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2013 e guidebook

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2013 e guidebook

  1. 1. 2013 “E” Course Guidebook
  2. 2. U.S. SOCCER “E” COURSE U.S. Soccer National “E” Course 2013 Guidebook Contents by United States Soccer Federation © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 2
  3. 3. U.S. SOCCER “E” COURSE The “E” Course manual contents are owned by the United States Soccer Federation. Any reproduction or other dissemination of Coaching Instructor’s Workbook without the express written consent of the United States Soccer Federation is strictly prohibited. © 2001-2013 United States Soccer Federation Revised 12/2012 © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 3
  4. 4. U.S. SOCCER “E” COURSE Why is it important to teach players to “respect the game”? So they understand that the game is the best teacher. So they learn to respect the role of the referee; opponents; coaches; fans; their equipment; and nutrition. And to ensure future players continue playing, learning, and loving this game. – United States Soccer Federation © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 4
  5. 5. U.S. SOCCER “E” COURSE FIFA – Soccer’s World Governing Body Founded in 1904 to provide unity among national soccer associations, the Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) boasts 207 members, rivaling that of the United Nations, and is arguably the most prestigious sports organization in the world. As soccer’s ultimate administrative authority, FIFA governs all facets of the game: regulating the rules of play, overseeing the transfers of players internationally, organizing international competitions such as the FIFA World Cup, establishing standards for refereeing, coaching and sports medicine, and encouraging soccer’s development around the world. As a member of FIFA, U.S. Soccer’s Licensing Program is recognized as the official and only organization allowed to run and issue coaching licenses in the United States. © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 5
  6. 6. U.S. SOCCER “E” COURSE Thousands of coaches have completed U.S. Soccer Federation coaching schools since they were first developed in 1970. We have all been participants in the growth of soccer’s popularity at the youth, amateur and professional level in the United States. Development of coaches should ideally lead and precede the growth of our sport. We are embarking on an ambitious pathway that will be focused on accelerating the development of our coaching community. It is logical that this coaching development initiative will be focused on transferring theory into practice – the development of players at all levels. The technical leaders of the Federation have studied, observed and participated in the game on a global scale. From this perspective, we acknowledge that there are many ways to teach the game of soccer. Through coaching education, we must provide the U.S. Soccer community with a coherent message, globally-relevant content and modern teaching methodology. All of these variables should be representative of our brand… the United States. As you proceed down the U.S. Soccer Coaching Development Pathway, we encourage you to integrate these important messages about our role as coaches: • INSPIRE: Be the emotional leader for the young athletes that you serve. Inspire the “play” in your players. • GUIDE: Apply the guidelines from the U.S. Soccer Curriculum to your specific coaching environment. • NURTURE: Perpetuate a passion for the game. This means a balance between structured and unstructured play. • INCORPORATE: Age-appropriate methods and best practices relative to the developmental age of your players. • TRAIN: Become a master coach – develop your craft – provide a quality training environment. • ENVIRONMENT: Develop the athlete and the person – do not sacrifice youth development for a result. U.S. Soccer’s primary goal is to provide positive, professional and continuous development programs for coaches at all levels of the soccer spectrum. Our future developmental pathway will continue to offer modern coaching methods, globallyrelevant content and practical applications to the game. Our mission is to support you as you grow our sport through the hearts and legs of the athletes that we coach. Ignite the “PLAY” in the player, Dave Chesler, Director of Coaching Development U.S. Soccer Federation © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 6
