14. What does United States Export?  In 2015 the USA exported goods of $1.598 trillion goods  Capital goods are the largest category which consists of $538 billion  Consumer good just covers $ 198 billion  Industry supply covers $428 billion  The food and Beverage cover $128 billion  Automobile contribute 10% of all goods exports  US export is contributing one-third in service  More than half of U.S. export goes to these five countries: China, Canada, Mexico, Japan, and Germany
  15. 15. Industry Regulations  Automobiles: Export of vehicles from the United States must comply with all United States statutes and regulations related to exportation  These regulations do not prohibit the export of new cars. Instead, they establish rules for exporting used cars  A company that engages in the exportation of cars must present vehicle and its identification number documents  Petroleum: In the 1970s when congress made it illegal to trade locally produced unrefined petroleum without a permit  The reason of the enactment was to moderate local oil holds and discourage the foreign importer  But in simple words, this rule does not help to achieve any of the targets
  16. 16. Cont.….  It has now turned out to be to a greater extent a prevention than an assistance.  Textiles: The United States is an internationally competitive maker of Textiles.  Textile industry specialists are talented and the business is best in class, with investments of $1.6 billion in all out capital uses in 2013  As of late, U.S. textiles organizations have concentrated on retooling their organizations  Discovering more powerful work procedures, and putting resources into specialty items and markets.
  17. 17. USA vs India  Volume: Indian auto industry is currently producing approximately 24 million vehicles in April- March 2016  There is a growth rate of 2.58% from last years production  The vehicles produce in India include commercial vehicles, passenger vehicles, three wheelers, two wheelers etc.  In USA total car sales are approximately 4.3 million and decline by 7.7%  Light-duty trucks total sales is approximately 6 million and increase by 9.1%  Total SUV/Cross-over total sales is approximately 3.8 million and it raise by 8%.
  18. 18. Major Industries India  Retail and Wholesale trade = 23%  Agriculture = 15.7% of GDP  Real Estate = 13.5%  Banking & Insurance = 10%  IT & ITES industry = 9%  Transportation = 8.5%  Machinery = 8% USA  Real Estate = 13% of GDP  Professional & Business service = 12%  State & Local Government = 9.1%  Finance & Insurance = 7.2%  Healthcare = 7.1%  Durable Goods = 6.5%  Wholesale trade = 6%
  19. 19. Major Imports India  OIL = 26.8% of total imports  Gems & Precious Metal = 15.3%  Electronic Equipment = 9.2%  Machinery = 8.2%  Organic Chemicals = 4.1%  Iron & Steel = 3%  Plastics = 2.9% USA  Electronic Equipment = 14.4%  Machinery = 14.3%  Vehicles = 12.3%  OIL = 8.7%  Pharmaceuticals = 3.7%  Medical & Technical equipment's = 3.4%  Furniture & Lighting = 2.6%
  20. 20. Major Exports India  Gems & Precious Metal = 14.7% of total exports  OIL = 26.8%  Vehicles = 5.3%  Machinery = 5%  Pharmaceuticals = 4.7%  Organic Chemicals = 4.3%  Clothing = 3.5% USA  Machinery = 13.7%  Electronic Equipment = 11.3%  Aircraft = 8.7%  Vehicles = 8.4%  Oil = 7.1%  Medical & technical = 5.5%  Plastics = 4%

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  • KashyapJoshi10

    Apr. 27, 2017
  • IshaKaur10

    Sep. 17, 2020

In this paper & presentation, i have cover Manufacturing and its content, Import, and export in the USA and then comparing the USA vs India on Manufacturing, imports, & exports etc.

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