  7. 7. TABLE OF CONTENTS Section 1: “E” COURSE WORKBOOK • Course Focal Points • Expected Outcomes Section 2: METHODS OF COACHING (PART I) • Long-Term Athlete Development • The BASIC Stage (9-12) Section 3: METHODS OF COACHING (PART II) • Teaching in Shorts • Training Design and Planning Section 4: PRINCIPLES OF PLAY • Defending Principles • Attacking Principles • Style of Play Section 5: TEAM MANAGEMENT • The Coach as a Conductor © 2013 U.S. Soccer • Best Practices for a Safe Environment CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 7
  8. 8. “I never teach my pupils; I only attempt to provide the conditions in which they can learn.” – Albert Einstein “E” COURSE GUIDEBOOK
  9. 9. CANDIDATE LEARNING OBJECTIVES: U.S. SOCCER “E” COURSE What is the “E” Course? • Develop the core coaching competencies necessary to effectively teach the 9-12 year old athlete and team • Understand the characteristics and needs of an athlete in the Basic Stage of our Athlete Development Model • Establish a foundation of knowledge and experience in order to proceed through the sequence of coaching development courses © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 9
  10. 10. CANDIDATE LEARNING OBJECTIVES: U.S. SOCCER “E” COURSE What are the specific target outcomes of the course? • Understand and effectively apply the principles of Athlete Development • Demonstrate competency in planning an age-appropriate training session • Demonstrate the essential competencies to execute a team training session that is focused on a technical function of the game • Understand concepts and recognize the principles of attacking and defending in a small-sided game environment (3v3 to 9v9 adaptable to local competition structure) © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 10
  11. 11. “E” COURSE SCHEDULE (Sample) Three-day Schedule © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 11
  12. 12. METHODS OF COACHING I ATHLETE DEVELOPMENT MODEL
  13. 13. METHODS OF COACHING I THE DEVELOPMENT STAGES OF A SOCCER ATHLETE... U6-U8 U9-U12 • INITIAL STAGE • BASIC STAGE U13-U14 • INTERMEDIATE STAGE U15-U18 • ADVANCED STAGE U19-U20 • SPECIFIC STAGE SENIOR • PERFORMANCE STAGE © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 13
  14. 14. THE FOUR COMPONENTS... LONG-TERM ATHLETE DEVELOPMENT MODEL Four components must be CONNECTED and CORRELATED RELATIVE to the development stage of the athlete © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 14
  15. 15. METHODS OF COACHING I DEBATE, DISCUSS, AND DEVELOP AN ACTION PLAN... “Chronological age is a poor guide to segregate adolescents for competitions.” (Sport4Life, Canada) Currently most youth sports programs are structured around chronological age. We should recognize that sport science confirms that athletes of the same age between ages 10 and 16 can be as much as 4-5 years in developmental separation. © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 15
  16. 16. THE LONG-TERM ATHLETE DEVELOPMENT MODEL DEBATE, DISCUSS AND DEVELOP... AN ACTION PLAN How does this evidence influence a development plan? © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 16
  17. 17. METHODS OF COACHING I THE DEVELOPMENT STAGES OF A SOCCER ATHLETE... Do you know WHO you are coaching? U9-U12 • INITIAL STAGE • (FUNdamentals) BASIC STAGE • SKILL DEVELOPMENT? • TACTICAL DEVELOPMENT? • PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT? • PSYCHO-SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT?  MULTI-LATERAL DEVELOPMENT? © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 17
  18. 18. THE LONG TERM ATHLETE DEVELOPMENT MODEL BASIC STAGE: 9-12 YEARS TECHNICAL TACTICAL MAXIMIZE OPPORTUNITIES to develop individual technique and ball mastery • Position-related • Realism and relevance to a game function • Unopposed environment is balanced with opposed © 2013 U.S. Soccer GAME UNDERSTANDING and DECISIONMAKING through small-sided games and activities • 3v3 to 9v9 • Develop creativity and encourage problem-solving through free play CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 18
  19. 19. THE LONG TERM ATHLETE DEVELOPMENT MODEL BASIC STAGE: 9-12 YEARS PSYCHOSOCIAL PHYSICAL At 9-12 years… • Self-confidence and motivation are highly influenced by peer attitudes and coach / adult interactions• Encourage unstructured play• Structure competition to address differences in training age and abilities © 2013 U.S. Soccer FUNDAMENTAL MOVEMENTS • Agility• Balance• Coordination • Speed CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 19
  20. 20. THE LONG-TERM ATHLETE DEVELOPMENT MODEL PERIODIZATION: EFFECTIVE PLANNING © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 20
  21. 21. METHODS OF COACHING SEASONAL PLANNING U9 © 2013 U.S. Soccer U10 U11 U12 CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 21
  22. 22. METHODS OF COACHING I WEEKLY PLAN: MANAGING A SINGLE GAME PER WEEK © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 22
  23. 23. METHODS OF COACHING II
  24. 24. METHODS OF COACHING II THE SKILLS OF TEACHING Are you teaching soccer, or are you teaching kids? © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 24
  25. 25. METHODS OF COACHING II COMMUNICATING: THE ART OF THE QUESTION Are you a presenter or a teacher? FACTUAL • Definitive, simple answers (Recall level) CONCEPTUAL • Requires higher levels of processing and thought (Compare, contrast, surmise...) PROVOCATIVE • Divergent thought, evaluative, requires complex reasoning (Similarities, differences, between 2 or more concepts) © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 25
  26. 26. METHODS OF COACHING II COMMUNICATING: THE ART OF THE QUESTION Are you a presenter or a teacher? FACTUAL “Could you arrive at the same time as the ball?” CONCEPTUAL “What cues determine how close you can get to the opponent? PROVOCATIVE “How would your opponent react if you arrived at the same location and position as his receiving foot?” © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 26
  27. 27. METHODS OF COACHING II MANAGING THE ENVIRONMENT The skillful coach constantly assesses and manipulates the environment, thus challenging and stimulating players to find creative solutions • STOP – FREEZE • NATURAL STOPPAGE • FLOW – CONTINUOUS ACTIVITY • INDIVIDUAL REFERENCE © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 27
  28. 28. METHODS OF COACHING II PRESENTATION ESSENTIALS The skillful coach constantly assesses CONCISE and manipulates the environment, thus Simple, bite-size challenging packets and stimulating players to find creative solutions CORRECT Accurate information CONNECT 4 components of athlete development © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 28
  29. 29. METHODS OF COACHING II TEACHING ESSENTIALS The skillful coach constantly assesses and manipulates the environment, thus I HEAR, challenging and I forget... and stimulating players to find creative solutions I SEE, and I remember... I DO, and I understand. (Chinese Proverb) © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 29
  30. 30. METHODS OF COACHING II MANAGING THE ENVIRONMENT The skillful coach constantly challenges and stimulates players to find creative solutions. • COMMAND & DIRECT • QUESTION & ANSWER • GUIDED QUESTION • EXPERIMENTATION © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 30
  31. 31. METHODS OF COACHING II CYCLE OF COACHING The “craft” of coaching is the ability to link a learning moment with an effective teaching method © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 31
  32. 32. METHODS OF COACHING II TEACHING PROGRESSION (4 STAGES) The “craft” of coaching is the ability to link a learning moment with an effective teaching method © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 32
  33. 33. METHODS OF COACHING II STAGE I: TECHNIQUE-SKILLS WARM-UP • PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT • GAME/ACTIVITY RULES • OBJECTIVES OF THE TRAINING • DEVELOPMENT STAGE OF ATHLETES WARM-UP PHASE = TECHNICAL + PHYSICAL HOW DO EACH OF THESE 4 TOPICS INFLUENCE THE DESIGN OF STAGE I? A. RHYTHMIC THIGH TOUCHES B. THIGH VOLLEYS C. SIDE-SIDE VOLLEYS D. TWO-TOUCH VOLLEY SEQUENCES © 2013 U.S. Soccer E. TWO-TOUCH PAIRS COMPETITION 1. Server calls out two surfaces as ball leaves hands 2. Teammate must control the ball with the first surface 3. Teammate must RETURN the ball to the server’s hands with the 2nd surface 4. Example (diagram) “Chest-Foot” 5. Score 1 point for each successful return (Change on 1 minute intervals) CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 33
  34. 34. METHODS OF COACHING II STAGE II: SMALL-SIDED ACTIVITY • PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT • GAME/ACTIVITY RULES • OBJECTIVES OF THE TRAINING • DEVELOPMENT STAGE OF ATHLETES HOW DO EACH OF THESE 4 TOPICS INFLUENCE THE DESIGN OF STAGE II? FUNCTIONAL SMALL-SIDED GAMES: PAIRS DEFENDING LOSS OF POSSESSION: ONE PLAYER DROPS GAIN POSSESSION: 3rd PLAYER STEPS ON © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 34
  35. 35. METHODS OF COACHING II STAGE III: EXPANDED SMALL-SIDED ACTIVITY • PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT • GAME/ACTIVITY RULES • OBJECTIVES OF THE TRAINING • DEVELOPMENT STAGE OF ATHLETES HOW DO EACH OF THESE 4 TOPICS INFLUENCE THE DESIGN OF STAGE III? ATTACKING: 6v6 ZONES 2. 1. 1. Players are restricted to their specific attacking/defending half 2. Rotate players into the attacking zone on each goal or at specific time intervals 3. Exercise should progress to a stage where a player may follow the ball into the attacking half 4. The “Buffer” zone may be widened in order to emphasize passing and timing of runs © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 35
  36. 36. METHODS OF COACHING II STAGE IV: THE GAME • PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT • GAME/ACTIVITY RULES • OBJECTIVES OF THE TRAINING • DEVELOPMENT STAGE OF ATHLETES HOW DO EACH OF THESE 4 TOPICS INFLUENCE THE DESIGN OF STAGE III? U10 MATCH CONDITIONS: 6v6 HOW WOULD YOU DETERMINE THE FIELD DIMENSIONS? © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 36
  37. 37. SECTION 4: PRINCIPLES OF PLAY
  38. 38. PRINCIPLES OF PLAY The Foundation of Team Play ATTACKING PRINCIPLES © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 38
  39. 39. PRINCIPLES OF PLAY GENERAL STYLE OF PLAY MATCHES OFFENSIVE STYLE OF PLAY QUICK TRANSITION & FINISHING POSITION SPECIFIC © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 39
  40. 40. PRINCIPLES OF PLAY GENERAL STYLE OF PLAY FORMATIONS (9-12 YEARS) 6v6: Recommended 2-1-2 Formation 7v7: Recommended 2-3-1 Formation 8v8: Recommended 3-3-1 Formation 9v9: Recommended 3-2-3 or 3-3-2 Formation 11v11: Recommended 4-3-3 or 4-4-2 Formation © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 40
  41. 41. PRINCIPLES OF PLAY ATTACKING PRINCIPLES PENETRATION = FORWARD PLAY ATTACKING EFFICIENCY FROM THE BACK THIRD © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 41
  42. 42. PRINCIPLES OF PLAY ATTACKING PRINCIPLES PENETRATION 3 5 6 10 1 4 9 8 2 METHODS DRIBBLEPASS SHOOT © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval WHO? WHAT? WHERE? WHEN? WHY? 42
  43. 43. PRINCIPLES OF PLAY ATTACKING PRINCIPLES PENETRATION WHO? WHAT? WHERE? WHEN? WHY? © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 43
  44. 44. PRINCIPLES OF PLAY ATTACKING PRINCIPLES SUPPORT = DEPTH RESTRICTED ZONES: 5v5 1. Each player restricted to own half 2. Ball may be transferred across and back over the half-line 3. Progression: Teammates may join from back half after the ball is played in to the striker KEY TACTICAL FOCUS: Mobility + Support of back three in order to keep possession KEY TECHNICAL FOCUS: Passing, quality, disguise, proper weight of pass © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 44
  45. 45. PRINCIPLES OF PLAY ATTACKING PRINCIPLES SUPPORT (a.k.a. depth) TWO ZONE GAME (5 v 5) 2 3 4 1 9 10 1 4 2 Timing of movement? Disguising movement? Risk v Safety? (#2?) © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval WHO? WHAT? WHERE? WHEN? WHY? 45
  46. 46. PRINCIPLES OF PLAY ATTACKING PRINCIPLES SUPPORT (a.k.a. depth) WHO? WHAT? WHERE? WHEN? WHY? © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 46
  47. 47. PRINCIPLES OF PLAY ATTACKING PRINCIPLES ATTACKING PATTERNS: FINAL THIRD 4v0 ... 4v3 MOBILITY = CREATING & USING SPACE (Diagonal runs, overlaps, switching positions) PROGRESSION: A. 4v0 B. 4v3 C. 7v7 (Two Zones) D. 7v7 © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 47
  48. 48. PRINCIPLES OF PLAY ATTACKING PRINCIPLES MOBILITY and WIDTH TWO ZONE GAME (5 v 5) 2 3 4 9 1 10 1 4 2 Timing of movement? Disguising movement? Risk v Safety? (#2?) © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval WHO? WHAT? WHERE? WHEN? WHY? 48
  49. 49. PRINCIPLES OF PLAY ATTACKING PRINCIPLES MOBILITY and WIDTH WHO? WHAT? WHERE? WHEN? WHY? © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 49
  50. 50. PRINCIPLES OF PLAY ATTACKING PRINCIPLES WIDTH EXPANDED SMALL-SIDED EXERCISE: 5v5 (+2) ORGANIZATION: • Each team places 4 field players inside the playing area (width of penalty area) • Each team places a flank player on each flank (shaded areas) • No restrictions for central players • Flank players are restricted to 1-touch play © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 50
  51. 51. PRINCIPLES OF PLAY ATTACKING PRINCIPLES © 2013 U.S. Soccer IMPROVISATION CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 51
  52. 52. DEFENDING PRINCIPLES
  53. 53. PRINCIPLES OF PLAY DEFENDING PRINCIPLES DEFENDING PRINCIPLES © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval53
  54. 54. PRINCIPLES OF PLAY DEFENDING PRINCIPLES PRESSURE – 1st DEFENDER INDIVIDUAL DEFENDING: DIRECTIONAL PRESSURE 1. Ball-carrier serves to a perimeter player and closes down 2. Attack objective is to penetrate across the opposite line 3. Defender objective is to redirect the ball carrier to one of the adjacent sidelines 4. If ball-carrier penetrates successfully then they deliver the ball to a new perimeter player 5. Unsuccessful defender must remain on to continue defending against the new opponent 6. Successful defender rotates out of the perimeter & serves as an attacking target © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 54
  55. 55. PRINCIPLES OF PLAY DEFENDING PRINCIPLES PRESSURE= 1st DEFENDER(S) WHO? WHEN to move? WHEN to stop? 3 7 4 6 WHERE to start? WHERE to arrive? 10 CUES? 6 1 9 8 8 5 11 2 © 2012 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval WHO? WHAT? WHERE? WHEN? WHY? 55
  56. 56. PRINCIPLES OF PLAY DEFENDING PRINCIPLES PRESSURE= 1st DEFENDER(S) 8 8 WHO? WHAT? WHERE? WHEN? WHY? © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 56
  57. 57. PRINCIPLES OF PLAY DEFENDING PRINCIPLES SUPPORT = COVER – 2nd DEFENDER INDIVIDUAL & PAIRS: ATTACK AND DEFEND 1st STAGE: Two vs. One • Emphasis on defender isolating the ball-carrier 1v1 (eliminate passing angle) • Control pace and angle of ball-carrier 2nd STAGE: Two vs. Two • Pressing angle determines covering angle and distance • Evaluate and manage the decision to switch pressing and covering roles © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 57
  58. 58. PRINCIPLES OF PLAY DEFENDING PRINCIPLES COVER= 2nd DEFENDERS(S) 3 3 7 7 4 4 6 6 10 10 6 1 9 9 8 8 8 8 5 5 11 2 © 2013 U.S. Soccer 6 WHO COVERS? WHEN to move? WHEN to stop? WHERE to start? WHERE to arrive? ANGLE? DISTANCE? 11 2 CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval WHO? WHAT? WHERE? WHEN? WHY? 58
  59. 59. PRINCIPLES OF PLAY DEFENDING PRINCIPLES COVER= 2nd DEFENDERS(S) 8 8 8 WHO? WHAT? WHERE? WHEN? WHY? © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 59
  60. 60. PRINCIPLES OF PLAY DEFENDING PRINCIPLES BALANCE = 3rd DEFENDER 4v4 GROUP DEFENDING 1. OBJECTIVE: Prevent opponent from penetrating across the line (dribble / pass to 3rd team) 2. ROTATION: Scoring team serves to the 3rd team, which begins a new attacking sequence V1: Use 3-4 balls, each placed on top of a marker cone, as scoring targets © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 60
  61. 61. PRINCIPLES OF PLAY KEY DEFENDING CONCEPTS COMPACTNESS DEFENDING GOALKICK: TEAM STARTING SHAPE • Flank MF Pressing Zones • Combined pressure of MF + Strikers = predictability of serve © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 61
  62. 62. PRINCIPLES OF PLAY KEY DEFENDING CONCEPTS BALANCE and COMPACTNESS= 3rd DEFENDERS(S) 7 3 10 6 4 6 1 9 5 8 8 11 2 © 2013 U.S. Soccer POSITION TO PROTECT SPACES? WHO? CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval WHO? WHAT? WHERE? WHEN? WHY? 62
  63. 63. PRINCIPLES OF PLAY KEY DEFENDING CONCEPTS BALANCE and COMPACTNESS= 3rd DEFENDERS(S) WHO? WHAT? WHERE? WHEN? WHY? © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 63
  64. 64. PRINCIPLES OF PLAY KEY DEFENDING CONCEPTS DELAY 2v2 TRANSITION 1. Attack/Defend 2 goals @ 2 yds. 2. Restart with 4 new players 3. Coach controls restart V1: Attacker may play back to supporting teammate V2: Score by rolling ball to teammate behind 1 goal V3: Opponent begins attack immediately on restart © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 64
  65. 65. PRINCIPLES OF PLAY KEY DEFENDING CONCEPTS DELAY © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 65
  66. 66. SECTION 5: TEAM MANAGEMENT
  67. 67. TEAM MANAGEMENT DAY-OF-GAME TASKS • PRE-GAME: Player passes, field directions, uniform choice, players’ arrival time, etc. • HALF-TIME: Location, water, injuries, etc. • POST-GAME: Regeneration + water, injuries, announce ments • CONCISE: No Match Analysis © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 67
  68. 68. TEAM MANAGEMENT STAFF CONSIDERATIONS • To provide proper instruction for the activity • Club to provide age appropriate coaching staff • To provide proper supervision for training and games © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 68
  69. 69. TEAM MANAGEMENT “TOP 10” SAFETY GUIDELINES (1 THROUGH 5) 1. Proper use of equipment (shin guards, no jewelry, uniforms designed for climate) 2. Always SECURE GOALS and CHECK for STABILITY 3. Always have a 2nd adult present – Adults with a Member PASS 4. Proper fitting shoes, proper type of shoe for surface 5. Check field for glass, holes, sharp objects © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 69
  70. 70. TEAM MANAGEMENT “TOP 10” SAFETY GUIDELINES (6 THROUGH 10) 6. Upkeep and monitoring of playing surfaces 7. Avoid scheduling training during the hottest periods of the day and when there is intense humidity 8. Ice, ice bags & water supply, frequent water breaks 9. Exercises that decrease repetition of dangerous encounters 10. Always carry a First Aid Kit, emergency info, and a phone © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 70
  71. 71. “E” License Course Thank you for taking part in U.S. Soccer’s National “E” License course. Additional details, including pre-course assignments, can be found by visiting ussoccer.com or http://www.ussoccer.com/Coaches/Licenses/NationalE.aspx Following the course, please be sure to provide us feedback by taking our online survey at https://www.surveymonkey.com/s/2013ELicenseSurvey For additional questions, please be sure to contact U.S. Soccer at coaches@ussoccer.org or your local State Soccer Association. © 2013 U.S. Soccer CONFIDENTIAL: Not to be shared without U.S. Soccer Approval 71

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